§ 321.1 Definitions of words and phrases.
§ 321.1A Presumption of residency.
§ 321.2 Administration and enforcement.
§ 321.3 Powers and duties of director.
§ 321.4 Rules.
§ 321.5 Duty to obey.
§ 321.6 Reciprocal enforcement – patrol beats.
§ 321.7 Seal of department.
§ 321.8 Director to prescribe forms.
§ 321.9 Authority to administer oaths and acknowledge signatures.
§ 321.10 Certified copies of records.
§ 321.11 Records of department.
§ 321.11A Personal information disclosure – exception.
§ 321.12 Destruction of records.
§ 321.13 Authority to grant or refuse applications.
§ 321.14 Seizure of documents and plates.
§ 321.15 Publication of law.
§ 321.16 Giving of notices.
§ 321.17 Misdemeanor to violate registration provisions.
§ 321.18 Vehicles subject to registration – exception.
§ 321.18A Records of implements of husbandry.
§ 321.19 Exemptions – distinguishing plates – definitions of urban transit company and regional transit system.
§ 321.20 Application for registration and certificate of title.
§ 321.20A Certificate of title and registration fees – commercial vehicles.
§ 321.20B Proof of security against liability – driving without liability coverage.
§ 321.22 Urban and regional transit equipment certificates and plates.
§ 321.23 Titles to specially constructed and reconstructed vehicles, street rods, replica vehicles, and foreign vehicles.
§ 321.23A Affidavit of correction.
§ 321.24 Issuance of registration and certificate of title.
§ 321.25 Application for registration and title – cards attached.
§ 321.26 Multiple registration periods and adjustments.
§ 321.28 Failure to register.
§ 321.29 Renewal not permitted.
§ 321.30 Grounds for refusing registration or title.
§ 321.31 Records system.
§ 321.32 Registration card carried and exhibited – exception.
§ 321.34 Plates or validation sticker furnished – retained by owner – special plates.
§ 321.35 Plates – reflective material – bidding procedures.
§ 321.37 Display of plates.
§ 321.38 Plates, method of attaching – imitations prohibited.
§ 321.39 Expiration of registration.
§ 321.40 Application for renewal – notification – reasons for refusal.
§ 321.41 Change of address or name or fuel type.
§ 321.42 Lost or damaged certificates, cards, and plates – replacements.
§ 321.43 New identifying numbers.
§ 321.44 Rules governing change of engines, drivetrain assemblies and related parts.
§ 321.44A Voluntary contribution – anatomical gift public awareness and transplantation fund – amount retained by county treasurer.
§ 321.45 Title must be transferred with vehicle.
§ 321.46 New title and registration upon transfer of ownership – credit.
§ 321.46A Change from apportioned registration – credit.
§ 321.47 Transfers by operation of law.
§ 321.48 Vehicles acquired for resale.
§ 321.49 Time limit – penalty – power of attorney.
§ 321.50 Security interest provisions.
§ 321.51 Terminal rental adjustment clause – vehicle leases that are not sales or security interests.
§ 321.52 Out-of-state sales – junked, dismantled, wrecked, or salvage vehicles.
§ 321.52A Certificate of title surcharge – allocation of moneys.
§ 321.53 Nonresident owners of passenger vehicles and trucks.
§ 321.54 Registration and financial liability coverage required of certain nonresident carriers.
§ 321.55 Registration and financial liability coverage required for certain vehicles owned or operated by nonresidents.
§ 321.56 Repair of out-of-state commercial motor vehicles – permits.
§ 321.57 Operation under special plates.
§ 321.58 Application.
§ 321.59 Issuance of certificate.
§ 321.60 Issuance of special plates.
§ 321.61 Expiration of special plates.
§ 321.62 Records required.
§ 321.63 Different places of business.
§ 321.65 Garage record.
§ 321.66 Duty to hold vehicles.
§ 321.67 Certificate of title must be executed.
§ 321.68 Sale in bulk.
§ 321.69 Damage disclosure statement.
§ 321.69A Disclosure of repairs to new vehicles.
§ 321.70 Dealer vehicles.
