§ 43 Besides the personal rights mentioned or recognized in the Government …
§ 43.1 A child conceived, but not yet born, is deemed an existing person, so …
§ 43.3 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a mother may breastfeed …
§ 43.4 A fraudulent promise to marry or to cohabit after marriage does not …
§ 43.5 No cause of action arises for:(a) Alienation of …
§ 43.55 (a) There shall be no liability on the part of, and no cause of …
§ 43.56 No cause of action arises against a foster parent for alienation of …
§ 43.6 (a) No cause of action arises against a parent of a child based …
§ 43.7 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.8 (a) In addition to the privilege afforded by Section 47, there …
§ 43.9 (a) There shall be no liability on the part of, and no cause of …
§ 43.91 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.92 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.93 (a) For the purposes of this section the following definitions …
§ 43.95 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.96 (a) Any medical or podiatric society, health facility licensed …
§ 43.97 There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no cause of …
§ 43.98 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.99 (a) There shall be no monetary liability on the part of, and no …
§ 43.100 v2 (a) There shall not be any civil liability on the part of, and …
§ 43.101 (a) An emergency responder shall not be liable for any damage to …
§ 44 Defamation is effected by either of the …
§ 45 Libel is a false and unprivileged publication by writing, printing, …
§ 45a A libel which is defamatory of the plaintiff without the necessity of …
§ 46 Slander is a false and unprivileged publication, orally uttered, and …
§ 47 A privileged publication or broadcast is one made:(a) In the …
§ 47.5 Notwithstanding Section 47, a peace officer may bring an action for …
§ 48 In the case provided for in subdivision (c) of Section 47, malice is …
§ 48a (a) In any action for damages for the publication of a libel in …
§ 48.5 (1) The owner, licensee or operator of a visual or sound radio …
§ 48.7 (a) No person charged by indictment, information, or other …
§ 48.8 (a) A communication by any person to a school principal, or a …
§ 48.9 (a) An organization which sponsors or conducts an anonymous …
§ 49 The rights of personal relations forbid:(a) The abduction or …
§ 50 Any necessary force may be used to protect from wrongful injury the …
§ 51 (a) This section shall be known, and may be cited, as the Unruh …
§ 51.1 If a violation of Section 51, 51.5, 51.7, 51.9, or 52.1 is alleged or …
§ 51.2 (a) Section 51 shall be construed to prohibit a business …
§ 51.3 (a) The Legislature finds and declares that this section is …
§ 51.4 (a) The Legislature finds and declares that the requirements for …
§ 51.5 (a) No business establishment of any kind whatsoever shall …
§ 51.6 (a) This section shall be known, and may be cited, as the Gender …
§ 51.7 (a) This section shall be known, and may be cited, as the Ralph …
§ 51.8 (a) No franchisor shall discriminate in the granting of …
§ 51.9 (a) A person is liable in a cause of action for sexual …
§ 51.10 v2 (a) Section 51 shall be construed to prohibit a business …
§ 51.11 (a) The Legislature finds and declares that this section is …
§ 51.12 (a) The Legislature finds and declares that the requirements for …
§ 51.13 Any discount or other benefit offered to or conferred on a consumer …
§ 52 (a) Whoever denies, aids or incites a denial, or makes any …
§ 52.1 (a) This section shall be known, and may be cited, as the Tom …
§ 52.2 An action pursuant to Section 52 or 54.3 may be brought in any court …
§ 52.3 (a) No governmental authority, or agent of a governmental …
§ 52.4 (a) Any person who has been subjected to gender violence may …
§ 52.45 (a) Any person who has been subjected to sexual orientation …
§ 52.5 (a) A victim of human trafficking, as defined in Section 236.1 …
§ 52.6 (a) Each of the following businesses and other establishments …
§ 52.7 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (g), a person shall not …
§ 53 (a) Every provision in a written instrument relating to real …
§ 53.5 (a) Notwithstanding any other law, except as specified in this …
§ 53.7 (a) A statute, ordinance, or other state or local rule, …

Terms Used In California Codes > Civil Code > Division 1 > Part 2

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Education Code 70011.9
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • District governing board: includes the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, unless the context requires otherwise. See California Education Code 72670.5
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • licensee: as used in this chapter means the holder of a physician's and surgeon's certificate or doctor of podiatric medicine's certificate, as the case may be, who is engaged in the professional practice authorized by the certificate under the jurisdiction of the appropriate board. See California Education Code 70020
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Education Code 69624
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.