Chapter 80 GENERAL PROVISIONS 11-80-1 – 11-80-16
Chapter 81 MUNICIPAL AND COUNTY BONDS 11-81-1 – 11-81-250
Chapter 81A ISSUANCE OF SECURITIES IN ANTICIPATION OF RECEIPT OF GRANTS 11-81A-1 – 11-81A-7
Chapter 82 REDEMPTION OF SECURITIES 11-82-1 – 11-82-7
Chapter 83 APPORTIONMENT OF ROAD AND BRIDGE TAXES BETWEEN COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES 11-83-1 – 11-83-3
Chapter 84 ACQUISITION AND ADMINISTRATION OF FOREST LANDS 11-84-1 – 11-84-2
Chapter 85 REGIONAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT 11-85-1 – 11-85-111
Chapter 86 RECREATION BOARDS 11-86-1 – 11-86-6
Chapter 86A Public Park and Recreation Authorities 11-86A-1 – 11-86A-21
Chapter 87 AMBULANCE SERVICE 11-87-1 – 11-87-5
Chapter 88 WATER, SEWER AND FIRE PROTECTION AUTHORITIES 11-88-1 – 11-88-135
Chapter 89 WATER, SEWER, SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AND FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS 11-89-1 – 11-89-38
Chapter 89A SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AUTHORITIES 11-89A-1 – 11-89A-25
Chapter 89B SALE AND ISSUANCE OF BONDS BY PUBLIC CORPORATIONS OPERATING WATER SYSTEMS 11-89B-1 – 11-89B-7
Chapter 89C STORM WATER DISCHARGES INTO SEPARATE STORM SEWERS 11-89C-1 – 11-89C-15
Chapter 90 FREE PUBLIC LIBRARIES 11-90-1 – 11-90-4
Chapter 91 GROUP LIFE, HEALTH, ACCIDENT, ETC., INSURANCE, ETC., FOR OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES OF MUNICIPALITIES AND COUNTIES 11-91-1 – 11-91-8
Chapter 91A LOCAL GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM 11-91A-1 – 11-91A-10
Chapter 92 INDUSTRIAL PARKS 11-92-1 – 11-92-11
Chapter 92A COUNTY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES 11-92A-1 – 11-92A-23
Chapter 92B Developmnet of Former Federal Military Installations 11-92B-1 – 11-92B-28
Chapter 93 TORT CLAIMS AND JUDGMENTS AGAINST LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES 11-93-1 – 11-93-3
Chapter 94 PORT AUTHORITIES 11-94-1 – 11-94-25
Chapter 95 PUBLIC HOSPITALS 11-95-1 – 11-95-21
Chapter 96 COMMUNITY ACTION AGENCIES 11-96-1 – 11-96-6
Chapter 96A SHELTERS, HALFWAY HOUSES, ETC., AND AFFORDABLE SINGLE AND MULTI-FAMILY DWELLINGS 11-96A-1 – 11-96A-6
Chapter 97 CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT OF UTILITY SERVICES FACILITIES 11-97-1 – 11-97-27
Chapter 98 EMERGENCY TELEPHONE SERVICE 11-98-1 – 11-98-15
Chapter 99 TAX INCREMENT DISTRICTS 11-99-1 – 11-99-11
Chapter 99A Alabama Improvement Districts 11-99A-1 – 11-99A-52
Chapter 99B Capital Improvement Cooperative Districts 11-99B-1 – 11-99B-18
Chapter 100 ALABAMA CONVENTION FACILITIES ACT 11-100-1 – 11-100-8
Chapter 101 ACQUISITION OF REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY FOR LEASE TO UNITED STATES.(FOR TERMINATION DATE – SEE NOTE.) 11-101-1 – 11-101-27
Chapter 101A ACQUISITION OF REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY FOR LEASE TO UNITED STATES 11-101A-1 – 11-101A-27
Chapter 102 COMMON SERVICE CONTRACTS BY COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALTIES 11-102-1 – 11-102-8
Chapter 103 CREDIT CARD PAYMENTS FOR COUNTY AND MUNICIPAL SERVICES 11-103-1 – 11-103-5
Chapter 104 POST-EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS ACT OF 2008 11-104-1 – 11-104-7
Chapter 105 TOURISM PROMOTION AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES 11-105-1 – 11-105-5
Chapter 106 MILITARY LAND USE PLANNING 11-106-1 – 11-106-5

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 11 > Title 3

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • adeca: The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • advertisement: All representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to seed within the scope of this article. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A local committee which may consist of the following members or their designees:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, an applicant or registrant. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agent: Any individual other than a dealer who represents a dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect sales of securities, but such term does not include an individual who represents an issuer in:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • AGRICULTURAL LAND: Any real property classified or assessed as agricultural or forest land for property tax purposes. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS: Those products whose calcium and magnesium compounds are capable of neutralizing soil acidity

