Chapter 1 Education Program
Chapter 1.5 Parental Involvement
Chapter 2 Required Courses of Study
Chapter 3 Diplomas and Certificates
Chapter 4 Prohibited Instruction
Chapter 5 Authorized Classes and Courses of Instruction
Chapter 5.5 Comprehensive Health Education
Chapter 5.6 California Healthy Youth Act
Chapter 5.7 Prevention of Brain and Spinal Cord Injuries
Chapter 5.8 Sexual Abuse and Sex Trafficking Prevention Education
Chapter 6.1 Public Schools Accountability Act of 1999
Chapter 7 Bilingual Education
Chapter 8.3 Advanced Placement Program
Chapter 9 Career Technical Education
Chapter 10 Adult Schools
Chapter 10.5 Immigrant Workforce Preparation Act
Chapter 11 Miscellaneous
Chapter 12.5 International Baccalaureate Diploma Program
Chapter 13 Science and Technology Education Improvement Programs
Chapter 15 Comprehensive Reading Leadership Program
Chapter 16 California Career Pathways Trust
Chapter 16.5 California Career Technical Education Incentive Grant Program
Chapter 17.5 California Career Resource Network
Chapter 18 Race to the Top
Chapter 19 Computer Science Strategic Implementation Plan

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 2 > Division 4 > Part 28

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Education Code 54420
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Education Code 54420
  • Added sweetener: means an additive other than 100 percent fruit juice that enhances the sweetness of a beverage. See California Education Code 49430
  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Advertise: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper or magazine or in any directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Education Code 54703
  • Advertising: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper, magazine, or directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Education Code 56243
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory Council: means the Dispute Resolution Advisory Council. See California Education Code 51203
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • Aggrieved person: includes any person who claims to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice or believes that the person will be injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is about to occur. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Aide: means an individual who provides supportive services to an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant and who is trained by an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant to perform, under appropriate supervision, delegated, selected client and nonclient-related tasks for which the aide has demonstrated competency. See California Education Code 56126
  • Alternative education project: includes , but is not limited to, the use of video recordings, models, films, books, and computers, which would provide an alternate avenue for obtaining the knowledge, information, or experience required by the course of study in question. See California Education Code 51007
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means any living organism of the kingdom animalia, beings that typically differ from plants in capacity for spontaneous movement and rapid motor response to stimulation by a usually greater mobility with some degree of voluntary locomotor ability and by greater irritability commonly mediated through a more or less centralized nervous system, beings that are characterized by a requirement for complex organic nutrients including proteins or their constituents that are usually digested in an internal cavity before assimilation into the body proper, and beings that are distinguished from typical plants by lack of chlorophyll, by an inability to perform photosynthesis, by cells that lack cellulose walls, and by the frequent presence of discrete complex sense organs. See California Education Code 51007
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant for licensure: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has completed the required education and required hours of supervised experience for licensure. See California Education Code 54703
  • application: includes the original documents or writings filed and any other supporting documents or writings including supporting documents provided or filed contemporaneously, or later, in support of the application whether provided or filed by the applicant or by any other person in support of the application. See California Education Code 52329
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Government Code 51917
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • arts: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following: dance. See California Education Code 52522.2
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • assessment level: means the estimated gross dollar amount received by assessment from all assessed businesses on an annual basis, and "assessment formula" means the allocation method used within each industry segment (for example, percentage of gross revenue or percentage of transaction charges). See California Government Code 13995.60
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associate: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has earned his or her master's or doctoral degree qualifying him or her for licensure and is registered with the board as an associate. See California Education Code 54703
