CFR > Title 46 > Chapter I > Part 169 > § 169.680. Installation of wiring for power and lighting circuits
Current as of: Oct. 2009
(a) Wiring must be run as high as practicable above the bilges.
(b) Each cable installed where particularly susceptible to damage such as locations in way of doors, hatches, etc, must be protected by removable metal coverings, angle irons, pipe, or other equivalent means. All metallic coverings must be electrically continuous and grounded to the metal hull or common ground, and all coverings such as pipe that may trap moisture must be provided with holes for drainage. Where cable protection is carried through a watertight deck or bulkhead, the installation must maintain the watertight integrity of the structure.
(c) Each cable entering a box or fitting must be protected from abrasion, and must meet the following requirements:
(1) Each opening through which conductors enter must be adequately closed.
(2) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting.
(3) In damp or wet locations, each cable entrance must be watertight.
(d) The enclosures of all equipment must be permanently grounded to the metal hull of the vessel by the mounting bolts or other means. Cable armor must not be used as the normal grounding means.
(e) On a nonmetallic vessel, the enclosures must be bonded to a common ground by a normal noncurrent carrying conductor.
(f) On a nonmetallic vessel, where a ground plate is provided for radio equipment it must be connected to the common ground.
(g) Except as provided in paragraph (i) of this section, each armored cable must have a metallic covering that is--
(1) Electrically and mechanically continuous; and
(2) Grounded at each end of the run to--
(i) The metal hull; or
(ii) The common ground required by paragraph (e) of this section on nonmetallic vessels.
(h) In lieu of being grounded at each end of the run as required by paragraph (g) of this section, final sub-circuits may be grounded at the supply end only.
(i) All equipment, including switches, fuses, lampholders, etc., must be of a type designed for the proper potential and be so identified.
(j) Except as provided in paragraph (l) of this section, each junction box, connection box, and outlet box, must have an internal depth of at least 11/2 inches.
(k) For a box incorporated in a fixture having a volume of not less than 20 cubic inches, the depth may be decreased to not less than 1 inch.
(l) Each conductor, except a fixture wire within a box, must have a free space computed using the volume per conductor given in Table 169.680(l). If a fitting or device such as a cable clamp, hickey, switch or receptacle is contained in the box, each fitting or device must count as one conductor.
Free space for each
Size of conductor A.W.G.
conductor in box, cubic
(m) Each junction box, connection box, and outlet box for use in a damp or wet location must be of watertight construction.
(n) Each lighting fixture must be constructed in accordance with the requirements of Subchapter J of this chapter.
(o) A separate circuit from the switchboard must be provided for each radiotelephone installation.
(p) Knife switches must be so placed or designed that gravity or vibration will not tend to close them. Knife switches, unless of the double throw type, must be connected so that the blades are dead when the switch is in the open position.
(q) Circuits must be connected to the fuse end of switches and to the coil end of circuit breakers, except that generator leads or incoming feeders may be connected to either end of circuit breakers.
(r) Receptacle outlets and attachment plugs for the attachment of portable lamps, tools, and similar apparatus supplied as ship's equipment and operating at 100 volts or more, must provide a grounding pole and a grounding conductor in the portable cord to ground the non-current carrying metal parts of the apparatus.
(s) Receptacle outlets of the type providing a grounded pole must be of a configuration that will not permit the dead metal parts of portable apparatus to be connected to a live conductor.
State Laws: Watercraft
|Alabama||Alabama Code > Title 33 > Chapter 5 - Registration And Operation Of Vessels|
|Alabama Code > Title 33 > Chapter 6 - Discharge Of Litter And Sewage From Watercraft|
|Alabama Code > Title 33 > Chapter 6A - Recreational Vessel And Residence Boat Sewage Discharges Regulated|
|Alaska||Alaska Statutes Chapter 05.25 - Watercraft|
|Alaska Statutes Chapter 30.30 - Abandoned And Derelict Vessels|
|Arizona||Arizona Laws > Title 5 > Chapter 3 - Boating And Water Sports|
|California||California Harbors and Navigation Code > Division 3 - Vessels|
|California Harbors and Navigation Code > Division 4 - Masters, Crews And Cargoes|
|California Harbors and Navigation Code > Division 5 - Pilots For Monterey Bay And The Bays Of San Francisco, San Pablo, And Suisun|
|Connecticut||Connecticut General Statutes > Title 15 > Chapter 268 - Boating|
|Delaware||Delaware Code Title 23 > Chapter 21 - Motorboats|
|Delaware Code Title 23 > Chapter 22 - Boating Safety|
|Delaware Code Title 23 > Chapter 23 - Operation Of A Vessel Or Boat While Under The Influence Of Intoxicating Liquor And/Or Drugs|
