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Louisiana Revised Statutes 38:2212 - Advertisement and letting to lowest responsible bidder; public work; electronic bidding; participation in mentor-prot?g? program; exemptions

§2212.  Advertisement and letting to lowest responsible bidder; public work; electronic bidding; participation in mentor-protégé program; exemptions

A.(1)(a)  All public work exceeding the contract limit as defined in this Section, including labor and materials, to be done by a public entity shall be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder who had bid according to the contract, plans, and specifications as advertised, and no such public work shall be done  except as provided in this Part.

(b)(i)  The provisions and requirement of this Section, those stated in the advertisement for bids, and those required on the bid form shall not be waived by any entity.

(ii)(aa)  The division of administration, office of facility planning and control, shall develop and prescribe through the promulgation of rules and regulations in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act the bid form necessary to obtain the information and to implement the sections of the bid form provided for in this Item to be utilized for the public bid of public works projects.  The bid form developed shall require only the information necessary to determine the lowest bidder and the following sections and information:  Bid Security or Bid Bond, Acknowledgment of Addenda, Base Bid, Alternates, Signature of Bidder, Name, Title, and Address of Bidder, Name of Firm or Joint Venture, Corporate Resolution, and Louisiana Contractors License Number, and on public works projects where unit prices are utilized, a section on the bid form where the unit price utilized in the bid shall be set forth; however, unit prices shall not be utilized for the construction of building projects, unless the unit price is incorporated into the base bid.

(bb)  Other documentation and information required including but not limited to the low bidder's attestation pursuant to R.S. 38:2212.10 and 2227 shall be furnished by the low bidder within ten days after the bid opening.  The ten-day period shall not be altered or waived by any public entity except the governing authority of any publicly owned commercial aviation airport, the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans, and all agencies of the City of New Orleans, including but not limited to the Regional Transit Authority and the New Orleans Aviation Board, who shall require that the other documentation and information referred to in this Subitem be furnished by the two lowest bidders three days after the bid opening.

(cc)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, all bidders shall submit all bid forms required by statute or by the Louisiana Administrative Code to the governing authority of East Baton Rouge Parish prior to the opening of all bids relative to a contract for public works.

(iii)  The provisions of this Subparagraph shall not apply to bid forms of the Department of Transportation and Development pursuant to Title 48 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950.

(c)(i)  Evidence of agency, corporate, or partnership authority shall be required for submission of a bid to the division of administration or the state of Louisiana.  The authority of the signature of the person submitting the bid shall be deemed sufficient and acceptable if any of the following conditions are met:

(aa)  The signature on the bid is that of any corporate officer listed on the most current annual report on file with the secretary of state, or the signature on the bid is that of any member of a partnership or partnership in commendam listed in the most current partnership records on file with the secretary of state.

(bb) The signature on the bid is that of an authorized representative of the corporation, partnership, or other legal entity and the bid is accompanied by a corporate resolution, certification as to the corporate principal, or other documents indicating authority which are acceptable to the public entity.

(cc)  The corporation, partnership, or other legal entity has filed in the appropriate records of the secretary of state in which the public entity is located, an affidavit, resolution, or other acknowledged or authentic document indicating the names of all parties authorized to submit bids for public contracts.  Such document on file with the secretary of state shall remain in effect and shall be binding upon the principal until specifically rescinded and canceled from the records of the office.

(ii)  Except as provided in Subparagraph (f) of this Paragraph, each bid shall be either hand delivered by the bidder or his agent in which instance the deliverer shall be handed a written receipt, or such bid shall be sent by registered or certified mail with a return receipt requested.  However, the requirement that all bids be sent by registered or certified mail shall not apply to bids received by municipal and parochial governing authorities.  No public entity shall accept or take any bids, including receiving any hand delivered bids, on days which are recognized as holidays by the United States Postal Service. The Department of Transportation and Development and facility planning and control section under the division of administration shall keep on file a list of all states which have passed a bid preference law.

(d)  The term "contract limit" as used herein shall be equal to the sum of one hundred fifty thousand dollars per project, including labor, materials, and equipment as per the rates in the latest edition of the Associated Equipment Dealers Rental Rate Book and administrative overhead not to exceed fifteen percent; however:

(i)  When the Department of Public Safety and Corrections intends to use inmates as labor in connection with projects which occur on the grounds or to the buildings, structures, or facilities located on the grounds of prisons or correctional institutions, the term contract limit shall be fifty thousand dollars per project, for the calendar year 1982 and for each succeeding calendar year, shall be increased by a factor equal to three percent per year for each of the next ten calendar years.