§ 321.71 Odometer requirements.
§ 321.71A Nonoperative air bags.
§ 321.72 Report of stolen and recovered motor vehicles.
§ 321.73 Reports by owners.
§ 321.74 Action by department.
§ 321.78 Injuring or tampering with vehicle.
§ 321.79 Intent to injure.
§ 321.81 Presumptive evidence.
§ 321.84 Seizure of vehicles.
§ 321.85 Stolen vehicles or component parts.
§ 321.86 Notice by director.
§ 321.87 Delivery to owner.
§ 321.88 Failure of owner to claim.
§ 321.89 Abandoned vehicles.
§ 321.90 Disposal of abandoned motor vehicles.
§ 321.91 Limitation on liability – penalty for abandonment.
§ 321.92 Altering or changing numbers.
§ 321.93 Defense.
§ 321.94 Test to determine true number.
§ 321.95 Right of inspection.
§ 321.96 Prohibited plates – certificates.
§ 321.97 Fraudulent applications.
§ 321.98 Operation without registration.
§ 321.99 Fraudulent use of registration.
§ 321.100 False evidences of registration.
§ 321.101 Suspension or revocation of registration or cancellation of certificate of title by department.
§ 321.101A Revocation of registration by county treasurer.
§ 321.102 Suspending or revoking special registration.
§ 321.103 Owner to return evidences of registration and title.
§ 321.104 Penal offenses against title law.
§ 321.105 Annual registration fee required.
§ 321.105A Fee for new registration.
§ 321.106 Registration for fractional part of year.
§ 321.109 Motor vehicle fee – transit fee.
§ 321.110 Rejecting fractional dollars.
§ 321.111 Conversion of car – effect.
§ 321.112 Minimum motor vehicle fee.
§ 321.113 Automatic reduction.
§ 321.115 Antique vehicles – model year plates permitted.
§ 321.115A Replica vehicles and street rods – model year plates permitted – penalty.
§ 321.117 Motorcycle, ambulance, and hearse fees.
§ 321.119 Church buses.
§ 321.120 Business-trade trucks.
§ 321.121 Special trucks for farm use.
§ 321.122 Trucks, truck tractors, and road tractors – fees.
§ 321.123 Trailers.
§ 321.124 Motor homes and multipurpose vehicles – fees.
§ 321.125 Effect of exemption.
§ 321.126 Refunds of annual registration fees.
§ 321.127 Payment of refund.
§ 321.128 Payment authorized.
§ 321.129 When fees returnable.
§ 321.130 Fees in lieu of taxes.
§ 321.131 Lien of fee.
§ 321.132 When lien attaches.
§ 321.133 Methods of collection.
§ 321.134 Monthly penalty.
§ 321.135 When fees delinquent.
§ 321.145 Disposition of moneys and fees.
§ 321.148 Monthly estimate.
§ 321.149 Supplies.
§ 321.150 Time limit.
§ 321.151 Duty and liability of treasurer.
§ 321.152 Collection fees retained by county.
§ 321.153 Treasurer’s report to department.
§ 321.154 Reports by department.
§ 321.155 Duty of treasurer of state.
§ 321.156 Audit by department.
§ 321.157 Schedule of prices and weights.
§ 321.158 Registration dependent on schedule.
§ 321.159 Exceptional cases – annual registration fee.
§ 321.160 Department to maintain statement.
§ 321.161 Department to fix values and weight.
§ 321.162 Method of fixing value and weight.
§ 321.165 Manufacture by state.
§ 321.166 Vehicle plate specifications.
§ 321.167 Delivery of plates, stickers, and emblems.
§ 321.168 Additional deliveries.
§ 321.169 Account of plates.
§ 321.170 Plates for exempt vehicles.
§ 321.171 Title of plates.
§ 321.174 Operators licensed – operation of commercial motor vehicles.
§ 321.174A Operation of motor vehicle with expired license.
§ 321.176 Persons exempt from driver’s licensing requirements.
§ 321.176A Persons exempt from commercial driver’s license requirements.
§ 321.176B Persons exempt by rule from commercial driver’s license requirements.
