Chapter 40 GENERAL PROVISIONS 11-40-1 – 11-40-84
Chapter 41 INCORPORATION AND DISSOLUTION 11-41-1 – 11-41-28
Chapter 42 ALTERATION OF CORPORATE LIMITS 11-42-1 – 11-42-213
Chapter 43 MAYOR AND COUNCIL, OTHER OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, DEPARTMENTS, ETC 11-43-1 – 11-43-250
Chapter 43A COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT 11-43A-1 – 11-43A-116
Chapter 43B MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN CLASS 4 MUNICIPALITIES 11-43B-1 – 11-43B-32
Chapter 43C MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN CLASS 5 MUNICIPALITIES 11-43C-1 – 11-43C-92
Chapter 43D ADOPTION OF MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM OF GOVERNMENT 11-43D-1 – 11-43D-22
Chapter 44 COMMISSION FORM OF GOVERNMENT 11-44-1 – 11-44-162
Chapter 44A ABANDONMENT OF COMMISSION FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN CLASS 7 MUNICIPALITIES 11-44A-1 – 11-44A-32
Chapter 44B ABANDONMENT OF COMMISSION FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN CLASS 4 MUNICIPALITIES 11-44B-1 – 11-44B-51
Chapter 44C GOVERNMENT OF CLASS 2 MUNICIPALITIES 11-44C-1 – 11-44C-98
Chapter 44D ABANDONMENT OF COMMISSION FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN CLASS 6 MUNICIPALITIES 11-44D-1 – 11-44D-12

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 11 > Title 2

  • ABANDONED PROPERTY: Wrecked or derelict property having no value other than nominal salvage value, if any, which has been left abandoned and unprotected from the elements and shall include wrecked, inoperative, or partially dismantled motor vehicles, trailers, boats, machinery, refrigerators, washing machines, plumbing fixtures, and other similar articles which have no value other than nominal salvage value, if any; and is in a condition violative of Alabama statutes. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Account: means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit;

    (2) "Afternoon" means the period of a day between noon and midnight;

    (3) "Banking day" means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions;

    (4) "Clearing house" means an association of banks or other payors regularly clearing items;

    (5) "Customer" means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank;

    (6) "Documentary draft" means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (Section 7-8-102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (Section 7-8-308), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft;

    (7) "Draft" means a draft as defined in Section 7-3-104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order;

    (8) "Drawee" means a person ordered in a draft to make payment;

    (9) "Item" means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. See Alabama Code 7-4-104

  • accused: A person who has been arrested for committing a criminal offense and who is held for an initial appearance or other proceeding before trial. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT: The department charged by the Mobile County Commission with the administrative management of this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • adulterated: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry food product is adulterated under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGING PROGRAMS: Any program for the operation of the the Department of Senior Services. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include horticultural, viticultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, fish, aquatic and seafood products and any farm products. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: The products of field, pasture, meadow and garden; fruits, melons, berries, nuts, vegetables, livestock, poultry and poultry products, dairy products, fish, aquatic and seafood products and all other things commonly known as agricultural products. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ALLEGED VICTIM: A person or persons to whom transmission of body fluids from the perpetrator of the crime occurred or was likely to have occurred in the course of the alleged crime. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • ANIMAL FOOD MANUFACTURER: Any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of manufacturing or processing animal food derived wholly or in part from carcasses or other parts or products of the carcasses of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines or poultry. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • apiary: A location or site on which one or more colonies of bees is located. See Alabama Code 2-14-1
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any municipality to which this part applies all in accordance with Section 45-49A-64. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • APPROPRIATED FUNDS: Net TVA payments to the extent such payments are pledged and appropriated to the authority pursuant to Section 41-10-550. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • APPROPRIATED FUNDS: The tobacco revenues deposited in the special fund to the extent such revenues are appropriated to the authority pursuant to Section 41-10-630. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • arrest: The actual custodial restraint of a person or his or her submission to custody. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • association: A partnership, limited partnership, or any form of unincorporated enterprise owned by two or more persons. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • association: as used in this article , shall refer to agricultural cooperative marketing associations and other organizations, whether incorporated or not, which have for their objects engaging in activities similar to those of a cooperative marketing association. See Alabama Code 2-10-20
  • association: Any corporation organized under this article. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The Ozark Downtown Redevelopment Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of Article 1 of this chapter, as amended. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • authority: The Alabama 21st Century Authority authorized to be established pursuant to Section 41-10-623. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • AUTHORITY GUARANTY: An agreement of the authority pursuant to which the payment of debt service referable to bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of a development agency is guaranteed by the authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORITY OBLIGATIONS: Bonds of the authority and authority guaranties. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORITY-GUARANTEED OBLIGATIONS: Bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of a development agency that are issued solely for the purpose in financing a project and that are guaranteed, in whole or in part, by an authority guaranty. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution adopted by the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by the governing body of any municipality to which this part applies all in accordance with Section 45-49A-64. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 1-1-3
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • board: The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • board: The board of directors of the authority comprised of the members of the Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • bonds: Bonds of the authority issued for any authorized purpose. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • bonds: Those bonds, including refunding bonds, issued pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • bonds: Those bonds, including the refunding bonds, issued under and pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 2-5A-30
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • brand: Any recorded identification mark applied to any position on the hide of livestock by means of heat, acid, or a chemical, except numbers used to keep production records or record of age. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • BRAND NAME: Any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or licensee and distinguishing it from that of others. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43C-41
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-44C-41
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43A-29
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43A-94
  • BULKY WASTE: Items whose large size precludes or complicates their handling by normal collection, processing, or disposal methods. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • bundle: A package containing rubbish only, weighing not over 50 pounds and not exceeding four feet in its longest dimension, securely tied with cord or rope of sufficient strength to permit lifting and carrying of the full weight thereof without spillage or scattering. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • candidate: An individual who has done any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 17-5-2

