Article 1 Officers and Employees 31-201 – 31-207
Article 2 Prisoners 31-221 – 31-242
Article 3 Labor by Prisoners 31-250 – 31-255
Article 4 Products of Prisoners 31-261
Article 5 Correctional Facility Construction 31-271
Article 6 Transition Program 31-281 – 31-287
Article 10 Prisoner Participation in Medical Research and Plasmapheresis and Whole Blood Programs 31-321 – 31-323
Article 11 Work Furlough Program 31-331 – 31-336
Article 12 Escape 31-341 – 31-342

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 31 > Chapter 2

  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Correctional facility: means any place used for the confinement or control of a person:

    (a) Charged with or convicted of an offense; or

    (b) Held for extradition; or

    (c) Pursuant to an order of court for law enforcement purposes. See Arizona Laws 31-341

  • Court: means a justice of the peace, town magistrate, city magistrate, superior court commissioner or superior court judge. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Custody: means the imposition of actual or constructive restraint pursuant to an on-site arrest or court order but does not include detention in a correctional facility, juvenile detention center or state hospital. See Arizona Laws 31-341
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Department: means the state department of corrections. See Arizona Laws 31-201
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Detention facility: means any jail or other place of detention of persons charged with or convicted of a crime, including town, city, county, or regional facilities. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 31-201
  • Employment: includes vocational training and other educational and rehabilitative activities, whether or not for compensation. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escape: means departure from custody or from a correctional facility in which a person is held or detained with knowledge that such departure is unpermitted or failure to return to custody or detention following a temporary leave granted for a specific purpose or for a limited period. See Arizona Laws 31-341
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local governing board: means town council, city council or board of supervisors, or any combination thereof. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Magistrate: means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense and includes the chief justice and justices of the supreme court, judges of the superior court, judges of the court of appeals, justices of the peace and judges of a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Prisoner: means a person incarcerated in a detention facility who has been charged with or convicted of a misdemeanor, or a person incarcerated for nonpayment of a fine, for contempt or as a condition of probation for any criminal offense. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • work crew: means a group of prison inmates who possess the skills and training to work at prison sites and to participate, under the security supervision of correctional service officers, in any phase of prison construction, maintenance, renovation or conversion. See Arizona Laws 31-250
  • Work furlough administrator: means a probation officer, sheriff, or other person authorized by the local governing board to perform the functions of the work furlough administrator. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215