(a) If a child is found to be dependent, the court may make any of the following orders of disposition to protect the welfare of the child:
(1) Permit the child to remain with the parents, guardian, or other custodian of the child, subject to conditions and limitations as the court may prescribe.
(2) Place the child under protective supervision as herein provided or under the supervision of the Department of Human Resources.
(3) Transfer legal custody to any of the following:
a. The Department of Human Resources; provided, that the department is equipped to care for the child.
b. A local public child-placing agency or private organization or facility willing and able to assume the education, care, and maintenance of the child and which is licensed by the Department of Human Resources or otherwise authorized by law to receive and provide care for the child.
c. A relative or other individual who, after study by the Department of Human Resources, is found by the court to be qualified to receive and care for the child.
(4) Make any other order as the court in its discretion shall deem to be for the welfare and best interests of the child.
(5) In appropriate cases, award permanent custody to the Department of Human Resources or to a licensed child-placing agency with termination of parental rights and authorization to place for adoption, without appointing a legal guardian or guardian of the person, or award temporary custody to the same without appointing a legal custodian or guardian or guardian of the person.
(6) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that children cannot be removed from custody of parents solely because of a need for emergency housing.
(b) Unless a child found dependent shall also be found to be delinquent, the child shall not be committed to or confined in an institution established for the care and rehabilitation of delinquent children or detention facility. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit the placement of dependent children in any other residential facility as defined in subdivision (22) of Section 12-15-1.
(c) If a child is found to be delinquent or in need of supervision, the court may make any of the following orders or dispositions for the child’s supervision, care, and rehabilitation:
(1) Permit the child to remain with the parents, guardian, or other custodian of the child, subject to the conditions and limitations the court may prescribe.
(2) Place the child on probation under conditions and limitations the court may prescribe.
(3) Transfer legal custody to any of the following:
a. The Department of Youth Services, with or without a commitment order to a specific institution.
b. In the case of a child in need of supervision, the Department of Youth Services, or the Department of Human Resources.
c. A local, public, or private agency, organization, or facility willing and able to assume the education, care, and maintenance of the child and which is licensed or otherwise authorized by law to receive and provide care for children.
d. A relative or other individual who, after study by the probation services, is found by the court to be qualified to receive and care for the child.
(4) Make any other order as the court in its discretion shall deem to be for the welfare and best interests of the child, including random drug screens, assessment of fines not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250), and restitution against the parent, guardian, or child, as the court deems appropriate. Costs for court-ordered drug screening may be ordered paid for by the state out of moneys appropriated as “court costs not otherwise provided for.” Any costs for drug screening recouped by order of court for drug screening shall be paid to the State General Fund. Restitution against the parent, guardian, or child shall be governed by the same principles applicable in Article 4A of Chapter 18 of Title 15 (commencing at Section 15-18-65).
(5) Direct the parent or custodian of the child to perform such reasonable acts as are deemed necessary to promote the best interest of the child.
(6) In any case where a child is adjudicated delinquent for possessing a pistol, short-barreled rifle, or short-barreled shotgun, any pistol, short-barreled rifle, or short-barreled shotgun possessed by that child is forfeited and shall be ordered to be destroyed by the court.
(d) No child by virtue of a disposition under this section shall be committed or transferred to a penal institution or other facility used for the execution of sentences of persons convicted of a crime.
(e) No child found to be in need of supervision, unless also found to be delinquent, shall be committed to or placed in an institution or facility established for the care and rehabilitation of delinquent children unless the court finds upon a further hearing that the child is not amenable to treatment or rehabilitation under any prior disposition or unless the child is again alleged to be a child in need of supervision and the court, after hearing, so finds.
(f) When a delinquent child is committable to an institution or agency for the mentally retarded or mentally ill, the court shall proceed as provided in Section 12-15-70 rather than committing to an institution or facility for the care and rehabilitation of delinquent children.
(g) Whenever the court vests legal custody in an agency or department, it shall transmit with the order copies of the clinical reports, predisposition study, and other information it has pertinent to the care and treatment of the child.
(h)(1) Regardless of the nature of the petition or allegation, when evidence is presented to the court that a child is at imminent risk of an out-of-home placement or a placement in a more restrictive environment as a result of the conditions of emotional disturbance, behavior disorder, mental retardation, mental illness, dependency, chemical dependency, education deficits, lack of supervision, delinquency, physical illness or disability, or any combination thereof, and if such conditions require the services of two or more agencies pursuant to Section 12-15-1(19), the juvenile court shall refer the child to the county children’s services facilitation team for assessment and recommendations unless a current facilitation team plan is available to the court. Within 21 days of receipt of the referral, the county children’s services facilitation team shall present to the court a preliminary plan of services addressing the needs of the child and the respective responsibilities of agencies composing this team. Upon receipt of these preliminary recommendations, the juvenile court may adjudge the child as a “multiple needs child” and in accordance with the county children’s services facilitation team plan, unless the court finds it not in the best interest of the child, order the use of any dispositional alternative or service available for dependent or delinquent children or children-in-need-of-supervision, children who are emotionally disturbed, mentally retarded, or mentally ill, or children who need specialized educational services, or children who need health services, or any combination thereof. The county children’s services facilitation team shall be responsible for developing a final service plan which shall be filed with the court. The member agencies shall be responsible for the implementation of any ordered service plan. The court may, on its own motion, or on motion of a party, a party’s parent or guardian, or a member of the county or state children’s services facilitation team, set additional hearings.