  • CAPABLE OF USE AS HUMAN FOOD: Any carcass, or part or product of a carcass of any animal is capable of use as human food, unless it is denatured or otherwise identified as required by regulations prescribed by the commissioner to deter its use as human food or it is naturally inedible by humans. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • CAPACITY TO PROCEED OR CONTINUE TO TRIAL: Whether or not a defendant accused of a crime:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-52-30

  • CAPITAL EQUIPMENT: Any items of movable machinery, equipment, furniture, or other personal property to efficiently carry out the functions of state government provided that each item has an anticipated useful life of not less than 10 years. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT: As may in the circumstances be appropriate for the Department of Mental Health, Department of Corrections, Department of Public Safety, Department of Revenue, Department of Human Resources, Office of Voter Registration, and economic development, including, but not limited to, economic development of a county, (i) the acquisition of land to serve as a site for any new building, structure, or other facility, (ii) the acquisition by purchase of any new building, structure, or other facility, (iii) the construction of any new building, structure, or other facility, and (iv) the renovation, expansion, modernization, alteration, or other improvement of any existing building, structure, or facility; provided that to qualify as a capital improvement any building, structure, or other facility, whether previously existing for any period of time or newly constructed, or any renovation, expansion, modernization, alteration, or other improvement of any building, structure, or other facility, shall have an anticipated useful life of not less than 25 years as of the date that such shall be acquired, constructed, or made by any entity using any money provided pursuant to this division to pay all or any portion of the costs thereof. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • CERTIFICATE OF NEED: Written approval by the commission for the director to issue a permit to operate in accordance with this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER: With respect to any municipality, the mayor, president of the board of commissioners, or other chief executive officer of such municipality. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • city: The City of Ozark, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • city: The City of Selma, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • city: The City of Midfield, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • CIVIL FINE: The monetary amount assessed by the city pursuant to this part for an adjudication of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • CIVIL PENALTY: The monetary amount assessed by the city pursuant to this part for an adjudication of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: There is created a noncriminal category of state law called a civil violation created and existing for the sole purpose of carrying out the terms of this part. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: There is hereby created a noncriminal category of state law called a civil violation created and existing for the sole purpose of carrying out the terms of this part. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • claims: In respect of a protected person, includes liabilities of the protected person, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and liabilities of the estate which arise at or after the appointment of a conservator, including expenses of administration. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • collection: Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation permitted by the director or franchised by the board to engage in the transportation or collection of solid waste. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • COLLECTIVE RESERVE ACCOUNT: An internal capital account that represents the portion of the net book value of the corporation attributable to the cooperative. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • collector: Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation permitted by the director or franchised by the commission to engage in the transportation or collection of solid waste. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • COLONY OF BEES: A queen bee and worker bees on comb enclosed in any container. See Alabama Code 2-14-1
  • COMMERCIAL FEED: Such term includes customer-formula feed, as this term is used in this chapter, and means any material whether simple, mixed compound, ground, unground, organic or inorganic, used as a feed for animals other than man or any material including minerals, vitamins, antibiotics, anti-oxidants, medicines, drugs, chemicals and other substances, materials or elements, or parts thereof intended for use or used as an ingredient or component of a mixture of materials, used as a feed for animals other than man; provided, that the commissioner, with approval of the board and by regulation, may exempt from this definition or from specific provisions of this chapter, commodities such as unprocessed and unmixed whole seeds, hay, straw, stover, silage, cobs, husks, hulls and individual chemical compounds or substances when such commodities, compounds or substances are not intermixed or mixed with other materials and are not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision (1) of Section 2-21-22. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • COMMERCIAL SOLID WASTE: Solid waste generated by stores, offices, and other activities which do not actually manufacture a product. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission created pursuant to Section 36-25-3. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commission: The Mobile County Commission of Mobile County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama or his duly authorized representative. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Alabama State Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Mental Health of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • commissioner: Commissioner of the state Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH OFFICER: A person who acts as a liaison between law enforcement and the general public, and who is regularly employed by a municipality within the county or regularly employed by the county commission or any public body or agency, including the state Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • COMMUNITY SCHOOLS ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A committee of citizens organized to advise community school coordinators, administrators, and local boards of education in the involvement of citizens in the educational process and in the use of public school facilities. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • COMMUNITY SCHOOLS COORDINATOR: An employee of a local board of education whose responsibility it is to promote and direct maximum use of the public schools and public school facilities as centers for community education. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • COMMUNITY STATUS: Extension of the limits of the places of confinement of a prisoner through work release, supervised intensive restitution (SIR), and initial consideration of pre-discretionary leave, passes, and furloughs. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • COMPUTER SYSTEMS: Any and all computer hardware, firmware, and software owned by or useful in the performance of any function for any state entity. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • conservator: A person who is appointed by a court to manage the estate of a protected person and includes a limited conservator described in Section 26-2A-148(a). See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION DEBRIS: Material generally considered to be not water soluble and nonhazardous in nature including, but not limited to, steel, glass, brick, concrete, or asphalt roofing material. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • container: Any bag, box, barrel, package, carton, object, apparatus, device, appliance or other container into which commercial feed is packed, stored or placed for handling and transporting. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTRACT FEEDER: A person who, as an independent contractor, feeds commercial feed to animals pursuant to a contract whereby such commercial feed is supplied, furnished or otherwise provided to such person and whereby such person's remuneration is determined all or in part by feed consumption, mortality, profits or amount or quality of product. