Article 1 General Provisions
Article 1.5 Conveyances
Article 2 Dedication of Real Property
Article 3 Leasing School Buildings
Article 4 Sale or Lease of Real Property
Article 5 Joint Occupancy
Article 6 Joint Use, School Property
Article 7 Sale or Lease Between Agencies
Article 8 Gift or Lease of District Property
Article 9 Sale of Personal Property
Article 10 Exchange of Real Property
Article 11 Exchange of Property
Article 12 Temporary Transfer of Water Stock
Article 13 Ownership of Fixtures
Article 14 Leasing for Production of Gas
Article 15 Lease and Lease-Purchase of Sites, Buildings, and Facilities
Article 16 Leasing of Equipment

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 3 > Division 7 > Part 49 > Chapter 2

  • action taken: means a collective decision made by the members of a state body, a collective commitment or promise by the members of the state body to make a positive or negative decision or an actual vote by the members of a state body when sitting as a body or entity upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or similar action. See California Government Code 11122
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to pursue a remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Education Code 78031
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assisted reproduction: means conception by any means other than sexual intercourse. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6944
  • Assisted reproduction agreement: means a written contract that includes a person who intends to be the legal parent of a child or children born through assisted reproduction and that defines the terms of the relationship between the parties to the contract. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6944
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See California Education Code 78031
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bearer: means a person in possession of a negotiable instrument, document of title, or certificated security that is payable to bearer or endorsed in blank. See California Education Code 78031
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of lading: means a document evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of transporting or forwarding goods. See California Education Code 78031
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • Board: means the Board of Registered Nursing. See California Education Code 81379
  • building: includes (a) one or more buildings located or to be located on one or more sites. See California Education Code 81330
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be occupied jointly by the district and private person, firm, or corporation. See California Education Code 81390
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be jointly occupied and used. See California Education Code 81421
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Office of Information Security. See California Government Code 11549.1
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • Commission: means the California Gambling Control Commission. See California Government Code 11004
  • Committee: means an intervention evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 81379
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer: means an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation who buys for his or her own use, or for the use of another, but not for resale. See California Government Code 11137
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Education Code 78031
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See California Education Code 81133.2
  • Controlled gambling: means to deal, operate, carry on, conduct, maintain, or expose for play any controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 50967
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 24937
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See California Education Code 78031
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a person in the position of defendant in a counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim. See California Education Code 78031
  • Department: means the Department of Justice. See California Government Code 11004
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Director: means the Director of the Office of Privacy Protection. See California Government Code 11549.8
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • district: means the Desert Healthcare District. See California Government Code 11554
  • Document of title: includes a bill of lading, dock warrant, dock receipt, warehouse receipt, or order for the delivery of goods, and also any other document which in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession of it is entitled to receive, hold, and dispose of the document and the goods it covers. See California Education Code 78031
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • equipment: includes (1) schoolbuses, (2) other motor vehicles, (3) test materials, educational films, and audiovisual materials, and (4) all other items defined as equipment or service systems in the Community College Budget and Accounting Manual. See California Education Code 81550
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family support: means an agreement between the parents, or an order or judgment, that combines child support and spousal support without designating the amount to be paid for child support and the amount to be paid for spousal support. See California Government Code 50970
  • Fault: means a default, breach, or wrongful act or omission. See California Education Code 78031
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • franchise: means a contract or agreement, either expressed or implied, whether oral or written, between two or more persons by which:

    California Government Code 11123.5

  • Fungible goods: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Gambling: means to deal, operate, carry on, conduct, maintain, or expose for play any controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Gambling enterprise: means a natural person or an entity, whether individual, corporate, or otherwise, that conducts a gambling operation and that by virtue thereof is required to hold a state gambling license under this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Education Code 78031
  • goods: means goods used or bought for use primarily for personal, family or household purposes. See California Education Code 81376
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Holder: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Industrial hygiene: means the science and art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of environmental factors or stresses which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers or among the citizens of a community. See California Government Code 11130.7
  • Industrial hygiene certification organization: means a professional organization of certified industrial hygienists that has been established to improve the practice and educational standards of the profession of industrial hygiene through a certification process, by certifying industrial hygienists through an examination administered by the certification organization. See California Government Code 11130.7
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvency proceeding: includes an assignment for the benefit of creditors or other proceeding intended to liquidate or rehabilitate the estate of the person involved. See California Education Code 78031
  • Insolvent: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • lease or agreement: shall include a lease purchase agreement. See California Education Code 81331
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: includes certificate, registration, or any other authorization to engage in practice regulated by this chapter. See California Education Code 81368
  • License: means a gambling license, key employee license, or any other license issued by the commission pursuant to this chapter or regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • Licensed gambling establishment: means the gambling premises encompassed by a state gambling license. See California Government Code 11004
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Limited partnership: means a partnership formed by two or more persons having as members one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See California Government Code 11004
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • medical experiment: means :

    California Government Code 11894

  • meeting: includes any congregation of a majority of the members of a state body at the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the state body to which it pertains. See California Government Code 11122.5
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Education Code 78031
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: means the Office of Information Security. See California Government Code 11549.1
  • Office: means the Office of Privacy Protection. See California Government Code 11549.8
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Government Code 50972
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See California Education Code 78031
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner licensee: means an owner of a gambling enterprise who holds a state gambling license. See California Government Code 11004
  • Parent and child relationship: as used in this part means the legal relationship existing between a child and the child's natural or adoptive parents incident to which the law confers or imposes rights, privileges, duties, and obligations. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6939.16
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 78031
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Government Code 50973
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation engaged in the business of selling watches. See California Government Code 11137
  • Person: as used in this article includes firm and corporation. See California Government Code 11872
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Education Code 24942
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Government Code 50978
  • physical therapy: as used in this chapter , and a license issued pursuant to this chapter does not authorize the diagnosis of disease. See California Education Code 79209
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Government Code 50974
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Program: means an information security program established pursuant to Section 11549. See California Government Code 11549.1
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the intervention program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 81379
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Government Code 50975
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See California Education Code 78031
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See California Education Code 78031
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Education Code 78031
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Education Code 78031
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See California Education Code 78031
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Respondent: includes defendant, where appropriate. See California Government Code 50979
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Education Code 78031
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Education Code 78031
  • site: includes one or more sites, and also may include any building or buildings located or to be located on a site. See California Education Code 81330
  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Government Code 51071
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Education Code 78031
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 51073
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 25000.5
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • state body: means each of the following:

    California Government Code 11121

  • state gambling license: means any license issued by the state that authorizes the person named therein to conduct a gambling operation. See California Government Code 11004
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Government Code 51075
  • Support order: means a judgment or order of support in favor of an obligee, whether temporary or final, or subject to modification, termination, or remission, regardless of the kind of action or proceeding in which it is entered. See California Government Code 51080
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Education Code 78031
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Education Code 78031
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unauthorized signature: means a signature made without actual, implied, or apparent authority. See California Education Code 78031
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Work permit: means any card, certificate, or permit issued by the commission, or by a county, city, or city and county, whether denominated as a work permit, registration card, or otherwise, authorizing the holder to be employed as a gambling enterprise employee or to serve as an independent agent. See California Government Code 11004
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Education Code 78031