(ii)  Repealed by Acts 2011, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 5, §2.

(iii)  Beginning September 1, 2005, when the Bossier Parish Police Jury intends to undertake a public works project with its own employees, the term "contract limit" shall be equal to the sum of one hundred thirty thousand dollars.  Additionally, the police jury may adjust the contract limit provided for in this Item each year by an amount not to exceed the annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index in the preceding year.  If the contract limit is increased, the Bossier Parish Police Jury shall publish the new contract limit for public works contracts in its official journal in February of each year.

(iv)  Repealed by Acts 2007, No. 336, §2, eff. July 31, 2008.

(v)(aa)  The annual limit by a public entity for any work to restore or rehabilitate a levee that is not maintained with federal funds, including mitigation on public lands owned by the state or a political subdivision, shall not exceed the sum of one million dollars, including labor, materials, and equipment, which is not publicly bid, as per the rates in the latest edition of the Associated Equipment Distributors Rental Rate Book, and administrative overhead not to exceed fifteen percent; provided that the work is undertaken by the public entity with its own resources and employees, or with the resources and employees of another public entity through a cooperative endeavor or other agreement with such entity.

(bb)  The provisions of this Item shall remain effective until December 31,  2018.

(e)(i)  Each public entity advertising and letting for bid a public works contract under the provisions of this Section shall furnish all prime bidders who request bid documents and who are properly licensed by the Louisiana State Licensing Board for Contractors with at least one set of complete bid documents.  The public entity may require a deposit on the bid documents; however, the total cost of the deposit, including handling fees and other costs shall not exceed twice the actual cost of reproduction.  Deposits on the first set of documents furnished bona fide prime bidders will be fully refunded upon return of the documents no later than ten days after receipt of bids.  On other sets of documents furnished to bidders the deposit less actual cost of reproduction, will be refunded upon return of the documents no later than ten days after receipt of bids.  Where the public entity, itself, prepares and distributes the contract documents, the public entity may, in lieu of a deposit, charge a fee for the documents, which shall not exceed the actual cost of reproduction.

(ii)  Where the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans, itself, prepares and distributes electronic contract documents, the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans may, in lieu of a deposit, charge a fee for each paper document, which shall not exceed the actual cost of reproduction.

(f)(i)  Contractors shall be provided the option to submit bids for public contracts through a uniform and secure electronic interactive system.  Political subdivisions shall follow the standards for the receipt of electronic bids adopted by the office of the governor, division of administration, and the office of information technology as provided for in LAC 4:XV.701, and shall make the appropriate provisions necessary for the acceptance of electronic bids for all purchases requiring competitive bidding as required by this Section.  Any special condition or requirement for the submission shall be specified in the advertisement for bids required by this Section.

(ii)  Public entities that are currently without available high speed Internet access will be exempt from this requirement until such time that high speed Internet access becomes available.

(iii)  Any parish with a police jury form of government and a population of less than twenty thousand shall be exempt from the provisions of this Subparagraph.

(iv)  Any city or municipality with a population of less than ten thousand shall be exempt from the provisions of this Subparagraph.

(v)  Any special service district created by a police jury form of government and which is unable to comply with R.S. 38:2212(A)(1)(f)(i) without securing and expending additional funding shall be exempt from its requirements.  The special service district shall be exempted from any expenditures for high-speed Internet access, software, personnel costs, training, or other office equipment directly relating to the receipt of bids via high-speed Internet access.

(vi)  Public entities shall have the option to require that all bids be submitted electronically for any competitive bid let out for public bid.

(vii)  Public entities must include all bid documents as defined in R.S. 38:2211(A)(1), on the electronic website accepting the electronic bids.

(g)  Repealed by Acts 1999, No. 768, §2.

(2) The bid specification may contemplate a fixed escalation or de-escalation in accordance with the United States Bureau of Labor Statistic's Consumer Price Index and/or Wholesale Price Index.  Bids based on specifications which are subject to a recognized escalation index shall be legal and valid.