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: A corporation or joint stock association organized under the laws of this state, the United States, or any other state, territory or foreign country, or dependency. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • county: Crenshaw County. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • county: Jefferson County in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • county: A county in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • court: All state courts including juvenile courts. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • court: A probate court of this state. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • court: A circuit or district court authorized by statute to issue or modify a protective order. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • COURT REPRESENTATIVE: A person appointed in a guardianship or protective proceeding who is trained in law, nursing, or social work, is an officer, employee, or special appointee of the court, and has no personal interest in the proceeding. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • CRIMINAL OFFENSE: Conduct that gives a law enforcement officer or prosecutor probable cause to believe that a felony involving physical injury, the threat of physical injury, or a sexual offense, or any offense involving spousal abuse or domestic violence has been committed. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CRIMINAL PROCEEDING: A hearing, argument, or other matter scheduled by and held before a trial court but does not include a lineup, grand jury proceeding, or other matter not held in the presence of the court. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CUSTODIAL AGENCY: A municipal or county jail, the State Department of Corrections, juvenile detention facility, Department of Youth Services, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, or a secure mental health facility having custody of a person who is arrested or is in custody for a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CUSTOMER-FORMULA FEED: Commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • DEAD ANIMALS: Animals that have died from any cause without proper burial, except those slaughtered for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock as a dealer as defined in Section 2-15-131(5). See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • DEBT SERVICE: The principal of and interest (and premium, if any) on an obligation (including, without limitation, any principal required to be paid prior to its stated maturity) and any ongoing trustee or paying agent fees or fees of providers of credit enhancement or liquidity facilities. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • defendant: A person or entity that is formally charged by complaint, indictment, information, or petition, of committing a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • department: The Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED FILING AGENT: An individual appointed and authorized as attorney in fact to electronically submit any report or other filing required by this chapter on behalf of a candidate, his or her principal campaign committee, or a political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • DESIGNATED MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: A mental health facility other than a state mental health facility designated by the state Department of Mental Health to receive persons for evaluation, examination, admission, detention, or treatment pursuant to the commitment process. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • DEVELOPMENT AGENCY: A county, municipality, or industrial development authority organized under Chapter 92A of Title 11; an industrial development board organized under Article 4, Chapter 54 of Title 11, or the State Industrial Development Authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • director: The solid waste coordinator, appointed by the Mobile County Commission or its designated agent; is responsible for the administrative management of this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • directors: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Incentives Financing Authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • disability: Cause for a protective order as described in Section 26-2A-130. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • DISPOSAL FACILITY: Site where solid waste is disposed of, whether by sanitary landfilling, incineration, treatment, recovery, or recycling. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • distribute: To offer for sale, sell, exchange or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • distributor: Any person who distributes. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • DOWNTOWN DEVELOPMENT AREA: The central business district of the city as described in subsection (b) of Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • drug: Any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and substances other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • election: Unless otherwise specified, any general, special, primary, or runoff election, or any convention or caucus of a political party held to nominate a candidate, or any election at which a constitutional amendment or other proposition is submitted to the popular vote. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • ELECTIONEERING COMMUNICATION: Any communication disseminated through any federally regulated broadcast media, any mailing, or other distribution, electronic communication, phone bank, or publication which (i) contains the name or image of a candidate; (ii) is made within 120 days of an election in which the candidate will appear on the ballot; (iii) the only reasonable conclusion to be drawn from the presentation and content of the communication is that it is intended to influence the outcome of an election; and (iv) entails an expenditure in excess of one thousand dollars ($1,000). See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • employee: An employee, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, as amended from time to time; except that any individual providing services to an employer on an hourly, part-time, full-time, salaried, or contractual basis shall be considered an employee for purposes of this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • EMPLOYEE COOPERATIVE: A corporation which has elected to be governed by this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • employer: An employer, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, as amended from time to time, that is either a general contractor or subcontractor that primarily holds itself out for hire to the general public as a general contractor or subcontractor and who receives more than five percent of its annual gross revenue from business described in either North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 236, 237, or 238 of the United States Department of Commerce in effect as of January 1, 2009. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • ENFORCEMENT AGENCY: The agency or agencies of this county, or of the state, charged with the enforcement of those aspects of this part related to the protection of the public safety, health, welfare, and environment, including all law enforcement officers of the county and litter patrol officers hired by the Mobile County Commission and deputized by the Mobile County Sheriff, who will work under the supervision of and be paid by the Mobile County Commission. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • estate: Includes the property of the person whose affairs are subject to this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • facility: Any state-owned or state-operated hospital or other facility, whether currently operating or to be operated in the future, utilized for the diagnosis, care, treatment, training or hospitalization of persons who are mentally ill or who are believed to be mentally ill and any other appropriate facility within the State of Alabama approved for such purpose by the Department of Mental Health, excluding those general hospitals owned by a state educational institution which is a public corporation organized under the acts of the Legislature of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT: The act so entitled, approved May 4, 1907 (34 Stat. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • fee: The tax levied by this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • FEED INGREDIENT: Each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The ultimate termination of the criminal prosecution of a defendant by a trial court, including dismissal, acquittal, or imposition of a sentence. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103

