When used in this part and in forms prescribed under this part, the following terms have the meanings given in this section. Words in the plural form include the singular, and vice versa, and words importing the masculine gender include the feminine. The terms “includes” and “including” do not exclude things not enumerated which are in the same general class.

Terms Used In 27 CFR 20.11

  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.

Administrator. The Administrator, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC.

Alcohol. Those spirits known as ethyl alcohol, ethanol, or spirits of wine, from whatever source or by whatever process produced; the term does not include such spirits as whisky, brandy, rum, gin, or vodka.

Appropriate TTB officer. An officer or employee of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) authorized to perform any functions relating to the administration or enforcement of this part by the current version of TTB Order 1135.20, Delegation of the Administrator’s Authorities in 27 CFR part 20, Distribution and Use of Denatured Alcohol and Rum.

Article. Any substance or preparation in the manufacture of which denatured spirits are used, including the product obtained by further manufacture or by combination with other materials, if the article subjected to further manufacture or combination contained denatured spirits.

Bulk conveyance. Any tank car, tank truck, tank ship, or tank barge, or a compartment of any such conveyance, or any other container approved by the appropriate TTB officer for the conveyance of comparable quantities of denatured spirits or articles.

CFR. The Code of Federal Regulations.

Completely denatured alcohol. Those spirits known as alcohol, as defined in this section, denatured under the completely denatured alcohol formulas prescribed in subpart C of part 21 of this chapter.

Dealer. A person required to hold a permit to deal in specially denatured spirits for resale to persons authorized to purchase or receive specially denatured spirits in accordance with this part. The term does not include a person who only buys and sells specially denatured spirits which that person never physically receives or intends to receive.

Denaturant. Any one of the materials authorized under part 21 of this chapter for addition to spirits in the production of denatured spirits.

Denatured spirits. Alcohol or rum to which denaturants have been added as provided in part 21 of this chapter.

Denaturer. The proprietor of a distilled spirits plant who denatures alcohol or rum under part 19 of this chapter.

Distributor. Any person who sells completely denatured alcohol, other than a proprietor of a distilled spirits plant who sells such alcohol at the plant premises, and any person who sells articles containing completely or specially denatured alcohol or specially denatured rum, other than the manufacturer, except where otherwise specifically restricted in this part.

Executed under penalties of perjury. Signed with the prescribed declaration under the penalties of perjury as provided on or with respect to the claim, form, or other document or, where no form of declaration is prescribed, with the declaration–

I declare under the penalties of perjury that this ____ (insert type of document, such as statement, report, certificate, application, claim, or other document), including the documents submitted in support thereof, has been examined by me and, to the best of my knowledge and belief, is true, correct, and complete.

Fiduciary. A guardian, trustee, executor, administrator, receiver, conservator, or any person acting in any fiduciary capacity for any person.

Fit for beverage use, or fit for beverage purposes. Suitable for consumption as an alcoholic beverage by a normal person, or susceptible of being made suitable for such consumption merely by dilution with water to an alcoholic strength of 15 percent by volume. The determination is based solely on the composition of the product and without regard to extraneous factors such as price, labeling, or advertising.

Gallon. The liquid measure equivalent to the volume of 231 cubic inches.

Internal human use. Use inside the human body, but not including use only in the mouth where the substance being used is not intended to be swallowed.

Liter or litre. A metric unit of capacity equal to 1,000 cubic centimeters of alcohol, and equivalent to 33.814 fluid ounces. A liter is divided into 1,000 milliliters. The symbol for milliliter or milliliters is “mL”.

Manufacturer or user. A person who holds a permit to use specially denatured alcohol or specially denatured rum or to recover completely or specially denatured alcohol, specially denatured rum, or articles.

Permit. The document issued under 26 U.S.C. 5271(a), authorizing a person to withdraw and deal in or use specially denatured alcohol or specially denatured rum or to recover denatured alcohol, specially denatured rum, or articles under specified conditions.

Permittee. Any person holding a permit, Form 5150.9, issued under this part to withdraw and deal in or use (including recover) denatured spirits.

Person. An individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company, or corporation.

Proof. The ethyl alcohol content of a liquid at 60 °Fahrenheit, stated as twice the percent of ethyl alcohol by volume.

Proof gallon. A gallon at 60 °Fahrenheit which contains 50 percent by volume of ethyl alcohol having a specific gravity of 0.7939 at 60 °Fahrenheit referred to water at 60 °Fahrenheit as unity, or the alcoholic equivalent thereof.

Proprietary solvents. Solvents which are manufactured with specially denatured alcohol under the proprietary solvent general-use formula in this part.

Recover. To salvage, after use, specially denatured spirits, completely denatured alcohol without all of its original denaturants, or any article containing denatured spirits, if (1) the original article was made with specially denatured spirits and the salvaged article does not contain all of the original ingredients of the article, or (2) the original article was made with completely denatured alcohol and the salvaged article does not contain all of the original denaturants of the completely denatured alcohol.

Recovered article. An article containing specially denatured spirits salvaged without all of its original ingredients, or an article containing completely denatured alcohol salvaged without all of the original denaturants of the completely denatured alcohol.

Recovered denatured alcohol. Denatured alcohol (except completely denatured alcohol containing all of its original denaturants) which has been recovered.

Recovered denatured rum. Denatured rum which has been recovered.

Restoration. Restoring to the original state (except that the restored material may or may not contain denaturants to the same extent as the original material) of recovered denatured alcohol, recovered specially denatured rum, or recovered articles containing denatured alcohol or specially denatured rum. Restoration includes bringing the alcohol content of the recovered product to 190° of proof or more or to not less than the original proof if less than 190°. Restoration also includes the removal of foreign materials by any suitable means.

Rum. Any spirits produced from sugar cane products and distilled at less than 190° proof in such manner that the spirits possess the taste, aroma, and characteristics generally attributed to rum.

Secretary. The Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

Special industrial solvents. Solvents which are manufactured with specially denatured alcohol under special industrial solvent general-use formula in this part.

Specially denatured alcohol or S.D.A. Those spirits known as alcohol, as defined in this section, denatured under the specially denatured alcohol formulas prescribed in part 21 of this chapter.

Specially denatured rum or S.D.R. Those spirits known as rum, as defined in this section, denatured under the specially denatured rum formula prescribed in part 21 of this chapter.

Specially Denatured Spirits or S.D.S. Specially denatured alcohol and/or specially denatured rum.

Spirits or distilled spirits. Alcohol or rum as defined in this part.

Tank truck. A tank-equipped semi-trailer, trailer, or truck, conforming to the requirements of this part.

This chapter. Chapter I, Title 27, Code of Federal Regulations.

TTB. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Unfit for beverage use, or unfit for beverage purposes. Not conforming to the definition of “Fit for beverage use, or fit for beverage purposes” in this section.

U.S.C. The United States Code.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0061)

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985; 50 FR 20099, May 14, 1985, as amended by ATF-332, 57 FR 40849, Sept. 8, 1992; T.D. ATF-435, 66 FR 5473, Jan. 19, 2001; T.D. TTB-44, 71 FR 16934, Apr. 4, 2006; T.D.TTB-140, 81 FR 59455, Aug. 30, 2016]