As used in this chapter:
(a) "Alternative payments" includes payments that are made by one
child care agency to another agency or child care provider for the
provision of child care and development services, and payments that
are made by an agency to a parent for the parent's purchase of child
care and development services.
(b) "Alternative payment program" means a local government agency
or nonprofit organization that has contracted with the department
pursuant to Section 8220.1 to provide alternative payments and to
provide support services to parents and providers.
(c) "Applicant or contracting agency" means a school district,
community college district, college or university, county
superintendent of schools, county, city, public agency, private
nontax-exempt agency, private tax-exempt agency, or other entity that
is authorized to establish, maintain, or operate services pursuant
to this chapter. Private agencies and parent cooperatives, duly
licensed by law, shall receive the same consideration as any other
authorized entity with no loss of parental decisionmaking
prerogatives as consistent with the provisions of this chapter.
(d) "Assigned reimbursement rate" is that rate established by the
contract with the agency and is derived by dividing the total dollar
amount of the contract by the minimum child day of average daily
enrollment level of service required.
(e) "Attendance" means the number of children present at a child
care and development facility. "Attendance," for purposes of
reimbursement, includes excused absences by children because of
illness, quarantine, illness or quarantine of their parent, family
emergency, or to spend time with a parent or other relative as
required by a court of law or that is clearly in the best interest of
the child.
(f) "Capital outlay" means the amount paid for the renovation and
repair of child care and development facilities to comply with state
and local health and safety standards, and the amount paid for the
state purchase of relocatable child care and development facilities
for lease to qualifying contracting agencies.
(g) "Caregiver" means a person who provides direct care,
supervision, and guidance to children in a child care and development
facility.
(h) "Child care and development facility" means a residence or
building or part thereof in which child care and development services
are provided.
(i) "Child care and development programs" means those programs
that offer a full range of services for children from infancy to 13
years of age, for any part of a day, by a public or private agency,
in centers and family child care homes. These programs include, but
are not limited to, all of the following:
(1) General child care and development.
(2) Migrant child care and development.
(3) Child care provided by the California School Age Families
Education Program (Article 7.1 (commencing with Section 54740) of
Chapter 9 of Part 29 of Division 4 of Title 2).
(4) California state preschool program.
(5) Resource and referral.
(6) Child care and development services for children with
exceptional needs.
(7) Family child care home education network.
(8) Alternative payment.
(9) Schoolage community child care.
(j) "Child care and development services" means those services
designed to meet a wide variety of needs of children and their
families, while their parents or guardians are working, in training,
seeking employment, incapacitated, or in need of respite. These
services may include direct care and supervision, instructional
activities, resource and referral programs, and alternative payment
arrangements.
(k) "Children at risk of abuse, neglect, or exploitation" means
children who are so identified in a written referral from a legal,
medical, or social service agency, or emergency shelter.
(l) "Children with exceptional needs" means either of the
following:
(1) Infants and toddlers under three years of age who have been
determined to be eligible for early intervention services pursuant to
the California Early Intervention Services Act (Title 14 (commencing
with Section 95000) of the Government Code) and its implementing
regulations. These children include an infant or toddler with a
developmental delay or established risk condition, or who is at high
risk of having a substantial developmental disability, as defined in
subdivision (a) of Section 95014 of the Government Code. These
children shall have active individualized family service plans, shall
be receiving early intervention services, and shall be children who
require the special attention of adults in a child care setting.
(2) Children 3 to 21 years of age, inclusive, who have been
determined to be eligible for special education and related services
by an individualized education program team according to the special
education requirements contained in Part 30 (commencing with Section
56000) of Division 4 of Title 2, and who meet eligibility criteria
described in Section 56026 and, Article 2.5 (commencing with Section
56333) of Chapter 4 of Part 30 of Division 4 of Title 2, and Sections
3030 and 3031 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations.
These children shall have an active individualized education program,
shall be receiving early intervention services or appropriate
special education and related services, and shall be children who
require the special attention of adults in a child care setting.
These children include children with intellectual disabilities,
hearing impairments (including deafness), speech or language
impairments, visual impairments (including blindness), serious
emotional disturbance (also referred to as emotional disturbance),
orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health
impairments, or specific learning disabilities, who need special
education and related services consistent with Section 1401(3)(A) of
Title 20 of the United States Code.
(m) "Closedown costs" means reimbursements for all approved
activities associated with the closing of operations at the end of
each growing season for migrant child development programs only.
(n) "Cost" includes, but is not limited to, expenditures that are
related to the operation of child care and development programs.
"Cost" may include a reasonable amount for state and local
contributions to employee benefits, including approved retirement
programs, agency administration, and any other reasonable program
operational costs. "Cost" may also include amounts for licensable
facilities in the community served by the program, including lease
payments or depreciation, downpayments, and payments of principal and
interest on loans incurred to acquire, rehabilitate, or construct
licensable facilities, but these costs shall not exceed fair market
rents existing in the community in which the facility is located.
"Reasonable and necessary costs" are costs that, in nature and
amount, do not exceed what an ordinary prudent person would incur in
the conduct of a competitive business.
(o) "Elementary school," as contained in former Section 425 of
Title 20 of the United States Code (the National Defense Education
Act of 1958, Public Law 85-864, as amended), includes early childhood
education programs and all child development programs, for the
purpose of the cancellation provisions of loans to students in
institutions of higher learning.
(p) "Family child care home education network" means an entity
organized under law that contracts with the department pursuant to
Section 8245 to make payments to licensed family child care home
providers and to provide educational and support services to those
providers and to children and families eligible for state-subsidized
child care and development services. A family child care home
education network may also be referred to as a family child care home
system.