  • FINANCED PROPERTY: All property whether real, personal, or mixed, the costs of which were or are to be paid or reimbursed in whole or in part with the proceeds of bonds of the authority or the proceeds of authority-guaranteed obligations. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • FINANCING AGREEMENT: Any loan, lease, agreement, grant agreement, financing agreement, credit agreement, security agreement, mortgage, indenture, guaranty agreement, or other type of agreement entered into by the authority in connection with the incurring of authority obligations. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • firm: Any partnership, association or other unincorporated business organization. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN PROTECTION ORDER: A protection order issued by a tribunal of another state. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • FUNDING AGREEMENT: An agreement between the state and the authority under which the state shall agree to make funds available to the authority to be used for the payment, or to enhance the payment, of debt service on bonds issued by the authority; provided (i) such agreement shall have an initial term from the date of execution thereof through the September 30 immediately succeeding the date of execution, and shall be subject to renewal, at the sole option of the state, for successive terms of twelve (12) months each, each such term to coincide with the fiscal year of the state beginning on October 1 and continuing until and including the next succeeding September 30, and (ii) any obligation on the part of the state to pay amounts required to be paid during any fiscal year of the state under such agreement shall constitute a limited obligation of the state payable solely out of the revenues and receipts appropriated to and received by the state during the fiscal year of the state during which any such amount is to be payable. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • garbage: Materials resulting from the preparation, cooking, and serving of food; market wastes, trimmings, and other discarded matter from meat or produce, including containers in which packaged; and such other refuse as may be defined by the commission. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Any individual, person, corporation, limited liability entity, trust, association, or any other business enterprise other than home building projects by licensed residential home builders as defined in Chapter 14A of Title 34, or those specifically exempted under Chapter 14A of Title 34, except for subdivision (3) of Section 34-14A-6, that for a price, commission, fee, or payment undertakes to construct or superintend or engage in the construction, alteration, maintenance, repair, rehabilitation, remediation, reclamation, demolition of any building, highway, sewer, structure, site work, grading, or paving of any project, or any improvement, in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction concerned. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the city, its city council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • GOVERNING BODY: The board or body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality or county are vested; provided, that this division shall not authorize any county, city or town to construct an undertaking provided for in paragraph (1) a of this section in any city or town or in any portion of a county which is then adequately served by a like undertaking or undertaking performing the proposed service; provided further, that nothing contained in this division shall authorize the construction or operation of an undertaking for the purpose of manufacturing ice for sale at retail or for retail to the public. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • GOVERNING BODY: Court of county commissioners, board of revenue, or other like governing body with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as the principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof, which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof, which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon. See Alabama Code 2-5A-30
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • grower: Any person, business entity, or cooperative licensed to grow industrial hemp by the department or an institution of higher education pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • guardian: A person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or incapacitated person pursuant to parental or spousal nomination or court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in Sections 26-2A-78(e) and 26-2A-105(c), but excludes one who is merely a guardian ad litem. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • HAZARDOUS WASTES: Materials or combinations of materials which require special management techniques because of their acute or chronic effects on air and water quality or both; on fish, wildlife, or other biota; or on the health and welfare of the public. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • HEALTH OFFICER: The Director of the Mobile County Health Department and his or her authorized agents. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • HEMP PRODUCTS: Any and all products made from industrial hemp, including, but not limited to, cloth, cordage, fiber, food, fuel, paint, paper, particleboard, plastics, seed, seed meal and seed oil for consumption, and seed for cultivation if the seeds originate from industrial hemp varieties. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • identification: The full name and complete address. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • IMMEDIATE CONTAINER: Any consumer package or any other container in which meat food products or poultry food products, not consumer packaged, are packed. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • IMMEDIATE FAMILY: The spouse, parent, child, sibling, or grandparent of the victim, unless that person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMS: Any new programs, procedures, or administrative costs, which state agencies are required to implement and maintain under the laws of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • improvement: Any sanitary sewage treatment or sewage disposal plant or any sanitary sewer, including mains, laterals, trunk lines, collector lines, outfall lines, force mains, and appurtenant facilities. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • INCAPACITATED PERSON: Any person who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, physical or mental infirmities accompanying advanced age, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause (except minority) to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate responsible decisions. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • incineration: A controlled process by which solid, liquid, or gaseous combustible wastes are burned and changed into gases, and the residue produced contains little or no combustible material. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • incinerator: An engineered apparatus used to burn waste sub- stances and in which all the factors of combustion, temperature, retention time, turbulence, and combustion air, can be controlled. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • INDUSTRIAL OR RESEARCH ENTERPRISE: Any trade or business described in 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Major Groups 20 to 39, inclusive, 50 and 51, Industrial Group Number 737, and Industry Numbers 8731, 8733, and 8734, as set forth in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the United States Government Office of Management and Budget, and includes such trades and businesses as may be hereafter reclassified in any subsequent publication of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE: Solid waste that results from industrial processes and manufacturing. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • INFECTIOUS WASTES: Those wastes resulting from the operation of medical clinics, hospitals, abattoirs, and other facilities producing waste which may consist of, but are not limited to, human and animal parts, contaminated bandages, pathological specimens, hypodermic needles, contaminated clothing, and surgical gloves. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • inspector: An employee or official of the State of Alabama authorized by the commissioner or any employee or official of the government of any county or other governmental subdivision of this state authorized by the commissioner to perform any inspection functions under this chapter under an agreement between the commissioner and such governmental subdivision. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION: A postsecondary institution, as defined in 20 U. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Includes the following parties:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • INTERNAL CAPITAL ACCOUNT COOPERATIVE: An employee cooperative governed in accordance with Section 10A-11-1. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • INTERNAL CAPITAL ACCOUNTS: A system of accounts on the books of an employee cooperative that reflects the book value of the corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • INTRASTATE COMMERCE: Commerce within this state. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • ISSUING STATE: The state whose tribunal issues a protection order. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • label: A display of written, printed or graphic material upon the immediate container (not including package liners) of any article. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • label: A display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying such article. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter

    a. See Alabama Code 2-21-17

  • LABOR UNION: Any organization of any kind in which employees participate for the purpose of dealing with one or more employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hour of employment, or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • law enforcement officer: shall mean and include a policeman, policewoman, and other official who has authority to make arrests and who is employed by any municipality in the state as a permanent and regular employee for and subject to law enforcement duties, but it does not include any person elected by popular vote. See Alabama Code 11-43-181
  • law enforcement officer: shall mean an official who is certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission who has authority to make arrests and who is employed by any municipality in the state as a permanent and regular employee with law enforcement duties, including police chiefs and deputy police chiefs. See Alabama Code 11-43-231
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A policeman regularly employed by a municipality within the county or a sheriff or deputy sheriff regularly employed by the county. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • LAWFUL REPRESENTATIVE: A person who is designated by the victim, who is a member of the immediate family, or appointed by the court and who will act in the best interests of the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • lease: Includes an oil, gas, or other mineral lease. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • letters: Includes letters of guardianships and letters of conservatorship. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • liquor: Any alcoholic, spirituous, vinous, fermented, or other alcoholic beverage, or combination of liquors and mixed liquor, a part of which is spirituous, fermented, vinous or otherwise alcoholic, and all drinks or drinkable liquids, preparations or mixtures intended for beverage purposes, which contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, except beer and table wine. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • LIVESTOCK HIDE DEALER: Any dealer who buys hides of livestock. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: Any person engaged in the operation of a livestock market as defined in Section 2-15-60(6). See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • livestock market: as used in this division shall mean livestock markets which are subject to the requirements of Division 1 of this article. See Alabama Code 2-15-90
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place where a person assembles livestock for public sale, if the person is required to procure a license or permit from the state Department of Agriculture and Industries to operate the market. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • loan: A transfer of money, property, or anything of value in consideration of a promise or obligation, conditional or not, to repay in whole or part. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • LOCAL OFFICE: Any office under the constitution and laws of the state, except circuit, district, or legislative offices, filled by election of the registered voters of a single county or municipality, or by the voters of a division contained within a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • MAINTENANCE FUND: A fund established by resolution of the directors for the purpose of holding amounts directed by resolution of the authority to be maintained and used to pay the costs and expenses of acquiring, operating, and maintaining any project or other property owned, acquired or operated by the authority and to pay any other costs, expenses or obligations of the authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • manufacture: To grind, mix or blend, or further process, a commercial feed for distribution. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • manufacturer: Any person, association, or corporation engaged in the producing, bottling, manufacturing, distilling, rectifying, or compounding of alcoholic beverages, liquor, beer, or wine in this state or for sale or distribution in this state or to the board or to a licensee of the board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • MEAT BROKER: Any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of buying or selling carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat food products of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines or poultry on commission or otherwise negotiating purchases or sales of such articles other than for his own account or as an employee of another person, firm or corporation. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • MEAT FOOD PRODUCT: Any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any cattle, sheep, swine, goats or poultry, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • member: A natural person who has been accepted for membership in and owns a membership share issued by an employee cooperative. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • member: An individual resident and registered voter of Lauderdale County or Colbert County, who has been appointed to the authority by their respective governing bodies to serve in a representative capacity. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • member: Such term shall include actual members of associations without capital stock and holders of common stock in organizations organized with capital stock. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • MEMBERSHIP FEE: The consideration paid for a membership share. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • MEMBERSHIP SHARE: A single share of voting stock issued to each member of a worker cooperative as evidence of membership. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • MINERAL FEED: A commercial feed intended to supply primarily mineral elements or inorganic nutrients. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • MINIMUM BID PRICE: The price that equals the Redemption Amount. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • minor: A person who is under 19 years of age and has not otherwise had the disabilities of minority removed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • minor ward: is a minor for whom a guardian has been appointed solely because of minority. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • misbranded: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry or poultry food product is misbranded under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: The calendar month. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • mortgage: Any conveyance, agreement, or arrangement in which property is used as collateral. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN PAYOFF: The principal amount of a municipal code lien, interest accrued at the rate of seven and one-half percent per annum from the date the municipal code lien was filed in the office of the judge of the probate, any fees or costs incurred in the collection of such a lien under this article including, without limitations, the cost of title examinations and publication of notices, and any other penalties allowable under either state law or under an ordinance or resolution enacted by the Class 2 municipality. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • MUNICIPAL COURT: The Municipal Court of the City of Midfield. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • municipality: Such term shall include any incorporated city or town in the state. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • MUTUAL FOREIGN PROTECTION ORDER: A foreign protection order that includes provisions in favor of both the protected individual seeking enforcement of the order and the respondent. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • NET TVA PAYMENTS: With respect to any fiscal year of the state, the in-lieu-of-taxes payments made by the Tennessee Valley Authority to and retained by the state during such fiscal year after distributions made pursuant to Section 40-28-2 and after compliance with Section 41-9-783. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • non compos mentis: include all persons of unsound mind. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • NON-RESIDENTIAL SOLID WASTE: Solid waste from agricultural, commercial, industrial, or institutional activities or from parcels of property occupied by six or more residential units unless exempt by the Mobile County Commission from mechanical pickup requirements. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • OFFICIAL CERTIFICATE: Any certificate prescribed by regulations of the commissioner for issuance by an inspector or other person performing official functions under this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL DEVICE: Any device prescribed or authorized by the commissioner for use in applying any official mark. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENT: Any establishment as determined by the commissioner at which inspection of the slaughter of livestock or poultry or the preparation of meat food products or poultry food products is maintained under the authority of this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL INSPECTION LEGEND: Any symbol prescribed by regulations of the commissioner showing that an article was inspected and passed in accordance with this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL MARK: The official inspection legend or any other symbol prescribed by regulations of the commissioner to identify the status of any article or animal under this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL SAMPLE: A sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his agent in accordance with Section 2-21-26. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organization: Includes a corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: The owner of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration records of the Alabama Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another state or country. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • owner: The owner of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration records of the Alabama Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another state or country. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • owners: as used in this article , shall mean the person in whose name the property is assessed for ad valorem tax purposes in the absence of proof to the contrary. See Alabama Code 11-42-20
