Chapter 1 Governor
Chapter 1.6 Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development
Chapter 2 The Lieutenant Governor
Chapter 3 Secretary of State
Chapter 4 Treasurer
Chapter 5 Controller
Chapter 6 Attorney General
Chapter 7 Succession to Constitutional Offices in the Event of War or Enemy-Caused Disaster
Chapter 7.5 Grants of Indian Gaming Revenue to Local Government Agencies
Chapter 9 Community Services Block Grant Program

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 2 > Division 3 > Part 2

  • Accrediting organization: means an organization approved by the board. See California Education Code 70110
  • Acquire: includes acquisition by gift, purchase, lease, eminent domain, or otherwise. See California Government Code 12271
  • Act: means the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U. See California Government Code 12473
  • Action: means a judicial proceeding or arbitration in which a payment in money may be awarded or enforced with respect to a foreign-money claim. See California Education Code 71025
  • Action: means an action for partition under this title. See California Education Code 18743
  • Administrative director: means the Administrative Director of the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory committee: means the Advisory Committee on Salmon and Steelhead Trout, established pursuant to Resolution Chapter 141 of the Statutes of 1983, except that there shall be two additional members appointed by the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture after consultation with the Director of Fish and Game and the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 12481
  • Affected county: means any county which contains or would contain territory which is the subject of a boundary change. See California Government Code 56741
  • Affected territory: means any unincorporated area which is proposed to be transferred from one county to another. See California Government Code 56741
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Affordable rental housing: means a rental housing development, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 50675. See California Government Code 12098.4
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • Agency: means any statewide office, nonelective officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency in the executive branch of the state government, except that it shall not apply to any agency whose primary function is service to the Legislature or judicial branches of state government or to any agency that is administered by an elective officer. See California Government Code 12080
  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to pursue a remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Education Code 78031
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Anadromous fish: means fish which spawn in fresh water and spend a portion of their lives in the ocean. See California Government Code 51914
  • Angling: means the taking of, or attempting to take, fish by hook and line with the line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is closely attended or held in the hand in such a manner that the fish voluntarily takes the bait or lure in its mouth. See California Government Code 51915
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Government Code 12572
  • Application for stay and early evaluation conference: means an application to be filed with the court that meets the requirements of subdivision (c) of Section 55. See California Education Code 74139
  • Archival value: means the ongoing usefulness or significance of a record based on the administrative, legal, fiscal, evidential, or historical information it contains, justifying its permanent preservation. See California Government Code 12271
  • area median income: means the median family income of a geographic area of the state, as annually estimated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937. See California Public Resources Code 4649
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Awarding department: means any agency, department, constitutional officer, governmental entity, or other officer or entity of the state empowered by law to issue bonds on behalf of the State of California. See California Government Code 16851
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Government Code 51918
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See California Education Code 78031
  • Bank-offered spot rate: means the spot rate of exchange at which a bank will sell foreign money at a spot rate. See California Education Code 71025
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequeath: To gift property by will.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Blanket encumbrance: means any mortgage, deed of trust, option to purchase, vendor's lien or interest under a contract or agreement of sale, or other financing lien or encumbrance granted by the membership camping operator or affiliate which secures or evidences the obligation to pay money or to sell or convey any campgrounds made available to purchasers by the membership camping operator or any portion thereof, and which authorizes, permits, or requires the foreclosure or other disposition of the campground. See California Government Code 56803
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Government Code 12620
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • Board: means the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Hearing Aid Dispensers Board. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Board: means the California Board of Podiatric Medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • Board: means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 70110
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidence of indebtedness issued by a local agency pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 55100) of this division, including bonds issued to refund previously issued bonds or other indebtedness. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, warrants, certificates of participation, and other evidences of indebtedness issued by or on behalf of the State of California. See California Government Code 16851
  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See California Education Code 78031
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51921
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • Bycatch: includes discards. See California Government Code 52004
  • CalWORKs recipient: means a recipient of aid under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11200) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code or any successor program. See California Education Code 79200
  • Campground: means real property within this state owned or operated by a membership camping operator and designated in whole or in part by the membership camping operator as available for camping or outdoor recreation by purchasers of membership camping contracts. See California Government Code 56803
  • Camping site: means a space designed and promoted for the purpose of locating a trailer, tent, tent trailer, pickup camper, or other similar device used for camping. See California Government Code 56803
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • CASp: means any person who has been certified pursuant to Section 4459. See California Education Code 74139
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Education Code 70011.9
  • Certified nurse-midwife: means a person to whom a certificate has been issued pursuant to Article 2. See California Education Code 70110
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Education Code 88083