    (2) LIMESTONE. See Alabama Code 2-23-2

  • AGRICULTURAL SEED: The seeds of grasses, forage, cereal and fiber crops and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural or field seeds and mixtures of such seeds. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • aidt: The Alabama Industrial Development and Training Institute. See Alabama Code 41-29-281
  • AIR NAVIGATION FACILITY: Any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use, in aid of air navigation, including any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking-off, navigation and landing of aircraft, or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIR NAVIGATION FACILITY: Any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of, air navigation, including any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid, or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking-off, navigation and landing of aircraft, or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • airport: Any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing, taking-off, storage, parking or dispersal of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings, facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings, structures and facilities located thereon. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • airport: Any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing, take-off, storage, parking or dispersal of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings, facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings, structures and facilities located thereon. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AIRPORT BUILDING: Any building used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIRPORT BUILDING: Any building used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AIRPORT FACILITY: Any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or instrumentality used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIRPORT FACILITY: Any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or instrumentality used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • ALABAMA NATIONAL GUARDSMEN: The officers and men commissioned or enlisted in the Alabama National Guard, army or air, as defined in Section 31-2-3. See Alabama Code 31-3-1
  • aldot: The Alabama State Department of Transportation provided for in Section 23-1-20. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • alley: A street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ALTERNATING DIRECTOR: The director initially elected by the governing body of the authorizing municipality and thereafter alternately by the governing bodies of the authorizing county and the authorizing municipality. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: A certified or noncertified individual who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school, to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county or municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county and with the governing body of any municipality located wholly or partially within such county in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-95-3. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county or municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3 hereof. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county or municipality or public corporation or cooperative in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89-3. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of the city in accordance with the provisions of Section 45-27A-31. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • applicant: A person, natural or otherwise, executing or submitting an application for registration. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county or municipality or public corporation in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-99B-3. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of a county or municipality, or two or more thereof, in accordance with Section 11-101A-3. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • APPLICANT FOR CERTIFICATION: An individual who submits an application for certification issued by the State Superintendent of Education. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The sheriff, or any designee of the sheriff who is exempt pursuant to Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • apprentice: A worker at least 14 years of age, except where a higher minimum age standard is otherwise fixed by law, who is employed to learn an apprenticeable occupation. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • APPRENTICEABLE OCCUPATION: As defined in 29 C. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • APPRENTICESHIP AGREEMENT: A written agreement between an apprentice and either the apprentice's program sponsor or an apprenticeship committee acting as agent for the program sponsor, which contains the terms and conditions of the employment and training of the apprentice in conformance with 29 C. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM: A plan containing all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment, and training of apprentices, as required under the federal guidelines in 29 C. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved: Conforming to the recognized codes and regulatory requirements adopted by the commission. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • APPROVED INSPECTION AGENCY: An organization meeting the commission's requirements to provide inspection of manufactured buildings and to insure compliance with national recognized codes, and rules and regulations adopted by the commission pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • ARTERIAL STREET: Any United States or state numbered route, controlled-access highway, or other major radial or circumferential street or highway designated by local authorities within their respective jurisdictions as part of a major arterial system of streets or highways. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • articles: The articles of incorporation or articles of reincorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • articles: The articles of incorporation or articles of reincorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • articles: The articles of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • assessment: A diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program which shall be performed in accordance with criteria certified by the Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse Services Division. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY: An institution or facility licensed as an assisted living facility under regulations of the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • association: The Elmore County Firefighters Association. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • ATRIP-II COMMITTEE: The Alabama Transportation Rehabilitation and Improvement Program Committee-II established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • ATRIP-II PROJECTS: Those road and bridge rehabilitation and improvement projects submitted to and received by the ATRIP-II Committee for funding in accordance with this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated or reincorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • authority: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated and reincorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • authority: A nonprofit public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of Article 1 of this chapter, as amended. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • authority: The Brewton Development Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • authority: Any authority created pursuant to Act No. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Such fire department vehicles, police vehicles, and ambulances as are publicly owned, and such other publicly or privately owned vehicles as are designated by the Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency or the chief of police of an incorporated city. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • AUTHORIZED EMPLOYER: Any educational entity authorized to obtain criminal history background information, including the State Department of Education, local employing boards, and nonpublic schools which are responsible for hiring employees or contracting with private employers to provide personnel who have unsupervised access to children in an educational setting. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • AUTHORIZED OPERATIONAL AREA: The county or counties in which the authority has been or is proposed to be authorized to operate, as designated in its articles of incorporation in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • AUTHORIZING ACT: Any of the following statutes or acts:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • AUTHORIZING AMENDMENT: Amendment No. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • AUTHORIZING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution or ordinance adopted by the governing body of any county or municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3, that authorizes the incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution of ordinance adopted by the governing body of any county or municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3 hereof, that authorizes the incorporation of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by a governing body in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89-3, that authorizes the incorporation of a district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution adopted by the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-27A-31. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by a governing body in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-99B-3, that authorizes the incorporation of a district. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution adopted by the governing body of an authorizing subdivision in accordance with Section 11-101A-3, that authorizes the incorporation of an authority under this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTIONS: The resolutions, adopted by the governing bodies of any county and municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-95-3, that authorize the incorporation of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county, city or town in this state whose governing body receives an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality in this state whose governing body receives and approves an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality to which application has been made for authority to incorporate an authority under this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality or public corporation or cooperative the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality or public corporation the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Each county and municipality with the governing body of which an application for the incorporation of an authority under this chapter is filed. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISIONS: The authorizing county and the authorizing municipality with respect to a single corporation. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • AUTOMATIC NUMBER IDENTIFICATION: An enhanced 911 service capability that enables the automatic display of the 10-digit telephone number used to place a 911 call. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • avl: The Alabama Virtual Library. See Alabama Code 16-21-31
  • AWARDING AUTHORITY: The State Board of Adjustment, created and existing pursuant to Article 4 of Chapter 9 of Title 41 of this Code. See Alabama Code 31-3-1
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • bank: A bank, trust company, national banking association, savings bank, or industrial bank. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BE CALLED OR ORDERED BY THE GOVERNOR: To be called or ordered into active military service under 32 U. See Alabama Code 31-12-1
  • Bequeath: To gift property by will.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • bicycle: Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels either of which is more than 14 inches in diameter. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 1-1-3
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • board: The board of directors of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • board: The board of directors of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • board: Each county or city board of education; the Board of Trustees of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; the Alabama Youth Services Board in its capacity as the Board of Education for the Youth Services School District; the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Fine Arts; and the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • board: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • board: The board of directors of a district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • board: The Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • board: The Personnel Board of the Office of the Sheriff of Etowah County created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • board: The board of directors of a district. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of the corporation. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Revolving Loan Fund Authority. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • BOARD OF EDUCATION: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • BOLL WEEVIL: Anthonomus grandis Boheman in any stage of development. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • BOND OR BONDS: A bond or bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, or other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • bonds: The bonds issued under this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, or other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • bonds: Bonds, notes and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • bonds: Either general obligation bonds, limited obligation, or revenue bonds, or a combination thereof, issued after the effective date of this act by a city, county, or entities or authorities thereof in connection with the financing, in whole or in part, of eligible facilities. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • bonds: Any bonds authorized to be issued by an authority hereunder, including refunding bonds. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • BRANCH OFFICE: A place of business at an established location other than the main office having equipment and three or more employees directly engaged in structural pest control work from the place of business, which is a subdivision or branch of the main office, point of headquarters, or principal operation of the firm. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • BRANCH SUPERVISOR: A person who has been certified by the commissioner as qualified to supervise the operation of a branch office only. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • brand: A term, design or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • brand: The term, designation, trademark, product name or the specific designation under which an individual or type of agricultural liming material as defined in this section is offered for sale. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • BRAND NAME: Any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or licensee and distinguishing it from that of others. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • broker: A dealer, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • broker: A person, including a bank, lawfully engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others and includes a broker lawfully engaged in buying and selling securities for his own account. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • bulk: Nonpackaged form. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • BULK FERTILIZERS: Commercial fertilizer distributed to the purchaser in a solid or fluid state in a nonpackaged form. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • BURNT LIME: A material made from limestone which consists essentially of calcium oxide or a combination of calcium and magnesium oxides. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • bus: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than 10 passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • BUSINESS DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any 600 feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least 300 feet of frontage on one side or 300 feet collectively on both sides of the highway. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • BUSINESS LOCATION: Any location in or from which professional work or services are solicited, accepted, or conducted, and identified as a main office, branch office, or suboffice by permit. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CALCITIC LIMESTONE: A calcareous rock composed wholly or largely of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • CALCIUM CARBONATE EQUIVALENT: The acid neutralizing capacity of an agricultural liming material expressed as weight percentage of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • cancel: To terminate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative upon application filed therefor as follows:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • certificate: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with boll weevils. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • certification: The recognition by the commissioner that a person is competent and thus authorized to perform and/or supervise professional work or services in the category or categories listed on said certification permit. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CERTIFICATION PERMIT: A document issued by the commissioner attesting that all standards have been met in competency in one or more categories and/or subcategories of professional work or services. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CERTIFIED APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT: A certified individual who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • CERTIFIED OPERATOR: A person who has been certified by the commissioner as qualified to supervise the operation of a main office or a branch office. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • chalk: A soft, friable, loosely consolidated material composed largely of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • charge: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • CHARITABLE CLINIC: The term includes an established free medical clinic as defined in subdivision (1) of Section 6-5-662 and any community health center provided for under the federal Public Health Service Law. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • CHARITABLE PATIENT: For purposes of this chapter, the term shall not include patients who are eligible to receive drugs under the Alabama Medicaid Program or under any other prescription drug program funded in whole or in part by the state. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER: The State Superintendent of Education; the superintendent of any public county or city school system; the President of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; the Executive Director of the Alabama School of Fine Arts; the Superintendent of the Department of Youth Services School District; the Executive Director of the Alabama High School of Mathematics and Science; the superintendent of any nonpublic school, or in the absence of a superintendent, the headmaster of any nonpublic school; and the head of any department or employer covered by this chapter but not specifically enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER: With respect to any municipality, the mayor, president of the board of commissioners, or other chief executive officer of such municipality. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • city: The City of Brewton, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • city: Any city in this state. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • class: An employee or retiree shall be included in one of the following classes: (i) active employee single, (ii) active employee family, (iii) non-Medicare retiree single, (iv) non-Medicare retiree family, (v) Medicare retiree single, (vi) Medicare retiree family, (vii) non-Medicare retiree with Medicare eligible dependent(s), or (viii) Medicare retiree with non-Medicare dependent(s). See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: All Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission-certified custodial, administrative, and clerical employees of the Office of the Sheriff of Etowah County not specifically exempted as command staff in subsection (b) of Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • CLOSED CONSTRUCTION: That condition when any building, component, assembly, subassembly, or system is manufactured in such a manner that all portions cannot be readily inspected at the site without disassembly or destruction thereof. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • cmrs: Commercial mobile radio service under Sections 3(27) and 332(d) of the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, 47 U. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • CMRS CONNECTION: Each mobile telephone number assigned to a CMRS subscriber with a place of primary use in Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • CMRS PROVIDER: A person or entity that provides CMRS. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • CO-OCCURRING: A substance abuse and mental health disorder. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, as amended. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, as amended. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCE: A consequence, penalty, or other result automatically imposed by operation of state law or rule that limits or prohibits an individual convicted of a crime from obtaining occupational licensing, certification, or other evidence of qualification necessary to engage in a particular occupation. See Alabama Code 12-26-1
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • COMMERCIAL BUILDING: Any building that contains one or more separate business enterprises that purchase and display a business license applicable to the business enterprise. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • COMMERCIAL FEED: Such term includes customer-formula feed, as this term is used in this chapter, and means any material whether simple, mixed compound, ground, unground, organic or inorganic, used as a feed for animals other than man or any material including minerals, vitamins, antibiotics, anti-oxidants, medicines, drugs, chemicals and other substances, materials or elements, or parts thereof intended for use or used as an ingredient or component of a mixture of materials, used as a feed for animals other than man; provided, that the commissioner, with approval of the board and by regulation, may exempt from this definition or from specific provisions of this chapter, commodities such as unprocessed and unmixed whole seeds, hay, straw, stover, silage, cobs, husks, hulls and individual chemical compounds or substances when such commodities, compounds or substances are not intermixed or mixed with other materials and are not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision (1) of Section 2-21-22. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER: Any substance containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is used for its plant nutrient content and which is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, marl, lime, limestone, basic slag, gypsum and other materials or products regulated under Chapter 23 of this title. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE: Any self-propelled or towed vehicle used on the highways in commerce to transport passengers or property if the vehicle meets any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-9A-1