  • parent: Includes any person entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take if the child died without a will, as a parent by intestate succession from the child whose relationship is in question and excludes any person who is only a stepparent, foster parent, or grandparent. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF THE ALLEGED VICTIM: A parent or legal guardian of an alleged victim who is a minor or incapacitated person. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • patronage: The amount of work performed as a member of an employee cooperative, measured in accordance with the governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • PERMITTED ANALYTICAL VARIATION: Allowances for the inherent variability in sampling and in laboratory analyses of guaranteed components, as published by the Association of American Feed Control Officials from time to time in its official publication. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government Securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of the Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes, or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in items (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in items (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: bank for cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits, including interest thereon, are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a prefected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 2-5A-30
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • person: An individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, labor organization, or any other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • person: Such term includes individual, partnership, corporation, cooperatives and associations. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Every natural person, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state, or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a private firm, a private association, a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: An individual or an organization, unless the context otherwise requires. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, firms, partnerships and associations. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • PERSONAL AND LEGISLATIVE LIVING EXPENSES: Household supplies, personal clothing, tuition payments, mortgage, rent, or utility payments for a personal residence; admission to an entertainment event or fees for a country club or social club, unless tied to a specific campaign event or functions involving constituents; and any other expense, excluding food and beverages, that would exist irrespective of the candidate's campaign or duties as a legislator. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • persons: Any individual, partnership, copartnership, firm, company, public or private corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estate, or any other legal representative, agent, or assign. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • pet: Any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household of the owner thereof. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PET FOOD: Any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by pets. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • petition: A written request to the court for an order after notice. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic-control device using vehicle sensors synchronized to automatically record, either by conventional film or digital imaging, sequenced photographs or full motion video of the rear of a motor vehicle while proceeding through a signalized intersection. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic control device using vehicle sensors synchronized to automatically record, either by conventional film or digital imaging, sequenced photographs or full motion video of the rear of a motor vehicle while proceeding through a signalized intersection. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE: Any committee, club, association, political party, or other group of one or more persons, whether in-state or out-of-state, which receives or anticipates receiving contributions and makes or anticipates making expenditures to or on behalf of any Alabama state or local elected official, proposition, candidate, principal campaign committee or other political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • POLITICAL PARTY: A political party as defined in Section 17-13-40. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • pollution: The condition caused by the presence in the environment of solid waste of such character and in such quantities that the quality of the environment is impaired or rendered offensive to life. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • population: The population according to the last preceding or any subsequent decennial census of the United States, except where a municipality is incorporated subsequent to the last census, in which event, its population until the next decennial census shall be the population of the municipality as determined by the judge of probate of the county as the official population on the date of its incorporation. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • POSITIVE REACTION: A positive test with a positive confirmatory test result as specified by the Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • POST-ARREST RELEASE: The discharge of the accused from confinement on recognizance, bond, or other condition. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • POST-CONVICTION RELEASE: Parole, or discharge from confinement by an agency having custody of the prisoner. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • POST-CONVICTION RELIEF PROCEEDING: A hearing, argument, or other matter that is held in any court and that involves a request for relief from a conviction, sentence, or adjudication. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • poultry: Any live or slaughtered domesticated bird. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • POULTRY FOOD PRODUCT: Any poultry carcass or any part thereof or any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of poultry, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry and which are exempted from definition as a poultry food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry food products. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • prepared: Slaughtered, canned, salted, rendered, boned, cut up or otherwise manufactured or processed. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE: The principal campaign committee designated by a candidate under Section 17-5-4. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the by-laws and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of the authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of proceedings of the board of an authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • prisoner: A person who has been convicted or adjudicated of a criminal offense against a victim and who has been sentenced to the custody of the sheriff, the Alabama Department of Corrections, Department of Youth Services, juvenile detention facility, a municipal jail, or a secure mental health facility. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • proceeding: Includes action at law and suit in equity. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • processing: Any method, system, or other treatment designed to change the physical form or chemical content of solid waste. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Individual persons, partnerships, associations and corporations who produce such products either directly or as landlords, tenants or sharecroppers. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • PRODUCT NAME: The name of the commercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class or specific use. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include fishing activities and the harvesting of aquatic and seafood products as well as the production of other agricultural or farm products hereinabove defined in subdivision (1) of this section. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • project: Interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements located or to be located within the downtown development area, and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in the downtown development area. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • project: Any land, building, or other improvement, and all real and personal properties deemed necessary or useful in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, that are or are to be located in the state and that have been or are to be acquired, constructed, expanded, or installed for use (i) by an industrial or research enterprise, (ii) by a manufacturing, aviation or transportation enterprise, (iii) by any enterprise engaged in manufacturing, processing, cultivating or assembling any agricultural or manufactured product, (iv) as a training facility, or (v) by any entity in promoting economic development or the recruitment of industrial, research, manufacturing, aviation or transportation prospects to the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • PROJECT COSTS: All costs and expenses incurred by the authority or any person in connection with the acquisition, construction, installation, and equipping of a project, including, without limitation, any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-10-541

