Article 1 Health and Welfare Benefits
Article 2 Political Activities of School Officers and Employees

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 1 > Division 1 > Part 5 > Chapter 1

  • Certificated employee: means a member, as defined by Section 22146, of the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Education Code 7004
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Education Code 7053
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Education Code 7054
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Endowment: means the California Cultural and Historical Endowment created pursuant to Section 20053, or the board of the endowment, as appropriate. See California Education Code 20052
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Museum: means a public or private nonprofit institution that is organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes and that owns or uses tangible objects, cares for those objects, and exhibits them to the general public on a regular basis. See California Education Code 20052
  • Necessary property: means property to be used for a public use for which the public entity is authorized to acquire property by eminent domain. See California Education Code 7007
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Preservation: includes , but is not limited to, identification, evaluation, recordation, restoration, stabilization, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Education Code 20052
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • School district: means that district from which the member of the State Teachers' Retirement System last made contributions to the system before retirement. See California Education Code 7004
  • Spouse: means a spouse as defined by Section 22171. See California Education Code 7004
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • Substitute property: means property to be exchanged for necessary property. See California Education Code 7007
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389