§ 12480 Except as provided in Sections 12314 and 12484, each member entitled …
§ 12481 (a) The bylaws may provide or, in the absence of such provision, …
§ 12482 Unless otherwise provided in the articles or bylaws, if a membership …
§ 12483 (a) In advance of any meeting of members the board may appoint …
§ 12484 (a) Except in the case of a central organization, cumulative …
§ 12485 (a) Upon the filing of an action therefor by any director or …

Terms Used In California Codes > Corporations Code > Title 1 > Division 3 > Part 2 > Chapter 6

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: as used in this part means a corporation which is organized under, or subject to this part, including a central organization. See California Corporations Code 12232
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Corporations Code 12233
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 8203.5
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 8202