  • COMMERCIAL PROPERTY: Any real property that is not residential property, as defined in this section, or has not specifically been exempted from the fee provisions set out in Section 11-89C-9(d)(1). See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • COMMERCIAL VALUE: The value per unit of plant nutrient in dollars and cents as ascertained and published by the commissioner under the provisions of Section 2-22-14, which values shall be used in computing the dollar rates of penalties provided in this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • commission: The Alabama Job Creation and Military Stability Commission. See Alabama Code 31-14-2
  • commission: The Alabama Manufactured Housing Commission. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • commission: The Elmore County Commission or other governing body of the county. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • commission: The Alabama Securities Commission existing under Article 2 (commencing with Section 8-6-50) of Chapter 6 of Title 8. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • commission: The Alabama First Responder Wireless Commission. See Alabama Code 31-9C-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his designated representative. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his authorized representatives. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-150
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMPARABLE REPLACEMENT DWELLING: Any dwelling that is decent, safe, and sanitary; adequate in size to accommodate the occupants; within the financial means of the displaced person; functionally equivalent; in an area not subject to unreasonable adverse environmental conditions; and in a location generally not less desirable than the location of the dwelling of a displaced person with respect to public utilities, facilities, services, and the place of employment of a displaced person. See Alabama Code 18-4-2
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • component: Any assembly, subassembly, or combination of parts for use as a part of a building, which may include structural, electrical, mechanical, and fire protection systems, and other systems affecting health and safety. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county, or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • CONDITIONS OF A GRANT: The terms and conditions upon which a grant is made by a donor. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • container: Any bag, box, barrel, package, carton, object, apparatus, device, appliance or other container into which commercial feed is packed, stored or placed for handling and transporting. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTINUUM OF CARE: A seamless and coordinated course of substance abuse education and treatment designed to meet the needs of drug offenders as they move through the criminal justice system and beyond, maximizing self-sufficiency. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • CONVENTION FACILITIES: Any property, real, personal or mixed, which is necessary or desirable in connection with a convention or meeting center, or similar facility, including without limitation, auditoriums, exhibition halls, facilities for food preparation and serving, parking facilities, and administrative offices in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: Any corporation organized under Article 9 (commencing with Section 10-4-190) of Chapter 4 of Title 10, or any successor thereto, to render water service or sewer service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • corporation: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • corporation: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • costs: As applied to a facility or any portion thereof, such term shall include all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, extension, reconstruction, improvement, and remodeling of a facility, including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses, and certificates and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to a facility, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during, and for a period of six months following estimated completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for both principal and interest and for maintenance, extensions, enlargements, additions, and improvements to any facilities then being or theretofore acquired and all other amounts authorized by any authority to be paid into any special funds from proceeds of bonds issued by the authority, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial, and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing a facility, and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of a facility, the financing of such construction and acquisition and the placing of a facility in operation. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • costs: As applied to any road and bridge project, all costs of construction or acquisition of any part thereof, including, but without limitation to, the costs of supervising, inspecting, and constructing any such project and all costs and expenses incidental thereto, the costs of locating, surveying and mapping, development of engineering plans and specifications, resurfacing, restoration and rehabilitation, acquisition of rights-of-way, utility relocation, and improvements which directly facilitate and control traffic flow, including grade separation of intersections, widening of lanes, channelization of traffic, and traffic-control systems. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • costs: As applied to a facility or any portion thereof, shall include all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, extension, reconstruction, improvement, and remodeling of a facility, including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses, and certificates and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to a facility, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during, and following completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for both principal and interest and for maintenance, extensions, enlargements, additions, and improvements to any facilities then being or theretofore acquired and all other amounts authorized by any corporation to be paid into any special funds from proceeds of bonds issued by the corporation, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing a facility, and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of a facility, the financing of such construction and acquisition, and the placing of a facility in operation. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • costs: When used with reference to or in connection with any public school facility or any portion thereof, all or any part of the costs of acquiring, constructing, altering, enlarging, extending, reconstructing, or remodeling such facility, including (i) the costs of all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, licenses and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; (ii) the costs of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the costs of acquiring land to which such buildings or structures may be moved; (iii) the costs of all machinery, equipment, furniture, furnishings, fixtures, and tangible and intangible personal property acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; and (iv) the costs of architectural, engineering, financial, and legal services incurred in connection with the acquisition or construction of all or any part of such public school facility and the financing thereof, including the expenses of preparing plans, specifications, surveys, and studies to determine the financial or engineering feasibility of such public school facility. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • cotton: Any cotton plant or cotton plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON BUYER: A person who buys cotton from a producer on a forward contract. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • COTTON GROWER: Any person who is engaged in and has an economic risk in the business of producing or causing to be produced, for market, cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON PRODUCER: A person who grows cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • council: The Interagency Coordinating Council as established in Section 21-3A-4. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • council: The Alabama Virtual Library Executive Council. See Alabama Code 16-21-31
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: Any county in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • county: Any of the 67 counties of the state. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • county: Any county in this state that abuts on a navigable river or through which a navigable river runs. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • county: Elmore County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • county: Any county in this state. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated or reincorporated. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county of the state in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated or reincorporated. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • coupon: Any interest coupon evidencing an installment of interest payable with respect to a bond. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • coupon: Any interest coupon evidencing an installment of interest payable with respect to a bond. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • CREATING AUTHORITY: The municipal governing body of any municipality or the governing body of any county that, by passage of a resolution or ordinance, creates a district within its respective jurisdiction in accordance with this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND INFORMATION CHECK: The review of any and all records containing any information collected and stored in the criminal record repository of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Alabama Department of Public Safety, or any other repository of criminal history records, involving a pending arrest or conviction by a criminal justice agency, including, but not limited to, child abuse crime information as defined by 42 U. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • crosswalk: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • CURRENT EMPLOYEE UNDER REVIEW: Any current employee whose professional certificate or employment status is under review based upon reasonable suspicion. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • CUSTODIAL SENTENCE: A criminal sentence or portion of a sentence during which an individual convicted of a crime serves time in the jurisdictional custody of the state, including, but not limited to, a prison term, jail term, or community corrections sentence. See Alabama Code 12-26-1
  • CUSTOMER-FORMULA FEED: Commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dealer: Any person not a grower of nursery stock who buys, receives on consignment or otherwise acquires and has in his possession nursery stock for the purpose of offering or exposing for sale, reselling, reshipping or distributing same. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • dealer: Any person who buys and sells seed in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for his own account. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • dealer: Every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state and to whom current dealer registration plates have been issued by the Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock in the State of Alabama for resale, exchange or slaughter and meat packing purposes, either on his or her own account or as agent for others on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • DEFERRED TAX RECIPIENT: Each taxing authority which receives ad valorem taxes with respect to property located in a proposed tax increment district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • delegate: A person attending a national or regional convention or meeting in this state. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Safety. See Alabama Code 32-9A-1
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • department: Any volunteer fire department with which the Elmore County Firefighters Association may enter into agreements with respect to providing fire protection, fire prevention, and related services and facilities within the county. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The State Department of Veterans' Affairs. See Alabama Code 31-5-1
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-150
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • DEPENDENT CHILD: An unmarried child under the age of 18 years, or one over that age who is physically or mentally incapacitated from earning. See Alabama Code 31-3-1
  • dependents: The spouse, children, or other dependents of the retired employee, as defined by and covered under the documents governing the governmental entities' benefit plans that provide post-employment benefits. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED REVENUES: Hospital taxes and other revenues from which any particular bonds of a corporation may be payable, as designated in the proceeding of the board of such corporation authorizing the issuance of such bonds. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: With respect to an authority, any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such authority in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: With respect to a corporation, any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such corporation in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • DETERMINING MUNICIPALITY: With respect to an authority, any municipality the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such authority in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • DETERMINING MUNICIPALITY: With respect to a corporation, any municipality the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such corporation, in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • DETERMINING SUBDIVISION: With respect to an authority, any determining county or determining municipality. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • DETERMINING SUBDIVISION: With respect to a corporation, any determining county or determining municipality and, with respect to an instrumentality, the county or municipality or combination thereof whose governing body is empowered to incorporate or otherwise establish such instrumentality. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Department of Public Safety. See Alabama Code 32-9A-1
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • director: A member of the board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • director: A member of the board of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • director: A member of the board of a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Industrial Development and Training Institute. See Alabama Code 41-29-281
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Office of Apprenticeship. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the district. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • director: The director appointed by the commission pursuant to Section 8-6-55 or, in the absence of the director or his or her inability to act, the deputy director appointed by the director as provided in Section 8-6-57. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • director: A member of the board of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • DISCRIMINATORY HOUSING PRACTICE: An act that is unlawful under this chapter. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribute: To offer for sale, sell, exchange or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • distribution: The movement of nursery stock from the property where it is grown or kept to any other property that is not contiguous thereto, regardless of the ownership of the properties concerned. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • DISTRIBUTION FORMULA: The percentage of the total state population residing in a district, compared to the total state population residing in all districts statewide, based upon the latest census data or estimates compiled by or for the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • distributor: Any person who distributes. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • distributor: Any person who imports, consigns, manufactures, produces, compounds, mixes or blends commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material or who offers for sale, sells, barters or otherwise supplies commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material in this state or for use in this state. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • district: A geographical area designated by the Governor as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • district: A fire fighting district established by the Elmore County Firefighters Association. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • district: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • district: A communication district created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • district: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • DOLOMITIC LIMESTONE: A calcareous rock composed of calcium and magnesium carbonates with a minimum elemental magnesium (Mg) content of six percent. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • donor: The United States of America, or the state, or any county in the state or any municipality or any department, division, board, bureau, institution, or agency of any of the foregoing, or any person, firm or corporation, institution, foundation, or other agency or any combination of any two or more such donors. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • DRIVEAWAY-TOWAWAY OPERATION: Any operation in which any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer, singly or in combination, new or used, constitutes the commodity being transported, when one set or more of wheels of any such vehicle are on the roadway during the course of transportation, whether or not any such vehicle furnishes the motive power. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • drug: Any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and substances other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG COURT: A judicial intervention program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court that incorporates the ten key components as enumerated in subsection (f) of Section 12-23A-4 and may include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG COURT COORDINATOR: An individual who is responsible for coordinating the establishment, staffing, operation, evaluation, and integrity of the drug court. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • DRUG COURT TEAM: Consists of all of the following members who are assigned to the drug court:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG OFFENDER: A person charged with or convicted of a drug-related offense or an offense in which substance abuse is determined from the evidence to have been a significant factor in the commission of the offense and who has applied for or been accepted to participate in a drug court program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • drugs: All medicinal substances and preparations recognized by the United States Pharmacopoeia and National Formulary, or any revision thereof, and all substances and preparations intended for external and internal use in the cure, diagnosis, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease and all substances and preparations other than food intended to affect the structure or any function of the body. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • dwelling: Any building or structure, or portion of any building or structure, which is occupied as, or designed or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families, and any vacant land which is offered for sale or lease for the construction or location on it of any such building or structure, or portion of it. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • dwelling: Any occupied or unoccupied building, structure, or other improvement to real property used or expected to be used as a dwelling for one or more persons, including specifically but not limited to the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02

  • DWELLING UNIT: One or more habitable rooms which are occupied, intended, or designed to be occupied by one or more families with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES: Any developmental services that:

    a. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3

  • EARLY INTERVENTION SYSTEM: The total effort in the state that is directed at meeting the needs of eligible infants and toddlers and their families. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OR SETTING: Any building, structure, or location whether public or private property, or vehicle, utilized to or involved in the providing of education, training, instruction, or supervision to children or transportation in connection with such activity provided by a local employing board or nonpublic school. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICE: A self-balancing, two non-tandem wheeled device designed to transport only one person with an electric propulsion system with an average power of 750 watts (1 h. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • ELIGIBLE EMPLOYER: As defined in Section 40-18-421. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • ELIGIBLE FACILITIES: Any convention facilities owned by a city, county, or entities or authorities thereof in which the bonds for the facilities are issued after the effective date hereof, or such facilities for which the construction, or substantial expansion, reconstruction, or renovation is completed after May 11, 1989. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • ELIGIBLE INFANTS AND TODDLERS: Individuals, from birth through age two, inclusive, who need early intervention services because of one or both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3

  • ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT: Includes:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-97-2

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: Except as provided in Sections 31-12-5, 31-12-6, 31-12-7, and 31-12-8, any person employed by a public or private employer. See Alabama Code 31-12-1
  • employee: Any person covered by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Section 16-25A-11 or person who is employed full-time in any public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provides instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; provided, any person employed part-time by any public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provides instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, shall be included in the definition of employee if such person shall agree to have deducted from his or her compensation a pro rata portion of the premium cost of a full-time employee, based on the percentage of time such person is employed, in accordance with such rules and regulations as shall be adopted by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • employee: Any person not exempt pursuant to Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • employee: Any person who is an employee of any governmental entity located in the state who may become eligible for post-employment benefits from the governmental entity. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • EMPLOYEE CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employee or retiree as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • employer: An individual or organization employing an apprentice whether or not the individual or organization is a party to an apprenticeship agreement with the apprentice. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • employer: Any governmental entity that sponsors, in whole or in part, post-employment benefits. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employer as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • ENHANCED USE LEASE AREA: Any area of a military installation which contains underutilized real or personal property, or both, that is leased by a secretary of a military department to a lessee pursuant to the authority provided in Title 10 U. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • ENTOMOLOGICAL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescriptions for the control or eradication of any insect pest or rodent or for actual spraying, dusting, fumigating, or any other methods used for the control or eradication of any insect pest or rodent. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • equipment: All materials, appliances, devices, fixtures, fittings, or accessories installed in or used in the manufacture and assembly of a manufactured building. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • ESSENTIAL PARTS: All integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder, the removal, alteration, or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter its appearance, model, type, or mode of operation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ESTABLISHED PLACE OF BUSINESS: The place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by a dealer or manufacturer where his or her books and records are kept and a large share of his or her business is transacted. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ESTIMATED INVESTMENT MULTIPLIER: The number of times initial expenditures by delegates will be respent on additional goods and services in this state, as determined in Section 11-100-4(h). See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • facility: All or any part of either or both of (i) a solid waste disposal facility, and (ii) a resource recovery facility, including all land, rights-of-way, property rights, franchise rights, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, fixtures, and all other property, rights, easements, and interests necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • facility: Property or collections of property used to provide utility services, including all land, rights-of-way, property rights, franchise rights, buildings and other structures, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, fixtures, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, pipes, aqueducts, and all other property, rights, easements, and interests necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FARM TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • FCC ORDER: The order of the Federal Communications Commission, FCC Docket No. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL POVERTY LEVEL: Income level determined in Section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act 2 (42 U. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • FEDERAL SECURITIES: Direct obligations of the United States for the payment of which the full faith and credit of the United States is pledged, or obligations issued by a person controlled or supervised by and acting as an instrumentality of the United States, the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on which is fully and unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation by the United States. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • FEDERAL SECURITIES: Direct obligations of the United States of America for the payment of which the full faith and credit of the United States of America is pledged, or obligations issued by a person controlled or supervised by and acting as an instrumentality of the United States of America, the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on which is fully and unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation by the United States of America. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • FEDERALLY FUNDED DUTY OTHER THAN TRAINING: Any duty performed in an operational role for homeland security in accordance with Title 32 U. See Alabama Code 31-12-1
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • FEED DISTRIBUTOR: Any person residing in Alabama, or any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that sells directly to a ratite producer feed of any sort that is intended for ratite consumption regardless of where the feed is manufactured. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • FEED INGREDIENT: Each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • fees: Moneys to be paid to the commission from any and all persons, firms, companies, corporations, and manufacturers engaged in the manufacture or installation of manufactured buildings. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FERTILIZER MATERIAL: A commercial fertilizer containing one or more of the recognized plant nutrients, which is used primarily for its plant nutrient content and which either:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-22-2

