Article 1 Officers and Employees 31-201 – 31-207
Article 2 Prisoners 31-221 – 31-242
Article 3 Labor by Prisoners 31-250 – 31-256
Article 4 Products of Prisoners 31-261
Article 5 Correctional Facility Construction 31-271
Article 6 Transition Program 31-281 – 31-287
Article 7 Mental Health Transition Pilot Program 31-291
Article 10 Prisoner Participation in Medical Research and Plasmapheresis and Whole Blood Programs 31-321 – 31-323
Article 11 Work Furlough Program 31-331 – 31-336
Article 12 Escape 31-341 – 31-342

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 31 > Chapter 2 - State Prison

  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Board: means the Arizona early childhood development and health board established by this chapter. See
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Correctional facility: means any place used for the confinement or control of a person:

    (a) Charged with or convicted of an offense; or

    (b) Held for extradition; or

    (c) Pursuant to an order of court for law enforcement purposes. See Arizona Laws 31-341

  • Court: means a justice of the peace, town magistrate, city magistrate, superior court commissioner or superior court judge. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Custodian: means a person, other than a parent or legal guardian, who stands in loco parentis to the child or a person to whom legal custody of the child has been given by order of the juvenile court. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Custody: means the imposition of actual or constructive restraint pursuant to an on-site arrest or court order but does not include detention in a correctional facility, juvenile detention center or state hospital. See Arizona Laws 31-341
  • Department: means the state department of corrections. See Arizona Laws 31-201
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Detention facility: means any jail or other place of detention of persons charged with or convicted of a crime, including town, city, county, or regional facilities. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 31-201
  • Early childhood development and health programs: means programs and services provided to children prior to kindergarten and their families for the purpose of assisting child development by providing education and other support, including parent and family support programs, child care, preschool, health screenings and access to preventive health services. See
  • Employment: includes vocational training and other educational and rehabilitative activities, whether or not for compensation. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escape: means departure from custody or from a correctional facility in which a person is held or detained with knowledge that such departure is unpermitted or failure to return to custody or detention following a temporary leave granted for a specific purpose or for a limited period. See Arizona Laws 31-341
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • In-home intervention: means a program of services provided pursuant to article 14 of this chapter while the child is still in the custody of the parent, guardian or custodian. See Arizona Laws 8-801
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local governing board: means town council, city council or board of supervisors, or any combination thereof. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Magistrate: means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense and includes the chief justice and justices of the supreme court, judges of the superior court, judges of the court of appeals, justices of the peace and judges of a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Minor: means a person under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Prisoner: means a person incarcerated in a detention facility who has been charged with or convicted of a misdemeanor, or a person incarcerated for nonpayment of a fine, for contempt or as a condition of probation for any criminal offense. See Arizona Laws 31-331
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • work crew: means a group of prison inmates who possess the skills and training to work at prison sites and to participate, under the security supervision of correctional service officers, in any phase of prison construction, maintenance, renovation or conversion. See Arizona Laws 31-250
  • Work furlough administrator: means a probation officer, sheriff, or other person authorized by the local governing board to perform the functions of the work furlough administrator. See Arizona Laws 31-331