  • PROMISCUOUS DUMP: An unauthorized site where indiscriminate de- posits of solid waste are made by known or unknown persons and are exposed to the elements, vectors, and scavengers. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • property: Includes real and personal property, and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Only land which has been subdivided and platted. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • property: Includes both real and personal property or any interest therein and means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • proposition: Any proposal for submission to the general public for its approval or rejection, including proposed as well as qualified ballot questions. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTED INDIVIDUAL: An individual protected by a protection order. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • PROTECTED PERSON: A minor or other person for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in Sections 26-2A-136 and 26-2A-137. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PROTECTION ORDER: An injunction or other order, issued by a tribunal under the domestic violence or family violence laws of the issuing state, to prevent an individual from engaging in violent or threatening acts against, harassment of, contact or communication with, or physical proximity to, another individual. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • PROTECTIVE PROCEEDING: A proceeding under the provisions of Article 2, Division 3. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITY: Any education facility under the jurisdiction of a local board of education, whether termed an elementary school, middle school, junior high school, or high school. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE: Includes all service involved in the transportation of passengers for hire by means of street railway, elevated railway, subway, underground railroad, motor vehicles, or other means of conveyance generally associated with or developed for mass surface or subsurface transportation of the public, but does not include any service involved in transportation by taxicab, airport limousine, or industrial bus. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • pure honey: as used in this article , shall mean the nectar of plants that has been transformed by, and is the natural product of the honeybee, either in the honeycomb or taken from the honeycomb and marketed in a liquid, crystalized or granulated condition. See Alabama Code 2-11-120
  • PUTRESCIBLE WASTES: Materials capable of decomposition, causing environmental nuisances or obnoxious odors, or both. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust or association in which property is acquired, held, managed, administered, controlled, invested, or disposed of for the benefit and profit of any person who may become shareholder or an entity that otherwise complies with the provisions of 26 U. See Alabama Code 10-13-2
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust or association in which property is acquired, held, managed, administered, controlled, invested, or disposed of for the benefit and profit of any person who may become a shareholder or an entity that otherwise complies with the provisions of 26 U. See Alabama Code 10A-10-1.02
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • RECOVERED RESOURCES: Solid waste materials which still have useful physical or chemical properties after serving a specific purpose and can, therefore, be reused or recycled for the same or other purpose. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • recovery: The process of obtaining usable materials or energy from solid waste. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • REDEMPTION AMOUNT: The sum of a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued under and pursuant to Section 2-5A-35. See Alabama Code 2-5A-30
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • renderer: Any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of rendering carcasses or parts or products of the carcasses of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines or poultry, except rendering conducted under inspection under this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • rendering: A process of recovering fatty substances from animal parts by heat treatment, extraction, and distillation. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • reprocessing: The action of changing the condition of a secondary material. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • RESERVE FUND: Any fund or account established by the authority in which moneys are placed in reserve to be used to pay the principal of or interest on bonds issued by the authority in the event funds pledged for the payment of debt service on such bonds are insufficient to timely satisfy the payment requirements. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • RESIDENTIAL SOLID WASTE: All solid waste that normally originates in a residential environment. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • RESIDENTIAL UNIT: Any unit used to house persons, or capable of such use. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • respondent: The individual against whom enforcement of a protection order is sought. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retailer: Any person licensed by the board to engage in the retail sale of any alcoholic beverages to the consumer. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • right: Any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • rubbish: Solid waste or refuse, excluding garbage and bulky items; consists of both combustible and noncombustible trash, such as paper, cardboard, tin cans, plastics, yard clippings, wood, glass, and similar materials. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • salary: as used in this division , is not intended to include or cover costs and charges of court or fees, commissions, percentages, or allowances of public officers, and such are not subject to writs of garnishment under the provisions of this division. See Alabama Code 6-6-480
  • salvage: The extracting of materials from solid waste which is of value or useful. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • salvaging: The controlled removal of valuable or useful material from solid waste for utilization. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SANITARY LANDFILL: A site where solid waste is disposed using sanitary landfilling techniques. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SANITARY LANDFILLING: An engineered method of disposing of solid waste on land in a manner that protects the environment by spreading the waste in thin layers, compacting it to the smallest practical volume, and covering it with soil by the end of each working day in compliance with applicable state law. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SANITARY NUISANCE: The commission of any act by a person, or the keeping, maintaining, propagation, existence, or permission of anything by a person by which the health or lives of individuals may be threatened or impaired or by which disease may be caused. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • scavenging: The uncontrolled removal of materials at any point in solid waste management. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-2-80
  • security: Includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • separation: The systematic division of solid waste into designated components. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE: Those diseases designated by the State Board of Health as sexually transmitted diseases for the purposes of this article. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • share: A transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10-13-2
  • share: A transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-10-1.02
  • shareholder: The holder of a transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10-13-2
  • shareholder: The holder of a transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-10-1.02
  • SHEEP OR GOAT PRODUCER: Any person residing in Alabama, any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that owns or has a financial investment in sheep or goats located in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • SHIPPING CONTAINER: Any container used or intended for use in packaging the product packed in an immediate container. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • shoals: The geographic region of the State of Alabama comprising the Counties of Colbert and Lauderdale. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • SKILLED LABOR: Includes all labor or services performed by employees directly engaged in construction operations at the location of any construction, alteration, maintenance, repair, rehabilitation, remediation, reclamation, demolition, highway, sewer, structure, grading, paving, or improvement project in Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • SOLID WASTE: Garbage, rubbish, refuse, or other discarded solid or semi-solid materials resulting from domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural activities and governmental operations excluding solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage, but not materials held for reuse or resale. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: Includes all or any aspects of handling solid waste: including collection, transportation, storage, separation, and disposal. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SPECIAL FUND: The Alabama 21st Century Fund established pursuant to Section 41-10-629. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • SPECIAL WASTES: Those wastes that require extraordinary management. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • SPECIALTY PET: Any domesticated animal pet normally maintained in a cage or tank, such as, but not limited to, gerbils, hamsters, canaries, psittacine birds, mynahs, finches, tropical fish, goldfish, snakes and turtles. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • SPECIALTY PET FOOD: Any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by specialty pets. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • state: A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: A mental health facility operated by the state Department of Mental Health and designated by the commissioner to have beds available to receive persons for evaluation, examination, admission, detention, or treatment for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • STATE ENTITY: The State of Alabama and any agency, authority, board, commission, department, or instrumentality thereof. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • STATE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY: The public corporation created pursuant to Article 2, Chapter 10 of this title, as amended. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • STATE OFFICE: All offices under the constitution and laws of the state filled by election of the registered voters of the state or of any circuit or district and shall include legislative offices. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Sections 40-23-1, 40-23-2, 40-23-3, and 40-23-4, which levy a certain retail sales tax, and include all statutes, including amendments to those sections, which expressly set forth any exceptions from the computation of the tax levied by the sections and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of the sections and the incidence and collection of the tax imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • storage: The interim containment of solid waste, in an approved manner, after generation and prior to ultimate disposal. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • subcontractor: Any individual, person, corporation, limited liability entity, trust, association, or any other business enterprise performing work under contract to a general contractor, but not licensed residential home builders building homes as defined in Chapter 14A of Title 34, or those specifically exempted under Chapter 14A of Title 34, except for subdivision (3) of Section 34-14A-6. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • superintendent: The superintendent or director of Bryce Hospital located in Tuscaloosa County, the superintendent or director of Searcy Hospital located in Mobile County or the superintendent or director of any such facility as defined in subdivision (4) of this section. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • TABLE WINE: Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, any wine containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • TAX CERTIFICATE HOLDER: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • TAX PAYOFF: Any and all amounts necessary to satisfy any claims for delinquent taxes assessed against the real property on which the Class 2 municipality is seeking to foreclosure under this article. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TOBACCO REVENUES: Revenues received by the state pursuant to any federal tobacco-related settlement, any tobacco-related appropriations made by the United States Congress to the State of Alabama, or any revenues received by the state from litigation against any tobacco-related industry. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • ton: A net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed as defined in Section 32-1-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • TRAFFIC SIGNAL VIOLATION: Any violation of Section 32-5A-31, 32-5A-32, or 32-5A-35, or of any combination thereof, wherein a vehicle proceeds into a signalized intersection at a time while the traffic-control signal for that vehicle's lane of travel is emitting a steady red signal. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • TRAFFIC SIGNAL VIOLATION: Any violation of Section 32-5A-31, Section 32-5A-32, or Section 32-5A-35, or of any combination thereof, wherein a vehicle proceeds into a signalized intersection at a time while the traffic control signal for that vehicle's lane of travel is emitting a steady red signal. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed as defined in Section 32-1-1. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • TRAINED TECHNICIAN: A sworn law enforcement officer employed by the City of Selma, who alternatively:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02