  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fiduciary: A trustee of a testamentary trust or of any express trust, a guardian of the estate of a minor, a guardian, committee or conservator of the estate of an incompetent person, an executor of a will, an administrator of the estate of a decedent or an advisor or consultant exercising control over a testamentary or express trust. See Alabama Code 19-2-1
  • fiduciary: Includes a personal representative or trustee. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • fiduciary account: shall mean any account for which the bank or trust company has investment responsibility. See Alabama Code 19-4A-1
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • fineness: The percentage by weight of the material which will pass U. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies, or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION FEE: A fee for fire protection and emergency medical services levied by the commission pursuant to the authorizing amendment and this part. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including but not limited to discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including, but not limited to, discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires or inspecting property for fire hazards or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • FISCAL YEAR: An annually recurring period of time that begins on October 1 and concludes on September 30. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • FISCAL YEAR: A fiscal year of an authorizing subdivision. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • FISCAL YEAR: The annual period at the end of which a governmental entity determines its financial condition. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • FLAMMABLE LIQUID: Any liquid which has a flash point of 70 F. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • FLOWER SEED: The seeds of all plants grown for ornamental purposes, either for domestic or commercial purposes, and which are generally known and sold under the name of flower seed in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • FOREIGN VEHICLE: Every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder brought into this state from another state, territory, or country other than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and not registered in this state. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • foundation: The Military Stability Foundation, an Alabama nonprofit corporation incorporated on September 8, 2011. See Alabama Code 31-14-2
  • fund: The First Responder Wireless Commission Fund. See Alabama Code 31-9C-1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • gasb: The Governmental Accounting Standards Board. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • germination: The percentage of seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed or obviously abnormal sprouts nor hard seeds). See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • GOVERNING BODY: The council, commission, board of directors, or other group or body which governs, controls, or makes decisions for a grantee. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a municipality and, with respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: The governing body of a county or municipality in the state which is now or may hereafter be specifically designated in 40 C. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, the county commission and, with respect to a municipality, the council, commission or other governing body of such municipality. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body, and with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a municipality and, with respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county and, with respect to an instrumentality or Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, its board of directors or other like governing body duly constituted to exercise the ultimate decision-making functions of such instrumentality or said Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, as the case may be. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the city, its city council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners or other like governing body and, with respect to a public corporation or a cooperative, its board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body and, with respect to a public corporation, its board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission, council, board of commissioners, board of directors, or other governing body of any issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body, and with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: The board or body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality or county are vested; provided, that this division shall not authorize any county, city or town to construct an undertaking provided for in paragraph (1) a of this section in any city or town or in any portion of a county which is then adequately served by a like undertaking or undertaking performing the proposed service; provided further, that nothing contained in this division shall authorize the construction or operation of an undertaking for the purpose of manufacturing ice for sale at retail or for retail to the public. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • GOVERNING BODY: Court of county commissioners, board of revenue, or other like governing body with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY: Any political subdivision of the state, any department, agency, board, commission, or authority of any such political subdivision, or any public corporation, authority, agency, instrumentality, board, commission, state college, university, or other governmental entity controlled by or otherwise associated with any political subdivision. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • GOVERNMENTAL USER: Any county or municipality, or any instrumentality of either thereof (including, without limitation to, any corporation incorporated hereunder) or Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, that receives, participates in, or otherwise partakes of utility services pursuant to a utility services agreement. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • grade: The percentages of total nitrogen, available phosphorus and soluble potassium stated in whole numbers in the same terms, order and percentages as in the guaranteed analysis; provided, that fertilizer materials, bone meal, manures and similar raw materials may be guaranteed in fractional units. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grant: Any gift, grant, appropriation, donation, or advance by any donor, whether absolute or conditional, for any purpose. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • grantee: Any municipality, or any department, board, bureau, commissioner, or agency of any municipality, whether incorporated or not, acting on behalf of the municipality, or any public corporation, to which a grant is to be made. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • grantee: The several existing regional planning and development commissions, as provided for in Sections 11-85-50 to 11-85-73, inclusive. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • greenfield: Any real property not previously developed. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • GROSS WEIGHT: The weight of a vehicle without load plus the weight of any load thereon. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • GROUND SHELLS: A product obtained by the grinding of shells of mollusks and which shall carry the name of mollusk origin. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • growth: The amount by which projected revenue in the Education Trust Fund for the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made is anticipated to exceed projected revenue for the prior fiscal year. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • gst: The generation-skipping transfer tax imposed by Chapter 13 of the Internal Revenue Code. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • guaranteed: Guaranteed as to payment of principal, interest, or dividends. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: The minimum percentage of plant nutrients claimed in the following order and form:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • guarantor: The guarantor of the performance by the lessee of its obligations under a lease or the guarantor of any industrial revenue bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • handicap: With respect to a person:

    a. See Alabama Code 24-8-3

  • HARD SEEDS: The percentage of seeds which because of hardness or impermeability do not absorb moisture or germinate under prescribed tests but remain hard during the period prescribed for germination of the kind of seed concerned. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • HEALTH INSURANCE PREMIUM: The total health insurance cost under a health insurance plan with respect to each class of employees or retirees. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • heliport: An airport designed primarily for use by helicopters. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • heliport: An airport designed primarily for use by helicopters. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • HORTICULTURAL AND FLORICULTURAL WORK: Receiving fees for landscaping and setting of plants, or for the sale of any plants for which the seller contracts to render future services. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • HOSPICE CARE PROGRAM: A hospice care program licensed as a hospice care program under regulations of the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • hospital: An institution licensed as a hospital under regulations of the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • HOSPITAL TAX: Any taxes which may be levied for the benefit of a corporation or the proceeds of which may have been appropriated to a corporation by the Legislature of the state or by the governing body of an authorizing subdivision. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • host: Any plant or plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • HOUSE TRAILER: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • HOUSING FOR OLDER PERSONS: Housing:

    a. See Alabama Code 24-8-3

  • HYBRID SEED CORN: The first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two, three or four inbred lines or by combining one inbred line or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • HYDRATED LIME: A material made from burnt lime which consists essentially of calcium hydroxide or a combination of calcium hydroxide with magnesium oxide and/or magnesium hydroxide. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • ILLICIT DISCHARGE: Any discharge to a municipal separate storm sewer that is not composed entirely of storm water, except discharges pursuant to an NPDES permit (other than the NPDES permit for discharges from the municipal separate storm sewer) and discharges resulting from fire fighting and emergency management activities. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPLEMENT OF HUSBANDRY: Every vehicle designed and adapted exclusively for agricultural, horticultural, or livestock raising operations or for lifting or carrying an implement of husbandry and in either case not subject to registration if used upon the highways. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • improvement: Any sanitary sewage treatment or sewage disposal plant or any sanitary sewer, including mains, laterals, trunk lines, collector lines, outfall lines, force mains, and appurtenant facilities. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • improvident: With respect to any industrial revenue bonds the term means that there is a reasonable probability that the bonds will be deficient in one or more of the following respects:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • incorporators: The natural persons filing a written application for the incorporation or reincorporation of an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • incorporators: The natural persons filing a written application for the incorporation or reincorporation of an authority pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • incorporators: The natural persons filing a written application for the incorporation of an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by the authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by the authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • indenture: Any mortgage, indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for its bonds. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • indenture: A mortgage, mortgage indenture, mortgage and trust indenture, or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for any of its securities. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • INDIVIDUALIZED FAMILY SERVICE PLAN: A process which includes the development of a written plan containing the required elements designed to address the needs of eligible infants and toddlers and their families in accordance with Section 1477 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • INDUSTRIAL ACCESS ROADS AND BRIDGES: The planning, design, and construction of roads and bridges on the public highway and street system providing access to active military installations or property used primarily for military purposes or to projects that conduct an activity specified in subdivision (1) of Section 40-18-372, including necessary right-of-way and utility activities provided by state law. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • INDUSTRIAL BY-PRODUCT USED AS LIMING MATERIALS: Any industrial by-product containing calcium or calcium and magnesium in forms that will neutralize acidity. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • INDUSTRIAL REVENUE BONDS: The bonds, warrants, notes, certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations issued by any issuer under the authority of the authorizing act to finance or refinance a project or to refund bonds, but does not include either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • INERT MATTER: All matter not seeds, including, among others, broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies and stones, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • infestation: The actual presence of plant pests and/or noxious weeds or the existence of circumstances that make it reasonable to believe plant pests and/or noxious weeds are present. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • infested: Actually infested with a boll weevil or so exposed to infestation that it would be reasonable to believe that an infestation exists. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insignia: A label, seal, or data plate issued by the commission to indicate compliance with the codes and requirements established by the commission pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • install: The assembly of a manufactured building, components of manufactured building on site and the process of affixing a manufactured building to land, a foundation, footings or an existing building and service connections which are a part thereof. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • instrumentality: With respect to any county or municipality, any public corporation, public authority, board, commission or other similar body that is incorporated, established, or controlled by such county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • insurance: as used in this chapter includes the term "annuity" and the term "policy" includes the term "contract. See Alabama Code 11-91-1
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERNAL REVENUE CODE: The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended from time to time and successor provisions and codifications thereof. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • intersection: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER: Any person, who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities, or who, for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER REPRESENTATIVE: Any partner, officer, director of (or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions) or other individual employed by or associated with an investment adviser, except clerical or ministerial personnel, who:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • issuer: Every person who proposes to issue, has issued, or shall hereafter issue any security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • issuer: A person who places, or authorizes the placing of, his name on a security other than as a transfer agent to evidence that it represents a share, participation, or other interest in his property or in an enterprise or to evidence his duty to perform an obligation evidenced by the security or who becomes responsible for or in place of any such person. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • issuer: Any county, city, town, municipality, or public corporation issuing industrial revenue bonds under the authorizing act. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The Judge of Probate of Elmore County. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • JUDICIAL VALIDATION: The procedure described in Section 8-6-119 by which industrial revenue bonds may be validated and culminating in a decree of the circuit court validating the bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: One or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively are known by one common name, for example, wheat, oat, vetch, sweet clover, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • label: A display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • label: All written, printed or graphic matter displayed upon the immediate container of or statement accompanying a commercial fertilizer, fertilizer material, soil conditioner or soil amendment. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • label: Any written or printed matter on or attached to the package or delivery ticket which accompanies a bulk shipment. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic representations in any form whatsoever accompanying and pertaining to any seed, whether in bulk or in containers, and such term includes invoices and other bills of shipment. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter

    a. See Alabama Code 2-21-17

  • labeling: All written, printed or graphic matter upon or accompanying any commercial fertilizer, soil conditioner or soil amendment and all advertisements, brochures, posters or television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of such products. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • LABOR UNION: Any organization of any kind in which employees participate for the purpose of dealing with one or more employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hour of employment, or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • LANED ROADWAY: A roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • LEAD AGENCY: The Alabama Department of Education. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • lease: The lease, installment purchase, or other agreement by which the lessee obtains the right to use the project and agrees to make payments sufficient to pay the principal of and interest on the industrial revenue bonds issued to finance or refinance the project. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • LEGEND DRUG: Any drug, medicine, chemical, or poison bearing on the label the words, "caution, federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription" or similar wording indicating that such drug, medicine, chemical, or poison may be sold or dispensed only upon the prescription of a licensed medical practitioner. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • legislature: The Legislature of the state. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • lessee: The lessee, purchaser, or user of a project under the lease. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • licensee: A person who has been issued a license to manufacture and sell commercial fertilizer and fertilizer material under the requirements of Section 2-22-5. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: An agency, board, commission, or other office with the authority to require occupational fees or issue licensing requirements for practice of an apprenticeable occupation. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIGHT REFLECTANCE: The ratio of the amount of total light that is reflected outward by a product or material to the amount of total light falling on the product or material. See Alabama Code 32-5C-1
  • LIGHT TRANSMISSION: The ratio of the amount of total light, expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass through a surface to the amount of light falling on the surface. See Alabama Code 32-5C-1
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Any animal maintained in captivity for any reason. See Alabama Code 2-15-150
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equidae, ratites, poultry, and catfish. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration, or collection point or other public or private place where a person assembles livestock for either public or private sale by himself or herself and the service or the cost or expense thereof is compensated by the owner of the livestock on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET OWNER: A person engaged in the business of conducting or operating a public livestock market whether personally or through agents or employees. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • LOCAL AUTHORITIES: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • LOCAL COORDINATING COUNCIL: A working group of interagency representatives, parents and other family members, and others at the local or regional level. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • LOCAL EMPLOYING BOARD: Any public county or city school system which falls under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Education and the State Superintendent of Education, the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, the Alabama School of Fine Arts, the Department of Youth Services School District, the Alabama High School of Mathematics and Science, and any public educational employer covered by this chapter but not specifically enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • LOCAL FINANCE OFFICER: The legally authorized officer or agent responsible for receipt and disbursement of the revenues of a taxing authority. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • LOCAL GOVERNING BODY: The governing body of a county or municipality which proposes to create or has created a tax increment district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • LOCAL GOVERNMENT: Any county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-106-3
  • LOCAL GOVERNMENT: A city or county government. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • LOCAL IMPACT ISSUE: Any adoption or amendment by a local government of a proposed zoning plan, comprehensive master plan, or land development regulations that, if approved, may or will significantly affect any area or airspace that is within two miles of a military installation. See Alabama Code 11-106-3
  • LOT OF SEED: A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors which appear in the labeling. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • mail: To deposit in the United States mail properly addressed and with postage prepaid. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • manufacture: To grind, mix or blend, or further process, a commercial feed for distribution. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • manufacture: The process of making, fabricating, constructing, forming or assembling a product from raw, unfinished or semifinished materials. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • MANUFACTURED BUILDING: A closed structure, building assembly or systems of subassemblies, which may include structural, electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilating, utility service lines, footings, foundations, porches, or other service systems manufactured in manufacturing facilities, for installation or erection, with or without other specified components, as a finished building or as a part of a finished building, which shall include, but not be limited to, residential dwelling units, commercial, institutional, storage, and industrial structures. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • manufacturer: A person who produces or assembles a vehicle glass-coating material or who fabricates, laminates, or tempers a safety-glazing material, which material reduces light transmission. See Alabama Code 32-5C-1
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • material: Any transparent product or substance which reduces light transmission. See Alabama Code 32-5C-1
  • materials: Infected barns or other infected structures or parts thereof and farm products, clothing, straw, hay or other feed for animals and other articles stored or contained in or adjacent to such barns or other structures. See Alabama Code 2-15-150
  • MEDICARE RETIREE: A retiree entitled to benefits under the federal Medicare program (Subchapter XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • member: Any county, municipality, or public corporation which elects one or more directors to the board of a district. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • MEMBER GOVERNING BODY: A governing body that joins a public corporation established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING: A written document setting forth an agreed upon procedure. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • METAL TIRE: Every tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MILITARY INSTALLATION: A federal or state military fort, base, camp, post, station, yard, depot, arsenal, armory, or other installation, if located within the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 31-14-2
  • MILITARY INSTALLATION: Any base, camp, post, station, airfield, yard, center, or any other land area under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Defense, including any leased facility, the total acreage of which installation is in excess of 500 acres. See Alabama Code 11-106-3
  • MILITARY INSTALLATION: A federal military fort, base, camp, post, station, yard, depot, arsenal, armory, or installation. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • mixture: Seed consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • model: A specific design of manufactured building which is based on size, room arrangement, method of construction, location arrangement, or size of plumbing, heating, or electrical equipment systems. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • MODULAR HOME: A manufactured building built and inspected in accordance with a national building code and in compliance with the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • mortgage: The classes of liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real property, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured by the mortgage. See Alabama Code 18-4-2
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MOTOR-DRIVEN CYCLE: Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor that produces not more than five brake horsepower nor exceeds 150 cubic centimeter engine displacement, and weighs less than 200 pounds fully equipped, and every bicycle with a motor attached. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • multidisciplinary: The involvement of two or more disciplines or professions in the provision of integrated and coordinated services, including evaluation and assessment activities and development of the individualized family service plan. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORM SEWER: A conveyance or system of conveyances, including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, manmade channels, or storm drains:

    (i) Owned or operated by a city, town, county, association, or other public body;

    (ii) Designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water;

    (iii) Which is not a combined sewer; and

    (iv) Which is not part of a publicly owned treatment works as defined in 40 C. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2