  • Association: means the Occupational Therapy Association of California or a similarly constituted organization representing occupational therapists in this state. See California Education Code 56126
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Government Code 51918
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Vocational Nursing and Psychiatric Technicians of the State of California. See California Education Code 52050
  • Board: means the Veterinary Medical Board. See California Education Code 52180
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Education Code 54420
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Government Code 12620
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Behavioral Sciences. See California Education Code 54703
  • Board: as used in this chapter , Chapter 13 (commencing with Section 4980), Chapter 13. See California Education Code 56174
  • board: refers to any healing arts board, division, or examining committee which licenses or certifies health professionals. See California Education Code 51935
  • Board: includes "bureau" "commission" "committee" "department" "division" "examining committee" "program" and "agency. See California Education Code 52328
  • Board: as used in this chapter , includes a board, advisory board, commission, examining committee, committee or other similarly constituted body exercising powers under this code. See California Education Code 52314
  • Board: means the California Board of Occupational Therapy. See California Education Code 56126
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Education Code 56145
  • Board of Governors: means the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Bond: means a bond, authorized by Sections 8878. See California Government Code 14106
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51921
  • Bycatch: includes discards. See California Government Code 52004
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Certificate: means a valid certificate issued by the council pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 56021
  • Certificated mechanic: means an individual person who is the duly authorized holder of a Federal Aviation Administration Mechanic Certificate, with either an "Airframe" a "Powerplant" or an "Inspection Authorization" rating, which has been issued to that person pursuant to the provisions of Part 65 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Certificated repair station: means a person or business entity which is the duly authorized holder of a Federal Aviation Administration certificated repair station designation pursuant to the provisions of Part 145 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Chancellor: means the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Child development program: means a full-day or part-day comprehensive developmental program for children ages 0 to 14 years that is administered by the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52550
  • child nutrition entity: means any school district, county superintendent of schools, child development program operated pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 8200) or Chapter 2. See California Education Code 49530.5
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • Client centered advocacy: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, researching, identifying, and accessing resources, or other activities, related to obtaining or providing services and supports for clients or groups of clients receiving psychotherapy or counseling services. See California Education Code 54703
  • Closed season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, amphibians, or reptiles is prohibited. See California Government Code 51923
  • Combination foods: means products that contain two or more components representing two or more of the recommended food groups: fruit, vegetable, dairy, protein, or grains. See California Education Code 49430
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Committee: means the California Earthquake Safety and Housing Rehabilitation Finance Committee. See California Government Code 14106
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee, created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 56145
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community-based organizations: means public nonprofit benefit corporations of demonstrated effectiveness approved by the superintendent to provide educational services to eligible legalized persons. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Compensation: means a payment, loan, advance, donation, contribution, deposit, or gift of money, or anything of value. See California Education Code 56021
  • Competitive foods: means all food and beverages other than meals reimbursed under programs authorized by the federal Richard B. See California Education Code 49430
  • compliance audit: means an audit that ascertains and verifies whether or not funds provided through apportionment, contract, or grant, either federal or state, have been properly disbursed and expended as required by law or regulation or both and includes the verification of each of the following:

    California Education Code 51224

  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Education Code 52950
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuing competence: means a dynamic and multidimensional process in which the occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant develops and maintains the knowledge, performance skills, interpersonal abilities, critical reasoning, and ethical reasoning skills necessary to perform current and future roles and responsibilities within the profession. See California Education Code 56126
  • Conversion coverage: means health insurance benefits providing hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued to an individual under a converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • Converted policy: means a policy or contract providing conversion coverage issued by an insurance company or by a hospital service corporation, or individual hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the California Massage Therapy Council created pursuant to this chapter, which shall be a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56021
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 19878
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 32284
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 32381
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Education Code 1012
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 51925
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 24937
  • Credible science: means the best available scientific information that is not overly prescriptive due to the dynamic nature of science, and includes the evaluation principles of relevance, inclusiveness, objectivity, transparency, timeliness, verification, validation, and peer review of information as appropriate. See California Government Code 51926
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Customer: means any person who requests a repairperson to do work on a general aviation aircraft which is in the possession of that person. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Customer: means a natural person who deals with a depositary. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep fried: means a food item that is cooked by total submersion in oil or fat. See California Education Code 49430
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Department: means Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 14106
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • department: refers to the State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 51760.5
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Depositary: means a person who in the ordinary course of business regularly receives property from customers for the purpose of repair or alteration. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Government Code 52005
  • designated instruction and services: means "related services" as that term is defined in Section 1401(26) of Title 20 of the United States Code and Section 300. See California Education Code 56363
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32390
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispute resolution: includes , but is not limited to, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. See California Education Code 51203
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Government Code 51929.5
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Education Code 52950
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Government Code 12751
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Early primary program: means an integrated, experiential, and developmentally appropriate educational program for children in preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1 to 3, inclusive, that incorporates various instructional strategies and authentic assessment practices, including educationally appropriate curricula, heterogeneous groupings, active learning activities, oral language development, small group instruction, peer interaction, use of concrete manipulative materials in the classroom, planned articulation among preschool, kindergarten, and primary grades, and parent involvement and education. See California Education Code 52550
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Elementary school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains any grade from kindergarten to grade 6, inclusive, but no grade higher than grade 6. See California Education Code 49430
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Government Code 12751
  • Employment agency: includes any person undertaking for compensation to procure employees or opportunities to work. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • establishment: means a fixed location where massage is performed for compensation, excluding those locations where massage is only provided on an out-call basis. See California Education Code 56021
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Examination: means an entry level examination for occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy or by another nationally recognized credentialing body. See California Education Code 56126
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Experience: as used in this chapter , means experience in interpersonal relationships, psychotherapy, marriage and family therapy, direct clinical counseling, and nonclinical practice that satisfies the requirements for licensure as a marriage and family therapist. See California Education Code 54703
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • FAA Aircraft Registry: means that particular system for the recording of conveyances and other documents which affect the title to, or any interest in, civil aircraft of the United States, which was originally created pursuant to Section 503 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 as set forth in Section 1403 of Title 49 of the United States Code and which is more specifically identified in Section 49. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Government Code 52008