(3)(a)  The advertisement required by this Section for any contract for public works shall be published once a week for three different weeks in a newspaper in the locality, and the first advertisement shall appear at least twenty-five days before the opening of bids.  In addition to the newspaper advertisement, a public entity may also publish an advertisement by electronic media available to the general public.

(b)  The first publication of the advertisement shall not occur on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.  Plans and specifications shall be available to bidders on the day of the first advertisement and shall be available until twenty-four hours before the bid opening date.

(c)(i)  If at the end of the contract document phase, it is determined that the designer's estimate is more than the funds budgeted by the public entity for the project, the project shall not be advertised for bid.  The designer's estimate shall be read aloud upon opening bids.

(ii)  The bid form shall contain Bid Security or Bid Bond, Acknowledgment of Addenda, Base Bid, Alternates, Signature of Bidder, Name, Title, and Address of Bidder, Name of Firm or Joint Venture Corporate Resolution, and Louisiana Contractors License Number, and on public works projects where unit prices are utilized, their inclusion in the bid form; however, unit prices shall not be utilized for the construction of building projects, unless the unit price is incorporated into the base bid.  Other documentation required shall be furnished by the low bidder within ten days after the bid opening.  The governing authority of any publicly owned commercial aviation airport, the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans, and all agencies of the City of New Orleans, including but not limited to the Regional Transit Authority and the New Orleans Aviation Board shall require that the other documentation referred to above shall be furnished by the two lowest bidders three days after the bid opening.  The division of administration, office of facility planning and control, shall develop and prescribe the necessary bid form for public works projects for public bid purposes and implement the provisions of this Section of the bid form in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.

(iii)  The provisions of this Subparagraph shall not apply to bid forms of the Department of Transportation and Development pursuant to Title 48 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950.

(d)(i)  When a design professional or public entity mandates attendance by bidders at pre-bid conferences as a prerequisite to bid, the date, place, and time of the pre-bid conference shall be stated in the first advertisement notice.

(ii)  All prospective bidders in the orphan well plug and abandonment program within the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources shall be present at the beginning of the pre-bid conference and shall remain in attendance for the duration of the conference.  Any prospective bidder who fails to attend the conference or remain for the duration shall be prohibited from submitting a bid for the project.

(e)  Any proposal shall include no more than three alternates.  An alternate bid by any name is still an alternate.  Alternates, if accepted, shall be accepted in the order in which they are listed on the bid form.  Determination of the low bidder shall be on the basis of the sum of the base bid and any alternates accepted.  However, the public entity shall reserve the right to accept alternates in any order which does not affect determination of the low bidder.

(f)  Use of allowances in proposals shall be restricted to minor items and shall be limited to hardware, face brick, landscaping, electric light fixtures, and carpeting.  Allowances may not be utilized by the design professional or public entity to control the selection of a subcontractor or supplier.

(g)(i)  No construction manager or any other third-party consultant employed by a public entity may manage a construction project as a general contractor or act in the role of the general contractor to oversee, direct, or coordinate individual trade contractors on behalf of the public entity, or accept bids or itself bid on the public work or components of the public work with respect to which the manager or consultant is employed or contracted to manage or consult.

(ii)  The provisions of Item (i) of this Subparagraph shall not apply to the initial construction of a hospital, medical facility, or a combination of both, constructed by the Orleans Hospital Service District, but shall apply to the construction of any additions or modifications of a hospital, medical facility, or a combination of both, constructed by the Orleans Hospital Service District following the completion of the initial construction.  The provisions of this Item shall not relieve the Orleans Hospital Service District from complying with all other applicable provisions of this Title.

(iii)  All construction contracts on public works shall be opened in a public meeting.  All subcontractors bidding on the project shall be invited to the meeting and the general contractor shall list in the bid documents who the subcontractors will be on the project.

(4)  All public work contracts shall contain provisions authorizing the issuance of change orders within the scope of the contract.

(5)  All change orders shall be in writing.

(6)  Any change order outside the scope of the contract in excess of the contract limit as defined herein shall be let out for public bid as provided by this Part.