  • municipality: Any city or town incorporated under the laws of the state. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • municipality: Any municipal corporation wholly or partially within the county of incorporation. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • municipality: An incorporated municipality in the state. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • municipality: Any of the incorporated municipal corporations of the state, whether classified as city or town. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town in this state. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • municipality: Cities or towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • municipality: An incorporated municipality in the state. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • municipality: Any incorporated municipality in this state. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • municipality: Such term shall include any incorporated city or town in the state. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NATIONAL OR REGIONAL MEETING: A meeting, convention, show, or other function which is intended primarily for delegates from outside the state. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • NET INTEREST INCOME: Interest earned from an investment, net of that which represents a return of accrued interest, and the amount required to offset the amortization of any premium, paid in connection with the purchase of such investment. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of a district, to the area or areas in which that district is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NON-MEDICARE RETIREE: A retiree not entitled to benefits under the federal Medicare program (Subchapter XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • NONCERTIFIED APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT: Any person not certified by the state who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school, to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • nonissuer: Not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPUBLIC SCHOOL: Any nonpublic or private school, including parochial schools, not under the jurisdiction of the State Superintendent of Education and the State Board of Education, yet providing educational services to children. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • nonresident: Every person who is not a resident of this state. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • notes: The warrant anticipation notes authorized to be issued under this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • notification: The instrument or the procedure, or both, by which an issuer is required by this article to notify the director prior to the proposed issuance of industrial revenue bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • NOXIOUS WEED: Any living stage, including, but not limited to, seeds and productive parts of a parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which may be a serious agricultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • nursery: Any grounds or premises on or in which nursery stock is grown or propagated for sale or distribution. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • NURSERY STOCK: All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution or sale, unless specifically excluded by the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • nurseryman: Any person engaged in the production of nursery stock for sale or distribution to include any person who obtains nursery stock for the purpose of growing it to a more mature size over a period of one growing season or more. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • NURSING FACILITY: An institution licensed as a nursing facility or intermediate care facility under regulations of the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • offer to sell: includes every attempt to offer or dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • office: Office of ADECA. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • officer: A president, vice-president, treasurer, secretary, comptroller, or any other person performing similar functions with respect to any organization whether incorporated or unincorporated. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • OFFICIAL SAMPLE: A sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his agent in accordance with Section 2-21-26. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • OFFICIAL SAMPLE: Any sample of commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material taken by the commissioner or his agent as prescribed in Section 2-22-11 and designated as official by the commissioner. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES: All signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this title placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • OPEN CONSTRUCTION: Any building, building component, assembly or systems manufactured in such a manner that all portions can be readily inspected at the site without disassembly, damage to or destruction thereof. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • OPERATIONAL AREA: The parcels of realty within a county, previously conveyed to the United States of America, which formerly comprised a military installation, and all property in adjacent areas of close proximity to the military installation within the corporate limits of any municipality whose corporate limits lie in whole or in part within the operational area of the authority that is necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • OPTION TO REDEEM: Any option retained by the county or municipality in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of securities whereunder such county or municipality has the option of calling for redemption or of paying on a specified date or dates at a specified price or prices all or any part of such securities as may be provided in such proceedings. See Alabama Code 11-82-1
  • OPTIONAL COVERAGE: Health insurance coverage offered to employees and retirees for dental, cancer, indemnity, vision, or such other coverage the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board deems appropriate in lieu of coverage under the basic medical plan. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • OTHER CROP SEED: The seed of all kinds or varieties of agricultural or vegetable seeds not of the kind or variety declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • OTHER EMPLOYER GROUP HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE: Group health insurance coverage available to an employee or retiree through an employer other than the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • OTHER FACILITY: Any land, right in land, building, structure, machinery, equipment or facility useful for or in connection with any housing or residential project or facility, or any educational project or facility, or any stadium, coliseum, fair ground, exhibition or athletic building or any other recreational facility, or any manufacturing, commercial, research or related facility for the promotion or development of industry or trade or any one or more or all of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • OTHER ORIGINATING SERVICE PROVIDER: An entity other than a voice communication service provider that delivers real-time communication between a person needing assistance and an E-911 system. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person owning one or more dwellings or commercial buildings. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • parent: A parent, a guardian, a person acting as a parent of a child, or an appointed surrogate parent. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • PARTICIPATING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality named in the articles that elects to participate in the incorporation or reincorporation of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PASSENGER CAR: Every motor vehicle, except motorcycles and motor-driven cycles, designed for carrying 10 passengers or less and used for the transportation of persons. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • PATHOLOGICAL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescriptions for the control or eradication of any plant disease, for actual spraying, or any other methods used for the control or eradication of any plant disease. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • pedestrian: Any person afoot. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • peehip: The Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • permit: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted designations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • PERMITTED ANALYTICAL VARIATION: Allowances for the inherent variability in sampling and in laboratory analyses of guaranteed components, as published by the Association of American Feed Control Officials from time to time in its official publication. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • person: An individual, association, partnership, corporation or other private entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, association or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association or agency. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • person: The state, a municipality, a county, or any political subdivision or agency of the state or county or a municipality, a public corporation, or any private corporation, individual, partnership, trust, or foundation. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • person: Such term includes individual, partnership, corporation, cooperatives and associations. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 18-4-2
  • person: Any individual, partnership, association, firm, corporation or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • person: One or more individuals, corporations, partnerships, associations, labor organizations, legal representatives, mutual companies, joint-stock companies, trusts, unincorporated organizations, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, receivers, and fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • person: Any natural person, public or private corporation (including, without limitation to, any corporation incorporated hereunder), partnership, trust, foundation, government or governmental body, political subdivision, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state, or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, a cooperative, or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality or cooperative. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • person: Such term shall include a natural person, a corporation created under the laws of this or any other state, country, sovereignty, or political subdivision thereof, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, and any unincorporated organization. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • person: Such term includes a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state, or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 2-15-131
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE: An executor, administrator, special administrator, or a person who performs substantially the same function under the law governing the person's status, and a successor to any of the above. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • pet: Any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household of the owner thereof. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PLACE OF PRIMARY USE: The street address representative of where the customer's use of the mobile telecommunications service primarily occurs, which must be:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-98-1

  • places: Vessels, railroad cars, automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, buildings, docks, nurseries, orchards and other premises where plants or plant products are grown, kept or handled. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • PLANT PEST: Any living stage of any insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, or other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants or reproductive parts thereof, or viruses, or any organisms similar to or allied with any of the foregoing, or any infectious substances which can directly or indirectly injure or cause disease or damage in any plants or parts thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other products of plants and which may be a serious agricultural or horticultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • PNEUMATIC TIRE: Every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • POLE TRAILER: Every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes, or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • POLICE OFFICER: Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • policies: The state statutes, regulations, orders of the Governor, directives by the lead agency, participating agencies, the Executive Committee, or other written documents that represent the position of the state concerning any matter within the purview of this chapter. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • policy: includes the term "contract. See Alabama Code 11-91-1
  • POST-EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS: Non-pension benefits sponsored in whole or in part by a governmental entity and paid in whole or in part by a governmental entity on behalf of retired employees or their dependents after separation from service in accordance with the terms of the relevant plan providing such benefits. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of a corporation are kept. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of the authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws and the minutes of proceedings of the board of a district are kept. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of proceedings of the board of a district are kept. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of an authority are kept. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • PRIOR FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year immediately prior to the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • PROBATE JUDGE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • PROBATE JUDGE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • processing: The passing of seed through a cleaning machine for the purpose of removing some constituent or through a blending machine or grinding of the seed for other uses. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • PRODUCT NAME: The name of the commercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class or specific use. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • program: The Military Stability Program established by this chapter. See Alabama Code 31-14-2
  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for park or recreation purposes. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1

  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties, within the operational area of an authority, deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, and which shall be suitable for the promotion of the purposes of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • project: Any low-rent housing hereafter developed or acquired by the authority with financial assistance of the United States of America acting through the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See Alabama Code 24-7-1
  • project: Interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in the city. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • project: Undertakings and activities of a public entity in a tax increment district for a. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • project: Any capital improvement, facility, structure, building, property, or appurtenances thereto of any nature, type, or description which any member is authorized by any law of the state to own, acquire, construct, or finance. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • project: Any land, plant, building, facilities, equipment, or other property proposed to be acquired with the proceeds of any industrial revenue bonds to be used by a lessee under a lease. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the United States. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • PROJECT COSTS: Any expenditures made or estimated to be made or monetary obligations incurred or estimated to be incurred by a public entity, which in the case of expenditures for or within a Major 21st Century Manufacturing Zone may be incurred directly by the public entity or by a private entity with funds granted by, or otherwise made available from, a public entity, which are listed in a project plan as costs of public works or improvements or, in the case of improvements within a Major 21st Century Manufacturing Zone, public works or improvements or private improvements, within a tax increment district, plus any costs incidental thereto, diminished by any special assessments, received or reasonably expected to be received by the public entity in connection with the implementation of the project plan. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • PROJECT PLAN: The properly approved plan for the development or redevelopment of a tax increment district, including all properly approved amendments thereto. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • property: Includes real and personal property, and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • property: Only land which has been subdivided and platted. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • provider: Any person that provides utility services to any user pursuant to a utility services agreement. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • PUBLIC AGENCY: A department, commission, council, board, division, service, private community provider, or an office or administration that is responsible for providing services to eligible infants and toddlers and their families pursuant to this chapter, including, but not limited to, the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3

