§ 635.1 Purpose and scope
§ 635.2 Definitions
§ 635.3 Relation to other laws
§ 635.4 Permits and fees
§ 635.5 Recordkeeping and reporting
§ 635.6 Vessel and gear identification
§ 635.7 At-sea observer coverage
§ 635.8 Workshops
§ 635.9 Electronic monitoring

Terms Used In CFR > Title 50 > Chapter VI > Part 635 > Subpart A

  • Atlantic HMS: means Atlantic tunas, billfish, sharks, and swordfish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Atlantic shark identification workshop certificate: means the document issued by NMFS, or its designee, indicating that the person named on the certificate has successfully completed the Atlantic shark identification workshop. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BAYS: means Atlantic bigeye, albacore, yellowfin, and skipjack tunas as defined in §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Bottom longline: means a longline that is deployed with enough weights and/or anchors to maintain contact with the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • BSD tag: means a numbered tag affixed to a BFT issued by any country in conjunction with a catch statistics information program and recorded on a BSD. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Buoy gear: means a fishing gear consisting of one or more floatation devices supporting a single mainline to which no more than two hooks or gangions are attached. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Caudal keel: means the horizontal ridges along each side of a fish at the base of the tail fin. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Circle hook: means a fishing hook originally designed and manufactured so that the point is turned perpendicularly back to the shank to form a generally circular, or oval, shape. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Convention: means the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, signed at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on May 14, 1966, 20 U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Dealer tag: means the numbered, flexible, self-locking ribbon issued by NMFS for the identification of BFT sold to a permitted dealer as required under §635. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Division Chief: means the Chief, Highly Migratory Species Management Division, NMFS (F/SF1), 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD, 20910. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Downrigger: means a piece of equipment attached to a vessel and with a weight on a cable that is in turn attached to hook-and-line gear to maintain lures or bait at depth while trolling. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • EFP: means an exempted fishing permit issued pursuant to §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Finlet: means one of the small individual fins on a tuna located behind the second dorsal and anal fins and forward of the tail fin. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • First receive: means to take possession for commercial purposes of any fish or any part thereof by purchasing, trading or bartering for it from the fishing vessel owner or operator once it is offloaded, where the vessel has been issued, or should have been issued, a valid permit under this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fishing record: means all records of navigation and operations of a fishing vessel, as well as all records of catching, harvesting, transporting, landing, purchasing, or selling a fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fishing vessel: means any vessel engaged in fishing, processing, or transporting fish loaded on the high seas, or any vessel outfitted for such activities. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fishing year: means January 1 through December 31. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • For-hire trip: means a recreational fishing trip taken by a vessel with an Atlantic HMS Charter/Headboat permit during which paying passenger(s) are aboard. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Green-stick gear: means an actively trolled mainline attached to a vessel and elevated or suspended above the surface of the water with no more than 10 hooks or gangions attached to the mainline. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Handgear: means handline, harpoon, rod and reel, bandit gear, buoy gear, or speargun gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Handline: means fishing gear that is attached to, or in contact with, a vessel. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • High-flyer: means a flag, radar reflector or radio beacon transmitter, suitable for attachment to a longline to facilitate its location and retrieval. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • importer: means the consignee as identified on entry documentation or any authorized, equivalent electronic medium required for release of shipments, or any authorized equivalent entry documentation from the customs authority of the United States or the separate customs territory of a U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • LAP: means a limited access permit issued pursuant to §635. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Longline: means fishing gear that is set horizontally, either anchored, floating, or attached to a vessel, and that consists of a mainline or groundline with three or more leaders (gangions) and hooks, whether retrieved by hand or mechanical means. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Management unit: means in this part:

    (1) For Atlantic tunas, longbill spearfish, roundscale spearfish, blue marlin, and white marlin, means all fish of these species in the Atlantic Ocean. See 50 CFR 635.2

  • Net check: refers to a visual inspection of a shark gillnet where the vessel operator transits the length of the gear and inspects it either with a spotlight or by pulling up the gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Northeast Distant gear restricted area: means the Atlantic Ocean area bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 35°00? N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Northeastern United States Pelagic Longline Monitoring Area: means the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 40°00? N lat. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Offset circle hook: means a circle hook originally designed and manufactured so that the barbed end of the hook is displaced relative to the parallel plane of the eyed-end, or shank, of the hook when laid on its side. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Pectoral fin: means the fin located behind the gill cover on either side of a fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Pelagic longline: means a longline that is suspended by floats in the water column and that is not fixed to or in contact with the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Pelagic shark: means one of the species, or a part thereof, listed in heading C, Pelagic Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Prohibited shark: means one of the species, or a part thereof, listed in heading D, Prohibited Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Reporting week: means the period of time beginning at 0001 local time on Sunday and ending at 2400 hours local time the following Saturday. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Research LCS: means one of the species, or part thereof, listed in heading A, Large Coastal Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part, other than sandbar sharks. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Round wire stock: means round metal wire, typically used in the manufacturing of fishing hooks, that has not been forged, or otherwise modified or treated in any way to increase the original factory tensile strength set by the hook manufacturer. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • School BFT: means a BFT measuring at least 27 inches (69 cm) and less than 47 inches (119 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shark: means one of the oceanic species, or a part thereof, listed in Table 1 of Appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shark endorsement: means an authorization added to an HMS Angling, HMS Charter/Headboat, Atlantic Tunas General, or Swordfish General Commercial permit that allows for the retention of authorized Atlantic sharks consistent with all other applicable regulations in this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shark research permit: means a permit issued to catch and land a limited number of sharks to maintain time series for stock assessments and for other scientific research purposes. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Sink gillnet: means a gillnet that is designed to be or is fished on or near the ocean bottom in the lower third of the water column by means of a weight line or enough weights and/or anchors that the bottom of the gillnet sinks to, on, or near the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Small medium BFT: means a BFT measuring at least 59 inches (150 cm) and less than 73 inches (185 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • South Atlantic swordfish or south Atlantic swordfish stock: means those swordfish occurring in the Atlantic Ocean south of 5° N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Speargun fishing gear: means a muscle-powered speargun equipped with a trigger mechanism, a spear with a tip designed to penetrate and retain fish, and terminal gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Spring Gulf of Mexico Pelagic Longline Monitoring Area: means two areas within the Gulf of Mexico described here. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Steamboat Lumps closed area: means a rectangular-shaped area in the Gulf of Mexico bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 28°14? N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Tournament: means any fishing competition involving Atlantic HMS in which participants must register or otherwise enter or in which a prize or award is offered for catching or landing such fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Tournament operator: means a person or entity responsible for maintaining records of participants and results used for awarding tournament points or prizes, regardless of whether fish are retained. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Transiting: means progressing through an area without any fishing activity occurring. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Trip limit: means the total allowable take from a single trip as defined in §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Tuna or tuna-like: means the Scombriformes (with the exception of families Trichiuridae and Gempylidae and the genus Scomber) and such other species of fishes that are regulated by ICCAT in the Atlantic Ocean. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Weighout slip: means a document provided to the owner or operator of the vessel by a person who weighs fish or parts thereof that are landed from a fishing vessel. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Young school BFT: means an Atlantic BFT measuring less than 27 inches (69 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2