|Delaware Code Title 23 > Chapter 24 - Exemptions From Civil Liability For Rendering Vessel Traffic Information Services|
|Florida||Florida Statutes > Title XXIV - Vessels|
|Florida Regulations Chapter 61B-60 - Yacht and Ship Brokers|
|Florida Regulations > Division 68D - Vessel Registration and Boating Safety|
|Idaho||Idaho Code Title 67 > Chapter 70 - Idaho Safe Boating Act|
|Illinois||Illinois Compiled Statutes > 625 ILCS 45 - Boat Registration and Safety Act|
|Indiana||Indiana Code > Title 9 > Article 31 - Watercraft Titling And Registration|
|Indiana Code > Title 25 > Article 28 - Boat Pilots|
|Kansas||Kansas Statutes > Chapter 32 > Article 11 - Boating And Water Activities|
|Maine||Maine Revised Statutes > Title 10 > Chapter 204-B - Watercraft Manufacturers, Distributors And Dealers|
|Maine Revised Statutes > Title 10 > Chapter 212-A - Maine Marina And Boatyard Storage Act|
|Maine Revised Statutes > Title 10 > Chapter 627 - Vessels|
|Maine Revised Statutes > Title 12 > Chapter 935 - Watercraft And Airmobiles|
|Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 > Chapter 412 - Waterborne Transportation|
|Massachusetts||Massachusetts General Laws > Part I > Title XIV > Chapter 90B - Motorboats And Other Vessels|
|Michigan||Michigan Laws > Chapter 123 > Act 68 of 1957 - Regulation Of Houseboats|
|Michigan Laws > Chapter 445 > Act 88 of 1989 - Watercraft And Outboard Motor Manufacturers, Distributors, And Dealers|
|Minnesota||Minnesota Statutes Chapter 86B - Water Safety, Watercraft, and Watercraft Titling|
|Missouri||Missouri Laws > Title XIX > Chapter 306 - Watercraft Regulation and Licensing--State Water Patrol|
|Nevada||Nevada Revised Statutes > Chapter 488 - Watercraft|
|New Hampshire||New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 270-A - Use Of Houseboats|
|New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 270-B - Abandoned Boats|
|New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 270-D - Boating And Water Safety On New Hampshire Public Waters|
|New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 270-E - Vessel Registration And Numbering|
|New Mexico||New Mexico Statutes Chapter 66 > Article 12 - Boating|
|New Mexico Statutes Chapter 66 > Article 13 - Boating While Intoxicated|
|New York||New York Laws - General Business > Article 38 - Vessel Dealer Agreements|
|New York||New York Laws > General Business > Article 38 - Vessel Dealer Agreements|
|North Carolina||North Carolina General Statutes Chapter 75A - Boating and Water Safety|
|North Dakota||North Dakota Code > Chapter 20.1-13 - Boating Regulation|
|North Dakota Code > Chapter 20.1-13.1 - Intoxication Testing of Boat Operators|
|North Dakota Code > Chapter 20.1-17 - Aquatic Nuisance Species|
|Ohio||Ohio Code > Title 15 > Chapter 1547 - Watercraft And Waterways|
|Ohio Code > Title 15 > Chapter 1548 - Watercraft Certificates Of Title|
|Ohio Code > Title 45 > Chapter 4585 - Actions Relating To Watercraft|
|Oregon||Oregon Statutes > Title 61 - Small Watercraft|
|Rhode Island||Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-8. Registration of Outboard Motors|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-9. Pilots â€“ Rhode Island Sound, Narragansett Bay, Sakonnet River, and Tributaries|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-9.1. Pilotsâ€“Block Island Sound|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-22. Regulation of Boats|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-22.1. Uniform Boat Title Act|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-22.2. Alcohol Boating Safety Act|
|Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 46-27. Personal Watercraft Safety Act|
|South Carolina||South Carolina Code > Title 29 > Chapter 9 - Liens On Ships And Vessels|
|South Carolina Code > Title 50 > Chapter 21 - Equipment And Operation Of Watercraft|
|South Carolina Code > Title 50 > Chapter 23 - Watercraft And Outboard Motors|
|South Carolina Code > Title 50 > Chapter 25 - Boating And Surfing At Particular Localities|
|South Dakota||South Dakota Laws > Title 32 > Chapter 03A - Title, Registration And Taxation Of Boats|
|South Dakota Laws > Title 32 > Chapter 07B - Regulation Of Boat Dealers|
|South Dakota Laws > Title 42 > Chapter 8 - Watercraft|
|Tennessee||Tennessee Code > Title 69 > Chapter 9 - Boating Regulation|
|Texas||Texas Civil Statutes > Title 132 > Chapter 19 - Boat Or Motor Manufacturers, Distributors, And Dealers|
|Utah||Utah Code > Title 73 > Chapter 18 - State Boating Act|
|Utah Code > Title 73 > Chapter 18 - Boating - Litter and Pollution Control|
|Utah Code > Title 73 > Chapter 18 - Water Safety|
|Utah Code > Title 73 > Chapter 18 - Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators Act|
|Vermont||Vermont Statutes > Title 25 > Chapter 1 - Operation of Vessels|
|Virginia||Virginia Code Title 29.1 > Chapter 7 - Boating Laws|
|Virginia Code Title 29.1 > Chapter 8 - Watercraft Dealer Licensing Act|
|Virginia Code Title 62.1 > Chapter 18 - Protection of Aids to Navigation|
|Wisconsin||Wisconsin Statutes Chapter 780 - Liens against vessels|
|Wisconsin Laws Chapter 30 > Subchapter V - Regulation of Boating|