  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any board, authority, or other municipal public corporation incorporated with the approval of, or the directors of which are elected or appointed by, the governing body of a municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation organized under the laws of the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation organized under the laws of the state. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC ENTITY: Any municipality or county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 2-16-1
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, municipal corporation, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 11-86A-1
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, city, town, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, city, town, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • PUBLIC PERSON: Any agency, board, commission, department, instrumentality, or corporation of the State of Alabama, any county, municipality, or other political subdivision of the State of Alabama, and any public authority, board, or corporation created by any county or municipality or of which any county or municipality is a member. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • PUBLIC REVENUES: Any one or more of the items of tax proceeds and other revenues that a municipality or county is authorized to pledge for its bonds under the provisions of Section 11-81-16. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • PUBLIC SAFETY AGENCY: An agency of the State of Alabama, or a functional division of a political subdivision, that provides fire fighting, rescue, natural or man-caused disaster, or major emergency response, law enforcement, ambulance, or emergency medical services. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES: All tangible and intangible property and interests in property, whether real, personal or mixed, used or useful for educational and public school purposes and related purposes, including without limitation land and rights or interests in land, school buildings and playgrounds, classrooms, libraries, auditoriums, gymnasiums, recreational and sport facilities, stadiums, arenas, facilities for the performing arts, offices, school buses, buildings for housing and repairing school buses, cafeterias and dining facilities, laboratories, office facilities, equipment, furniture and fixtures, telecommunication facilities, heating and cooling facilities, and related property. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, a cooperative, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE: Includes all service involved in the transportation of passengers for hire by means of street railway, elevated railway, subway, underground railroad, motor vehicles, or other means of conveyance generally associated with or developed for mass surface or subsurface transportation of the public, but does not include any service involved in transportation by taxicab, airport limousine, or industrial bus. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, a cooperative, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PURE SEED: The seed of the kind or kind and variety of agricultural, tree, shrub or vegetable seed declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • purpose: The authorized purposes of an authority, which include acquiring, holding, improving, installing, constructing, owning, leasing, developing, performing environmental restoration and remediation, selling, and otherwise disposing of the real and personal property within its operational area for any use, subject to governmental land use restrictions or authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • railroad: A carrier of persons or property upon cars other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ratite: One of a variety of flightless birds including an ostrich, emu, rhea, cassowary, or kiwi. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • RATITE PRODUCER: Any person residing in Alabama, or any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that owns or has a financial investment in ratites located in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • REASONABLE SUSPICION: Belief by a prudent person that reasonable articulable grounds exist to suspect that the past or present behavior of an employee should be reviewed to determine if such behavior or conduct bears upon the fitness of the employee to teach or have responsibility for the safety and well-being of children, or both, as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • recidivism: A subsequent conviction or plea of nolo contendere in this or any other state or federal court of the United States within three years of successful completion of, or termination from, drug court for any offense carrying a sentence of one year or more. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • recipient: A person, entity, association, or governmental entity which receives monies from the program. See Alabama Code 31-14-2
  • RECONSTRUCTED VEHICLE: Every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition, or substitution of essential parts, new or used. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • RECOVERED RESOURCE: Material or energy in any form whatsoever, including but not limited to steam, gas, or electricity, which are or may be collected or recovered from or with respect to solid waste. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • REDEMPTION DATE: The date on which securities shall be made subject to payment pursuant to the exercise by the issuing county or municipality of any option to redeem retained by such county or municipality in the proceedings whereunder such securities are authorized to be issued. See Alabama Code 11-82-1
  • REFUNDABLE DEBT: With respect to any board, (i) any valid indebtedness of such board evidenced by warrants issued pursuant to the provisions of this article, and (ii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board issued pursuant to any provision of law other than this article, and (iii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board incurred pursuant to any agreement (including without limitation a funding agreement or lease agreement) by such board and a public person whereunder such board shall make payments (including without limitation rental payments) to such public person to enable such public person to pay valid indebtedness or obligations thereof incurred for the benefit of such board, and (iv) any valid indebtedness or obligations of any public person incurred on behalf, or for the benefit, of such board. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in a regional planning and development commission as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • registrant: An applicant for whom a registration has been declared effective by the commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • REGULATED ARTICLE: Any article of any character carrying or capable of carrying the boll weevil, including but not limited to, cotton plants, seed cotton, other hosts, gin trash, and mechanical cotton pickers. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • regulations: The regulations implementing Part H of Public Law 99-457 as amended (20 U. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • relapse: A return to substance use after a period of abstinence from substance abuse. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • reservation: Any land, the title to which is held by the Mowa Band of Choctaw Indians. See Alabama Code 24-7-1
  • RESERVE COMPONENT OF THE ARMED FORCES: The United States Army Reserve, United States Navy Reserve, United States Marine Corps Reserve, United States Coast Guard Reserve, United States Air Force Reserve, and Alabama National Guard. See Alabama Code 31-12-1
  • RESIDENCE DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY: Any single-family owner-occupied residential property, historic buildings, or sites classified or assessed as Class III property, pursuant to Section 217 of Article XI of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • RESORT AREA: An area located outside the corporate limits of any municipality in which the primary use of the majority of the real property is for recreational pursuits or those associated with relaxation, avocation, or pleasure, including vacation homes and facilities and commercial amusement or recreational establishments providing such facilities or goods or services with respect thereto. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • RESOURCE RECOVERY FACILITY: Such term shall include any land, building, plant, system, facility, equipment, or other property, or any combination of either thereof, used or useful or capable of future use in connection with the extracting, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RETIRED EMPLOYEE: A former employee of a governmental entity who is eligible for post-employment benefits from the governmental entity. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • RETIRED EMPLOYEE: Any person receiving a monthly benefit from the Teachers' Retirement System who at the time of his or her retirement was employed by a public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provided instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or pursuant to Section 16-25A-11. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • retiree: Same as "Retired Employee. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • REVENUE BONDS: Bonds issued by a city, county or authority which are limited or special, rather than general obligations of the issuer and which are not payable from the proceeds of an ad valorem tax. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • REVENUE COMMISSIONER: The Revenue Commissioner of Elmore County. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • revenues: All rentals, receipts, income, and other charges derived or received or to be derived or received by the authority from any of the following: The operation by the authority of a facility or facilities, or part of either thereof; the sale, including installment sales or conditional sales, lease, sublease, or use or other disposition of any facility or portion thereof; the sale, lease, or other disposition of recovered resources; contracts, agreements, or franchises with respect to a facility (or portion thereof), with respect to recovered resources, or with respect to a facility (or portion thereof) and recovered resources, including but not limited to charges with respect to the disposal of solid waste received with respect to a facility, income received as a result of the sale or other disposition of recovered resources; any gift or grant received with respect thereto; proceeds of bonds to the extent of use thereof for payment of principal of, premium, if any, or interest on the bonds as authorized by the authority; proceeds from any insurance, condemnation, or guaranty pertaining to a facility or property mortgaged to secure bonds or pertaining to the financing of a facility; income and profit from the investment of the proceeds of bonds or of any revenues and the proceeds of any special tax to which it may be entitled. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • revenues: All rentals, receipts, income, and other charges derived or received or to be derived or received by the corporation, from any of the following: The operation by the corporation of a facility or facilities, or part of either thereof; the sale, including installment sales or conditional sales, lease, sublease, or use or other disposition of any facility or portion thereof; repayment of any loan with respect to any facility or the operation thereof; contracts, agreements, or franchises with respect to a facility (or portion thereof); any gift or grant; proceeds of bonds to the extent of use thereof for payment of principal of, interest or premium, if any, on the bonds is authorized by the corporation; proceeds from any insurance, condemnation or guaranty pertaining to a facility or property mortgaged to secure bonds or pertaining to the financing of a facility; and income and profit from the investment of the proceeds of bonds or of any revenues. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • revoke: To vacate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative for cause by order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS: The monies provided by the sale of the bonds pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • RIGHT-OF-WAY: The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ROAD TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • roadway: That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • rule: Any public corporation regulation or standard of general applicability that prescribes or recommends law, procedure or policy for its member governing bodies specifically including all pro forma ordinances, regulations, resolutions, rules, procedures or remedies adopted and recommended by a public corporation. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • salesman: An agent, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • SCHOOL BUS: Every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth by statute or regulation and is used to transport children to or from school or in connection with school activities, but not including buses operated by common carriers in urban transportation of school children. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • scooter: A device weighing less than 100 pounds that satisfies all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • screening: The process of gathering basic information to determine whether the offender meets established drug court eligibility criteria and shall include, but is not limited to, the current charge, a substance abuse evaluation, a brief questionnaire to determine if a risk or needs assessment is needed, and drug testing, and may include, but is not limited to, a substance abuse evaluation, risk assessment, or needs assessment. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-2-80
  • securities: One or more bonds, notes, warrants, or certificates of indebtedness of a municipality or public corporation. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • securities: All types of bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness, notes and all evidences of indebtedness issued by any county or municipality in this state. See Alabama Code 11-82-1
  • securities: Bonds, notes, warrants, certificates of indebtedness, or other evidences of indebtedness, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, notes issued in anticipation of the sale of any of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • security: Any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, annuity contract unless issued by an insurance company, bankers' shares, trustees' shares, investment participating bonds, investment trust debentures, units, shares, bonds and certificates in, for, respecting, or based upon any form of securities or collateral, subscriptions and contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase on the installment plan of any security as herein defined, or subscription or contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase of beneficial interest in title to property, profits or earnings, or any right to subscribe to any of the foregoing, or any instrument of any kind commonly known as a security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • security: Such term includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness or certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payment out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security or any certificate, interest or participation in any temporary or interim certificate, receipt or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • SECURITY AGREEMENT: A written agreement which reserves or creates a security interest. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SECURITY INTEREST: An interest in a vehicle reserved or created by agreement and which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • sell: includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • semitrailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SERVED UPON THE ISSUER: As applied to a stop order, notice of a reference to the commission, or of a hearing before the commission, the term means that it has been deposited in the United States mail in a sealed envelope with first class, certified postage prepaid, properly addressed to the issuer at the address shown in the notification, or delivered to the person who signed the notification on behalf of the issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which an authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include not only territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality but also territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which a district is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include both territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality and territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • SERVICE COORDINATION: The case management and other activities carried out by a service coordinator to assist and enable a child eligible under Part H of Public Law 99-457 as amended (20 U. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • SERVICE PROVIDER: Any individual or public or private agency who does all or any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 21-3A-3