§ 321.177 Persons not to be licensed.
§ 321.178 Driver education – restricted license – reciprocity.
§ 321.178A Driver education – teaching parent.
§ 321.179 Motorcycle rider education fund.
§ 321.180 Instruction permits.
§ 321.180A Special instruction permit.
§ 321.180B Graduated driver’s licenses for persons aged fourteen through seventeen.
§ 321.181 Temporary permit.
§ 321.182 Application.
§ 321.183 Application for driver’s license or nonoperator’s identification card – selective service registration.
§ 321.184 Applications of unmarried minors.
§ 321.185 Death of person signing application – effect.
§ 321.186 Examination of new or incompetent operators.
§ 321.186A Vision report in lieu of vision test.
§ 321.187 Examiners.
§ 321.188 Commercial driver’s license requirements.
§ 321.189 Driver’s license – content.
§ 321.189A Driver’s license for undercover law enforcement officers – fee – penalties.
§ 321.190 Issuance of nonoperator’s identification cards – fee.
§ 321.191 Fees for driver’s licenses.
§ 321.193 Restrictions on licenses – penalty.
§ 321.194 Special minors’ licenses.
§ 321.195 Replacement of driver’s licenses and nonoperator’s identification cards.
§ 321.196 Expiration of license – renewal.
§ 321.198 Military service exception.
§ 321.199 Driver’s license records.
§ 321.200 Conviction and accident file.
§ 321.200A Convictions based upon fraud.
§ 321.201 Cancellation and return of license – prohibition from issuance of commercial driver’s license for false information.
§ 321.203 Suspending privileges of nonresidents.
§ 321.204 Certification of conviction – notification of commercial driver’s license disqualification.
§ 321.205 Conviction or administrative decision in another jurisdiction.
§ 321.206 Surrender of license – duty of court.
§ 321.207 Downgrade of commercial driver’s license.
§ 321.208 Commercial driver’s license disqualification – replacement driver’s license – temporary license.
§ 321.208A Operation in violation of out-of-service order – penalties.
§ 321.209 Mandatory revocation.
§ 321.210 Suspension.
§ 321.210A Suspension for failure to pay fine, penalty, surcharge, or court costs.
§ 321.210B Installment agreement.
§ 321.210C Probation period.
§ 321.210D Vehicular homicide suspension – termination upon revocation of license – reopening of suspension.
§ 321.211 Notice and hearing – appropriation.
§ 321.211A Appeal of extended suspension or revocation.
§ 321.212 Period of suspension or revocation – surrender of license.
§ 321.213 License suspensions or revocations due to violations by juvenile drivers.
§ 321.213A License suspension for juveniles adjudicated delinquent for certain drug or alcohol offenses.
§ 321.213B Suspension for failure to attend.
§ 321.215 Temporary restricted license.
§ 321.216 Unlawful use of license or nonoperator’s identification card – penalty.
§ 321.216A Falsifying driver’s licenses, nonoperator’s identification cards, or forms.
§ 321.216B Use of driver’s license or nonoperator’s identification card by underage person to obtain alcohol.
§ 321.216C Use of driver’s license or nonoperator’s identification card by underage person to obtain cigarettes or tobacco products.
§ 321.217 Perjury.
§ 321.218 Operating without valid driver’s license or when disqualified – penalties.
§ 321.218A Civil penalty – disposition – reinstatement.
§ 321.219 Permitting unauthorized minor to drive.
§ 321.220 Permitting unauthorized person to drive.
§ 321.221 Employing unlicensed chauffeur.
§ 321.222 Renting motor vehicle to another.
§ 321.223 Driver’s license inspection for motor vehicle rental.
§ 321.224 Record kept.
§ 321.228 Provisions refer to highways – exceptions.
§ 321.229 Obedience to peace officers.
§ 321.230 Public officers not exempt.
§ 321.231 Authorized emergency vehicles and police bicycles.
§ 321.232 Speed detection jamming devices – penalty.
§ 321.233 Road workers exempted.
§ 321.234 Bicycles, animals, or animal-drawn vehicles.
§ 321.234A All-terrain vehicles – highway use.
