Chapter 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 22-1-1 – 22-1-18
Chapter 2 STATE HEALTH AUTHORITIES 22-2-1 – 22-2-14
Chapter 2A JOINT DRUG PURCHASE PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN STATE AGENICIES 22-2A-1 – 22-2A-7
Chapter 3 LOCAL HEALTH AUTHORITIES 22-3-1 – 22-3-12
Chapter 3A ALABAMA PUBLIC HEALTH FINANCE AUTHORITY 22-3A-1 – 22-3A-24
Chapter 4 STATE HEALTH PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT 22-4-1 – 22-4-42
Chapter 4A FAMILY PRACTICE RURAL HEALTH BOARD 22-4A-1 – 22-4A-7
Chapter 4B NURSING DEGREE LOANS AND INCENTIVES 22-4B-1 – 22-4B-7
Chapter 5 STATE COMMISSION ON PHYSICAL FITNESS 22-5-1 – 22-5-9
Chapter 5A LONG-TERM RESIDENTIAL HEALTH CARE RECIPIENT OMBUDSMEN 22-5A-1 – 22-5A-7
Chapter 5B ALABAMA LIFESPAN RESPITE RESOURCE NETWORK ACT 22-5B-1 – 22-5B-6
Chapter 5C PALLIATIVE CARE AND QUALITY OF LIFE 22-5C-1 – 22-5C-3
Chapter 5D GABE GRIFFIN RIGHT TO TRY ACT 22-5D-1 – 22-5D-10
Chapter 6 MEDICAID PROGRAM 22-6-1 – 22-6-237
Chapter 6A THE HEALTH CARE SHARING MINISTRIES FREEDOM TO SHARE ACT 22-6A-1 – 22-6A-3
Chapter 7 FEES FOR HOME HEALTH SERVICES 22-7-1 – 22-7-6
Chapter 7A ALABAMA PHYSICIANS AND DENTISTS DIRECT PAY ACT 22-7A-1
Chapter 8 CONSENT FOR HEALTH SERVICES 22-8-1 – 22-8-10
Chapter 8A TERMINATION OF LIFE-SUPPORT PROCEDURES 22-8A-1 – 22-8A-17
Chapter 8B ASSISTED SUICIDE BAN ACT 22-8B-1 – 22-8B-7
Chapter 9A VITAL STATISTICS 22-9A-1 – 22-9A-28
Chapter 10 NUISANCES MENACING PUBLIC HEALTH 22-10-1 – 22-10-3
Chapter 10A GENETICS SERVICE 22-10A-1 – 22-10A-3
Chapter 10B SICKLE CELL OVERSIGHT AND REGULATORY COMMISSION 22-10B-1 – 22-10B-7
Chapter 10C ALABAMA COMMISSION ON TICK BORNE ILLNESS 22-10C-1 – 22-10C-5
Chapter 11A REPORTING NOTIFIABLE DISEASES 22-11A-1 – 22-11A-124
Chapter 11B EXCHANGE OF IMMUNIZATION STATUS DATA 22-11B-1 – 22-11B-4
Chapter 11C ALABAMA HEAD AND SPINAL CORD INJURY REGISTRY ACT 22-11C-1 – 22-11C-12
Chapter 11D STATEWIDE TRAUMA SYSTEM 22-11D-1 – 22-11D-10
Chapter 11E CONSUSSION AND HEAD INJURIES IN YOUTH SPORTS 22-11E-1 – 22-11E-2
Chapter 11F The Coach Safely Act 22-11F-1 – 22-11F-3
Chapter 12 QUARANTINE LAWS AND REGULATIONS 22-12-1 – 22-12-29
Chapter 12A PERINATAL HEALTH CARE 22-12A-1 – 22-12A-6
Chapter 12B MOTHERS AND BABIES INDIGENT CARE TRUST FUND 22-12B-1 – 22-12B-4
Chapter 12C ADMINISTRATION OF WOMEN, INFANTS, AND CHILDREN PROGRAM 22-12C-1 – 22-12C-9
Chapter 12D OFFICE OF WOMEN’S HEALTH 22-12D-1 – 22-12D-5
Chapter 13 CANCER 22-13-1 – 22-13-71
Chapter 13A OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION AND TREATMENT EDUCATION ACT 22-13A-1 – 22-13A-10
Chapter 14 RADIATION 22-14-1 – 22-14-35
Chapter 15A ALABAMA CLEAN INDOOR AIR ACT 22-15A-1 – 22-15A-10
Chapter 17 BARBER, MANICURE OR BEAUTY SHOPS 22-17-1 – 22-17-11
Chapter 17A REGULATION OF TATTOING, BRANDING, AND BODY PIERCING 22-17A-1 – 22-17A-8
Chapter 17B REGULATION OF TANNING FACILITIES 22-17B-1 – 22-17B-3
Chapter 18 AMBULANCES 22-18-1 – 22-18-64
Chapter 19 DEAD BODIES 22-19-1 – 22-19-184
Chapter 20 MISCELLANEOUS HEALTH LAWS 22-20-1 – 22-20-12
Chapter 20A SOURCE OR ORIGIN OF FISH PRODUCTS 22-20A-1 – 22-20A-32

