Chapter 1 Selective Service Registration
Chapter 1.7 Ortiz-Pacheco-Poochigian-Vasconcellos Cal Grant Program
Chapter 2 Student Financial Aid Programs
Chapter 3 State Nursing Assumption Program of Loans for Education (SNAPLE)
Chapter 4 Child Savings Account Grant Program

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 3 > Division 5 > Part 42 - STUDENT FINANCIAL AID PROGRAM

  • Access costs: means living expenses and expenses for transportation, supplies, technology, and books. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Accredited: as used in this chapter , means a school, college, or university accredited by either the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education or a regional or national institutional accrediting agency that is recognized by the United States Department of Education. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Accrediting organization: means an organization approved by the board. See California Business and Professions Code 2506
  • Achievement level descriptors: means a narrative description of the knowledge, skills, and processes expected of pupils at different grade levels and at different performance levels on achievement tests. See California Education Code 60603
  • Achievement test: means any summative standardized test that measures the level of performance that a pupil has achieved on state-adopted content standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Action: means a judicial proceeding or arbitration in which a payment in money may be awarded or enforced with respect to a foreign-money claim. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Additional place of practice: as used in this article , means any place of practice that increases the number of places of practice of the applicant, and includes an additional office that the applicant proposes to originally establish, either individually or in association with another, as well as an established place of practice that the applicant acquires or proposes to acquire, in whole or in part, by purchase, repossession, reassignment, gift, devise, bequest, or operation of law, except as otherwise provided in this article. See California Business and Professions Code 1658.2
  • Administrative fund: means the funds used to administer this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Adult patient: means a dental patient 13 years of age or older. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.18
  • Advertise: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper or magazine or in any directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Advisory body: means the advisory body for each individual agriculture program. See California Food and Agricultural Code 230
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agriculture programs: means the programs specified in Section 221, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 5301) of Division 4, Sections 6037, 6038, and 9641. See California Food and Agricultural Code 230
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appliance: means any new television, radio, audio or video recorder, or playback device normally used or sold for use in the home or in a private motor vehicle, or any new refrigerator, freezer, range, oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, room air conditioner, or sewing machine normally used or sold for use in the home, or any new typewriter, adding machine, calculator, or other similar machine, or any electrically operated tool, any of which appliances have a manufacturer's invoice sale value of fifty dollars ($50) or more. See California Business and Professions Code 22410
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • Associate: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has earned a master's or doctoral degree qualifying the person for licensure and is registered with the board as an associate. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 70032
  • Bank-offered spot rate: means the spot rate of exchange at which a bank will sell foreign money at a spot rate. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefits: means the payment of higher education expenses on behalf of a beneficiary by the Scholarshare trust during the beneficiary's attendance at an institution of higher education. See California Education Code 69980
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: as used in this chapter means the California Horse Racing Board. See California Business and Professions Code 19700
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Behavioral Sciences. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Business and Professions Code 1695.1
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Business and Professions Code 1741
  • Board: means the Osteopathic Medical Board of California. See California Business and Professions Code 2361
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69980
  • Board: means the Podiatric Medical Board of California. See California Business and Professions Code 2461
  • Board: means the Medical Board of California. See California Business and Professions Code 2506
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69999.8
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to Section 69984. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • California resident: means a person who would not be required to pay nonresident tuition under Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 68000) of Part 41. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Census administration: means a test administration in which all pupils take comparable assessments of the same content and where results of individual performance are appropriate and meaningful to parents, pupils, and teachers. See California Education Code 60603
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Business and Professions Code 2040
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name and the location at which the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.18
  • Certified nurse-midwife: means a person to whom a certificate has been issued pursuant to Article 2. See California Business and Professions Code 2506
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • clear legible type: means type which meets all the following qualifications:

    California Business and Professions Code 22202

  • Closed: means not open or available to receive equipment. See California Business and Professions Code 22928
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70027
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70032
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70100
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Food and Agricultural Code 26
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67332
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Business and Professions Code 1695.1
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Business and Professions Code 2361
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof, that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.1
  • Consortium: means a multistate collaborative organized to develop a comprehensive system of assessments or formative tools such as described in Section 60605. See California Education Code 60603
  • Content standards: means the specific academic knowledge, skills, and abilities that all public schools in this state are expected to teach, and all pupils are expected to learn, in reading, writing, mathematics, history-social science, world languages, visual and performing arts, and science, at each grade level tested. See California Education Code 60603
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conversion date: means the banking day next preceding the date on which money, in accordance with this title, is (i) paid to a claimant in an action or distribution proceeding, (ii) paid to the official designated by law to enforce a judgment or award on behalf of a claimant, or (iii) used to recoup, setoff, or counterclaim in different moneys in an action or distribution proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Council of governments: means a single or multicounty council created by a joint powers agreement pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 1 of Title 1. See California Government Code 65582
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Elections Code 313
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Currency: means any coined money, banknotes, or other paper money as are authorized by law which circulates from hand to hand as the medium of exchange. See California Business and Professions Code 22515
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. See California Business and Professions Code 1646
  • Defendant: means a person (including corporation, association, partnership and firm or governmental entity) against whom a litigation is brought or maintained or sought to be brought or maintained. See California Code of Civil Procedure 391
  • demurrage: means a charge imposed by an equipment provider or marine terminal operator for late return or pickup of an empty or a loaded intermodal container and chassis. See California Business and Professions Code 22928
  • Dental college approved by the board: means a dental school or college that is approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, that is accredited by a body that has a reciprocal accreditation agreement with that commission, or that has been approved by the Dental Board of California through its own approval process. See California Business and Professions Code 1640.1
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 22702
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 65582
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist, who must be physically present in the treatment facility during the performance of those procedures. See California Business and Professions Code 1741
  • Discipline: means an advanced dental educational program in an area of dental practice not approved as a specialty by the American Dental Association. See California Business and Professions Code 1640.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution proceeding: means a judicial or nonjudicial proceeding for the distribution of a fund in which one or more foreign-money claims is asserted and includes an accounting, an assignment for the benefit of creditors, a foreclosure, the liquidation or rehabilitation of a corporation or other entity, and the distribution of an estate, trust, or other fund. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Diversion program: means a treatment program created by this article for osteopathic physicians and surgeons whose competency may be threatened or diminished due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. See California Business and Professions Code 2361
  • Divert equipment: means the motor carrier has been directed to return the equipment to a location different from the location where the equipment was picked up by the motor carrier. See California Business and Professions Code 22928
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any firefighter or law enforcement officer represented by an employee organization, as defined in subdivision (b). See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Employee organization: means any organization recognized by the employer for the purpose of representing firefighters or law enforcement officers in matters relating to wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment within the scope of arbitration. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Employer: means any local agency employing employees, as defined in subdivision (a), or any entity, except the State of California, acting as an agent of any local agency, either directly or indirectly. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Executive director: means the administrator of the Scholarshare trust appointed by the board to administer and manage the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expected family contribution: means a student's expected family contribution calculated, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 69506, according to the federal methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Experience: as used in this chapter , means experience in interpersonal relationships, psychotherapy, marriage and family therapy, direct clinical counseling, and nonclinical practice that satisfies the requirements for licensure as a marriage and family therapist. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Facilitating: includes , but is not limited to, the act of allowing the offeror of the residential unit to offer or advertise the residential unit on the Internet Web site provided or maintained by the operator. See California Business and Professions Code 22590
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • fee: includes , but is not limited to, any application fee, license fee, permit fee, inspection fee, certification fee, registration fee, identification fee, analysis fee, or certificate fee. See California Food and Agricultural Code 301
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Field test: means an assessment or assessment items administered to a representative sample of a population to ensure that the test or item produces results that are valid, reliable, and fair. See California Education Code 60603
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial need: means a student's financial need calculated pursuant to the federal financial need methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Firefighter: means any person who is employed to perform firefighting, fire prevention, fire training, hazardous materials response, emergency medical services, fire or arson investigation, or any related duties, without respect to the rank, job title, or job assignment of that person. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign money: means money other than money of the United States of America. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Foreign-money claim: means a claim upon an obligation to pay, or a claim for recovery of a loss, expressed in or measured by a foreign money. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Formative assessment tools: means assessment tools and processes that are embedded in instruction and used by teachers and pupils to provide timely feedback for purposes of adjusting instruction to improve learning. See California Education Code 60603
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • freestanding physical plant: means any building that is not physically attached to a building where inpatient services are provided. See California Business and Professions Code 2472
  • Fund: means the 1988 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67333. See California Education Code 67332
  • Fund: means the June 1990 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67346. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Fund: means the 1992 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67358. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Fund: means the California Memorial Scholarship Fund established pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General anesthesia: as used in this article , means a controlled state of depressed consciousness or unconsciousness, accompanied by partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof. See California Business and Professions Code 1646
  • General anesthesia: means a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. See California Business and Professions Code 1646
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • General supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist but not requiring the physical presence of the supervising dentist during the performance of those procedures. See California Business and Professions Code 1741
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Graduate program: means a program of study leading to a graduate or professional degree, including, but not limited to, a teaching credential, the prerequisite for which is a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree. See California Education Code 70032
  • Green Party: means the Green Party of California. See California Elections Code 6850
  • Greenhouse: means a structure covered with transparent or translucent materials for the purpose of admitting natural light and controlling the atmosphere for growing plants, including floricultural, ornamental, or other nursery and agricultural products. See California Food and Agricultural Code 33
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • high school grade point average: includes senior year coursework. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • High-quality assessment: means an assessment designed to measure a pupil's knowledge of, understanding of, and ability to apply, critical concepts through the use of a variety of item types and formats, including, but not necessarily limited to, items that allow for constructed responses and items that require the completion of performance tasks. See California Education Code 60603
  • hosting platform: means a marketplace that is created for the primary purpose of facilitating the rental of a residential unit offered for occupancy for tourist or transient use for compensation to the offeror of that unit, and the operator of the hosting platform derives revenues, including booking fees or advertising revenues, from providing or maintaining that marketplace. See California Business and Professions Code 22590
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Instructional program: means a program of study that results in the award of a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate certificate, or undergraduate coursework in a program of study leading directly to a first professional degree for which no baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree is awarded. See California Education Code 70032
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intermodal marine terminal: means a marine terminal location or facility that engages in discharging or receiving equipment owned, operated, or controlled by an equipment provider. See California Business and Professions Code 22928
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investment management: means the functions performed by a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Investment manager: means a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Elections Code 326
  • jurisdiction: means a city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 65582
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law enforcement officer: means any person who is a peace officer, as defined in Section 830. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • License: includes "certificate" "permit" and "registration. See California Business and Professions Code 2421
  • Licensed midwife: means an individual to whom a license to practice midwifery has been issued pursuant to this article. See California Business and Professions Code 2506
  • Licensee: includes the holder of a license. See California Business and Professions Code 2421
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Licensing authority: means the board, which has jurisdiction over a particular licensee. See California Business and Professions Code 2421
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Business and Professions Code 30
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: means any civil action or proceeding, commenced, maintained or pending in any state or federal court. See California Code of Civil Procedure 391
  • Local agency: means any governmental subdivision, district, public and quasi-public corporation, joint powers agency, public agency or public service corporation, town, city, county, city and county, or municipal corporation, whether incorporated or not or whether chartered or not. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Local educational agency: means a county office of education, school district, state special school, or direct-funded charter school as described in Section 47651. See California Education Code 60603
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship which is involved in the manufacture, assembly, or production of an appliance or whose brand name appears on any appliance. See California Business and Professions Code 22410
  • materia medica: as used in this code or in any initiative act referred to in this code, means those substances listed in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, the official United States Dispensatory, New and Nonofficial Remedies, or the National Formulary, or any supplement thereof, except substances covered by subdivision (a) of Section 4052 and Section 4057 of this code. See California Business and Professions Code 13
  • Matrix sampling: means administering different portions of a single assessment to different groups of pupils for the purpose of sampling a broader representation of content and reducing testing time. See California Education Code 60603
  • Maximum household income and asset levels: means the applicable household income and household asset levels for participants, including new applicants and renewing recipients, in the Cal Grant Program, as defined and adopted in regulations by the commission for the 2001-02 academic year, which shall be set pursuant to the following income and asset ceiling amounts:

    California Education Code 69432.7

  • minimal sedation: means a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.30
  • moderate sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which a patient responds purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation, no interventions are required to maintain a patient's airway, spontaneous ventilation is adequate, and cardiovascular function is usually maintained. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.1
  • Money: means a medium of exchange for the payment of obligations or a store of value authorized or adopted by a government or by intergovernmental agreement. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Money exchange house: means any individual or business engaged in the business of exchanging or dealing in the currency of the United States, Mexico, or any other country. See California Business and Professions Code 22515
  • Money of the claim: means the money determined as proper pursuant to Section 676. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Elections Code 333
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Elections Code 334
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.18
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Participant: means a California-licensed osteopathic physician and surgeon. See California Business and Professions Code 2361
  • Participant: means an individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation, a custodian under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (Part 9 (commencing with Section 3900) of Division 4 of the Probate Code) or similar provisions adopted by another state, a state or local government agency, or a legal representative of a participant who has entered into a participation agreement pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Participant: means a surviving dependent of a California resident killed as a result of injuries sustained during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, who has executed, or on whose behalf has been executed, an agreement pursuant to Section 70011. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Participating institution: means any campus of the California State University or the University of California that elects to participate in the DREAM Program pursuant to the requirements specified for a qualifying institution as set forth in this article. See California Education Code 70032
  • Participation agreement: means an agreement between a participant and the Scholarshare trust, pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Food and Agricultural Code 38
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, joint venture, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 56515

