Article 1 General Provisions 10-12-1 – 10-12-8
Article 2 Formation of Limited Liability Companies 10-12-9 – 10-12-18
Article 3 Relationship of Members and Managers to Third Parties 10-12-19 – 10-12-21
Article 4 Relationship Among Members 10-12-22 – 10-12-25
Article 5 Contributions and Distributions 10-12-26 – 10-12-30
Article 6 Transfer of Membership Interests 10-12-31 – 10-12-36
Article 7 Dissolution 10-12-37 – 10-12-44
Article 8 Professional Services 10-12-45
Article 9 Foreign Limited Liability Companies 10-12-46 – 10-12-53
Article 10 Merger and Consolidation 10-12-54 – 10-12-58
Article 11 Fees 10-12-59 – 10-12-61

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 10 > Chapter 12

  • ACCOUNT HOLDER: A first-time and second chance home buyer who establishes, individually or jointly with another first-time and second chance home buyer, a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • adeca: The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: The Alabama Housing Trust Fund Advisory Committee. See Alabama Code 45-35A-56.09
  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A local committee which may consist of the following members or their designees:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • affiliate: With respect to any lender, any person, firm or corporation controlled by, or under common control with, such lender, and any person, firm or corporation controlling such lender. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS: Farming, ranching, the production of agricultural commodities (including, without limitation, the products of aquaculture and silvaculture) or the treating, processing, storing, manufacturing, marketing, distribution or exporting of agricultural commodities; provided, however, that such term shall not include any operation the principal purpose of which is the selling at retail of agricultural commodities or related products; provided, further, that costs of agricultural operations shall specifically include, but not be limited to, costs of acquiring and improving real and personal property, repairs, annual operating expenses, family living expenses and refinancing of debt incurred for any such costs. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • ALABAMA HOUSING TRUST FUND: The trust fund created pursuant to Section 24-10-4. See Alabama Code 45-35A-56.09
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • appropriate municipal official: as used in this article shall mean any municipal building official or deputy and any other municipal official or municipal employee designated by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality as the person to exercise the authority and perform the duties delegated by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-170
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved: Conforming to the recognized codes and regulatory requirements adopted by the commission. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • APPROVED INSPECTION AGENCY: An organization meeting the commission's requirements to provide inspection of manufactured buildings and to insure compliance with national recognized codes, and rules and regulations adopted by the commission pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessment: A diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program which shall be performed in accordance with criteria certified by the Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse Services Division. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • authority: The Dothan Downtown Redevelopment Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • BALDWIN COUNTY COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS CENTER: The entity, programs, or physical structure which shall provide the programs or custodial care for eligible persons released from custody prior to the adjudication of their case or sentenced to participate in programs developed pursuant to this part after having been adjudicated and sentenced. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • BALDWIN COUNTY COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS FUND: A fund established in a local bank and supervised by either the Baldwin County Commission, the Baldwin County Sheriff's Office, or the Baldwin County Pretrial Release and Community Corrections Board for the deposit of all funds, from whatever source, collected for the operation and supervision of the programs developed and operated pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • BALDWIN COUNTY PRETRIAL RELEASE AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS BOARD: A five-member board established to promulgate the administrative and program regulations of operations of the pretrial release programs and community correction programs developed pursuant to this part and to provide oversight, advice, guidance, and recommendations to the Director of the Baldwin County Community Corrections Center. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, certificates, bond, grant or revenue anticipation notes or any other evidence of indebtedness representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • charge: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • city: The City of Dothan, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • CO-OCCURRING: A substance abuse and mental health disorder. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • commission: The Alabama Manufactured Housing Commission. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • component: Any assembly, subassembly, or combination of parts for use as a part of a building, which may include structural, electrical, mechanical, and fire protection systems, and other systems affecting health and safety. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • CONTINUUM OF CARE: A seamless and coordinated course of substance abuse education and treatment designed to meet the needs of drug offenders as they move through the criminal justice system and beyond, maximizing self-sufficiency. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • county: Any county in this state with respect to which a corporation may be organized. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • department: Alabama Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • DISCRIMINATORY HOUSING PRACTICE: An act that is unlawful under this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dower: A widow
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG COURT: A judicial intervention program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court that incorporates the ten key components as enumerated in subsection (f) of Section 12-23A-4 and may include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG COURT COORDINATOR: An individual who is responsible for coordinating the establishment, staffing, operation, evaluation, and integrity of the drug court. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • DRUG COURT TEAM: Consists of all of the following members who are assigned to the drug court:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG OFFENDER: A person charged with or convicted of a drug-related offense or an offense in which substance abuse is determined from the evidence to have been a significant factor in the commission of the offense and who has applied for or been accepted to participate in a drug court program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • dwelling: Any building or structure, or portion of any building or structure, which is occupied as, or designed or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families, and any vacant land which is offered for sale or lease for the construction or location on it of any such building or structure, or portion of it. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • DWELLING UNIT: One or more habitable rooms which are occupied, intended, or designed to be occupied by one or more families with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • ELIGIBLE COSTS: The down payment and allowable closing costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Alabama by a first-time and second chance home buyer. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • ELIGIBLE PERSON: An offender who at the time of his or her application or consideration for pretrial release or community corrections programs pursuant to this part is not presently charged with the offense of murder, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, sodomy in the first degree, selling or trafficking in controlled substances, robbery in the first degree, sexual abuse in the first degree, forcible sex crimes, lewd and lascivious acts upon a child, assault in the first degree, or domestic violence in the first degree. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • equipment: All materials, appliances, devices, fixtures, fittings, or accessories installed in or used in the manufacture and assembly of a manufactured building. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • fees: Moneys to be paid to the commission from any and all persons, firms, companies, corporations, and manufacturers engaged in the manufacture or installation of manufactured buildings. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • FINANCIAL INSTITUTION: Any bank, savings institution, industrial loan association, credit union, or other similar entity authorized to do business and accept deposits in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • FIRST-TIME AND SECOND CHANCE HOME BUYER: An individual who resides in Alabama and has not owned or purchased, either individually or jointly, a single-family residence during a period of ten years prior to the date of the purchase of a single-family residence. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • handicap: With respect to a person:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22

