§ 9401 Congressional statement of findings
Subchapter I General Provisions
Subchapter IV Mental Health Rights and Advocacy
Subchapter V Sex Offense Prevention and Control
Subchapter VI Miscellaneous

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 42 > Chapter 102

  • advertising: means any advertising or promotion program involving only fluid milk products and directed toward increasing the general demand for fluid milk products. See 14 USC 327
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • beginning farmer or rancher: means such term as defined by the Secretary. See 14 USC 252
  • Board: means the Pecan Marketing Board established in section 6005(b) of this title. See 12 USC 4587
  • Board: means the Lime Board provided for under section 6204(b) of this title. See 14 USC 281
  • Board: means the United Soybean Board established under section 6304(b) of this title. See 14 USC 292
  • borrower: means any farm borrower who has outstanding obligations to the Secretary under any farmer program loan, without regard to whether the loan has been accelerated, but does not include any farm borrower all of whose loans and accounts have been foreclosed on or liquidated, voluntarily or otherwise. See 14 USC 252
  • commerce: means commerce among the several States or with foreign nations, or in any Territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia, or between any such Territory and another, or between any such Territory and any State or foreign nation or between the District of Columbia and any State or Territory or foreign nation. See 46 USC 53717
  • commerce: means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce. See 14 USC 258
  • commerce: includes interstate, foreign, and intrastate commerce. See 14 USC 292
  • Commission: means the Federal Trade Commission. See 46 USC 53717
  • Commission: means the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States. See 46 USC 53516
  • Committee: means the Soybean Program Coordinating Committee established under section 6304(g) of this title. See 14 USC 292
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • conflict of interest: means a situation in which a member has a direct or indirect financial interest in a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other business entity dealing directly or indirectly with the Board. See 12 USC 4587
  • consumer information: means information and programs that will assist consumers and other persons in making evaluations and decisions regarding the purchase, preparation, and use of pecans. See 12 USC 4587
  • consumer information: means information and programs that will assist consumers and other persons in making evaluations and decisions regarding the purchase, preparation, and use of mushrooms. See 14 USC 258
  • consumer information: means any action taken to provide information to, and broaden the understanding of, the general public regarding the use, nutritional attributes, and care of limes. See 14 USC 281
  • consumer information: means information that will assist consumers and other persons in making evaluations and decisions regarding the purchase, preparation, and use of soybeans or soybean products. See 14 USC 292
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Mushroom Council established under section 6104(b) of this title. See 14 USC 258
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See 19 USC 2292
  • debt forgiveness: means reducing or terminating a farmer program loan made or guaranteed under this chapter, in a manner that results in a loss to the Secretary, through--

    (i) writing down or writing off a loan under section 2001 of this title. See 14 USC 252

  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture. See 12 USC 4587
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture. See 14 USC 258
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture. See 14 USC 292
  • direct loan: means a loan made or insured from funds in the account created by section 1929 of this title. See 14 USC 252
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • district: means a geographical area of the United States, as determined by the Board and approved by the Secretary, in which there is produced approximately one-fourth of the volume of pecans produced in the United States. See 12 USC 4587
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • farmer: includes a person who is engaged in, or who, with assistance afforded under this chapter, intends to engage in, fish farming. See 14 USC 252
  • farmer program loan: means a farm ownership loan (FO) under section 1923 of this title, operating loan (OL) under section 1942 of this title, soil and water loan (SW) under section 1924 of this title, emergency loan (EM) under section 1961 of this title, economic emergency loan (EE) under section 202 of the Emergency Agricultural Credit Adjustment Act (title II of Public Law 95-334), economic opportunity loan (EO) under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1961 (42 U. See 14 USC 252
  • farming: shall be deemed to include fish farming. See 14 USC 252
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • first handler: means the first person who buys or takes possession of pecans from a grower for marketing. See 12 USC 4587
  • first handler: means any person, as described in an order issued under this chapter, who receives or otherwise acquires mushrooms from a producer and prepares for marketing or markets such mushrooms, or who prepares for marketing or markets mushrooms of that person's own production. See 14 USC 258
  • first purchaser: means --

    (A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), any person buying or otherwise acquiring from a producer soybeans produced by such producer. See 14 USC 292

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • German Democratic Republic: includes the government of any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof or under its control. See 46 USC 53516
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • grower: means any person engaged in the production and sale of pecans in the United States who owns, or who shares the ownership and risk of loss of, such pecans. See 12 USC 4587
  • grower-sheller: means a person who--

    (A) shells pecans, or has pecans shelled for such person, in the United States. See 12 USC 4587

  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • handler: means any person in the business of handling limes. See 14 USC 281
  • importer: means any person who imports pecans from outside of the United States for sale in the United States. See 12 USC 4587
  • importer: means any person who imports, on average, over 500,000 pounds of mushrooms annually from outside the United States. See 14 USC 258
  • importer: means any person who imports limes into the United States. See 14 USC 281
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 19 USC 2297
  • industry information: means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets and marketing strategies, increased efficiency, and activities to enhance the image of the pecan industry. See 12 USC 4587
  • industry information: means information and programs that are designed to lead to the development of new markets and marketing strategies, increased efficiency, and activities to enhance the image of the mushroom industry. See 14 USC 258
  • industry information: means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the soybean industry, and activities to enhance the image of the soybean industry. See 14 USC 292
  • insure: as used in this chapter includes guarantee, which means to guarantee the payment of a loan originated, held, and serviced by a private financial agency or other lender approved by the Secretary. See 14 USC 252
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • lime: means the fruit of a citrus latifolia tree for the fresh market. See 14 USC 281
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition of mushrooms in any channel of commerce. See 14 USC 258
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition of limes in commerce. See 14 USC 281
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition of soybeans or soybean products in any channel of commerce. See 14 USC 292
  • marriage: means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word "spouse" refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. See 19 USC 2296
  • member: means a member of the Board. See 12 USC 4587
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • mushrooms: means all varieties of cultivated mushrooms grown within the United States for the fresh market, or imported into the United States for the fresh market, that are marketed, except that such term shall not include mushrooms that are commercially marinated, canned, frozen, cooked, blanched, dried, packaged in brine, or otherwise processed, as may be determined by the Secretary. See 14 USC 258
  • net market price: means --

