Article 1 General Provisons 2-3A-1 – 2-3A-16
Article 2 1999 Bond Issue for Animal Diagnostic Laboratories, Agricultural and Forestry Research, and Veterninary Medicine Facilities 2-3A-30 – 2-3A-36
Article 3 1998 Bond Issue for Textile Technology Facilities 2-3A-50 – 2-3A-56

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 3A

  • affiliate: With respect to any lender, any person, firm or corporation controlled by, or under common control with, such lender, and any person, firm or corporation controlling such lender. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • aftercare: A youth is released by the department from a state training school operated by the department, wherein the department releases legal custody, supervision, and the right to return until further order of the juvenile court. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • agreement: Any agreement between a wholesaler and a supplier, whether oral or written, whereby a wholesaler is granted the right to purchase and sell a brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS: Farming, ranching, the production of agricultural commodities (including, without limitation, the products of aquaculture and silvaculture) or the treating, processing, storing, manufacturing, marketing, distribution or exporting of agricultural commodities; provided, however, that such term shall not include any operation the principal purpose of which is the selling at retail of agricultural commodities or related products; provided, further, that costs of agricultural operations shall specifically include, but not be limited to, costs of acquiring and improving real and personal property, repairs, annual operating expenses, family living expenses and refinancing of debt incurred for any such costs. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ANCILLARY BUSINESS: A business owned by a wholesaler, or by a substantial partner of a wholesaler, the primary business of which is directly related to the transporting, storing, or marketing of the brand or brands of wine of a supplier with whom the wholesaler has an agreement; or a business owned by a wholesaler, a substantial stockholder of a wholesaler, or a substantial partner of a wholesaler which recycles empty beverage containers. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Bank Holding Company Act: means the Federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The Alabama Youth Services Board. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, certificates, bond, grant or revenue anticipation notes or any other evidence of indebtedness representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • COMMITTED YOUTH: Any youth committed to the legal custody of the department upon a finding of delinquency and a finding by a juvenile judge that the youth is in need of care or treatment, or both, in a state training school. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock as a dealer as defined in Section 2-15-131(5). See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • department: The Department of Youth Services established in this chapter. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED MEMBER: The spouse, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or sister of a deceased individual who owned an interest, including a controlling interest, in a wholesaler; or any person who inherits the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler under the terms of the deceased individual's will, or under the laws of intestate succession of this state; or any person who or entity which has otherwise by designation in writing by the deceased individual, succeeded the deceased individual in the wholesaler's business, or has succeeded to the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler pursuant to a written contract or instrument; and also includes the appointed and qualified personal representative and the testamentary trustee of a deceased individual owning an ownership interest in a wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • DETENTION FACILITY: A facility licensed by the department, other than a jail, affording secure custody for children and youths. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Alabama Youth Services Director. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • federal branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • federal International Banking Act: means the federal International Banking Act of 1978, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GOOD FAITH: Honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing in the trade, as defined in and interpreted under the Uniform Commercial Code, Section 7-2-103. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • guardian: Any parent who has legal custody of the person or property of a youth or a person or agency who has custody of the person or property of the youth pursuant to a court order. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act: means the federal Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, Public Law No. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • JUVENILE COURT: Any court having jurisdiction over juveniles pursuant to Amendment No. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • LEGAL CUSTODY: A legal status created by a court order embodying all of the following rights and responsibilities:

    a. See Alabama Code 44-1-2

  • lender: Any federal or state chartered bank, federal land bank, production credit association, bank for cooperatives, federal or state chartered savings and loan association or building and loan association, small business investment company or any other institution qualified within this state to originate and service loans, including, but without limitation to, insurance companies, credit unions and mortgage loan companies. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: Any person engaged in the operation of a livestock market as defined in Section 2-15-60(6). See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • livestock market: as used in this division shall mean livestock markets which are subject to the requirements of Division 1 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-5-171
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, a person, corporation, association, partnership or cooperative. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • probation: A legal status created by a court order following adjudication in a delinquency or in need of supervision case whereby a youth is permitted to remain in the community, subject to supervision by the court or any agency designated by the court and subject to return to the court at any time during the probation period. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • REASONABLE QUALIFICATIONS: The standard of the reasonable criteria established and consistently used by the respective supplier for Alabama wholesalers that entered into, continued, or renewed an agreement with the supplier during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed transfer of the wholesaler's business, or for Alabama wholesalers who have changed managers or designated managers during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed change in manager or successor manager of the wholesaler's business. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • RETALIATORY ACTION: Includes, but is not limited to, the refusal to continue an agreement, or a material reduction in the quality of service or in the quantity of products available to a wholesaler under an agreement, which refusal or reduction is not made in good faith. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • SALES TERRITORY: an area of exclusive sales responsibility for the brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier as designated by an agreement. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • supplier: A manufacturer or importer of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRAINING SCHOOL: An institution operated by the department for the rehabilitation of delinquent youth. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • wholesaler: A wholesaler of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • youth: Prior to January 1, 1978, the term means an individual under the age of 17 or under 19 years of age who committed the act of delinquency with which he or she is charged before reaching the age of 17 years. See Alabama Code 44-1-2
  • YOUTH SERVICES: The duties and functions which are authorized or required by this chapter to be provided by the department with respect to the establishment and enforcement of standards of treatment for youths. See Alabama Code 44-1-2