  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of sanitary sewage and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating and disposing of sanitary sewage or solid wastes and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants, and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • SHARED MICROMOBILITY DEVICE: A type of transportation device that includes a bicycle, tricycle, scooter, hoverboard, skateboard, pedal car, or similar device, except a device used as an electrical personal assistive mobility device by a person with disabilities, used in a shared micromobility device system. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SHARED MICROMOBILITY DEVICE SYSTEM: A system that provides shared micromobility devices to users for short-term rentals, whether or not the system requires docking stations or other similar fixed infrastructure to receive or return the shared micromobility device. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • sidewalk: That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • site: The entire tract, subdivision, or parcel of land on which a manufactured building is installed. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • SOLID TIRE: Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SOLID WASTE: Any garbage, refuse, or sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded materials, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITY: Such term shall include any land, building, plant, system, facility, trucks, and other motor vehicles, equipment or other property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or any combination of either thereof, used or useful or capable of future use in connection with the collection, storage, treatment, utilization, recycling, processing, transporting, or disposal of solid waste, including transfer stations, incinerators, sanitary landfill facilities, or other facilities necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • SOLID WASTES: All solid wastes and hazardous wastes as the same are defined in Article 1 of Chapter 27 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • special corporation: shall mean any corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-89-31
  • SPECIAL MOBILE EQUIPMENT: Every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including, but not limited to: Ditch digging apparatus, well boring apparatus, and road construction and maintenance machinery such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, levelling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carry-alls and scrapers, power shovels and drag lines, and self-propelled cranes, and earth moving equipment. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SPECIAL TAX: Any tax which may be levied for the benefit of an authority or any facility owned or operated by it or the proceeds of which may have been appropriated, allocated, or apportioned to such authority, or to or for the benefit of any such facility, by the Legislature or by the governing body of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • SPECIALLY CONSTRUCTED VEHICLE: Every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model, or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles and not materially altered from its original construction. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SPECIALTY CARE ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY: An institution or facility licensed as a specialty care assisted living facility under regulations of the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 20-3-2
  • SPLIT SENTENCING: A sentence which includes a period of incarceration followed by a period of probation. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • staffing: The meeting before an appearance of a drug offender in drug court in which the drug court team discusses a coordinated response to the drug offender's behavior. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-81A-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-89A-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-8-3
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-95-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-141.02
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • state: Any state, territory, or possession of the United States, as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-99B-1
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • STATE ACTIVE DUTY: Any state funded duty performed for 30 consecutive days or more by an active member of the Alabama National Guard in accordance with this title. See Alabama Code 31-12-1
  • STATE AGENCY: Any permanent or temporary state office, department, division or unit, bureau, board, commission, authority, institution, state college or university, or other unit of state government, whether executive, legislative, or judicial, which has the authority to acquire property by eminent domain under state law and which carries out projects with federal or state financial assistance that cause people to be displaced, but shall not include any unit of local government. See Alabama Code 18-4-2
  • STATE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS: Payments to a city, county or entities or authorities thereof, under this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-100-3
  • STATE BOARD: The State Board of Veterans' Affairs. See Alabama Code 31-5-1
  • STATE COMMISSIONER: The State Service Commissioner. See Alabama Code 31-5-1
  • STATE SUPERINTENDENT: The State Superintendent of Education and any successor to the functions thereof. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stop: When required, means complete cessation from movement. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STOP ORDER: An order issued by the director or by the commission in accordance with this article prohibiting the issuer from issuing the industrial revenue bonds described in the notification or any bonds in lieu of those bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • STORM WATER DISCHARGE ASSOCIATED WITH INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY: The discharge from any conveyance which is used for collecting and conveying storm water and which is directly related to manufacturing, processing, or raw materials storage areas at an industrial plant. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • STORM WATER LAWS: Those provisions of the Clean Water Act, 33 U. See Alabama Code 11-89C-2
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL WORK: That branch or type of entomological, pest control, or eradication work which involves the performance of work or giving advice or prescriptions for compensation for the prevention, control, or eradication of insects, vermin, rodents, pest animals, fungi, or other wood destroying organisms in household structures, commercial buildings, or other structures by the use of insecticides, rodenticides, repellants, chemicals, mechanical devices, or structural modifications, as well as a fumigation of products, containers, structures, or transportation vehicles. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • suboffice: A place at an established location other than the main office or branch office having equipment and less than three employees directly engaged in structural pest control work from the location, which shall not be more than 100 road miles from the branch office or main office of the firm. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscriber: A person who purchases or subscribes to a voice communications service and is able to receive it or use it periodically over time; provided, however, that for purposes of the imposition and collection of the statewide 911 charge the term subscriber shall not include the State of Alabama, the counties within the state, incorporated municipalities of the State of Alabama, county and city school boards, independent school boards, and all educational institutions and agencies of the State of Alabama, the counties within the state, or any incorporated municipalities of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • substance: Drug as defined in subdivision (6). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE: The illegal or improper consumption of a drug. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT: The application of professionally planned, managed, administered, and monitored procedures for the purpose of alleviating, minimizing, and stabilizing the effect of substance-related disorders and restoring impaired functionality. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • substantial: shall mean an amount estimated by the Legislative Fiscal Officer and the state Finance Director which is in excess of $500,000 for the year in which the appropriations are to be made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE: Coverage offered to employees and retirees by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board in lieu of coverage in the basic medical plan of the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan that supplements an employee's or retiree's other employer group health insurance coverage. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • SUPPLEMENTAL POLICY: Policy offered to employees and retirees by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board in lieu of or in addition to coverage in the basic medical plan of the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan that provides a defined set of benefits. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • SUPPLY DISTRICT: A district which renders sewer service or water service only to one or more counties, municipalities, or other public corporations, a cooperative, or to one or more customers of a county, municipality, public corporation, or a cooperative at its written request. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • suspend: When used in relation to the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative, such term shall mean the temporary cessation or inoperativeness of such registration, whether by reason of operation of law or by reason of an order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • system: Structural, plumbing, mechanical, heating, electrical, or ventilating elements, materials or components combined for use in a manufactured building. See Alabama Code 24-4A-2
  • system: The statewide wireless communications system established and administered by the Alabama First Responder Wireless Commission. See Alabama Code 31-9C-1
  • TANNEHILL FURNACE AND FOUNDRY COMMISSION: The "Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission" created under Article 10 of Chapter 9 of Title 41. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • TAX INCREMENT: That amount obtained by multiplying the total revenue derived from ad valorem taxes levied by all local taxing authorities on all taxable property within a tax increment district in any tax year by a fraction having a numerator equal to that tax year's market value of all taxable property in the district minus the tax increment base and a denominator equal to that tax year's equalized value of all taxable property in the district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • TAX INCREMENT BASE: The aggregate value, as equalized by the Department of Revenue, of all taxable property located within a tax increment district on the date the district is created, determined as provided in Section 11-99-5. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • TAX INCREMENT DISTRICT: A contiguous geographic area within the boundaries of a public entity defined and created by resolution of the local governing body. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • TAX INCREMENT FUND: A fund into which all tax increments not retained by a taxing authority as provided by Section 11-99-10(b) are paid, and from which money is disbursed to satisfy claims of holders of tax increment obligations issued for the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • TAX INCREMENT OBLIGATIONS: Bonds, warrants, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by a public entity to fund all or any project costs. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • TAXABLE PROPERTY: All real and personal property located in a tax increment district which is subject to ad valorem taxation on the date of adoption of the resolution creating the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • taxing authority: means the state or any municipality, county, or other taxing authority which has the power to levy taxes on property within the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 11-99-2
  • teacher: Any full-time public school teacher in Alabama who is an employee of a board and who is required to be certificated by the State Board of Education, including, but not limited to, counselors, librarians, Science in Motion teachers, supervisors, administrators (excluding superintendents and their professional executive assistants), teachers at the Department of Youth Services, the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science, and the Alabama School of Fine Arts. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • TECHNICAL PROPRIETARY INFORMATION: Technology descriptions, technical information, or trade secrets, including the term trade secrets as defined by the Alabama Trade Secrets Act of 1987, Chapter 27 of Title 8, and the actual or developmental costs thereof which are developed, produced, or received internally by a voice communications service provider or by its employees, directors, officers, or agents. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testatrix: The female counterpart of a testator.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • THIRD-PARTY: A person other than a bank, broker, transfer agent, or issuer who with respect to a security held by a minor effects a transaction otherwise than directly with the minor. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • THROUGH HIGHWAY: Every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to a stop sign, yield sign, or other official traffic-control device, when such signs or devices are erected as provided in this title. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TO RENT: To lease, to sublease, to let, and otherwise to grant for a consideration the right to occupy premises not owned by the occupant. See Alabama Code 24-8-3
  • ton: A net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • ton: A net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-22-2
  • ton: Two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRACKLESS TROLLEY COACH: Every motor vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires but not operated upon rails. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSFER AGENT: A person who acts as authenticating trustee, transfer agent, registrar, or other agent for an issuer in the registration of transfers of securities in the issue of new securities or in the cancellation of surrendered securities. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • TRANSIT SYSTEM: Includes land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, garages, vehicles of all types, rails, lines, and any combination of any thereof, used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing public transportation service, and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by an authority for use in furnishing public transportation service. See Alabama Code 45-49A-64.01
  • transporter: Every person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles of a type required to be registered hereunder from a manufacturing, assembling, or distributing plant to dealers or sales agents of a manufacturer. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TREE AND SHRUB SEED: The seeds of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree or shrub seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • TREE SURGERY WORK: Receiving fees for tree surgery, including but not limited to, cavity filling or repair, bracing, cabling, and wound treatment of shrubs and trees. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • tribe: The Mowa Band of Choctaw Indians. See Alabama Code 24-7-1
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TRUCK PLATOON: A group of individual commercial trucks traveling in a unified manner at electronically coordinated speeds at following distances that are closer than would be reasonable and prudent without the electronic coordination. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TRUCK TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trust: Any single-employer or multiple-employer trust or fund established for the purpose of funding post-employment benefits and includes, but is not limited to, an Internal Revenue Code Section 115 trust, 26 U. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • trust: Any express trust, with additions thereto, wherever and however created, or any separate share of a trust, and includes any arrangement, other than an estate, which, although not a trust, has substantially the same effect as a trust. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: The trustee of a trust. See Alabama Code 11-104-2
  • trustee: An original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court, and, in the case of an arrangement which is not a trust but which is treated as a trust for purposes of the GST, includes the person in actual or constructive possession of the property subject to such arrangement. See Alabama Code 19-5-1
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • undertaking: Such term shall include all of the following revenue-producing undertakings or any combination of two or more of such undertakings, whether now existing or hereafter acquired or constructed:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-81-140

  • underwriter: A person who agrees to take or contracts to dispose of a stipulated amount of securities, or a portion thereof, at a fixed price. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • UNITED STATES: The United States of America or any of its departments, agencies, or instrumentalities. See Alabama Code 11-101A-2
  • UNSUPERVISED ACCESS TO A CHILD OR CHILDREN: During the providing of education, training, instruction, supervision to children, or other employment related activities or responsibilities, a person would have unaccompanied control, governance, or contact with a child or children. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • urban renewal plan: means a plan, as it exists from time to time, for an urban renewal project, which plan shall conform to the general plan for the municipality as a whole and shall be sufficiently complete to indicate such land acquisition, demolition and removal of structures, redevelopment, improvements, and rehabilitation as may be proposed to be carried out in the area of the urban renewal project, zoning and planning changes, if any, land uses, maximum densities, building requirements, and the plan's relationship to definite local objectives respecting appropriate land uses, improved traffic, public transportation, public utilities, recreational and community facilities, and other public improvements. See Alabama Code 24-3-3
  • user: Any person that receives, participates in, or otherwise partakes of utility services pursuant to a utility services agreement, and includes any governmental user. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • UTILITY SERVICES: Any services for (i) the collection, treatment, and delivery of water, whether such water is used for human consumption or industrial use, and (ii) the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage, wastewater, industrial effluent, or other fluid waste. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • UTILITY SERVICES AGREEMENT: Any agreement between or among one or more users and one or more providers, whether such agreement is in the form of a lease, a service contract, a contract of sale, or in any other form, pursuant to which a provider or providers shall agree to provide one or more utility services to, or for the benefit of, such user or users under circumstances in which the facilities for the provision of such utility services are financed, in whole or in part, by a corporation. See Alabama Code 11-97-2
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • variety: A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, period of maturation or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, for example, Redhart wheat, Flat Dutch cabbage, Otootan soybeans, Chantenay carrot, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • VEGETABLE SEED: The seeds of those crops which are grown in gardens or on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • veteran: Except as otherwise used in this chapter, such term shall mean any person, male or female, who served on active duty, whether commissioned, enlisted, inducted, appointed or mustered into the military or naval service of the United States during any war in which the United States has been engaged, and who shall have been discharged or released from such services under conditions other than dishonorable. See Alabama Code 31-5-1
  • VIOLENT OFFENSE OR CHARGE: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • VOICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-98-1

  • VOICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE PROVIDER: An entity that provides voice communications service to a subscriber in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-98-1
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • WAR SERVICE: Such term shall include the following, during the period that the United States shall be engaged in war with any foreign nation:

    a. See Alabama Code 19-2-1

  • warrants: The interest-bearing tax anticipation warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 4 of this chapter and the capital outlay warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 5 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • warrants: The warrants authorized to be issued by a board pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system, including the provision of water to a fire protection authority to be used in the rendition of fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including but not limited to water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • WATER SYSTEMS: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings and other property or any combination of any thereof which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing water, including, but not limited to, water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, tanks, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves and all necessary appurtenances and equipment and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • WATERFRONT PROPERTY: Any property on or near any navigable river in this state. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • WEED CONTROL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescription for the control or eradication of any weed or for actual spraying or other methods used for the control and eradication of any plant which grows where not wanted. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • WEED SEEDS: The seeds, bulblets and tubers of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state, including noxious weed seeds, bulblets and tubers. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • WORK-BASED LEARNING: Sustained interactions with industry or community professionals in real workplace settings, to the extent practicable, or simulated environments at an educational institution that foster in-depth, first-hand engagement with the tasks required of a given career field, that are aligned to curriculum and instruction. See Alabama Code 41-29-341
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • WRITTEN CONSENT: A signed statement by the applicant, a current employee, or a current employee under review containing all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3

  • YEARS OF SERVICE: The number of years and months of creditable service by an employee prior to retirement as determined by the Teachers' Retirement System or Employees' Retirement System including any periods of full time permanent employment subsequent to retirement up to a maximum of five years. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
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