(7)  Any change order pertaining to public work, not required by this Part to be put out for public bid, shall either be negotiated in the best interest of the public entity or let out for public bid as provided by this Part.  Where the change order is negotiated, the public entity shall require that said change order be fully documented and itemized as to costs, including material quantities, material costs, taxes, insurance, employee benefits, other related costs, profit and overhead.  Where certain unit prices are contained in the initial contract, no deviations shall be allowed in computing negotiated change order costs.

(8)(a)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary and in addition to any other requirements provided for in this Subsection, the Acknowledgment of Addenda of the bid form provided for in R.S. 38:2212(A)(1)(b)(ii) for the public bid of public works projects conducted by the New Orleans Sewerage and Water Board shall also include attachment of the addenda if pricing information is contained therein and the addenda specifies attachment.

(b)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary and in addition to any other requirements provided for in this Subsection, the Acknowledgment of Addenda of the bid form for public works projects conducted by the New Orleans Sewerage and Water Board shall also include attachment of the addenda if pricing information is contained therein and the addenda specifies attachment.

B.  Those contracts let by any public entity for public works estimated to cost in excess of the contract limit shall be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder.  Public works which are estimated to cost less than the contract limit may be undertaken by the public entity with its own employees.

C.(1)  Except as provided by Paragraph (2) of this Subsection, the public entity may, through the issuance of an addendum, extend the bid period for up to thirty days, without the requirement of readvertising as provided by Subsection A of this Section.

(2)(a)  If a public entity issues or causes to be issued on a public work exceeding the contract limit any addendum modifying plans and specifications within a period of seven days prior to the advertised time, or the time extended as provided for in this Section, for the opening of bids, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and any other legal holidays, then the public entity shall transmit a copy of the addendum to all prime bidders who have requested bid documents pursuant to Subparagraph (A)(1)(e).  This shall be completed within twenty-four hours of the issuance of the addendum and may be delivered by either facsimile transmission, e-mail, other electronic means, or by hand, provided the prime bidder has supplied the facsimile transmission number or e-mail address to the public entity.  In addition to the transmission required in this Paragraph, a copy of the addendum shall be sent by regular mail to all prime bidders who have requested bid documents pursuant to Subparagraph (A)(1)(e) of this Section.  If the addendum cannot be transmitted by facsimile transmission, e-mail, or other electronic means, or otherwise effected by hand delivery, the public entity shall postpone the bid opening by at least seven days.

(b)  No public entity shall issue or cause to be issued any addenda modifying plans and specifications within a period of seventy-two hours prior to the advertised time for the opening of bids, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and any other legal holidays; however, if the necessity arises to issue an addendum modifying plans and specifications within the seventy-two-hour period prior to the advertised time for the opening of bids, then the opening of bids shall be extended for at least seven but not more than twenty-one working days, without the requirement of readvertising as provided by Subsection A of this Section.  The addendum shall state the revised time and date for the opening of bids.

D.(1)(a)  This Section shall not apply in cases of public emergency where such emergency has been certified to by the public entity and notice of such public emergency shall, within ten days thereof, be published in the official journal of the public entity proposing or declaring such public emergency.

(b)(i)  This Section shall not apply in the event that an extreme public emergency occurs.

(ii)  The president of the police jury, the president of the parish council, the mayor of the municipality, or a person designated to act on behalf of the governing authority of any other political subdivision, shall declare that an extreme emergency exists and shall cause such declaration to be published in the official journal within ten days or as soon as practicable thereafter.

(c)  This Section shall not apply with respect to repairs administered by the office of facility planning and control for addressing damage caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.  However, the office of facility planning and control shall not be allowed to negotiate such projects, but shall be required to publicly advertise such projects in the official journal of the locality of the project and in the state's official journal.  Public bids may be taken in a minimum of ten days after advertisement of such projects.  However, if there are no bidders for such projects, the office of facility planning and control may enter into competitive bidding negotiations with no fewer than two contractors.

(2)  Limitations.  (a)  Every contract negotiated by a public entity under the authority of this Subsection shall be supported by a written determination and findings by the public entity justifying use of the authority.  (b)  When contract action under this authority is taken pursuant to telephone or other oral offers, a written confirmation of the accepted offer shall be obtained and made a part of the contract case file.  In addition, whenever contract action is taken as authorized by this Subsection, a record shall be established by the public entity which shall contain, as a minimum, the following information with respect to each offer:  a description of the work to be performed, the name and address of each offeror quoting, and the performance time and terms of each offer.  If quotations lower than the accepted quotation are received, the reasons for their rejection shall be recorded and made a part of the contract case file.  Such records shall be retained for a minimum of six years following the purchase or completion of the public work.

