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Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 1 > Division 1 > Part 11 > Chapter 10.5
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- beginning teacher: means a teacher with a valid California credential, as defined in Section 44259. See California Education Code 44279.1
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
- property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
- Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
- Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
- spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389