    (A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), the sales price or other value received by a producer for soybeans after adjustments for any premium or discount based on grading or quality factors, as determined by the Secretary. See 14 USC 292

  • oath: includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed. See 19 USC 2291
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 19 USC 2291
  • order: means a lime research, promotion, and consumer information order issued by the Secretary under section 6203(a) of this title. See 14 USC 281
  • order: means an order issued under section 6303 of this title. See 14 USC 292
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • pecan: means the nut of the pecan tree carya illinoensis. See 12 USC 4587
  • person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association or any other form of business enterprise. See 46 USC 53717
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other entity. See 12 USC 4587
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity. See 14 USC 258
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or other legal entity. See 14 USC 281
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity. See 14 USC 292
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a plan issued under section 6003 of this title. See 12 USC 4587
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • producer: means any person engaged in the production of mushrooms who owns or who shares the ownership and risk of loss of such mushrooms and who produces, on average, over 500,000 pounds of mushrooms per year. See 14 USC 258
  • producer: means any person who produces limes in the United States for sale in commerce. See 14 USC 281
  • producer: means any person engaged in the growing of soybeans in the United States who owns, or who shares the ownership and risk of loss of, such soybeans. See 14 USC 292
  • producer-handler: means any person who is both a producer and handler of limes. See 14 USC 281
  • promotion: means any action taken by the Board, pursuant to this chapter, to present a favorable image of pecans to the public with the express intent of improving the competitive position of pecans in the marketplace and stimulating sales of pecans, including paid advertising. See 12 USC 4587
  • promotion: means any action determined by the Secretary to enhance the image or desirability of mushrooms, including paid advertising. See 14 USC 258
  • promotion: means any action taken under this chapter (including paid advertising) to present a favorable image for limes to the general public with the express intent of improving the competitive position and stimulating the sale of limes. See 14 USC 281
  • promotion: means any action, including paid advertising, technical assistance, and trade servicing activities, to enhance the image or desirability of soybeans or soybean products in domestic and foreign markets, and any activity designed to communicate to consumers, importers, processors, wholesalers, retailers, government officials, or others information relating to the positive attributes of soybeans or soybean products or the benefits of importation, use, or distribution of soybeans and soybean products. See 14 USC 292
  • property: means any property, right, or interest, including any leasehold interest, and debts owed by enterprises which have been nationalized, expropriated, or taken by the German Democratic Republic for which no restoration or no adequate compensation has been made to the former owners of such property. See 46 USC 53516
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • qualified beginning farmer or rancher: means an applicant, regardless of whether the applicant is participating in a program under section 1935 of this title--

    (A) who is eligible for assistance under this chapter. See 14 USC 252

  • qualified State soybean board: means a State soybean promotion entity that is authorized by State law. See 14 USC 292
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • research: means any type of test, study, or analysis designed to advance the image, desirability, usage, marketability, production, product development, or quality of pecans. See 12 USC 4587
  • research: means any type of study to advance the image, desirability, marketability, production, product development, quality, or nutritional value of mushrooms. See 14 USC 258
  • research: means any type of research relating to the use and nutritional value of limes and designed to advance the image, desirability, marketability, or quality of limes. See 14 USC 281
  • research: means any type of study to advance the image, desirability, marketability, production, product development, quality, or functional or nutritional value of soybeans or soybean products, including any research activity designed to identify and analyze barriers to export sales of soybeans and soybean products. See 14 USC 292
  • research: means market research to support advertising and promotion efforts, including educational activities, research directed to product characteristics, product development, including new products or improved technology in production, manufacturing or processing of milk and the products of milk. See 14 USC 327
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 12 USC 4587
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 14 USC 258
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 14 USC 281
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 14 USC 292
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shell: means to remove the shell from an in-shell pecan. See 12 USC 4587
  • sheller: means any person who--

    (A) shells pecans or has pecans shelled for the account of such person. See 12 USC 4587

  • soybean products: means products produced in whole or in part from soybeans or soybean by-products. See 14 USC 292
  • soybeans: means all varieties of Glycine max or Glycine soya. See 14 USC 292
  • State: shall include each of the several States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and, to the extent the Secretary determines it to be feasible and appropriate, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. See 14 USC 252
  • State: means any of the several States, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 12 USC 4587
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • textile fiber: means a unit of matter which is capable of being spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by bonding or by interlacing in a variety of methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, twisting, or webbing, and which is the basic structural element of textile products. See 46 USC 53717
  • textile fiber product: means --

    (1) any fiber, whether in the finished or unfinished state, used or intended for use in household textile articles. See 46 USC 53717

  • ultimate consumer: means a person who obtains a textile fiber product by purchase or exchange with no intent to sell or exchange such textile fiber product in any form. See 46 USC 53717
  • United States: means collectively the several States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 12 USC 4587
  • United States: include the 50 States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 14 USC 258
  • United States: means the 50 States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 14 USC 281
  • United States: consist of the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 14 USC 292
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 19 USC 2293
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 19 USC 2291