(3)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, for the project to enclose approximately five hundred feet of Corporation Canal that runs adjacent to the University Laboratory School on the Baton Rouge campus, which has been funded as an emergency through appropriation of funds by the Interim Emergency Board to Louisiana State University, East Baton Rouge Parish shall be authorized to assist in the project through use of its own employees to undertake such project.

E.(1)  A publicly owned utility may undertake a public works project, other than construction of a building, for the contract limit or less by either of the following methods:

(a)  Entry into contracts with or without public bid.

(b)  Use of the employees of the public entity owning the utility.

(2) Such public entities are herein prohibited from owning or operating manufacturing plants whereby such public entities manufacture construction materials.  Any such facilities owned or operated prior to September 11, 1981, are excluded from these provisions.

(3)  The provisions of this Section shall not prevent public entities from using their regular maintenance employees for labor necessary in the maintenance, construction, or extension of publicly owned and operated electric public utilities.  With respect to the construction or extension of all other public utilities, the provisions of this Section shall not prevent public entities from using their regular maintenance employees when the cost of the work per project does not exceed one hundred thousand dollars, including labor and materials.  All purchases of materials or supplies exceeding the sum provided for in Subsection A of this Section shall be let by public bid as provided in this Part.

F.(1)  Whenever a public entity desires to purchase technical equipment, apparatus, machinery, materials, or supplies of a certain type and such purchases are clearly in the public interest, the public entity may specify a particular brand, make, or manufacturer in the specifications let out for public bid as provided by this Part.  If a particular brand, make, or manufacturer is specified, the model or catalog number also shall be specified.

(2)  Wherever in specifications the name of a certain brand, make, manufacturer, or definite specification is utilized, the specifications shall state clearly that they are used only to denote the quality standard of product desired and that they do not restrict bidders to the specific brand, make, manufacturer, or specification named; that they are used only to set forth and convey to prospective bidders the general style, type, character, and quality of product desired; and that equivalent products will be acceptable.  It shall be the responsibility of the professionally employed architect or engineer to determine what is considered an equivalent product on any and all projects in which he has been legally employed to perform his professional services.

G.  Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection M of this Section relative to the financing of public works contracts by a contractor, public entities are hereby authorized to enter into professional maintenance contracts for the repair and maintenance of water storage tanks owned, controlled, or operated by a public entity for a fixed annual fee.  Such contracts shall extend for a duration of not less than two years.  Any such contract entered into by a public entity shall include a nonappropriation clause and shall not be considered a debt of the public entity.  Such a professional maintenance contract shall not be considered a public works contract.

H.  Under no circumstances shall there be a division or separation of any public work project into smaller projects which division or separation would have the effect of avoiding the requirement that public work be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder as provided in this Section.

I.(1)  This Section shall not apply to labor necessary for the maintenance of public works built and completed.

(2)  Volunteer citizen labor used for the construction of a project which is funded by the Louisiana Community Development Block Grant Louisiana Small Town Environment Program shall not be subject to the requirements of this Section.  However, the value of the donated volunteer service shall not be used as a component of any bid if the public work has to be bid or to determine which is the lowest responsible bid.

J.  If the public entity letting the contract proposes to disqualify any bidder, on grounds that such bidder is not a "responsible bidder" such public entity shall:

(1)  Give written notice of the proposed disqualification to such bidder and include in the written notice all reasons for the proposed disqualification; and

(2)  Give such bidder, who is proposed to be disqualified the opportunity to be heard at an informal hearing at which such bidder is afforded the opportunity to refute the reasons for the disqualification.

K, L.  Repealed by Acts 1999, No. 768, §2.

M.  No public entity shall enter into a contract for the purpose of public works with a contractor who then finances the project.  Under no circumstances shall the agreement of a contractor to finance a public works project be used in any way to avoid the requirement that public work be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder as provided in this Section.