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 22 > Title 1

  • ABLE PROGRAM: The Achieving a Better Life Experience Program established pursuant to this chapter and defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ABLE SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ABLE trust fund account established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter to apply distributions from the account toward qualified disability expenses for an eligible designated beneficiary, both terms as defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ABLE TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund established pursuant to this chapter comprised of separate and segregated ABLE savings accounts as established by savings agreements. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The ACES Administrative Fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES PROGRAM: The Alabama College Education Savings Program, a qualified program established pursuant to this chapter and as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save funds for the purpose of meeting the qualified higher education expenses of the designated beneficiary. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ACES account held in the ACES Trust Fund established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter in order to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses at eligible educational institutions for an eligible designated beneficiary, with terms as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ache: The Alabama Commission on Higher Education. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • ache: The Alabama Commission on Higher Education. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • adapt: The Alabama Drought Assessment and Planning Team as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • ADCNR COMMISSIONER: The Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • adeca: The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • ADEM DIRECTOR: The Director of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • adult: Any person 19 years of age or over. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • ADULT WITH SPECIAL NEED: A person 19 years of age or older who requires care or supervision to meet the person's basic needs or prevent physical self-injury or injury to others, or avoid placement in an institutional facility. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • ADVANCE DIRECTIVE FOR HEALTH CARE: A writing executed in accordance with Section 22-8A-4 which may include a living will, the appointment of a health care proxy, or both such living will and appointment of a health care proxy. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • advertisement: All representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to seed within the scope of this article. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • AEMA DIRECTOR: The Director of the Alabama Emergency Management Agency. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • AFFILIATED CHARITABLE AGENCY: A charitable agency which is affiliated with a charitable fund-raising federation for the purpose of directly sharing funds raised by the organization. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGI COMMISSIONER: The Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • AGING AND DISABILITY RESOURCE CENTER: An entity that provides a coordinated system for providing information on long-term care programs and options, personal counseling, and consumer access to publicly support long-term care programs. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • agreement: An interstate agreement for simplification and uniformity of taxation among member states in order to reduce the burden of tax compliance for sellers and for all types of commerce and to provide a means by which sales and use taxes may be collected from remote sellers. See Alabama Code 40-23-171
  • AGRICULTURAL SEED: The seeds of grasses, forage, cereal and fiber crops and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural or field seeds and mixtures of such seeds. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • agriculture: The art or science of cultivating the ground and raising and harvesting crops, including also feeding, breeding, and management of livestock and poultry; tillage; husbandry; or farming. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • AID IN DYING: The act of a person providing the means or manner for another person to be able to commit suicide, with actual knowledge that the person deliberately intends on committing suicide by that means or manner. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • aids: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. See Alabama Code 22-11A-50
  • AIR NAVIGATION FACILITY: Any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use, in aid of air navigation, including any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking-off, navigation and landing of aircraft, or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIR NAVIGATION FACILITY: Any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of, air navigation, including any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid, or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking-off, navigation and landing of aircraft, or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • airport: Any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing, taking-off, storage, parking or dispersal of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings, facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings, structures and facilities located thereon. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • airport: Any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing, take-off, storage, parking or dispersal of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings, facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings, structures and facilities located thereon. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AIRPORT BUILDING: Any building used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIRPORT BUILDING: Any building used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AIRPORT FACILITY: Any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or instrumentality used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AIRPORT FACILITY: Any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or instrumentality used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • ALABAMA ADJUTANT GENERAL: The Commanding General of the Alabama National Guard. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • ALABAMA RESIDENT: A person who has been domiciled in the State of Alabama for a period of at least 12 consecutive months immediately preceding application for a grant under the Alabama Student Grant Program. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • alea: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ALLOCATED FUNDS: That portion of the funds appropriated to the commission that are allocated by the commission to the soil and water conservation district in each county of the state. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • ANNUITY ISSUER: An insurer that has issued a contract to fund periodic payments under a structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • APPLICABLE FEDERAL LAW: The provisions of the federal law, Public Law 734, 81st Congress, as such act may from time to time be amended, including federal regulations and requirements issued pursuant thereto, or any other federal laws which provide for extending the benefits of Title II of the Social Security Act to employees of states, political subdivisions and their instrumentalities. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county or municipality or public corporation or cooperative in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89-3. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • applicant: Any county, or municipality; or state, county or municipal agency having legal authority to hold title to real property, or any combination of the above named entities. See Alabama Code 9-7A-2
  • APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The city council and mayor, who shall appoint all heads of departments, and the civil service board, who shall appoint all other covered employees, as established by state law, city ordinance, or other legal requirement. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The mayor and council shall appoint all department heads and the civil service board shall hire all other covered employees, as established by state law, city ordinance, or other legal requirement. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • APPROVED INSTITUTION: Any independent nonprofit postsecondary institution of higher learning located in the State of Alabama which is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, any independent nonprofit postsecondary institution of higher learning whose credits are accepted by at least three other institutions which are accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, or any independent postsecondary institution of higher learning with a permanent facility offering classroom instruction located in Montgomery County, Alabama, which has been incorporated and in continuous operation for over 50 years and which has been accredited for over 10 years by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, prior to July 1, 2010. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • APPROVED LENDER: Any eligible institution, or any bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, pension fund, or insurance company, whose primary consumer credit function is not the making of insured student loans and which is examined and supervised by the appropriate state or federal regulatory agency or any other institution or agency defined as an eligible lender in accordance with the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • ARTIFICIALLY PROVIDED NUTRITION AND HYDRATION: A medical treatment consisting of the administration of food and water through a tube or intravenous line, where the recipient is not required to chew or swallow voluntarily. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • ARTIFICIALLY PROVIDED NUTRITIONAL HYDRATION: A medical treatment consisting of the administration of food and water through a tube or intravenous line, where the recipient is not required to chew or swallow voluntarily. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • ATTENDING PHYSICIAN: The physician selected by, or assigned to, the patient who has primary responsibility for the treatment and care of the patient. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • ATTENDING PHYSICIAN: The physician selected by, or assigned to, the patient and who has primary responsibility for the treatment and care of the patient. See Alabama Code 22-19-141
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County created pursuant to Subpart 1 and Act 95-409, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of Article 1 of this chapter, as amended. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • AUTHORIZED INVESTMENTS: Bonds or other obligations of, or guaranteed by, the United States of America or the state, or interest bearing bank and savings and loan association deposits or obligations, obligations of any agency of the United States of America, any obligations in which a state chartered savings and loan association may invest its funds, any agreement to repurchase any of the foregoing, or any thereof. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by a governing body in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89-3, that authorizes the incorporation of a district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county, city or town in this state whose governing body receives an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality in this state whose governing body receives and approves an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality or public corporation or cooperative the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • BAR AND LOUNGE: Any establishment which is primarily devoted to the serving of alcoholic beverages for consumption by patrons on the premises and in which the serving of food is only incidental to the consumption of beverages. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • BASIC TELEPHONE SERVICE: Refers to a service that, as provided by an incumbent local exchange carrier, may be through any technology and through any affiliate or service arrangement and includes the functionalities described in 47 C. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • BENEFIT CORPORATION: A benefit corporation as defined in Chapter 2A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The board of directors of the corporation. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • board: The Board of Control of the Public Employees Defined Contribution Savings Fund. See Alabama Code 36-27C-2
  • board: The Alabama Prescription Cost Initiative Board created by Section 36-35-4 to administer the program. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • board: The Tuscumbia Utilities Board, created pursuant to the enabling law, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • board: The Alabama Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • board: The board of directors of a district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • board: The State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 22-13-50
  • board: The State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • boards: The State Employees' Insurance Board and the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • BODY PIERCING: The perforation of human tissue other than ear for a nonmedical purpose. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • bonds: Bonds, notes and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • branch: A local unit of an LP-gas business that is one or more of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 9-17-100

  • branding: A permanent mark made on human tissue by burning with a hot iron or other instrument. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • BUNDLED OFFERING: A combination of retail services offered as a package, whether at a single price or with the availability of the price for one service contingent on the purchase of other services. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • business: Any corporation, partnership, proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, organization, self-employed individual, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS WITH WHICH THE PERSON IS ASSOCIATED: Any business of which the person or a member of his or her family is an officer, owner, partner, board of director member, employee, or holder of more than five percent of the fair market value of the business. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See Alabama Code 7-2-103
  • CAMPAIGN COMMUNITY: A local geographic region covered by a campaign manager, the exact boundaries determined by a local agency review committee and approved by a state-level steering committee. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CAMPAIGN MANAGER: The participating federation, selected by the local agency review committee, responsible for managing the local state employee combined charitable campaign in each local geographic region or campaign community. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • candidate: This term as used in this chapter shall have the same meaning ascribed to it in Section 17-5-2. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CAPITATION PAYMENT: A payment the state Medicaid

    Agency makes periodically to the integrated care network on behalf of each recipient enrolled under a contract for the provision of medical services pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 22-6-220

  • CARDIOPULMONARY CESSATION: A lack of pulse or respiration. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • cave: includes but is not limited to cavern, pit, pothole, well (natural), sinkhole, and/or grotto. See Alabama Code 9-19-1
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATE OF OWNERSHIP: An instrument evidencing an ownership interest or membership interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest of a domestic entity represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • chairman: The Chairman of the Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • CHARITABLE AGENCY: A volunteer, not-for-profit organization under federal regulation 26 CFR 1. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CHARITABLE FUND-RAISING FEDERATION: A legally constituted grouping of at least 10 health and human care agencies that are bound together to raise and distribute charitable contributions. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • CHILD CARE FACILITY: Any facility caring for children. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • CHILD WITH SPECIAL NEED: A person under age 19 who requires care or supervision beyond that required for children generally to meet the child's basic needs or prevent physical injury to self or others. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • city: The City of Muscle Shoals, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • city: The City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • CITY COUNCIL: The governing body of the City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE: Evidence that, when weighed against evidence in opposition, will produce in the mind of the trier of fact a firm conviction as to each essential element of the claim and a high probability as to the correctness of the conclusion. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, and all amendments thereto. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • code: The state building code to be adopted by the Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • collaborator: A private health carrier, third party purchaser, provider, health care center, health care facility, state and local governmental entity, or other public payers, corporations, individuals, and consumers who are expecting to collectively cooperate, negotiate, or contract with another collaborator, or integrated care network in the health care system. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • COMMERCIAL CAVE: Any cave or portion of a cave that is improved with trails and lighting utilized by the owner or lessee for the purpose of exhibition to the public as a profit or nonprofit enterprise. See Alabama Code 9-19-1
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • commission: The Public Service Commission of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • commission: The Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • commission: The Alabama Historical Commission, acting as the custodian of cultural resources for the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • commission: The Alabama Agricultural and Conservation Development Commission organized pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, and this chapter. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his authorized representatives. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. See Alabama Code 9-7A-2
  • committee: The Shoals Industrial Development Committee, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County, created pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: Any service that is either a telecommunications service or an information service. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM: A radio and land line network complying with the board's rules and which provides rapid public access, coordinated central dispatching of services, and coordination of personnel, equipment, and facilities in the trauma and health system. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • COMMUNITY PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A public water system which serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • COMPETENT ADULT: An adult who is alert, capable of understanding a lay description of medical procedures and able to appreciate the consequences of providing, withholding, or withdrawing medical procedures. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • complainant: A person who alleges a violation or violations of this chapter by filing a complaint against a respondent. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • complaint: Written allegation or allegations that a violation of this chapter has occurred. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county, or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION: A complaint filed pursuant to this chapter, together with any statement, conversations, knowledge of evidence, or information received from the complainant, witness, or other person related to such complaint. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST: A conflict on the part of a public official or public employee between his or her private interests and the official responsibilities inherent in an office of public trust. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • CONSERVATION EASEMENT: A nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property imposing limitations or affirmative obligations the purposes of which include retaining or protecting natural, scenic, or open-space values of real property, assuring its availability for agricultural, silvicultural, forest, recreational, or open-space use, protecting natural resources, maintaining or enhancing air or water quality, or preserving the historical, architectural, archaeological, paleontological, or cultural aspects of real property. See Alabama Code 35-18-1
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See Alabama Code 7-2-106
  • CONTRACT OFFERING: Any retail contractual agreement, whether or not memorialized in writing, by which a local exchange or inter-exchange carrier offers any communications service to any existing customer or potential customer. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • contractor: Any individual, company, corporation, or private or public institution determined by the commission to be appropriately qualified that has applied for and received a permit or contract from the commission to begin exploration or excavation activities in state-owned waters. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • contributor: Any person who contributes money to an ACES Program savings account or an ABLE Program savings account established pursuant to this chapter on behalf of a designated beneficiary and who is listed as the owner of the savings account. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • conversion: A conversion, whether referred to as a conversion, domestication, or otherwise, means:

    (A) the continuance of a domestic entity as a foreign entity of any type;

    (B) the continuance of a foreign entity as a domestic entity of any type; or

    (C) the continuance of a domestic entity of one type as a domestic entity of another type. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVICTED INDIVIDUAL: An individual convicted of a specified crime or a representative of the individual. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • cooperative: A business entity functioning on a cooperative basis that distributes its income to a particular member in proportion with that member's use of the cooperative on a patronage basis. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: Any corporation organized under Article 9 (commencing with Section 10-4-190) of Chapter 4 of Title 10, or any successor thereto, to render water service or sewer service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • CORPORATION: A corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • COST-SHARE GRANT: An award of money made pursuant to the terms of this chapter with no requirement that such money be repaid except in the events outlined herein. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • council: The Alabama Propane Education and Research Council created pursuant to Section 9-17-175. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • council: The Statewide Trauma and Health System Advisory Council. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • COUNTY: That county in the state in which the corporation shall be organized. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • county: A political subdivision of the state created by statute to aid in the administration of government. See Alabama Code 11-24-1
  • county: Colbert County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • county: Any of the 67 counties of the state. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The chief administrative or legislative body of the county. See Alabama Code 11-24-1
  • coupon: Any interest coupon evidencing an installment of interest payable with respect to a warrant. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • coupon: Any interest coupon evidencing an installment of interest payable with respect to a bond. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • coupon: Any interest coupon evidencing an installment of interest payable with respect to a bond. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • court: The designated court, and if none, the circuit court specifically set forth in this title, and if none, any other court having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES: Federal, state, local, and tribal public agencies that perform substantial activities or planning for activities relating to the identification, apprehension, prosecution, adjudication, or rehabilitation of civil, traffic, and criminal offenders. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION: Data necessary for criminal justice agencies to perform their duties and enforce existing law. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • CULTURAL RESOURCES: All abandoned shipwrecks or remains of those ships and all underwater archaeological treasures, artifacts, treasure troves, or other cultural articles and materials, whether or not associated with any shipwreck, that are contained in or on submerged lands belonging to the State of Alabama and the sea within the jurisdiction of the state, and that have remained unclaimed for more than 50 years, excluding therefrom sunken logs, cants, and timber resources of any other type not associated as part of a shipping vessel, and are eligible for, or listed in, the National Register of Historic Places. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: Calendar day. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • day: When used in the computation of time, excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DE MINIMIS: A value twenty-five dollars ($25) or less per occasion and an aggregate of fifty dollars ($50) or less in a calendar year from any single provider, or such other amounts as may be prescribed by the Ethics Commission from time to time by rule pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act or adjusted each four years from August 1, 2012, to reflect any increase in the cost of living as indicated by the United States Department of Labor Consumer Price Index or any succeeding equivalent index. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • dealer: Any person who buys and sells seed in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • DEBTOR IN BANKRUPTCY: A person who is the subject of:

    (A) an order for relief under the United States bankruptcy laws, Title 11, United States Code, or comparable order under a successor statute of general application; or

    (B) a comparable order under federal, state, or foreign law governing insolvency. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • deliberately: More than knowing the consequences of an act or action; meaning to consider carefully; done on purpose; intentional; requiring premeditation; with intent to cause the death of a person. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • department: Any department, agency, office, or program administered by the state for which the board or director has negotiated, or entered an agreement with a pharmacy benefits manager or cooperative to negotiate, a prescription drug rebate, or discount. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-13-50
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • department: State Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • dependent: Any person, regardless of his or her legal residence or domicile, who receives 50 percent or more of his or her support from the public official or public employee or his or her spouse or who resided with the public official or public employee for more than 180 days during the reporting period. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • dependents: The spouse and dependent children, as defined by the rules and regulations of the respective boards, of a retired employee who are covered by either the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 25A of Title 16, as amended from time to time, or the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 29 of this title, as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • dependents: A payee's spouse and minor children and all other persons for whom the payee is legally obligated to provide support, including alimony. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED BENEFICIARY: The eligible individual named as the beneficiary of an ABLE savings account, ACES savings account, or PACT contract established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • DESIGNATED COURT: The court or courts that are designated in the (i) certificate of incorporation or bylaws of a corporation as authorized by Chapter 2A, (ii) limited liability company agreement of a limited liability company formed pursuant to or governed by Chapter 5A, (iii) partnership agreement of a partnership formed pursuant to or governed by Chapter 8A, or (iv) limited partnership agreement of a limited partnership formed pursuant to or governed by Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • designation: A formal determination by the department that a hospital is capable of providing designated trauma or other specific health care as authorized by this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • director: The Director of the Technical Staff of the Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the district. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • directors: The members of the Board of Directors of the Tuscumbia Utilities Board. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • directors: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • DISCOUNTED PRESENT VALUE: The present value of future payments determined by discounting the payments to the present using the most recently published applicable federal rate for determining the present value of an annuity, as issued by the United States Internal Revenue Service. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • district: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • DROUGHT CONSERVATION PLAN: A written plan that addresses graduated drought response procedures with implementation of specific measures based on drought severity. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • DROUGHT DECLARATION: A written summary, issued by OWR, containing a description of drought conditions throughout the state. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • DROUGHT EMERGENCY: A written declaration by the Governor that drought conditions in all or any part of the state are of such severity that public health or safety is threatened. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • DROUGHT MONITOR: The assessment of drought conditions throughout the United States published weekly by the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) on the "drought. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • drug: shall include barbiturates, central nervous system stimulants, hallucinogenics, and all other drugs to which the narcotic and drug abuse laws of the United States apply. See Alabama Code 16-41-2
  • EARNED INCOME: Income derived from an individual's own labor or active participation in a business. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUNCTION: Any function reasonably and directly related to the advancement of a specific, good-faith economic development or trade promotion project or objective. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • education: Any action to provide information regarding propane and the use of propane to consumers and members of the propane gas industry. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION: A meeting, event, or activity held within the State of Alabama, or if the function is predominantly attended by participants from other states, held within the continental United States, which is organized around a formal program or agenda of educational or informational speeches, debates, panel discussions, or other presentations concerning matters within the scope of the participants' official duties or other matters of public policy, including social services and community development policies, economic development or trade, ethics, government services or programs, or government operations, and which, taking into account the totality of the program or agenda, could not reasonably be perceived as a subterfuge for a purely social, recreational, or entertainment function. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE: January 1, 2011. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE: An electronic signature as that term is defined in the Alabama Electronic Transactions Act, Chapter 1A of Title 8, or any successor statute. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC WRITING: Information that is stored in an electronic or other nontangible medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELIGIBLE EMPLOYER: An employer or other entity who compensates a participant for the public service. See Alabama Code 36-27C-2
  • ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION: Any postsecondary educational institution which is approved by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education for the purposes of this program. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • ELIGIBLE PERSON: An individual, partnership, family-owned corporation the owners of all the stock of which are related by blood or marriage, estate, or trust who, as an owner, landlord, lessee, tenant or sharecropper, participates in the operation of (1) a farm lying within a soil and water conservation district, or (2) a tract of land devoted to the growth of timber lying within a soil and water conservation district. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • ELIGIBLE STATE AGENCY: A state agency that administers the Older Americans Act or the state's Medicaid program or one designated by the Governor, and is an aging and disability resource center working in collaboration with a state respite coalition or organization. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • ELIGIBLE STUDENT: Any applicant for a grant under the Alabama Student Grant Program who:

    a. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1

  • ELIGIBLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: A telecommunications carrier which qualifies for universal service support under 47 U. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN: A written emergency response plan. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE: The organization responding to a perceived individual's need for immediate medical care in order to prevent loss of life or aggravation of physiological or psychological illness or injury. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • employee: An officer of a state, political subdivision or instrumentality whose compensation is paid from funds of the state, political subdivision, instrumentality or employing official. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • employee: Any person who is a participant in either the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 25A of Title 16, as amended from time to time, or the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 29 of this title, as amended from time to time, and satisfies the definition of an employee under Section 16-25A-1(1) or Section 36-29-1(3), as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • employer: Any person, partnership, association, corporation, or nonprofit entity that employs five or more persons, including the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of state government; and any county, city, town, or village or any other political subdivision of the state; any public authority, commission, agency, or public benefit corporation; or any other separate corporate instrumentality or unit of state or local government. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • employment: Any service performed by an employee in the employ of the state, or any political subdivision thereof, or any instrumentality of either for such employer, except:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-28-1