  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • HOUSING FOR OLDER PERSONS: Housing:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insignia: A label, seal, or data plate issued by the commission to indicate compliance with the codes and requirements established by the commission pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • JUDICIAL OFFICER: Any circuit or district judge in the Twenty-eighth Judicial Circuit. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • lender: Any federal or state chartered bank, federal land bank, production credit association, bank for cooperatives, federal or state chartered savings and loan association or building and loan association, small business investment company or any other institution qualified within this state to originate and service loans, including, but without limitation to, insurance companies, credit unions and mortgage loan companies. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • LOCAL GOVERNMENT: A city or county government. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • manufacture: The process of making, fabricating, constructing, forming or assembling a product from raw, unfinished or semifinished materials. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • MANUFACTURED BUILDING: A closed structure, building assembly or systems of subassemblies, which may include structural, electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilating, utility service lines, footings, foundations, porches, or other service systems manufactured in manufacturing facilities, for installation or erection, with or without other specified components, as a finished building or as a part of a finished building, which shall include, but not be limited to, residential dwelling units, commercial, institutional, storage, and industrial structures. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING: A written document setting forth an agreed upon procedure. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • office: Office of ADECA. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • person: One or more individuals, corporations, partnerships, associations, labor organizations, legal representatives, mutual companies, joint-stock companies, trusts, unincorporated organizations, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, receivers, and fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, a person, corporation, association, partnership or cooperative. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • project: Interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements located or to be located within the downtown development area, and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in the downtown development area. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • project: Any low-rent housing hereafter developed or acquired by the authority with financial assistance of the United States of America acting through the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.10
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • recidivism: A subsequent conviction or plea of nolo contendere in this or any other state or federal court of the United States within three years of successful completion of, or termination from, drug court for any offense carrying a sentence of one year or more. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • reservation: Any land, the title to which is held by the Mowa Band of Choctaw Indians. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.10
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • screening: The process of gathering basic information to determine whether the offender meets established drug court eligibility criteria and shall include, but is not limited to, the current charge, a substance abuse evaluation, a brief questionnaire to determine if a risk or needs assessment is needed, and drug testing, and may include, but is not limited to, a substance abuse evaluation, risk assessment, or needs assessment. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCE: A single-family residence owned and occupied by a first-time and second chance home buyer as the first-time and second chance home buyer's principal residence, which may also include a manufactured home, trailer, mobile home, condominium unit, or cooperative. See Alabama Code 45-36-80.02
  • SPLIT SENTENCING: A sentence which includes a period of incarceration followed by a period of probation. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • stop: When required, means complete cessation from movement. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • substance: Drug as defined in subdivision (6). See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE: The illegal or improper consumption of a drug. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT: The application of professionally planned, managed, administered, and monitored procedures for the purpose of alleviating, minimizing, and stabilizing the effect of substance-related disorders and restoring impaired functionality. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • SUPERVISION FEE: A fee imposed on any eligible person, as defined in this part, by any judicial officer or the Baldwin County Pretrial Release and Community Corrections Board to compensate the Baldwin County Community Corrections Center for administrative and supervisory functions performed for any eligible person for any pretrial release programs, rehabilitative programs, alternative sentencing programs, educational programs, intervention programs, treatment programs, supervision programs, or other programs established pursuant to this part to serve the courts of the Twenty-eighth Judicial Circuit. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • system: Structural, plumbing, mechanical, heating, electrical, or ventilating elements, materials or components combined for use in a manufactured building. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54
  • taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TO RENT: To lease, to sublease, to let, and otherwise to grant for a consideration the right to occupy premises not owned by the occupant. See Alabama Code 45-35A-54.22
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • urban renewal plan: means a plan, as it exists from time to time, for an urban renewal project, which plan shall conform to the general plan for the municipality as a whole and shall be sufficiently complete to indicate such land acquisition, demolition and removal of structures, redevelopment, improvements, and rehabilitation as may be proposed to be carried out in the area of the urban renewal project, zoning and planning changes, if any, land uses, maximum densities, building requirements, and the plan's relationship to definite local objectives respecting appropriate land uses, improved traffic, public transportation, public utilities, recreational and community facilities, and other public improvements. See Alabama Code 45-35A-52.17
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.