Art. 1702.  Confirmation of default judgment

A.  A judgment of default must be confirmed by proof of the demand that is sufficient to establish a prima facie case and that is admitted on the record prior to confirmation.  The court may permit documentary evidence to be filed in the record in any electronically stored format authorized by the local rules of the district court or approved by the clerk of the district court for receipt of evidence.  If no answer is filed timely, this confirmation may be made after two days, exclusive of holidays, from the entry of the judgment of default.  When a judgment of default has been entered against a party that is in default after having made an appearance of record in the case, notice of the date of the entry of the judgment of default must be sent by certified mail by the party obtaining the judgment of default to counsel of record for the party in default, or if there is no counsel of record, to the party in default, at least seven days, exclusive of holidays, before confirmation of the judgment of default.

B.(1)  When a demand is based upon a conventional obligation, affidavits and exhibits annexed thereto which contain facts sufficient to establish a prima facie case shall be admissible, self-authenticating, and sufficient proof of such demand.  The court may, under the circumstances of the case, require additional evidence in the form of oral testimony before entering judgment.

(2)  When a demand is based upon a delictual obligation, the testimony of the plaintiff with corroborating evidence, which may be by affidavits and exhibits annexed thereto which contain facts sufficient to establish a prima facie case, shall be admissible, self-authenticating, and sufficient proof of such demand.  The court may, under the circumstances of the case, require additional evidence in the form of oral testimony before entering judgment.

(3)  When the sum due is on an open account or a promissory note or other negotiable instrument, an affidavit of the correctness thereof shall be prima facie proof.  When the demand is based upon a promissory note or other negotiable instrument, no proof of any signature thereon shall be required.

C.  In those proceedings in which the sum due is on an open account or a promissory note, other negotiable instrument, or other conventional obligation, or a deficiency judgment derived therefrom, including those proceedings in which one or more mortgages, pledges, or other security for said open account, promissory note, negotiable instrument, conventional obligation, or deficiency judgment derived therefrom is sought to be enforced, maintained, or recognized, or in which the amount sought is that authorized by R.S. 9:2782 for a check dishonored for nonsufficient funds, a hearing in open court shall not be required unless the judge, in his discretion, directs that such a hearing be held.  The plaintiff shall submit to the court the proof required by law and the original and not less than one copy of the proposed final judgment.  The judge shall, within seventy-two hours of receipt of such submission from the clerk of court, sign the judgment or direct that a hearing be held.  The clerk of court shall certify that no answer or other pleading has been filed by the defendant.  The minute clerk shall make an entry showing the dates of receipt of proof, review of the record, and rendition of the judgment.  A certified copy of the signed judgment shall be sent to the plaintiff by the clerk of court.

D.  When the demand is based upon a claim for a personal injury, a sworn narrative report of the treating physician or dentist may be offered in lieu of his testimony.

E.  Notwithstanding any other provisions of law to the contrary, when the demand is for divorce under Civil Code Article 103(1), whether or not the demand contains a claim for relief incidental or ancillary thereto, a hearing in open court shall not be required unless the judge, in his discretion, directs that a hearing be held.  The plaintiff shall submit to the court an affidavit specifically attesting to and testifying as to the truth of all of the factual allegations contained in the petition, the original and not less than one copy of the proposed final judgment, and a certification which shall indicate the type of service made on the defendant, the date of service, the date a preliminary default was entered, and a certification by the clerk that the record was examined by the clerk, including the date of the examination, and a statement that no answer or other opposition has been filed.  If no answer or other pleading has been filed by the defendant, the judge shall, after two days, exclusive of holidays, of entry of a preliminary default, review the affidavit, proposed final judgment, and certification, render and sign the judgment, or direct that a hearing be held.  The minutes shall reflect rendition and signing of the judgment.

Acts 1983, No. 266, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1984; Acts 1986, No. 219, §1; Acts 1986, No. 285, §1; Acts 1986, No. 430, §1; Acts 1987, No. 182, §1; Acts 1987, No. 271, §1; Acts 1990, No. 1009, §4, eff. Jan. 1, 1991; Acts 1992, No. 292, §1 ; Acts 2001, No. 512, §1; Acts 2008, No. 354, §1, eff. June 21, 2008; Acts 2013, No. 78, §1.