(2) No child, unless alleged or adjudicated delinquent, may be placed in detention facilities established primarily for delinquents.
(3) The juvenile court shall determine the appropriate custodial entity, based on the child’s characteristics of behavior and type of treatment needed and in accord, as far as possible, with the provisions of this chapter for vesting legal custody in an entity, person, or department of a child determined to be dependent, in need of supervision, delinquent, mentally ill, or mentally retarded. Nothing in this subsection, however, shall require an order of commitment for a child to (i) receive services or (ii) be placed in the custody of a state agency or department as an adjudicated multiple needs child. It shall be the duty of probation services, and the Departments of Education, Youth Services, Mental Health and Mental Retardation, Public Health, and Human Resources to provide services both at an in-home, community, or residential setting for multiple needs children when ordered by the court.
(4) The juvenile court may appoint a guardian ad litem for a multiple needs child.
(5) The provisions of subdivisions (h)(1), (2), (3), and (4) which require new or additional services beyond those already provided by the agencies are mandated only to the extent that additional funds are appropriated to the State Multiple Needs Children Fund to implement its provisions. The Departments of Human Resources, Mental Health and Mental Retardation, Youth Services, and Education along with juvenile probation services shall develop a program of services for multiple needs children. Nothing in the provisions relating to multiple needs children shall prohibit or restrict departments or agencies charged with the duty of providing services for children and families from working cooperatively and providing financial assistance to address needs which have been identified prior to a case being referred to a children’s services facilitation team.
(i) When a child is placed in the custody of the Department of Human Resources, Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, or Department of Youth Services and when the parents or guardians have resources for child support, the juvenile court shall order child support in conformity with the child support guidelines as set out in Rule 32, Alabama Rules of Judicial Administration. The child support shall be paid to the agency in whose primary custody the child is placed and may be expended for those matters that are necessary for the welfare and well-being of those children placed in the agencies. In these cases, the court shall issue income withholding orders subject to state law. Any petition for custody of a child filed by the Department of Human Resources shall contain a request for child support.
(j) Whenever the court commits a child to a state or local agency or orders a state or local agency to provide services or treatment for a child, that agency shall accept the child for commitment, ordered services, or treatment within seven days of the court’s order. However, if compliance with the court’s order within seven days would place an agency in violation of either a state statute or standard, then compliance is not required.
(k) When the court finds a juvenile to be delinquent and commits the juvenile to a juvenile detention facility, boot camp, or to the Department of Youth Services, but the juvenile detention facility, boot camp, or the Department of Youth Services is unable to take the juvenile due to a lack of space and the juvenile is enrolled in public school, unless good cause is shown that the juvenile should not attend an alternative school, the court shall order that the juvenile attend an alternative school if an alternative school is available pending availability of space at the facility.
(l) After completion of a term of commitment with the Department of Youth Services and when the juvenile is admitted back into public school, the juvenile shall be placed in an alternative school until such time when he or she meets all requirements set by the local board of education.
(m) When a court, upon holding a hearing pursuant to Section 12-15-34, orders a juvenile case to be transferred to the circuit court for criminal prosecution and the juvenile is enrolled in public school, unless good cause is shown that the juvenile should not attend an alternative school, the court shall order that the juvenile attend an alternative school if an alternative school is available until disposition of the criminal charges in the circuit court. If the criminal charges result in conviction and the juvenile is sentenced to a term of imprisonment in a penal facility, then the juvenile shall remain in an alternative school pending the serving of the sentence. After completion of the sentence or if the juvenile is convicted but not sentenced to a term of imprisonment in a penal facility, when the juvenile is admitted back into school, the juvenile shall remain in an alternative school until such time as he or she meets the requirements set by the local board of education.
(n) The juvenile court is authorized to release the order referred to in subsections (k), (l), and (m) to the appropriate local school board where the public school or public schools in which the juvenile attempts to enroll are located. No hearing pursuant to Section 12-15-100 governing the confidentiality of juvenile records is required to release the order to the school board.
(o)(1) If a juvenile age 16 or over is enrolled in school and is charged with a crime pursuant to Section 12-15-34.1, or is charged with distribution of a controlled substance, then upon notice or knowledge of the charge, the local public school system shall assign the juvenile to an alternative school, if an alternative school is available, unless good cause is shown that the juvenile should not attend an alternative school. The decision to assign a student to an alternative school shall include a review and consideration of the exceptional status of the student pursuant to Chapter 39 of Title 16, if applicable, and any appropriate federal and state statutory and case law.
(2) Any person convicted of a crime specified in subdivision (1) and readmitted to the public schools of this state shall attend an alternative school until the juvenile meets the requirements set by the local board of education.