§ 321.235 Provisions uniform.
§ 321.235A Electric personal assistive mobility devices.
§ 321.236 Powers of local authorities.
§ 321.237 Signs – requirement – notice.
§ 321.238 Use of electronic devices while driving – preemption of local legislation.
§ 321.239 Counties may restrict parking of vehicles.
§ 321.247 Golf cart operation on city streets.
§ 321.248 Parks and cemeteries.
§ 321.249 School zones.
§ 321.250 Discriminations.
§ 321.251 Rights of owners of real property – manufactured home communities or mobile home parks.
§ 321.252 Department to adopt sign manual.
§ 321.253 Department to erect signs.
§ 321.253A Directional signs relating to historic sites on land owned or managed by state agencies.
§ 321.253B Metric signs restricted.
§ 321.254 Local authorities restricted.
§ 321.255 Local traffic-control devices.
§ 321.256 Obedience to official traffic-control devices.
§ 321.257 Official traffic-control signal.
§ 321.258 Arrangement of lights on official traffic-control signals.
§ 321.259 Unauthorized signs, signals, or markings.
§ 321.260 Interference with devices, signs, or signals – unlawful possession – traffic signal preemption devices.
§ 321.261 Death or personal injuries.
§ 321.262 Leaving scene of traffic accident – vehicle damage only.
§ 321.263 Information and aid – leaving scene of personal injury accident.
§ 321.264 Striking unattended vehicle.
§ 321.265 Striking fixtures upon a highway.
§ 321.266 Reporting accidents.
§ 321.267 Supplemental reports.
§ 321.267A Traffic accidents involving certified law enforcement officers or other emergency responders – reports.
§ 321.268 Driver unable to report.
§ 321.269 Accident report forms.
§ 321.271 Reports confidential – without prejudice – exceptions.
§ 321.272 Tabulation of reports.
§ 321.273 City may require reports.
§ 321.275 Operation of motorcycles and motorized bicycles.
§ 321.276 Use of electronic communication device while driving – text-messaging.
§ 321.277 Reckless driving.
§ 321.277A Careless driving.
§ 321.278 Drag racing prohibited.
§ 321.279 Eluding or attempting to elude pursuing law enforcement vehicle.
§ 321.280 Assaults and homicide.
§ 321.281 Actions against bicyclists.
§ 321.284 Open containers in motor vehicles – drivers.
§ 321.284A Open containers in motor vehicles – passengers.
§ 321.285 Speed restrictions.
§ 321.288 Control of vehicle – reduced speed.
§ 321.289 Speed signs – duty to install.
§ 321.290 Special restrictions.
§ 321.291 Information or notice.
§ 321.292 Civil action unaffected.
§ 321.293 Local authorities may alter limits.
§ 321.294 Minimum speed regulation.
§ 321.295 Limitation on bridge or elevated structures.
§ 321.297 Driving on right-hand side of roadway – exceptions.
§ 321.298 Meeting and turning to right.
§ 321.299 Overtaking a vehicle.
§ 321.302 Overtaking and passing.
§ 321.303 Limitations on overtaking on the left.
§ 321.304 Prohibited passing.
§ 321.305 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.
§ 321.306 Roadways laned for traffic.
§ 321.307 Following too closely.
§ 321.308 Motor trucks and towed vehicles – distance requirements.
§ 321.309 Towing – convoys.
§ 321.310 Towing four-wheeled trailers.
§ 321.311 Turning at intersections.
§ 321.312 Turning on curve or crest of grade.
§ 321.313 Starting parked vehicle.
§ 321.314 When signal required.
§ 321.315 Signal continuous.
§ 321.316 Stopping.
§ 321.317 Signals by hand and arm or signal device.
§ 321.318 Method of giving hand and arm signals.
§ 321.319 Entering intersections from different highways.
§ 321.320 Left turns – yielding.
§ 321.321 Entering through highways.
§ 321.322 Vehicles entering stop or yield intersection.
§ 321.323 Moving vehicle backward on highway.
§ 321.323A Approaching certain stationary vehicles.
§ 321.324 Operation on approach of emergency vehicles.