  • Flash fried: means a food item that is quickly fried on both sides in oil with a temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. See California Education Code 49430
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the Housing Rehabilitation Loan Fund established by Section 50661 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 14106
  • Fund: means the Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund, created pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 67354. See California Education Code 56145
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • General aviation: means all aviation with the exception of air carrier and military aviation. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good standing: means that the person has a current, valid license to practice occupational therapy or assist in the practice of occupational therapy and has not been disciplined by the recognized professional licensing or standard-setting body within five years prior to application or renewal of the person's license. See California Education Code 56126
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county, or the city council or board of trustees or other governing board in the case of a city, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Group policy: means a group health insurance policy providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued by an insurer, a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation, or medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members, except for self-insurance programs provided by employers that are not exempt from the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • High school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education maintaining any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Government Code 12751
  • Immigrant: means a person who is a citizen of a country other than the United States and is eligible for education services in California or a naturalized United States citizen who is now residing in California. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individualized instruction based upon performance criteria: means an educational method in which (a) aptitudes, interests, motivations, and other characteristics of each student play a major role in the selection of educational objectives and the determination of the sequence of study and choice of materials and procedures. See California Education Code 54704
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Government Code 12751
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • injury: as used in this division , includes cancer, including leukemia, that develops or manifests itself during a period in which any member described in subdivision (a) is in the service of the department or unit, if the member demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a known carcinogen as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by the director. See California Public Utilities Code 27013
  • Insurance: refers to health insurance, major medical, or comprehensive coverage paid by premium or contribution under a group policy, a hospital service contract, or as otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members other than by self-insuring except in the case of a plan that is exempt from ERISA, but does include an employer plan that is exempt from ERISA as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Insurer: includes an insurance company and any person authorized to represent the insurer with respect to a claim. See California Education Code 56350
  • Insurer: means the entity issuing a group policy, an individual or converted policy, a hospital service contract or an employer or employee organization otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • item: includes but is not limited to any paper, document, book, map, or other type of record. See California Government Code 12220
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Government Code 51933
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Education Code 1012
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Education Code 32400
  • Labor organization: includes any organization that exists and is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: includes certificate, registration or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code. See California Education Code 52328
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
  • license: includes a license, limited permit, or any other authorization to engage in practice regulated by this chapter. See California Education Code 56163
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • licensing agency: means a panel of the Division of Medical Quality. See California Education Code 51741
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 14106
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Education Code 1012
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Massage: means the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues. See California Education Code 56021
  • Massage practitioner: means a person who is certified by the council pursuant to Section 4604. See California Education Code 56021
  • Massage therapist: means a person who is certified by the council under Section 4604 and who administers massage for compensation. See California Education Code 56021
  • material: includes a statement or omission substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the business or profession. See California Education Code 52329
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Medicare: means Title XVIII of the United States Social Security Act as added by the Social Security Amendments of 1965 or as later amended or superseded. See California Government Code 12186
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Mental disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Middle school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains grade 7 or 8, grades 7 to 9, inclusive, or grades 7 to 10, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Government Code 51936
  • Military and veteran status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Minimum finance charge: The minimum, or fixed, finance charge that will be imposed during a billing cycle. A minimum finance charge usually applies only when a finance charge is imposed, that is, when you carry over a balance. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Multidisciplinary committee: means the Veterinary Medicine Multidisciplinary Advisory Committee established pursuant to Section 4809. See California Education Code 52180
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Education Code 1012
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Government Code 51937
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32287
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Occupational therapist: means an individual who meets the minimum education requirements specified in Section 2570. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy: means the therapeutic use of purposeful and meaningful goal-directed activities (occupations) with individuals, groups, populations, or organizations, to support participation, performance, and function in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy assistant: means an individual who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, who is in good standing as determined by the board, and based thereon, who is qualified to assist in the practice of occupational therapy under this chapter, and who works under the appropriate supervision of a licensed occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy services: means the services of an occupational therapist or the services of an occupational therapy assistant under the appropriate supervision of an occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • on-premises advertising displays: means any structure, housing, sign, device, figure, statuary, painting, display, message placard, or other contrivance, or any part thereof, that has been designed, constructed, created, intended, or engineered to have a useful life of 15 years or more, and intended or used to advertise, or to provide data or information in the nature of advertising, for any of the following purposes:

    California Education Code 56324

  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Government Code 52030
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Par fried: means a food item that is fried to reach an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit then it is cooled to room temperature so that it may be refrigerated or frozen for future frying. See California Education Code 49430
  • parent: means the natural, adoptive, or foster parent of a pupil, a surrogate parent, a family member acting on behalf of the parent, or any person having legal authority to make educational decisions on behalf of a pupil. See California Education Code 51131
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See California Education Code 52950
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 54420
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 32289
  • person: as used in this article includes an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or cooperative association. See California Education Code 51796.2
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, unincorporated organization, or corporation. See California Education Code 56126
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 19878
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Government Code 12751
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Education Code 56245
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 54444.5

  • Physical agent modalities: means techniques that produce a response in soft tissue through the use of light, water, temperature, sound, or electricity. See California Education Code 56126
  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a group policy issued by an insurer, a holder of a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation or an employer, employee association, or other entity otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage on a group basis to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Political subdivision: means any city, county, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Portfolio material: means a selection of representative samples of the child's performance within the program setting that may include, but not be limited to, teacher observations, work samples, developmental profiles, photographs, and audio or video recordings that present a picture of the child's progress over time. See California Education Code 52550
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premium: means contribution or other consideration paid or payable for coverage under a group policy or converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • prepare: means to put into condition for intended use. See California Education Code 56245
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • private school children with disabilities: means children with disabilities enrolled by a parent in private schools or facilities that meet the definition of "elementary school" in Section 300. See California Education Code 56170
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Program: means an entity that provides dispute resolution. See California Education Code 51203
  • Project: as used in this chapter , means the California Science Project. See California Education Code 52955
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Property: means personal property used for or intended for personal, family, or household purposes, but does not include any motor vehicle within the meaning of Section 415 of the Vehicle Code. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • psychiatric technician: means any person who, for compensation or personal profit, implements procedures and techniques that involve understanding of cause and effect and that are used in the care, treatment, and rehabilitation of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, or persons with intellectual disabilities, and who has one or more of the following:

    California Education Code 52055.700

  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pupil: means a person under 18 years of age who is matriculated in a course of instruction in an educational institution within the scope of Section 32255. See California Education Code 51007
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Government Code 51942
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional occupational program: as used in this chapter , means a sequence of career technical or technical training programs that meet the criteria and standards of instructional programs in regional occupational centers and are conducted in a variety of physical facilities that are not necessarily situated in one single plant or site. See California Education Code 52303
  • Regulations: means the rules and regulations set forth in Division 20 (commencing with Section 2000) of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Education Code 52180
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Religious dress practice: shall be construed broadly to include the wearing or carrying of religious clothing, head or face coverings, jewelry, artifacts, and any other item that is part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Religious grooming practice: shall be construed broadly to include all forms of head, facial, and body hair that are part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Repairperson: means any person engaged in the business of repairing general aviation aircraft. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • School campus: means all areas of the property under the jurisdiction of the school that are accessible to pupils during the schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • School district: includes county offices of education. See California Education Code 52550
  • school meals: includes breakfasts, lunches, or the serving of foods or beverages, or both, during other nutrition periods, or any combination thereof. See California Education Code 49500
  • Schoolday: means the period from the midnight before to 30 minutes after the end of the official schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Education Code 1012
  • season: means "open season. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Education Code 32300
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51945
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • SLIAG: means the State Legalization Impact-Assistance Grants as set forth in Section 204 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, (Sec. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Snack: means a food that is generally regarded as supplementing a meal, including, but not limited to, chips, crackers, yogurt, cheese, nuts, seeds, fruit, or vegetables. See California Education Code 49430
  • social media: means an electronic service or account, or electronic content, including, but not limited to, videos or still photographs, blogs, video blogs, podcasts, instant and text messages, email, online services or accounts, or Internet Web site profiles or locations. See California Education Code 51251
  • Sold: means the exchange of food or beverages for money, coupons, vouchers, or order forms when any part of the exchange occurs on a school campus. See California Education Code 49430
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 32283
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1001
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51902
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 25018.1
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sunset date: as used in this part , mean the date on which specific categorical programs cease to be operative and Sections 62002, 62003, 62004, 62005, and 62005. See California Education Code 56033.5
  • Superintendent: means the Superintendent of Public Instruction. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56021
  • Supervision: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 56338

  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56363
  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 54703

  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 56338

  • Supervisor: means any individual having the authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or the responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend that action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Government Code 51951
  • tax obligation: means the tax imposed under, or in accordance with, Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001), Part 1. See California Education Code 17352
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • To employ: means to engage, suffer or permit any person to do industrial homework, or to tolerate, suffer, or permit articles or materials under one's custody or control to be manufactured in a home by industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trainee: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who is currently enrolled in a master's or doctoral degree program, as specified in Sections 4980. See California Education Code 54703
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Undue hardship: means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of the following factors:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • veterans service organization: means any association or organization which is composed solely of persons who served honorably in time of war or in time of peace in a campaign or expedition for service in which a medal has been authorized by the government of the United States, as members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who as citizens of the United States served honorably in time of war as members of the armed forces of any nation whose government was allied with the United States during that war, and which is organized for patriotic, fraternal, and benevolent objects. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Education Code 32400 v2
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Education Code 1000
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Government Code 52001
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Education Code 1012
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389