  • TRAINED TECHNICIAN: A sworn law enforcement officer employed by the city who alternatively:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02

  • TRAINING FACILITY: Any facility to be used for the purpose of providing vocational, technical, or other training for employees or prospective employees of any industry for the manufacturing, processing, cultivating, or assembling of any agricultural or manufactured product. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • TRAINING FACILITY MANAGEMENT FEES: Fees payable to any person as compensation for managing a training facility under a management agreement entered into pursuant to Section 41-10-551, including payments to be made to reimburse such person for the costs of operating and maintaining a training facility. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSFER STATION: A facility where solid waste from several relatively small vehicles is placed into one relatively large vehicle before being transferred to solid waste processing or disposal facility. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • TRANSIT SYSTEM: Includes land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, garages, vehicles of all types, rails, lines, and any combination of any thereof, used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing public transportation service, and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by an authority for use in furnishing public transportation service. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • TRANSMISSION OF BODY FLUIDS: The transfer of blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or other body fluids identified by the Department of Public Health, from the alleged perpetrator of a crime to the mucous membranes or potentially broken skin of the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • transport: The movement of solid waste subsequent to collection. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • tribunal: A court, agency, or other entity authorized by law to issue or modify a protection order. See Alabama Code 30-5B-2
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • UNAUTHORIZED ACCUMULATION: Any accumulation of trash, garbage, or putrescible waste for more than seven days on any residential or commercial properties, excluding noncommercial composting, and commercial composting for which a valid permit has been obtained. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • undertaking: Such term shall include all of the following revenue-producing undertakings or any combination of two or more of such undertakings, whether now existing or hereafter acquired or constructed:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-81-140

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • VERTICAL-INTEGRATOR FEED: A commercial feed manufactured for feeding livestock, poultry or aquatic animals that are owned by the person manufacturing the feed or that are owned by subsidiaries, parents or other business entities associated with the manufacturer through common ownership. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • victim: A person who consults a victim counselor for assistance in overcoming adverse emotional or psychological effects of a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • victim: A person against whom the criminal offense has been committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the spouse, sibling, parent, child, or guardian of the person, except if the person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • VICTIM COUNSELOR: Any employee or supervised volunteer of a victim counseling center or other agency, business, or organization that provides counseling to victims who is not affiliated with a law enforcement agency or a prosecutor's office and whose duties include treating victims for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • wages: The gross earnings paid by an employer to an employee covered by this division, including all forms of compensation such as salaries, hourly payments, commissions, remuneration, dismissal pay, bonuses, and vacation and sick leave pay, prior to deductions for items such as Social Security contributions, withholding taxes, group health insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • ward: A person for whom a guardian has been appointed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • WASTE OIL: All types of waste oils, including waste automotive lubricants, industrial waste oils, and others that may be potential pollution sources. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • WHITE GOODS: Inoperative and discarded refrigerators, ranges, washers, water heaters, and other similar domestic and commercial appliances. See Alabama Code 45-49-252
  • wholesaler: Any person licensed by the board to engage in the sale and distribution of table wine and beer, or either of them, within this state, at wholesale only, to be sold by export or to retail licensees or other wholesale licensees or others within this state lawfully authorized to sell table wine and beer, or either of them, for the purpose of resale only. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • wine: All beverages made from the fermentation of fruits, berries, or grapes, with or without added spirits, and produced in accordance with the laws and regulations of the United States, containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume, and shall include all sparkling wines, carbonated wines, special natural wines, rectified wines, vermouths, vinous beverages, vinous liquors, and like products, including restored or unrestored pure condensed juice. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • WITHIN THE COUNTY: A place within the boundaries of the county. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • WRITTEN NOTICE OF ALLOCATION: A written statement which discloses to a member the stated dollar amount of the member's patronage allocation and the terms for payment of that amount by the employee cooperative. See Alabama Code 10A-11-1.02
  • YARD TRASH: Vegetative matter resulting from landscaping maintenance such as trees and shrub trimmings, grass clippings, and palm fronds. See Alabama Code 45-49-252