§ 321.324A Funeral processions.
§ 321.325 Pedestrians subject to signals.
§ 321.326 Pedestrians on left.
§ 321.327 Pedestrians’ right-of-way.
§ 321.328 Crossing at other than crosswalk.
§ 321.329 Duty of driver – pedestrians crossing or working on highways.
§ 321.330 Use of crosswalks.
§ 321.331 Pedestrians soliciting rides.
§ 321.332 White canes restricted to blind persons.
§ 321.333 Duty of drivers.
§ 321.334 Penalties.
§ 321.340 Driving through safety zone.
§ 321.341 Obedience to signal indicating approach of railroad train or railroad track equipment.
§ 321.342 Stop at certain railroad crossings – posting warning.
§ 321.343 Certain vehicles must stop.
§ 321.343A Employer violations – penalty.
§ 321.344 Heavy equipment at crossing.
§ 321.344A Reported violations for failure to stop at a railroad crossing – citations.
§ 321.344B Immediate safety threat – penalty.
§ 321.345 Stop or yield at highways.
§ 321.346 Cost of signs.
§ 321.347 Exceptions.
§ 321.348 Limitations on cities.
§ 321.349 Exceptions.
§ 321.350 Primary roads as through highways.
§ 321.352 Additional signs – cost.
§ 321.353 Stop before crossing sidewalk – right-of-way.
§ 321.354 Stopping on traveled way.
§ 321.355 Disabled vehicle.
§ 321.356 Officers authorized to remove.
§ 321.357 Removed from bridge.
§ 321.358 Stopping, standing or parking.
§ 321.359 Moving other vehicle.
§ 321.360 Theaters, hotels and auditoriums.
§ 321.361 Additional parking regulations.
§ 321.362 Unattended motor vehicle.
§ 321.363 Obstruction to driver’s view.
§ 321.364 Preventing contamination of food by hazardous material.
§ 321.365 Coasting prohibited.
§ 321.366 Acts prohibited on fully controlled-access facilities.
§ 321.367 Following fire apparatus.
§ 321.368 Crossing fire hose.
§ 321.369 Putting debris on highway.
§ 321.370 Removing injurious material.
§ 321.371 Clearing up wrecks.
§ 321.372 Discharging pupils – stopping requirements – penalties.
§ 321.372A Prompt investigation of reported violation of failing to obey school bus warning devices – citation issued to driver or owner.
§ 321.373 Required construction – rules adopted.
§ 321.374 Inspection – seal of approval.
§ 321.375 School bus drivers – qualifications – grounds for suspension.
§ 321.376 License – authorization – instruction requirement.
§ 321.377 Regional transit system transportation.
§ 321.378 Applicability.
§ 321.379 Violations.
§ 321.380 Enforcement.
§ 321.381 Movement of unsafe or improperly equipped vehicles.
§ 321.381A Operation of low-speed vehicles.
§ 321.382 Upgrade pulls – minimum speed.
§ 321.383 Exceptions – slow vehicles identified.
§ 321.384 When lighted lamps required.
§ 321.385 Headlamps on motor vehicles.
§ 321.385A Citation for unlighted headlamp, rear lamp, or rear registration plate light.
§ 321.386 Headlamps on motorcycles and motorized bicycles.
§ 321.387 Rear lamps.
§ 321.388 Illuminating plates.
§ 321.389 Reflector requirement.
§ 321.390 Reflector requirements.
§ 321.392 Clearance and identification lights.
§ 321.393 Color and mounting.
§ 321.394 Lamp or flag on projecting load.
§ 321.395 Lamps on parked vehicles.
§ 321.396 Exception.
§ 321.397 Lamps on bicycles.
§ 321.398 Lamps on other vehicles and equipment.
§ 321.402 Spot lamps.
§ 321.403 Auxiliary driving lamps.
§ 321.404 Signal lamps and signal devices.
§ 321.404A Light-restricting devices prohibited.
§ 321.405 Self-illumination.
§ 321.408 Back-up lamps.
§ 321.409 Mandatory lighting equipment.
§ 321.415 Required usage of lighting devices.
