Chapter 1 Election of School District Board Members
Chapter 2 Boards of Education
Chapter 3 Conduct of Elections

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 1 > Division 1 > Part 4

  • Acquired: means received or taken by conveyance, judgment, decree, or otherwise. See California Education Code 19989
  • Acquiring district: means a school district that has all or portions of one or more other school districts transferred into, or lapsed into, its boundaries pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 35511 or Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affected county: means each county from which territory is proposed to be transferred to create a new county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved county: means the territory to be included in a new county after the registered voters in the affected county or counties have approved the creation of such a new county at a primary election, pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 23350), but before an election is held for purposes of determining the location of the county seat and the selection of county officers for such new county, pursuant to Article 4. See California Government Code 56864
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
  • Board: means the California Library Construction and Renovation Board. See California Education Code 19952
  • Board: means the California Public Library Construction and Renovation Board. See California Education Code 19986
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • City: includes city and county and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 5092
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Education Code 5227
  • Claim: includes a legal or equitable right, title, estate, lien, or interest in property or cloud upon title. See California Education Code 19911
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 56864
  • Commission: means the County Formation Review Commission. See California Government Code 56864
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission created by Section 1 of Article XII of the California Constitution, and "commissioner" means a member of the commission. See California Education Code 5093
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Committee: means the California Library Construction and Renovation Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 19972. See California Education Code 19952
  • Committee: means the California Library Construction and Renovation Finance Committee established pursuant to Section 19972. See California Education Code 19986
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Contiguous: means territory which adjoins the boundary line of the proposed county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5091
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 7005
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Education Code 7053
  • Development: includes , but is not limited to, improvement, rehabilitation, restoration, enhancement, preservation, protection, and interpretation. See California Education Code 20052
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Districts: means school districts of every kind or class. See California Education Code 35514
  • Endowment: means the California Cultural and Historical Endowment created pursuant to Section 20053, or the board of the endowment, as appropriate. See California Education Code 20052
  • Energy Commission: means the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission. See California Education Code 5093
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • formal notice: means the notice of election which is required to be published and posted in public places, and "card notice" means the notice of election which is required to be mailed to the registered voters of the area in which the election is to be held. See California Education Code 5360
  • Former district: means a school district that has been wholly included in another school district, or has had all of its territory made part of two or more other school districts, through any action taken pursuant to Section 35511 or through a lapsation pursuant to Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Fund: means the California Library Construction and Restoration Fund created pursuant to Section 19955. See California Education Code 19952
  • Fund: means the California Public Library Construction and Renovation Fund. See California Education Code 19986
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • Indebtedness: means the net obligations of a county arising from contract or through the operation of law, other than short-term operational expenses, but including and not limited to obligations arising under general obligation bonds, leases, joint powers agreements, and similar obligations or contracts entered into by the county prior to the date on which a petition is filed. See California Government Code 56864
  • interested person: means any person owning an interest in the park or the land embraced within it as reversioner, remainderman, abutting property owner, or otherwise. See California Government Code 38402
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • lien: means a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in property whether arising from contract, statute, common law, or equity. See California Education Code 5025
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • New district: means a school district that is formed from all or portions of one or more other school districts by an action to reorganize taken pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 35511. See California Education Code 35514
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit public benefit corporation that is formed pursuant to the Nonprofit Corporation Law (commencing with Section 500 of the Corporations Code), qualified to do business in California, and qualified under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, that has, among its principal charitable purposes, the preservation of historic or cultural resources for cultural, scientific, historic, educational, recreational, agricultural, or scenic opportunities. See California Education Code 20052
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • online dating service: means any person or organization engaged in the business of offering dating, matrimonial, or social referral services online, where the services are offered primarily online, such as by means of an Internet Web site or a mobile application. See California Education Code 35563
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Government Code 50972
  • original dedicator: includes any person, or that person's successors and assigns, who has dedicated any land in the city for use as a public park. See California Government Code 38400
  • Original district: means a school district as it existed before an action to reorganize pursuant to Section 35511 or before an action to lapse a school district pursuant to Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Education Code 5325
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Government Code 50973
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Education Code 7052
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preservation: includes , but is not limited to, identification, evaluation, recordation, restoration, stabilization, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Education Code 20052
  • Principal county: means the county from which it is proposed that territory with the greatest proportion of assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, relative to the total amount of taxable property within the boundaries of a proposed county, is to be transferred to create, in part, that proposed county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Government Code 50974
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: includes real property, and to the extent applicable, personal property. See California Education Code 19911
  • Property: means any right, title, or interest in or lien upon real property or part thereof. See California Education Code 19989
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Public agency: means a federal agency, state agency, city, county, district, association of governments, joint powers agency, or tribal organization. See California Education Code 20052
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Reorganized district: means a school district that is a "new district" an "acquiring district" or a "divided district. See California Education Code 35514
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Government Code 51071
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 5090
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 51073
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Education Code 7058
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 5028
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subject land: means that area occupied by the particular described surface and surface zone for which plaintiff seeks to terminate the leasehold right of entry and occupation. See California Education Code 20000
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsequent owner: means the person to whom property is transferred whether as owner, part owner, or otherwise, or the successors in interest of the person, and includes a distributee of the estate of a decedent. See California Education Code 19989
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Government Code 51075
  • Surface zone: means the zone which lies above a plane which is 500 feet below the surface of the land. See California Education Code 20000
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Government Code 52001
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 18535