Chapter 1 Selective Service Registration
Chapter 1.7 Ortiz-Pacheco-Poochigian-Vasconcellos Cal Grant Program
Chapter 2 Student Financial Aid Programs
Chapter 3 State Nursing Assumption Program of Loans for Education (SNAPLE)
Chapter 4 Child Savings Account Grant Program

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 3 > Division 5 > Part 42

  • Access costs: means living expenses and expenses for transportation, supplies, technology, and books. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Achievement level descriptors: means a narrative description of the knowledge, skills, and processes expected of pupils at different grade levels and at different performance levels on achievement tests. See California Education Code 60603
  • Achievement test: means any summative standardized test that measures the level of performance that a pupil has achieved on state-adopted content standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Education Code 54420
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Education Code 54420
  • Additional place of practice: as used in this article , means any place of practice that increases the number of places of practice of the applicant, and includes an additional office that the applicant proposes to originally establish, either individually or in association with another, as well as an established place of practice that the applicant acquires or proposes to acquire, in whole or in part, by purchase, repossession, reassignment, gift, devise, bequest, or operation of law, except as otherwise provided in this article. See California Education Code 66011
  • Adult patient: means a dental patient 13 years of age or older. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Advisory body: means the advisory body for each individual agriculture program. See California Education Code 69767
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agriculture programs: means the programs specified in Section 221, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 5301) of Division 4, Sections 6037, 6038, and 9641. See California Education Code 69767
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appliance: means any new television, radio, audio or video recorder, or playback device normally used or sold for use in the home or in a private motor vehicle, or any new refrigerator, freezer, range, oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, room air conditioner, or sewing machine normally used or sold for use in the home, or any new typewriter, adding machine, calculator, or other similar machine, or any electrically operated tool, any of which appliances have a manufacturer's invoice sale value of fifty dollars ($50) or more. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 70032
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Veterinary Medical Board. See California Education Code 52180
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Education Code 54420
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69999.8
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to Section 69984. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • Board: means the Osteopathic Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 69516
  • Board: means the California Board of Podiatric Medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Census administration: means a test administration in which all pupils take comparable assessments of the same content and where results of individual performance are appropriate and meaningful to parents, pupils, and teachers. See California Education Code 60603
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name, and the location where the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name and the location at which the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • clear legible type: means type which meets all the following qualifications:

    California Education Code 60648.5

  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Education Code 88087
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70032
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70100
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 69516
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67332
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof, that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67337
  • Consortium: means a multistate collaborative organized to develop a comprehensive system of assessments or formative tools such as described in Section 60605. See California Education Code 60603
  • Content standards: means the specific academic knowledge, skills, and abilities that all public schools in this state are expected to teach, and all pupils are expected to learn, in reading, writing, mathematics, history-social science, world languages, visual and performing arts, and science, at each grade level tested. See California Education Code 60603
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Education Code 88092
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Currency: means any coined money, banknotes, or other paper money as are authorized by law which circulates from hand to hand as the medium of exchange. See California Education Code 66018
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • Defendant: means a person (including corporation, association, partnership and firm or governmental entity) against whom a litigation is brought or maintained or sought to be brought or maintained. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dental college approved by the board: means a dental school or college that is approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, that is accredited by a body that has a reciprocal accreditation agreement with that commission, or that has been approved by the Dental Board of California through its own approval process. See California Education Code 66900
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist, who must be physically present in the treatment facility during the performance of those procedures. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • Discipline: means an advanced dental educational program in an area of dental practice not approved as a specialty by the American Dental Association. See California Education Code 66900
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Diversion program: means a treatment program created by this article for osteopathic physicians and surgeons whose competency may be threatened or diminished due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. See California Education Code 69516
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • fee: includes , but is not limited to, any application fee, license fee, permit fee, inspection fee, certification fee, registration fee, identification fee, analysis fee, or certificate fee. See California Education Code 69813
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Field test: means an assessment or assessment items administered to a representative sample of a population to ensure that the test or item produces results that are valid, reliable, and fair. See California Education Code 60603
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial need: means a student's financial need calculated pursuant to the federal financial need methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Formative assessment tools: means assessment tools and processes that are embedded in instruction and used by teachers and pupils to provide timely feedback for purposes of adjusting instruction to improve learning. See California Education Code 60603
  • Fund: means the California Memorial Scholarship Fund established pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Fund: means the 1988 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67333. See California Education Code 67332
  • Fund: means the June 1990 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67346. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Fund: means the 1992 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67358. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • fund: includes any account in a fund which consists of money derived from different sources for different purposes. See California Education Code 69999.6
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General anesthesia: as used in this article , means a controlled state of depressed consciousness or unconsciousness, accompanied by partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof. See California Education Code 66903.2
  • General anesthesia: means a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • General supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist but not requiring the physical presence of the supervising dentist during the performance of those procedures. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • high school grade point average: includes senior year coursework. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • hosting platform: means a marketplace that is created for the primary purpose of facilitating the rental of a residential unit offered for occupancy for tourist or transient use for compensation to the offeror of that unit, and the operator of the hosting platform derives revenues, including booking fees or advertising revenues, from providing or maintaining that marketplace. See California Education Code 66025
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Instructional program: means a program of study that results in the award of a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate certificate, or undergraduate coursework in a program of study leading directly to a first professional degree for which no baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree is awarded. See California Education Code 70032
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Education Code 88105
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: includes "certificate" "permit" and "registration. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensee: includes the holder of a license. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensing authority: means the board, which has jurisdiction over a particular licensee. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: means any civil action or proceeding, commenced, maintained or pending in any state or federal court. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local educational agency: means a county office of education, school district, state special school, or direct-funded charter school as described in Section 47651. See California Education Code 60603
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship which is involved in the manufacture, assembly, or production of an appliance or whose brand name appears on any appliance. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • materia medica: as used in this code or in any initiative act referred to in this code, means those substances listed in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, the official United States Dispensatory, New and Nonofficial Remedies, or the National Formulary, or any supplement thereof, except substances covered by subdivision (a) of Section 4052 and Section 4057 of this code. See California Education Code 17314
  • Matrix sampling: means administering different portions of a single assessment to different groups of pupils for the purpose of sampling a broader representation of content and reducing testing time. See California Education Code 60603
  • mediation: means a process in which a neutral person or persons facilitate communication between the disputants to assist them in reaching a mutually acceptable agreement. See California Education Code 70039
  • minimal sedation: means a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. See California Education Code 66010
  • Minor patient: means a dental patient under the age of 13 years. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • moderate sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which a patient responds purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation, no interventions are required to maintain a patient's airway, spontaneous ventilation is adequate, and cardiovascular function is usually maintained. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Money exchange house: means any individual or business engaged in the business of exchanging or dealing in the currency of the United States, Mexico, or any other country. See California Education Code 66018
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 88115
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Participant: means a surviving dependent of a California resident killed as a result of injuries sustained during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, who has executed, or on whose behalf has been executed, an agreement pursuant to Section 70011. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Participant: means a California-licensed osteopathic physician and surgeon. See California Education Code 69516
  • Participating institution: means any campus of the California State University or the University of California that elects to participate in the DREAM Program pursuant to the requirements specified for a qualifying institution as set forth in this article. See California Education Code 70032
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 54420
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 54444.5

  • Phototherapy device: means equipment that emits ultraviolet radiation used by a health care professional in the treatment of disease. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Plaintiff: means the person who commences, institutes or maintains a litigation or causes it to be commenced, instituted or maintained, including an attorney at law acting in propria persona. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Podiatric licensing authority: refers to any officer, board, commission, committee, or department of another state that may issue a license to practice podiatric medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • podiatric residency: means a program of supervised postgraduate clinical training, one year or more in duration, approved by the board. See California Education Code 69628
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Population sampling: means administering assessments to a representative sample of pupils instead of the entire pupil population. See California Education Code 60603
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • program: means the Cal Grant B Service Incentive Grant Program established by this section. See California Education Code 69438
  • Program: means the California Memorial Scholarship Program established pursuant to Section 70010. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 69516
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Qualifying institution: means an institution that complies with paragraphs (2) and (3) and is any of the following:

    California Education Code 69432.7

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88136
  • Regulations: means the rules and regulations set forth in Division 20 (commencing with Section 2000) of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Education Code 52180
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 70032
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Scholarship: means a participant's account as established by the board with moneys deposited in the fund. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Security: means an undertaking to assure payment, to the party for whose benefit the undertaking is required to be furnished, of the party's reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees and not limited to taxable costs, incurred in or in connection with a litigation instituted, caused to be instituted, or maintained or caused to be maintained by a vexatious litigant. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Specialty: means an area of dental practice approved by the American Dental Association and recognized by the board. See California Education Code 66900
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summative assessment: means an assessment designed to be given near the end of the school year to evaluate a pupil's knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56363
  • Tanning device: means an ultraviolet tanning device and any accompanying equipment, including, but not limited to, protective eyewear, timers, and handrails. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Tanning facility: means any location, place, area, structure, or business that provides persons access to any tanning device. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust fund: means the Agriculture Trust Fund created pursuant to Section 232. See California Education Code 69767
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Ultraviolet tanning device: means equipment that emits electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the air between 200 and 400 nanometers used for tanning of the skin, including, but not limited to, a sunlamp, tanning booth, or tanning bed. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University: as used in this article , means the University of California. See California Education Code 69511.5
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person who does any of the following:

    California Education Code 69618.5

  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389