§ 321.417 Single-beam road-lighting equipment.
§ 321.418 Alternate road-lighting equipment.
§ 321.419 Number of driving lamps required or permitted.
§ 321.420 Number of lamps lighted.
§ 321.421 Special restrictions on lamps.
§ 321.422 Red light in front – rear lights.
§ 321.423 Flashing lights.
§ 321.430 Brake, hitch, and control requirements.
§ 321.431 Performance ability.
§ 321.432 Horns and warning devices.
§ 321.433 Sirens, whistles, and bells prohibited.
§ 321.434 Bicycle sirens or whistles.
§ 321.435 Motorcycles equipped with detachable stabilizing wheels.
§ 321.436 Mufflers, prevention of noise.
§ 321.437 Mirrors.
§ 321.438 Windshields and windows.
§ 321.439 Windshield wipers.
§ 321.440 Restrictions as to tire equipment.
§ 321.441 Metal tires prohibited.
§ 321.442 Projections on wheels.
§ 321.443 Exceptions.
§ 321.444 Safety glass.
§ 321.445 Safety belts and safety harnesses – use required.
§ 321.446 Child restraint devices.
§ 321.449 Motor carrier safety rules.
§ 321.449A Rail crew transport drivers.
§ 321.450 Hazardous materials transportation regulations.
§ 321.451 Emergency vehicles – certificate of designation.
§ 321.452 Scope and effect.
§ 321.453 Exceptions.
§ 321.454 Width of vehicles.
§ 321.455 Projecting loads on passenger vehicles.
§ 321.456 Height of vehicles.
§ 321.457 Maximum length.
§ 321.458 Loading beyond front.
§ 321.459 Dual axle requirement.
§ 321.460 Spilling loads on highways.
§ 321.461 Trailers and towed vehicles.
§ 321.462 Drawbars and safety chains.
§ 321.463 Maximum gross weight – exceptions – penalties.
§ 321.464 Investigation as to safety.
§ 321.465 Weighing vehicles and removal of excess.
§ 321.466 Increased loading capacity – reregistration.
§ 321.467 Retractable axles.
§ 321.471 Local authorities may restrict.
§ 321.472 Signs posted.
§ 321.473 Limitations on trucks by local authorities.
§ 321.474 Department may restrict.
§ 321.475 Liability for damage – rules.
§ 321.476 Weighing vehicles by department.
§ 321.477 Employees as peace officers – maximum age.
§ 321.478 Bond.
§ 321.479 Badge of authority.
§ 321.480 Limitation on expense.
§ 321.481 No impairment of other authority.
§ 321.482 Violations – simple misdemeanors unless otherwise provided.
§ 321.482A Violations resulting in injury or death – additional penalties.
§ 321.483 Penalty for class “D” felony.
§ 321.484 Offenses by owners.
§ 321.485 Notice to appear – promise to appear.
§ 321.486 Authorized bond forms.
§ 321.487 Violation of promise to appear.
§ 321.488 Procedure not exclusive.
§ 321.489 Record inadmissible in a civil action.
§ 321.490 Conviction not to affect credibility.
§ 321.491 Convictions and recommendations for suspension to be reported.
§ 321.492 Peace officers’ authority.
§ 321.492A Quotas on citations prohibited.
§ 321.493 Liability for damages.
§ 321.498 Legal effect of use and operation.
§ 321.500 Original notice – form.
§ 321.501 Manner of service.
§ 321.502 Notification to nonresident – form.
§ 321.504 Optional notification.
§ 321.505 Proof of service.
§ 321.506 Actual service within this state.
§ 321.507 Venue of actions.
§ 321.508 Continuances.
§ 321.509 Duty of director.
§ 321.510 Expenses and attorney fees.
§ 321.511 Dismissal – effect.
§ 321.512 Action against insurance.
§ 321.513 Nonresident traffic violator compact.
§ 321.555 Habitual offender defined.
§ 321.556 Notice and hearing – findings and order.
§ 321.560 Period of revocation – temporary restricted licenses.
§ 321.561 Punishment for violation.
§ 321.562 Rule of construction.