(q) "Health services" include, but are not limited to, all of the
following:
(1) Referral, whenever possible, to appropriate health care
providers able to provide continuity of medical care.
(2) Health screening and health treatment, including a full range
of immunization recorded on the appropriate state immunization form
to the extent provided by the Medi-Cal Act (Chapter 7 (commencing
with Section 14000) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code) and the Child Health and Disability Prevention
Program (Article 6 (commencing with Section 124025) of Chapter 3 of
Part 2 of Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code), but only to
the extent that ongoing care cannot be obtained utilizing community
resources.
(3) Health education and training for children, parents, staff,
and providers.
(4) Followup treatment through referral to appropriate health care
agencies or individual health care professionals.
(r) "Higher educational institutions" means the Regents of the
University of California, the Trustees of the California State
University, the Board of Governors of the California Community
Colleges, and the governing bodies of any accredited private
nonprofit institution of postsecondary education.
(s) "Intergenerational staff" means persons of various
generations.
(t) "Limited-English-speaking-proficient and
non-English-speaking-proficient children" means children who are
unable to benefit fully from an English-only child care and
development program as a result of either of the following:
(1) Having used a language other than English when they first
began to speak.
(2) Having a language other than English predominantly or
exclusively spoken at home.
(u) "Parent" means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive
parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living
with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the
child.
(v) "Program director" means a person who, pursuant to Sections
8244 and 8360.1, is qualified to serve as a program director.
(w) "Proprietary child care agency" means an organization or
facility providing child care, which is operated for profit.
(x) "Resource and referral programs" means programs that provide
information to parents, including referrals and coordination of
community resources for parents and public or private providers of
care. Services frequently include, but are not limited to: technical
assistance for providers, toy-lending libraries, equipment-lending
libraries, toy- and equipment-lending libraries, staff development
programs, health and nutrition education, and referrals to social
services.
(y) "Severely disabled children" are children with exceptional
needs from birth to 21 years of age, inclusive, who require intensive
instruction and training in programs serving pupils with the
following profound disabilities: autism, blindness, deafness, severe
orthopedic impairments, serious emotional disturbances, or severe
intellectual disabilities. "Severely disabled children" also include
those individuals who would have been eligible for enrollment in a
developmental center for handicapped pupils under Chapter 6
(commencing with Section 56800) of Part 30 of Division 4 of Title 2
as it read on January 1, 1980.
(z) "Short-term respite child care" means child care service to
assist families whose children have been identified through written
referral from a legal, medical, or social service agency, or
emergency shelter as being neglected, abused, exploited, or homeless,
or at risk of being neglected, abused, exploited, or homeless. Child
care is provided for less than 24 hours per day in child care
centers, treatment centers for abusive parents, family child care
homes, or in the child's own home.
(aa) (1) "Site supervisor" means a person who, regardless of his
or her title, has operational program responsibility for a child care
and development program at a single site. A site supervisor shall
hold a permit issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing that
authorizes supervision of a child care and development program
operating in a single site. The Superintendent may waive the
requirements of this subdivision if the Superintendent determines
that the existence of compelling need is appropriately documented.
(2) For California state preschool programs, a site supervisor may
qualify under any of the provisions in this subdivision, or may
qualify by holding an administrative credential or an administrative
services credential. A person who meets the qualifications of a
program director under both Sections 8244 and 8360.1 is also
qualified under this subdivision.
(ab) "Standard reimbursement rate" means that rate established by
the Superintendent pursuant to Section 8265.
(ac) "Startup costs" means those expenses an agency incurs in the
process of opening a new or additional facility before the full
enrollment of children.
(ad) "California state preschool program" means part-day and
full-day educational programs for low-income or otherwise
disadvantaged three- and four-year-old children.
(ae) "Support services" means those services that, when combined
with child care and development services, help promote the healthy
physical, mental, social, and emotional growth of children. Support
services include, but are not limited to: protective services, parent
training, provider and staff training, transportation, parent and
child counseling, child development resource and referral services,
and child placement counseling.
(af) "Teacher" means a person with the appropriate permit issued
by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing who provides program
supervision and instruction that includes supervision of a number of
aides, volunteers, and groups of children.
(ag) "Underserved area" means a county or subcounty area,
including, but not limited to, school districts, census tracts, or
ZIP Code areas, where the ratio of publicly subsidized child care and
development program services to the need for these services is low,
as determined by the Superintendent.
(ah) "Workday" means the time that the parent requires temporary
care for a child for any of the following reasons:
(1) To undertake training in preparation for a job.
(2) To undertake or retain a job.
(3) To undertake other activities that are essential to
maintaining or improving the social and economic function of the
family, are beneficial to the community, or are required because of
health problems in the family.
(ai) "Three-year-old children" means children who will have their
third birthday on or before the date specified of the fiscal year in
which they are enrolled in a California state preschool program, as
follows:
(1) November 1 of the 2012-13 fiscal year.
(2) October 1 of the 2013-14 fiscal year.
(3) September 1 of the 2014-15 fiscal year and each fiscal year
thereafter.
(aj) "Four-year-old children" means children who will have their
fourth birthday on or before the date specified of the fiscal year in
which they are enrolled in a California state preschool program, as
follows:
(1) November 1 of the 2012-13 fiscal year.
(2) October 1 of the 2013-14 fiscal year.
(3) September 1 of the 2014-15 fiscal year and each fiscal year
thereafter.
(ak) "Local educational agency" means a school district, a county
office of education, a community college district, or a school
district on behalf of one or more schools within the school district.