  • ENABLING LAW: Act No. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic or foreign organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • excavation: The study and intentional removal from submerged land belonging to the state, by accepted scientific methods, of any objects recognized as cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • EXCHANGE ACCESS: The offering of access to telephone exchange services or facilities for the purpose of origination or termination of telephone toll services. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: An executive director employed by the board to administer this chapter and the program. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • EXISTING BUNDLED OFFERING: A bundled offering subscribed to by the customer before September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • EXISTING CONTRACT OFFERING: Any contract offering executed by the customer before September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • exploration: The systematic examination by actual survey of an area of submerged land belonging to the state for the purpose of locating and recognizing cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FAMILY CAREGIVER: Family members, foster parents, or other adults providing ongoing unpaid care for an adult or child with special needs. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: The spouse or a dependent of the public employee. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC OFFICIAL: The spouse, a dependent, an adult child and his or her spouse, a parent, a spouse's parents, a sibling and his or her spouse, of the public official. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • FEDERAL AGENCY: Such federal officer, department or agency as is charged on behalf of the federal government by or under the applicable federal law with the particular federal function referred to in this chapter in connection with such term. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS ACT: Subchapter A of Chapter 9 of the federal Internal Revenue Code as such code has been and may from time to time be amended. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN LAW: Title IV of the Federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (enacted by the Congress of the United States of America as Public Law 89-239) providing for a student loan insurance or guaranty program, as said Title IV (presently codified as 20 U. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: An officer of this state with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103

  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies, or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including but not limited to discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including, but not limited to, discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires or inspecting property for fire hazards or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year of the state as may from time to time be provided by law. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • FLOWER SEED: The seeds of all plants grown for ornamental purposes, either for domestic or commercial purposes, and which are generally known and sold under the name of flower seed in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • flsa: Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • flsa: Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign judgment: shall mean any judgment, decree, or order of a court of the United States or of any other court which is entitled to full faith and credit in this state. See Alabama Code 6-9-231
  • FOREIGN NONFILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that is not a foreign filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fraud: An intentional misrepresentation, deceit, or concealment of a material fact the concealing party had a duty to disclose, which was gross, oppressive, or malicious and committed with the intention on the part of the defendant of thereby depriving a person or entity of property or legal rights or otherwise causing injury. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • FULL-TIME STUDENT: An individual student who meets the criteria established by definitions, rules, and regulations to be established by the ACHE. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • FULL-TIME STUDENT: A student who is carrying the normal full-time academic workload and is maintaining satisfactory academic progress as defined by the educational institution in which that student is enrolled. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • fund: The Public Employees' Defined Contribution Savings Fund. See Alabama Code 36-27C-2
  • fund: The Alabama Recreation Capital Development Assistance Fund. See Alabama Code 9-7A-2
  • FUNDS OF A CONVICTED INDIVIDUAL: Funds and property received from any source by a convicted individual. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GENERAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: A real property instrument that affects the title to personal property as well as real property. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • germination: The percentage of seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed or obviously abnormal sprouts nor hard seeds). See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission in which the legislative functions of the county are vested by law. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners or other like governing body and, with respect to a public corporation or a cooperative, its board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNMENT BUILDING: Any building owned or operated by the state, including the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of state government; any county, city, town, or village or any other political subdivision of the state; any public authority, commission, agency, or public benefit corporation; or any other separate corporate instrumentality or unit of state or local government. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligation of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • GOVERNMENTAL CORPORATIONS AND AUTHORITIES: Public or private corporations and authorities, including but not limited to, hospitals or other health care corporations, established pursuant to state law by state, county, or municipal governments for the purpose of carrying out a specific governmental function. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY: Any department of the State of Alabama; any county government or municipal government; any school system, college, or university; or any public authority. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • governor: The Governor of the state. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grant: A monetary award under the Alabama Student Grant Program to an approved institution on behalf of and to the credit of an eligible student pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • GROSS ADVANCE AMOUNT: The sum payable to the payee or for the payee's account as consideration for a transfer of structured settlement payment rights before any reductions for transfer expenses or other deductions to be made from the consideration. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • HALF-TIME STUDENT: A student who is carrying at least one half of the normal full-time academic workload as determined by the educational institution in which that student is enrolled. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • HARD SEEDS: The percentage of seeds which because of hardness or impermeability do not absorb moisture or germinate under prescribed tests but remain hard during the period prescribed for germination of the kind of seed concerned. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • HEALTH CARE CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in a statewide health system and that has been designated as a health care center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • HEALTH CARE FACILITY: Such term shall include public health centers; rehabilitation centers; skilled nursing facilities; intermediate care facilities; general and specialized hospitals, including tuberculosis, psychiatric, long-term care and other types of hospitals, and related facilities such as laboratories, outpatient departments and clinics and central service facilities operated in connection with hospitals; organized ambulatory health care facilities, such as family planning clinics, facilities for surgical treatment of patients not requiring hospitalization and facilities located in or apart from a hospital for the diagnosis or treatment of disease, excluding the offices of private physicians; hemodialysis units; hospice services; and home health agencies operated in connection with a hospital. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • HEALTH CARE FACILITY: A hospital, nursing home, ambulatory surgical center, outpatient surgical facility, ambulance service, rescue squad, paid fire department, volunteer fire department, or any other clinic, office, or facility in which medical, dental, nursing, or podiatric services are offered. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • HEALTH CARE PROVIDER: A person who is licensed, certified, registered, or otherwise authorized by the law of this state to administer or provide health care in the ordinary course of business or in the practice of a profession. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • HEALTH CARE PROVIDER: Any individual who may be asked to participate in any way in a health care service, including, but not limited to, a physician, physician's assistant, nurse, nurse's aide, medical assistant, hospital employee, clinic employee, nursing home employee, pharmacist, pharmacy employee, researcher, medical or nursing school faculty member, student, or employee, counselor, social worker, or any professional, paraprofessional, or any other person who furnishes or assists in the furnishing of health care services. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • HEALTH CARE PROXY: Any person designated to act on behalf of an individual pursuant to Section 22-8A-4. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • HEALTH CARE WORKER: Physicians, dentists, nurses, respiratory therapists, phlebotomists, surgical technicians, physician assistants, podiatrist, dialysis technicians, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, ambulance drivers, dental hygienists, dental assistants, students in the healing arts, or any other individual who provides or assists in the provision of medical, dental, or nursing services. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • HEALTH SERVICE AREA: A geographical area designated by the Governor as being appropriate for effective planning and development of health services. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • HEALTH SYSTEMS AGENCY: An entity which is organized and operated under the provisions of Title XV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • heliport: An airport designed primarily for use by helicopters. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • heliport: An airport designed primarily for use by helicopters. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • hiv: Human Immunodeficiency Virus. See Alabama Code 22-11A-50
  • HIV INFECTION: Infection with human immunodeficiency virus as determined by antibody tests, culture or other means approved by the State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 22-11A-50
  • holder: Either of the following to whom a conservation easement is conveyed:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-18-1