  • Personally identifiable information: includes a pupil's name and other direct personal identifiers, such as the pupil's identification number. See California Education Code 60603
  • Phototherapy device: means equipment that emits ultraviolet radiation used by a health care professional in the treatment of disease. See California Business and Professions Code 22702
  • Plaintiff: means the person who commences, institutes or maintains a litigation or causes it to be commenced, instituted or maintained, including an attorney at law acting in propria persona. See California Code of Civil Procedure 391
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Podiatric licensing authority: refers to any officer, board, commission, committee, or department of another state that may issue a license to practice podiatric medicine. See California Business and Professions Code 2461
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Business and Professions Code 2472
  • podiatric residency: means a program of supervised postgraduate clinical training, one year or more in duration, approved by the board. See California Business and Professions Code 2475.2
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Population sampling: means administering assessments to a representative sample of pupils instead of the entire pupil population. See California Education Code 60603
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • program: means the California Dreamer Service Incentive Grant Program established by this section. See California Education Code 69438
  • Program: means the California Memorial Scholarship Program established pursuant to Section 70010. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Program fund: means the program fund established by this article, which shall be held as a separate fund within the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Business and Professions Code 1695.1
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Business and Professions Code 2361
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Qualified higher education expenses: means the expenses of attendance at an institution of higher education as provided in paragraph (3) of subsection (e) of Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it is amended from time to time, if, as determined by the board, the amendment is consistent with the purposes of this article, and as determined and certified by the institution of higher education in the same manner as prescribed in Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U. See California Education Code 69980
  • Qualifying institution: means an institution that complies with paragraphs (2) and (3) and is any of the following:

    California Education Code 69432.7

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rate of exchange: means the rate at which money of one country may be converted into money of another country in a free financial market convenient to or reasonably usable by a person obligated to pay or to state a rate of conversion. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 348
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 70032
  • Scholarshare trust: means the trust created pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Scholarship: means a participant's account as established by the board with moneys deposited in the fund. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Scope of arbitration: means economic issues, including salaries, wages and overtime pay, health and pension benefits, vacation and other leave, reimbursements, incentives, differentials, and all other forms of remuneration. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1299.3
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 35
  • Security: means an undertaking to assure payment, to the party for whose benefit the undertaking is required to be furnished, of the party's reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees and not limited to taxable costs, incurred in or in connection with a litigation instituted, caused to be instituted, or maintained or caused to be maintained by a vexatious litigant. See California Code of Civil Procedure 391
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Food and Agricultural Code 44
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • Specialty: means an area of dental practice approved by the American Dental Association and recognized by the board. See California Business and Professions Code 1640.1
  • Spot rate: means the rate of exchange at which foreign money is sold by a bank or other dealer in foreign exchange for immediate or next day availability or for settlement by immediate payment in cash or equivalent, by charge to an account, or by an agreed delayed settlement not exceeding two days. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Code of Civil Procedure 676.1
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Food and Agricultural Code 49
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summative assessment: means an assessment designed to be given near the end of the school year to evaluate a pupil's knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.43.1
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Business and Professions Code 4999.46.1
  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Business and Professions Code 4980.03

  • Tanning device: means an ultraviolet tanning device and any accompanying equipment, including, but not limited to, protective eyewear, timers, and handrails. See California Business and Professions Code 22702
  • Tanning facility: means any location, place, area, structure, or business that provides persons access to any tanning device. See California Business and Professions Code 22702
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trainee: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who is currently enrolled in a master's or doctoral degree program, as specified in Sections 4980. See California Business and Professions Code 4980.03
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust fund: means the Agriculture Trust Fund created pursuant to Section 232. See California Food and Agricultural Code 230
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Ultraviolet tanning device: means equipment that emits electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the air between 200 and 400 nanometers used for tanning of the skin, including, but not limited to, a sunlamp, tanning booth, or tanning bed. See California Business and Professions Code 22702
  • University: as used in this article , means the University of California. See California Food and Agricultural Code 520
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person who does any of the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 391

  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17