N.  Repealed by Acts 1999, No. 768, §2.

O.  Whenever evidence of agency, corporate, or partnership authority is required for submission of a bid to a public entity, such fact shall be contained in the bid documents and such proof shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this Section.  The authority of the signature of the person submitting the bid shall be deemed sufficient and acceptable if any of the following conditions are met:

(1)  The signature on the bid is that of any corporate officer listed on the most current annual report on file with the secretary of state, or the signature on the bid is that of any member of a partnership or partnership in commendam listed in the most current partnership records on file with the secretary of state.

(2)  The signature on the bid is that of an authorized representative of the corporation, partnership, or other legal entity and the bid is accompanied by a corporate resolution, certification as to the corporate principal, or other documents indicating authority which are acceptable to the public entity.

(3)  The corporation, partnership, or other legal entity has filed in the appropriate records of the secretary of state or the clerk of court of the parish in which the public entity is located, an affidavit, resolution, or other acknowledged or authentic document indicating the names of all parties authorized to submit bids for public contracts.  Such document on file with the secretary of state or the clerk of court shall remain in effect and shall be binding upon the principal until specifically rescinded and canceled from the records of the respective offices.

P, Q.  Repealed by Acts 1999, No. 768, §2.

R.(1)  In the bid selection process for any contract for a public work or for all purchases of materials and supplies exceeding the sum of fifteen thousand dollars to be paid out of public funds under the provisions of this Chapter, any public entity  may include bid selection provisions in bid documents relative to participation in a mentor-protégé program as provided by R.S. 51:1753.1.

(2)  In determination of compensation, the agency may provide for additional incentives for mentor-protégé participants for any contract which provides incentives for work performed or deliveries completed ahead of schedule.  Incentives for mentor-protégé participants shall be not less than five percent greater than incentives awarded to persons who are not participants in the program.

(3)  Advertisements for bids must specify bid selection and incentive provisions for mentor-protégé participation.

(4)  Political subdivisions may participate in the mentor-protégé program as provided by R.S. 51:1753.1 or may adopt a program to provide for incentives in the bid selection process or incentives for participation.

S.  The provisions of this Section shall not apply to purchases of materials and supplies by contractors awarded public works contracts by a public entity; or to subcontractors of said contractors, who have been appointed or designated agents for the purchase of materials and supplies to be incorporated into a public work pursuant to a contract properly bid in accordance with this Chapter when acting pursuant to said appointment or designation.

Acts 2001, No. 346, §1; Acts 2001, No. 1106, §1, eff. June 28, 2001; Acts 2001, No. 1114, §1, eff. June 28, 2001; Acts 2002, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 120, §1; Acts 2003, No. 348, §1, eff. July 1, 2003; Acts 2003, No. 524, §1, eff. June 22, 2003; Acts 2003, No. 828, §1; Acts 2003, No. 831, §1; Acts 2003, No. 958, §1; Acts 2004, No. 445, §1; Acts 2004, No. 458, §1, eff. June 24, 2004; Acts 2004, No. 522, §1, eff. June 25, 2004; Acts 2005, No. 44, §1; Acts 2006, No. 102, §1, eff. May 31, 2006; Acts 2006, No. 203, §1, eff. June 2, 2006; Acts 2006, No. 362, §1, eff. June 13, 2006, and §2, eff. July 31, 2007; Acts 2006, No. 652, §1, eff. June 29, 2006; Acts 2007, No. 336, §1, eff. July 31, 2007; Acts 2007, No. 336, §2, eff. July 31, 2008; Acts 2007, No. 373, §1, eff. July 10, 2007; Acts 2008, No. 117, §2; Acts 2008, No. 220, §11, eff. June 14, 2008; Acts 2008, No. 230, §1, eff. June 17, 2008; Acts 2008, No. 590, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2009; Acts 2008, No. 726, §1; Acts 2008, No. 727, §1; Acts 2009, No. 161, §1; Acts 2009, No. 174, §1, eff. June 29, 2009; Acts 2009, No. 227, §1; Acts 2010, No. 1011, §1, eff. July 8, 2010; Acts 2011, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 5, §2; Acts 2011, No. 81, §1; Acts 2011, No. 281, §1; Acts 2011, No. 338, §1, eff. June 29, 2011; Acts 2012, No. 493, §1; Acts 2012, No. 823, §1; Acts 2013, No. 63, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014; Acts 2013, No. 125, §1, eff. June 5, 2013; Acts 2013, No. 364, §1, eff. June 17, 2013.

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