  • hotel: Any public inn or lodging house of 15 or more bedrooms, in which transient guests are lodged for pay. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • household: The public official, public employee, and his or her spouse and dependents. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • HYBRID SEED CORN: The first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two, three or four inbred lines or by combining one inbred line or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPROVED RECORDING SYSTEM: A system of recording real property instruments and personal property instruments in the probate office and, in the discretion of the judge of probate, of recording other instruments and documents, which system when completed, shall consist of the equipment necessary and suitable to record, archive, and retrieve records. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • improvement: Any sanitary sewage treatment or sewage disposal plant or any sanitary sewer, including mains, laterals, trunk lines, collector lines, outfall lines, force mains, and appurtenant facilities. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS: In-kind contributions represent the value of contributions provided by the applicant, other public agencies and institutions, and private organizations and individuals which directly benefit and are specifically identifiable to the project. See Alabama Code 9-7A-2
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • INCUMBENT LOCAL EXCHANGE CARRIER: With respect to an area, the local exchange carrier that, on the date of enactment of the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, provided telephone exchange service in the area and was deemed to be a member of the Exchange Carrier Association pursuant to Section 69. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by the authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by the authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • INDEPENDENT PROFESSIONAL ADVICE: Advice of an attorney, certified public accountant, actuary, or other licensed professional adviser. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • INERT MATTER: All matter not seeds, including, among others, broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies and stones, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • INFECTED HEALTH CARE WORKER: A health care worker infected with HIV, HBV, HCV, or other disease designated by the State Board of Health by a rule adopted pursuant to the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • INFORMATION SERVICE: The offering of a capability for generating, acquiring, storing, transforming, processing, retrieving, utilizing, or making available information via telecommunications, and includes electronic publishing, but does not include any use of any such capability for the management, control, or operation of a telecommunications system or the management of a telecommunications service. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • INFORMATION SYSTEM: A system of people, data, and processes, whether manual or automated, established for the purpose of managing information. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvency: The inability of a person to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • INSTITUTIONAL HEALTH SERVICES: The health services provided through health care institutions. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • INSTITUTIONAL RELATED EXPENSES: Nonsectarian educational expenses, including, but not limited to, tuition, mandatory fees, room and board, transportation, books and supplies, and other incidental nonsectarian education expenses anticipated by an eligible student. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • instrumentality: Such term, when referring to an instrumentality of the state or political subdivision, includes only a legal entity which is separate and distinct from the state or such subdivision and whose employees are not by virtue of their relation to such entity employees of the state or such subdivision. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • INTEGRATED CARE NETWORK: One or more statewide organizations of health care providers, with offices in each regional care organization region, that contracts with the Medicaid Agency to provide Medicaid benefits to certain Medicaid beneficiaries as defined in subdivision (4) and that meets the requirements set forth in this article. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • INTER-EXCHANGE CARRIER: Any company certified by the commission to provide intrastate inter-exchange telecommunications service in this state. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERESTED PARTIES: With respect to any structured settlement, the payee, any beneficiary irrevocably designated under the annuity contract to receive payments following the payee's death, the annuity issuer, the structured settlement obligor, and any other party that has continuing rights or obligations under such structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which an entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: One or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively are known by one common name, for example, wheat, oat, vetch, sweet clover, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic representations in any form whatsoever accompanying and pertaining to any seed, whether in bulk or in containers, and such term includes invoices and other bills of shipment. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • landowner: Any person, firm, or corporation holding title to land lying within a soil and water conservation district. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • LAUDERDALE COUNTY: Lauderdale County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A full-time employee of a governmental unit responsible for the prevention or investigation of crime who is authorized by law to carry firearms, execute search warrants, and make arrests. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • legislative body: includes the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-25-1

  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT: Any medical treatment, procedure, or intervention that, in the judgment of the attending physician, when applied to the patient, would serve only to prolong the dying process where the patient has a terminal illness or injury, or would serve only to maintain the patient in a condition of permanent unconsciousness. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT: Any medical treatment, procedure, or intervention that, in the judgment of the attending physician, when applied to the patient, would serve only to prolong the dying process where the patient has a terminal illness or injury, or would serve only to maintain the patient in a condition of permanent unconsciousness. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • lifeline: A program designed to increase the availability of communications services to low income subscribers by providing a credit to monthly recurring local service to qualifying residential subscribers. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • LIFESPAN RESPITE CARE: Coordinated systems of accessible, community-based respite care services for family caregivers of children or adults with special needs. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNER: A person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner as provided by:

    (A) in the case of a domestic limited partnership, Chapter 9A; or

    (B) in the case of a foreign limited partnership, the laws of its jurisdiction of formation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LINK-UP: A program designed to increase the availability of communications services to low income subscribers by providing a credit to the non-recurring installation and service charges to qualifying residential subscribers. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS: Any material having vapor pressure not exceeding that allowed for commercial propane composed predominantly of the following hydrocarbons, either by themselves or as mixtures: propane, propylene, butanes (normal butane or isobutane), and butylenes. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS RESEARCH AND EDUCATION FUND: A fund created to finance activities relating to research, development, and the implementation of marketing, advertising, and informational programs relating to LP-gas directed toward the consumer as well as for the education of industrial members and employees. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS SYSTEM: Any assembly consisting of one or more containers with a means for conveying LP-gas from the container(s) to dispensing or consuming devices (either continuously or intermittently) and which incorporates components intended to achieve control of quality, flow, pressure, or state (either liquid or vapor). See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LIVING WILL: A witnessed document in writing, voluntarily executed by the declarant, that gives directions and may appoint a health care proxy, in accordance with the requirements of Section 22-8A-4. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • LOCAL EXCHANGE CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications service that is engaged in the provision of telephone exchange service or exchange access. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • LONG-TERM CARE SERVICES: Medicaid-funded nursing facility services, home-based and community-based support services, or such other long-term care services as the Medicaid Agency may determine by rule provided to certain Medicaid beneficiaries defined in subdivision (4). See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • LOT OF SEED: A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors which appear in the labeling. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • LP-GAS: Liquefied petroleum gas. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • lpg: Liquefied petroleum gas. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • malice: The intentional doing of a wrongful act without just cause or excuse, either:

    a. See Alabama Code 6-11-20

  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • manufacturer: A manufacturer of prescription drugs as defined in 42 U. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • MEDICAID AGENCY: The Alabama Medicaid Agency or any successor agency of the state designated as the single state agency to administer the medical assistance program described in Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • MEDICAID BENEFICIARIES: As used in this article, those Medicaid beneficiaries who have been determined eligible for Medicaid benefits in a nursing facility or home and community based waiver programs covered by the Medicaid state plan, who have also been determined by a qualified provider to meet the level of care for skilled nursing facility services, and those Medicaid beneficiaries who are also eligible for Medicare coverage, under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, and who are assigned by Medicaid to the integrated care network. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • MEDICAL FACILITIES PLAN: A plan, prepared by the State Board of Health with the advice and consultation of the Statewide Health Coordinating Council, which shall consider the medical facilities plans of the health systems agencies, and which shall establish an integrated and interrelated system of health care facilities which shall have as its objective the provision of readily accessible health care in all parts of the state. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • mig: The Monitoring and Impact Group Subcommittee of ADAPT as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • MIG CHAIR: The Chair of the Monitoring and Impact Group Subcommittee as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • military service of the United States: as used in this chapter , shall include the Army of the United States, the United States Navy, the United States Air Force, the Marine Corps, the Coast Guard, any reserve or auxiliary component of any of the foregoing, the National Guard, those persons commissioned in the public health service and those persons entering into the service of any organization similar to those mentioned in this section hereafter formed by the government of the United States. See Alabama Code 36-8-1
  • minor: An individual under 18 years of age who is not emancipated. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • mixture: Seed consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOVING PICTURE THEATRE: Any building in which moving pictures are featured regularly for charge of admission. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • MULTI-STATE POOLING INITIATIVE: A group of two or more states working together to reduce the cost of pharmaceuticals purchased or paid for by those states. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • municipality: Any of the incorporated municipal corporations of the state, whether classified as city or town. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NET ADVANCE AMOUNT: The gross advance amount less the aggregate amount of the actual and estimated transfer expenses required to be disclosed under subdivision (5) of Section 6-11-52. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • NEW BUNDLED OFFERING: A bundled offering subscribed to by the customer on or after September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • NEW CONTRACT OFFERING: Any contract offering executed by the customer on or after September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of a district, to the area or areas in which that district is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • nlets: Network provider for exchange of criminal justice information among multiple state, federal, and international criminal justice agencies. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • non compos mentis: include all persons of unsound mind. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • NONFILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is not a filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • nursery: Any grounds or premises on or in which nursery stock is grown or propagated for sale or distribution. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • NURSERY STOCK: All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution or sale, unless specifically excluded by the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • ODORIZED PROPANE: Propane which has an odorant added to it. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • offense: Any act that is a felony, misdemeanor, state violation, municipal ordinance violation, or violation, or an act of delinquency. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • OFFICE OF WATER RESOURCES DIVISION DIRECTOR: The Division Director of the Office of Water Resources. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • oppression: Subjecting a person to cruel and unjust hardship in conscious disregard of that person's rights. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • OPTIONAL TELEPHONE FEATURES: Those central office-based features that were tariffed by a local exchange carrier on or before February 1, 2005, that, where available:

    a. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2

  • organ: Any human organ, human bone or human tissue, or any other part or portions of the human body, retrieved in Alabama except that the term "organ" shall not include blood, blood products, or eyes or corneas of the eye for the purposes established by this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • organ: Organs, tissues, eyes, bones, arteries, blood or other fluids and any other part or portions of a human body. See Alabama Code 22-19-141
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, or other organization, including, regardless of its organizational form, a bank, insurance company, credit union, and savings and loan association, whether for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • OTHER CROP SEED: The seed of all kinds or varieties of agricultural or vegetable seeds not of the kind or variety declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • OTHER FACILITY: Any land, right in land, building, structure, machinery, equipment or facility useful for or in connection with any housing or residential project or facility, or any educational project or facility, or any stadium, coliseum, fair ground, exhibition or athletic building or any other recreational facility, or any manufacturing, commercial, research or related facility for the promotion or development of industry or trade or any one or more or all of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PACT ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The PACT Administrative Fund created in subsection (c) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT BOARD: The board of directors and trustees of the PACT Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT CONTRACT: A contract entered into by the board and a participant in the PACT Program. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT PROGRAM: The Alabama Prepaid Affordable College Tuition Program created in subsection (a) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in subsection (b) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PART-TIME EMPLOYEE: That category of service in which the individuals are employed on an on-going basis but are normally scheduled to work less than 32 hours in the established workweek, or the equivalent hours for those public safety individuals who are assigned to work a work period in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • PART-TIME EMPLOYEE: That category of service in which an individual is employed on an on-going basis but is normally scheduled to work less than 32 hours in the established workweek, or the equivalent hours for those public safety individuals who are assigned to work a work period in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • PART-TIME STUDENT: An individual student who meets all qualifications as an eligible student and who meets the further criteria to be established by the ACHE. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • participant: A person who elects to participate in the fund who makes voluntary employee contributions into a 457 deferred compensation or a 403(b) tax sheltered annuity plan, who is not a public school employee and who meets any of the following requirements:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-27C-2

  • PARTICIPATING RETAIL PHARMACY: A retail pharmacy or other business licensed to dispense prescription drugs in this state that participates in state employee health insurance plans. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or foreign entity that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • payee: An individual who is receiving tax free payments under a structured settlement and proposes to make a transfer of payment rights thereunder. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • PERIODIC PAYMENTS: Includes both recurring payments and scheduled future lump sum payments. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • PERMANENT UNCONSCIOUSNESS: A condition that, to a reasonable degree of medical certainty:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3

  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: All assets and properties in which the Retirement Systems of Alabama may invest as permitted by law from time to time. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; Federal Intermediate Credit Banks; Federal Financing Bank; Federal Home Loan Banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; Federal Land Banks, or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings, (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements, which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • person: A business, individual, corporation, partnership, union, association, firm, committee, club, or other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, association or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association or agency. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • person: An individual, corporation, estate, partnership, association, or other legal entity, or representative of such. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an entity, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, a cooperative, or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality or cooperative. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • person: An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • person: Any natural person, and when appropriate, an organization, to include all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3

  • person: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint venture, or corporation, and any combination of persons herein specified, but "person" shall not include the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof, except in the case of voluntary submission to the policies and procedures and standards for quality assurance established by this article and by the "chairman". See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • PHARMACEUTICAL PROGRAM: A program administered by the Department of Mental Health, Department of Corrections, Department of Public Health, Department of Youth Services, or the Department of Rehabilitation Services, pursuant to which pharmaceuticals are purchased for use by clients. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • physician: A person licensed to practice medicine and osteopathy in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • physician: A person licensed to practice medicine in the state, including medical doctors and doctors of osteopathy. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • places: Vessels, railroad cars, automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, buildings, docks, nurseries, orchards and other premises where plants or plant products are grown, kept or handled. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: The Wallace-Folsom Savings Investment Plan established pursuant to this chapter that consists of the PACT Program, the ACES Program, and the ABLE Program. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: Any county, municipal corporation, school district or other equivalent governmental entity. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • PORTABLE PHYSICIAN DNAR ORDER: A DNAR order entered in the medical record by a physician using the required form designated by the State Board of Health and substantiated by completion of all sections of the form. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • PRESCRIPTION DRUG BUYING GROUP: Entities formed to enable retail pharmacies to aggregate their buying power in negotiating discounts and/or rebates on the purchase of pharmaceutical products from the manufacturers of pharmaceutical products, including, but not limited to, cooperatives and pharmacy benefits managers. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See Alabama Code 7-2-106
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • principal: A person or business which employs, hires, or otherwise retains a lobbyist. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The office, in or out of this state, where the principal executive office, whether referred to as the principal executive office, chief executive office, or otherwise, of an entity is located. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws and the minutes of proceedings of the board of a district are kept. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PROBABLE CAUSE: A finding that the allegations are more likely than not to have occurred. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROBATIONARY STATUS: A condition of employment in which covered employees serve the completion of the established probationary period and the approval for regular status by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • PROBATIONARY STATUS: A condition of employment in which covered employees serve the completion of the established probationary period and the approval for regular status by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • processing: The passing of seed through a cleaning machine for the purpose of removing some constituent or through a blending machine or grinding of the seed for other uses. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFITS FROM A CRIME: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1

  • program: The Alabama Student Grant Program, including the administration thereof. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • program: The Alabama Prescription Cost Initiative Program established by this chapter relating to supplemental drug rebates, and negotiated pricing of drugs. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • PROGRAM YEAR: The period from October 1 to September 30. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • project: A building or buildings designed for use and occupancy as a county courthouse or jail or for the supplying of offices and related facilities for officers and departments of the county and any agencies for which the county may lawfully furnish office facilities or any one or more thereof, together with any lands deemed by the board to be desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving a definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • propane: Hydrocarbon whose chemical composition is predominately C3H8, whether recovered from natural gas or crude oil, and includes liquefied petroleum gases and mixtures thereof. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • PROPANE GAS INDUSTRY: Those persons involved in the production, transportation, and sale of propane. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • property: Only land which has been subdivided and platted. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC BODY: All of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-26A-2

  • PUBLIC CONVEYANCE: A bus, taxi, train, trolley, boat, and any other means of public transit. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation organized under the laws of the state. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: Any person employed at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations and authorities, but excluding employees of hospitals or other health care corporations including contract employees of those hospitals or other health care corporations, who is paid in whole or in part from state, county, or municipal funds. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES: Land, buildings, other improvements to realty, machinery, equipment and any other property of a similar nature which is or may be used by or useful to the State Board of Health or any county board of health in providing the public health services for which provision is made in Chapter 3 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22, and includes alterations, modifications, improvements to and equipment for facilities now owned or operated by the State Board of Health or any county board of health. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC MEETING: Any meeting open to the public unless held in a private residence. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • PUBLIC MEMBER: A member of the council, other than a representative of wholesalers or retail marketers, representing significant users of propane, public safety officials, state regulatory officials, or other groups knowledgeable about propane. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • PUBLIC PLACE: Any enclosed area to which the public is permitted, including, but not limited to, auditoriums, elevators, hospitals, nursing homes, libraries, courtrooms, jury waiting rooms and deliberation rooms, theatres, museums, common areas of retirement homes, restaurants, laundromats, health facilities, educational facilities, shopping malls, government buildings, sports and recreational facilities, places of employment, airports, banks, retail stores, and service establishments. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, a cooperative, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation, a cooperative, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • purchaser: A person who is obligated to make contract payments in accordance with a PACT contract entered into pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PURE SEED: The seed of the kind or kind and variety of agricultural, tree, shrub or vegetable seed declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • QUALIFIED ASSIGNMENT AGREEMENT: An agreement providing for a qualified assignment within the meaning of Section 130 of the United States Internal Revenue Code, United States Code Title 26, as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • QUALIFIED INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION: The Alabama Propane Gas Association or its successor. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • QUALIFIED MINOR: The term as it is defined in Section 22-8A-3. See Alabama Code 16-30B-2
  • QUALIFIED MINOR: An individual ranging in age from birth until the age of 19 who has been diagnosed as a terminally ill or injured patient and whose diagnosis has been confirmed by at least one additional physician who is not the patient's attending physician. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE: The policies and procedures and standards of quality for the acquisition and/or transportation of donated organs, bones, and tissue retrieved in Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS: Specifications for assessing and improving the quality of care provided by the integrated care networks. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing the subdivision of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record date: means the date established under Article 6 or 7 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • RECREATIONAL USE: Participation in or observation of outdoor activities by the general public including, but not limited to, hunting, fishing, water sports, aerial sports, hiking, camping, winter sports, animal or vehicular riding and any related activity. See Alabama Code 9-7A-2
  • RED TAG: A red card or device containing an official printed notice of the condemnation of a liquefied petroleum gas system or any connected or disconnected LP-gas component, LP-gas storage container, LP-gas container appurtenance, or LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit placed as a result of a violation of the liquefied petroleum gas safety code provisions and regulations, or as a result of a mechanical defect found on the LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit that could cause a danger to the public if allowed to continue to operate. See Alabama Code 9-17-100
  • REGIONAL CARE ORGANIZATION: An organization of health care providers that contracts with the Medicaid Agency to provide a comprehensive package of Medicaid benefits to Medicaid beneficiaries in a defined region of the state. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • REGIONAL COUNCILS: The regional trauma advisory councils. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • REGULATORY BODY: A state agency which issues regulations in accordance with the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act or a state, county, or municipal department, agency, board, or commission which controls, according to rule or regulation, the activities, business licensure, or functions of any group, person, or persons. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • REMOTE SELLER: An individual, trust, estate, fiduciary, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, corporation, or other similar legal entity that sells tangible personal property or a service, but does not have nexus in this state. See Alabama Code 40-23-171
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • REPORTING PERIOD: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • REPORTING YEAR: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • representative: A person who represents or stands in the place of another person, including, but not limited to, an agent, assignee, attorney, guardian, committee, conservator, partner, receiver, administrator, executor or heir of another person, third-party beneficiary, or parent of a minor. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • REPRESENTATIVE OF A QUALIFIED MINOR: The term as it is defined in Section 22-8A-3. See Alabama Code 16-30B-2
  • REPRESENTATIVE OF A QUALIFIED MINOR: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3

  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • research: Any type of study, investigation, or other activities designed to advance the image, desirability, usage, marketability, and efficient use of propane gas and to further the development and distribution of the information. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • RESIDENT OF ALABAMA: For purposes of this chapter, a resident is a person who attends an eligible institution within the State of Alabama, or who lives in Alabama and attends an eligible institution outside the state, or who obtains a guaranteed student loan from an approved lender. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • RESORT AREA: An area located outside the corporate limits of any municipality in which the primary use of the majority of the real property is for recreational pursuits or those associated with relaxation, avocation, or pleasure, including vacation homes and facilities and commercial amusement or recreational establishments providing such facilities or goods or services with respect thereto. See Alabama Code 11-88-40
  • respite: Planned or emergency care provided to a child or adult with a special need in order to provide temporary relief to the family caregiver of that child or adult. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • RESPITE PROVIDER: An individual who provides a temporary break or period of relief to family caregivers. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • respondent: A person alleged to have violated a provision of this chapter and against whom a complaint has been filed with the commission. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY: With respect to a structured settlement, any government authority vested by law with exclusive jurisdiction over the settled claim resolved by such structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RESUSCITATIVE MEASURES: Those measures used to restore or support cardiac or respiratory function in the event of cardiopulmonary cessation. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • RETAIL MARKETER: A person engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the end user or to retail propane dispensers. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • RETAIL PROPANE DISPENSER: A person who sells odorized propane to the end user but is not engaged primarily in the business of the sales. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • RETIRED EMPLOYEE: A former employee who is a participant in either the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 25A of Title 16, as amended from time to time, or the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 29 of this title, as amended from time to time, and satisfies the definition of retiree under Section 36-29-1(11), as amended from time to time, or retired employee under Section 16-25A-1(2), as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • rights-of-way: as used in this title does not authorize the commission to prescribe the location or the routing of any pipeline facility;

    (5) COMMISSION. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • RISK CONTRACT: A long-term care contract with a fully certified integrated care network under which the integrated care network assumes risk for the cost of the services covered under the contract and incurs loss if the cost of furnishing the services exceeds the payments under the contract and which is competitively bid or competitively procured. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • SALES AND USE TAXES: Sales and use taxes and gross receipts taxes in the nature of a sales tax imposed pursuant to Alabama law. See Alabama Code 40-23-171
  • SAVINGS AGREEMENT: An agreement entered into between the Savings Board and a contributor establishing an ACES or ABLE savings account. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • SAVINGS BOARD: The Board of Directors of the ABLE Program and ACES Program, and trustees of the ABLE Trust Fund and ACES Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • sbi: The State Bureau of Investigation. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • school: Any primary or secondary public school located in the state. See Alabama Code 16-30B-2
  • SCHOOL EMPLOYEE: Any individual employed by a public school system located in the state. See Alabama Code 16-30B-2
  • SCHOOL NURSE: A nurse licensed by the Alabama Board of Nursing and employed as a school nurse by a public school system located in the state. See Alabama Code 16-30B-2
  • schoolhouse: Any building or other structure erected or acquired by the public schools of Alabama and also shall mean any private building in which 25 or more persons are congregated regularly for the purpose of instruction in any branch of knowledge. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • secretary: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • SECURITIES COMMISSION: The Alabama Securities Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Alabama Code 7-2-103
  • service: Any service pertaining to the acquisition and/or transporting of organs, bones, or tissues retrieved in Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which an authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include not only territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality but also territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which a district is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include both territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality and territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • SERVICE LINE: Any indoor line at which one or more persons are waiting for or receiving service of any kind, whether or not the service involves the exchange of money. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • SETTLED CLAIM: The original tort claim resolved by a structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of sanitary sewage and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating and disposing of sanitary sewage or solid wastes and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants, and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • SHOALS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND: That certain special or trust fund or account created pursuant to Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • smoking: The burning of a lighted cigarette, cigar, pipe, or any other matter or substance that contains tobacco. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • SMOKING AREA: Any designated area meeting the requirements of Section 22-15A-7. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT: The act of Congress approved August 14, 1935, Chapter 531, 49 Stat. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT: A governmental subdivision of this state and a public body corporate and politic organized pursuant to Article 2 of Chapter 8 of Title 9. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PRACTICES: The measures approved by the commission and applied to the land that prevent soil erosion in the state or improve the quality of water from agricultural sources in the state or improve the forest resources of the state. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • SOLID WASTES: All solid wastes and hazardous wastes as the same are defined in Article 1 of Chapter 27 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • special corporation: shall mean any corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-89-31
  • SPECIAL NEED: A disability or chronic illness as defined in Public Law 109-442. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • SPECIFIED CRIME: A felony offense involving moral turpitude, as described in Section 17-3-30. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1
  • speleothem: A natural secondary mineral deposit or formation in a cave. See Alabama Code 9-19-1
  • stakeholder: A person, group, organization, or system that affects or can be affected by an organization's actions. See Alabama Code 22-5B-3
  • STATE: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-3-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-3-40
  • state: A state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 40-23-171
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • STATE AGENCY: The Department of Mental Health, Department of Corrections, Department of Public Health, Department of Youth Services, and the Department of Rehabilitation Services. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • STATE BOARD OF HEALTH: The State Board of Health provided for in Chapter 2 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • STATE BOARD OF HEALTH: The statutory agency of the State of Alabama operative in the field of general health matters and performing the duties and exercising the powers as set forth in the statutory provisions relating thereto. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • STATE BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION: All buildings and other structures erected or acquired by or in behalf of the State of Alabama or any of its agencies or instrumentalities. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • STATE CLIMATOLOGIST: The State Climatologist of Alabama as appointed by the Governor and qualified to meet the roles and standards established by the American Association of State Climatologists as a Recognized State Climate Office. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE: The Department of Revenue of the state. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE EMPLOYEE: A person defined as a classified employee under Section 36-26-2. See Alabama Code 36-26A-2
  • STATE EMPLOYEE CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE: A committee of seven state employees representing top level leadership and rank and file employees; with the three branches of state government represented, with the chair appointed by the Governor, and with staff assistance furnished by the campaign manager in the Montgomery area; responsible for reviewing appeals of local agency review committee decisions and for overseeing, at the state level, the conduct of the State Employee Combined Charitable Campaign. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • STATE FORESTER: The Director of the Alabama Forestry Commission. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • STATE GEOLOGIST: The Director of the Geological Survey of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-10C-2
  • STATE HEALTH PLAN: A comprehensive plan, prepared by the State Board of Health and approved or disapproved by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council and which shall include the health systems plans developed by the health systems agencies, for the development of health programs and resources to assure that quality health services will be available and accessible in a manner which assures continuity of care, at reasonable cost, for all residents of the state. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the taxes levied in Division 1 and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Division 1 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION COMMITTEE: The agency of the state established and existing pursuant to Section 9-8-22. See Alabama Code 9-8A-1
  • STATE TREASURER: The State Treasurer of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in Article 2 and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Article 2 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATEMENT OF ECONOMIC INTERESTS: A financial disclosure form made available by the commission which shall be completed and filed with the commission prior to April 30 of each year covering the preceding calendar year by certain public officials and public employees. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • STATEWIDE HEALTH COORDINATING COUNCIL: The advisory council established pursuant to this article which shall advise the State Board of Health on matters relating to health planning and resource development. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • streets: Streets, avenues, boulevards, roads, lanes, alleys, viaducts, and other roads. See Alabama Code 11-24-1
  • STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT: An arrangement for periodic payment of damages for personal injuries or sickness established by settlement or judgment in resolution of a tort claim. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT: The agreement, judgment, stipulation, or release embodying the terms of a structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT OBLIGOR: With respect to any structured settlement, the party that has the continuing obligation to make periodic payments to the payee under a structured settlement agreement or a qualified assignment agreement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT PAYMENT RIGHTS: Rights to receive periodic payments under a structured settlement, whether from the structured settlement obligor or the annuity issuer, where:

    a. See Alabama Code 6-11-51

  • STUDENT LOAN: A loan or extension of credit to an eligible borrower (including without limitation a parent of an eligible borrower) including the promissory note or other written agreement or instrument evidencing such loan or extension of credit in accordance with the applicable requirements of the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • subdivision: The development and division of a lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, plats, sites, or otherwise for the purpose of establishing or creating a subdivision through the sale, lease, or building development. See Alabama Code 11-24-1
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • SUBMERGED LANDS: Lands under navigable waterways owned or controlled by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Subscriber: means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subsidiary: An entity at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • suicide: The act or instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally. See Alabama Code 22-8B-3
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervisor: Any person having authority to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, or discipline other public employees, or any person responsible to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or to recommend personnel action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of the authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • supervisor: Any individual having authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, regard, or discipline other employees, or responsibly to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend such action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of the authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. See Alabama Code 36-26A-2
  • supplier: A wholesaler or manufacturer of pharmaceuticals. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • SUPPLY DISTRICT: A district which renders sewer service or water service only to one or more counties, municipalities, or other public corporations, a cooperative, or to one or more customers of a county, municipality, public corporation, or a cooperative at its written request. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • surrogate: Any person appointed to act on behalf of an individual pursuant to Section 22-8A-11. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • tattoo: An indelible mark made upon the body of another individual by the insertion of a pigment in or under the skin or an indelible design upon the body of another individual by production of scars other than by branding. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • TATTOO FACILITY: The geographic location at which an individual does one or more of the following for compensation:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1

  • telecommunications: As defined in the Telecommunications Act of 1996, 47 U. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications for a fee directly to the public, or to any classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public, regardless of the facilities used. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2
  • TELEPHONE EXCHANGE SERVICE: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 37-2A-2

  • TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT: The category of service in which individuals are employed in either full-time or part-time positions for a period of no more than 180 calendar days. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT: The category of service in which individuals are employed in either full-time or part-time positions for a period of no more than 180 calendar days. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • TERMINALLY ILL OR INJURED PATIENT: A patient whose death is imminent or whose condition, to a reasonable degree of medical certainty, is hopeless unless he or she is artificially supported through the use of life-sustaining procedures and which condition is confirmed by a physician who is qualified and experienced in making such a diagnosis. See Alabama Code 22-8A-3
  • TERMS OF THE STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT: Include, with respect to any structured settlement, the terms of the structured settlement agreement, the annuity contract, any qualified assignment agreement, and any order or other approval of any court or responsible administrative authority or other government authority that authorized or approved the structured settlement. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • THIRD-PARTY RIGHT OF ENFORCEMENT: A right expressly provided in a conservation easement to enforce any of its terms granted to a governmental body, charitable corporation, charitable association, or charitable trust, which, although eligible to be a holder, is not a holder. See Alabama Code 35-18-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transfer: Any sale, assignment, pledge, hypothecation, or other alienation or encumbrance of structured settlement payment rights made by a payee for consideration; provided that the term does not include the creation or perfection of a security interest in structured settlement payment rights under a security agreement entered into with a bank or other insured depository institution or a subsidiary or affiliate of a bank or other insured depository institution (secured party) until and unless the secured party redirects the structured settlement payments to such secured party, or an agent or successor in interest thereof, or otherwise enforces the security interest against the structured settlement payment rights. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • TRANSFER AGREEMENT: The agreement providing for a transfer of structured settlement payment rights. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • TRANSFER EXPENSES: All expenses of a transfer that are required under the transfer agreement to be paid by the payee or deducted from the gross advance amount, including, without limitation, court filing fees, attorneys' fees, escrow fees, lien recordation fees, judgment and lien search fees, finders' fees, commissions, and other payments to a broker or other intermediary. See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • transferee: A party acquiring or proposing to acquire structured settlement payment rights through a transfer; provided that the term does not include a secured party who has not received a transfer of the structured settlement payment rights as the term "transfer" is defined in subdivision (18). See Alabama Code 6-11-51
  • TRAUMA CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in the statewide trauma system and that has been designated as a trauma center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • TREASURE TROVE: Any gold bullion, gold ingots, gold dust, silver bars, and other precious metals or stones. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Treasury shares: means shares of a corporation that have been issued, have been subsequently acquired by and belong to the corporation, and have not been canceled or restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • TREE AND SHRUB SEED: The seeds of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree or shrub seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: A trustee of the relevant trust. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • trusts: The separate trusts to be created by the state, on the one hand, as the grantor, and members of the State Employees' Insurance Board or the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board, on the other hand, as trustees of the respective trusts, pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 36-36-3
  • UNCERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest in a domestic entity that is not represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT: Any individual student who meets all other qualifications as an eligible student and has not received a baccalaureate degree or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 16-33A-1
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • USER AGENCY: Any agency or entity that subscribes to, accesses, or views any ALEA information system or service provided under the authority of this article. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • value: The fair market price of a like item if purchased by a private citizen. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • variety: A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, period of maturation or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, for example, Redhart wheat, Flat Dutch cabbage, Otootan soybeans, Chantenay carrot, etc. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • VEGETABLE SEED: The seeds of those crops which are grown in gardens or on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • VICTIM OF A CRIME: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-85.1

  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • wages: All remuneration for employment, as defined in subdivision (2) of this section, including the cash value of all remuneration paid in any medium other than cash; except, that such term shall not include that part of such remuneration which, even if it were for "employment" within the meaning of the federal Insurance Contributions Act, would not constitute "wages" within the meaning of that act. See Alabama Code 36-28-1
  • wantonness: Conduct which is carried on with a reckless or conscious disregard of the rights or safety of others. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • warrant: Any warrant authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-15-1
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system, including the provision of water to a fire protection authority to be used in the rendition of fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including but not limited to water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • WATER SYSTEMS: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings and other property or any combination of any thereof which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing water, including, but not limited to, water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, tanks, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves and all necessary appurtenances and equipment and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 11-89-1
  • WEED SEEDS: The seeds, bulblets and tubers of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state, including noxious weed seeds, bulblets and tubers. See Alabama Code 2-26-1
  • wholesaler: A business licensed pursuant to state law to distribute prescription drugs in this state. See Alabama Code 36-35-2
  • wholesaler: A company engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the retail marketer or to the end user. See Alabama Code 9-17-171
  • WIDELY ATTENDED EVENT: A gathering, dinner, reception, or other event of mutual interest to a number of parties at which it is reasonably expected that more than 12 individuals will attend and that individuals with a diversity of views or interest will be present. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • WILD CAVE: Any cave or portion of a cave that is not a commercial cave. See Alabama Code 9-19-1
  • WORK PERIOD: The period of time established by the city for public safety employees in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • WORK PERIOD: The work period or workweek established by the city council for employees of the city in compliance with the FLSA, and such adjustments and changes the city council, from time to time, may make in the work period or workweek for all or some departments and their employees. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • workweek: A seven calendar day period as established in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1