  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Education Code 7007
  • City: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.6
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 56768
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70100
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Conducting county: means any county whose board of supervisors adopts a resolution pursuant to Section 23206. See California Government Code 56741
  • Conduit: includes pipe, millrace, ditch, flume, siphon, tunnel, canal, and any other conduit or diversion used for the purpose of taking or receiving water from any river, creek, stream, or lake. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Construction or alteration: as used in this article , includes any construction, reconstruction, or alteration of, or addition to, any school building. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • Construction-related accessibility claim: means any civil claim in a civil action with respect to a place of public accommodation, including, but not limited to, a claim brought under Section 51, 54, 54. See California Education Code 74139
  • Construction-related accessibility standard: means a provision, standard, or regulation under state or federal law requiring compliance with standards for making new construction and existing facilities accessible to persons with disabilities, including, but not limited to, any provision, standard, or regulation set forth in Section 51, 54, 54. See California Education Code 74139
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose. See California Education Code 78214
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Education Code 78031
  • Contract: includes any contract, agreement, or joint agreement to provide professional bond services to the State of California or an awarding department. See California Government Code 16851
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See California Education Code 81133.2
  • Contractor: means any provider of professional bond services who enters into a contract with an awarding department. See California Government Code 16851
  • Conversion coverage: means health insurance benefits providing hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued to an individual under a converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • Conversion date: means the banking day next preceding the date on which money, in accordance with this title, is (i) paid to a claimant in an action or distribution proceeding, (ii) paid to the official designated by law to enforce a judgment or award on behalf of a claimant, or (iii) used to recoup, setoff, or counterclaim in different moneys in an action or distribution proceeding. See California Education Code 71025
  • Converted policy: means a policy or contract providing conversion coverage issued by an insurance company or by a hospital service corporation, or individual hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Council: means the Pacific Fishery Management Council established pursuant to the act, or its successor agency. See California Government Code 12473
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 32284
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 7005
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 24937
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.5
  • county highway: means any highway which is:

    California Education Code 8006

  • County Tribal Casino Account: means an account consisting of all moneys paid by tribes of that county into the Indian Gaming Special Distribution Fund after deduction of the amounts appropriated pursuant to the priorities specified in Section 12012. See California Government Code 19856
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See California Education Code 78031
  • Dam: includes all artificial obstructions. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • Dealer: means a person who is a grantee of a dealership situated in this state. See California Education Code 74180
  • Dealership: means a contract or agreement, either express or implied, whether oral or written, between two or more persons, by which a person is granted the right to sell or distribute goods or services, or to use a trade name, trademark, service mark, logotype, or advertising or other commercial symbol, in which there is a community of interest in the business of offering, selling, or distributing goods or services at wholesale, or at retail, by lease, agreement, or otherwise. See California Education Code 74180
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: means a person (including corporation, association, partnership and firm or governmental entity) against whom a litigation is brought or maintained or sought to be brought or maintained. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • Department: means the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation and "director" means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 134
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Education Code 7053
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Government Code 52005
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct service contract: means any contract provided by a state agency pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 38030). See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32390
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity, such as an attack by nuclear weapons, which renders unavailable the Lieutenant Governor, or the Attorney General, or the Secretary of State, or the Treasurer, or the Controller. See California Government Code 19991.7
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity occurring in the State of California, such as an attack by nuclear weapons, as a result of which the incumbent Governor is either killed, missing or so seriously injured as to be unable to perform his duties. See California Government Code 12060
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution proceeding: means a judicial or nonjudicial proceeding for the distribution of a fund in which one or more foreign-money claims is asserted and includes an accounting, an assignment for the benefit of creditors, a foreclosure, the liquidation or rehabilitation of a corporation or other entity, and the distribution of an estate, trust, or other fund. See California Education Code 71025
  • District governing board: includes the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, unless the context requires otherwise. See California Education Code 72670.5
  • Division: means the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Government Code 12751
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Eligible building: means a building existing on the effective date of this section which is identified as hazardous pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 19160) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 13, with the exception of the following:

    California Government Code 12100.62

  • Eligible costs: means all costs, including costs of design, preparation, and inspection incurred in making structural or other modifications to an eligible building, which are required in order to meet reconstruction standards established by a local ordinance pursuant to Sections 19162, 19163, and 19163. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any firefighter or law enforcement officer represented by an employee organization, as defined in subdivision (b). See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Employee organization: means any organization recognized by the employer for the purpose of representing firefighters or law enforcement officers in matters relating to wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment within the scope of arbitration. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Employer: means any local agency employing employees, as defined in subdivision (a), or any entity, except the State of California, acting as an agent of any local agency, either directly or indirectly. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Government Code 12751
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fault: means a default, breach, or wrongful act or omission. See California Education Code 78031
  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See California Education Code 78214
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which (A) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods, (B) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease, and (C) one of the following occurs:

    California Education Code 78214

  • Financial and compliance audit: means a systematic review or appraisal to determine each of the following:

    California Government Code 12012.80

  • Financing: means a loan made by the local agency pursuant to this division to the owner of an eligible building for eligible costs and which is secured by a deed of trust or mortgage upon the real property improved thereby. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Firefighter: means any person who is employed to perform firefighting, fire prevention, fire training, hazardous materials response, emergency medical services, fire or arson investigation, or any related duties, without respect to the rank, job title, or job assignment of that person. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • fiscal agent: means any state fiscal agent selected and acting pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 16670). See California Government Code 16650
  • Fish offal: means the heads, viscera, and other parts of fish taken off in preparing for canning, preserving, packing, and preparing for consumption in a fresh state. See California Government Code 12512
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreign country: means a government other than any of the following:

    California Government Code 12599.5

  • Foreign money: means money other than money of the United States of America. See California Education Code 71025
  • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See California Government Code 12599.5
  • Foreign-money claim: means a claim upon an obligation to pay, or a claim for recovery of a loss, expressed in or measured by a foreign money. See California Education Code 71025
  • Free-flowing: means existing or flowing without artificial impoundment, diversion, or other modification of the river. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Freeway: means a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Education Code 7057
  • frog: means all species of frog. See California Government Code 12402
  • frog-jumping contest: means a contest generally and popularly known as a frog-jumping contest which is open to the public and is advertised or announced in a newspaper. See California Government Code 12410
  • Fungible goods: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • Generally accepted auditing standards: means the auditing standards set forth in the financial and compliance element of the "Standards for Audit of Governmental Organizations, Programs, Activities, and Functions" issued by the Comptroller General of the United States and incorporating the audit standards of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Goal: means a numerically expressed objective that awarding departments and providers of professional bond services are required to make efforts to achieve. See California Government Code 16851
  • good cause: includes , but is not limited to, the following offenses, occurring while enrolled as a student:

    California Education Code 76033

  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Education Code 78031
  • good faith improver: means :

    California Government Code 12324

  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 10309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See California Education Code 78214
  • Governing board: means board of school trustees, community college board of trustees, and city, and city and county board of education. See California Education Code 78
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a sale, lease, or transfer of any kind. See California Education Code 74180
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Grantor: means a person who sells, leases, or otherwise transfers a dealership. See California Education Code 74180
  • Group policy: means a group health insurance policy providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued by an insurer, a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation, or medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members, except for self-insurance programs provided by employers that are not exempt from the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guide boat: means a boat or vessel under 25 feet in length, which is used by a guide, who is licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2535) of Division 3, in inland waters for any of the following purposes:

    California Government Code 51931

  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • highway: includes all or any part of the entire width of right of way of a county highway, whether or not such entire area is actually used for highway purposes. See California Government Code 43005.7
  • Holder: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Government Code 12751
  • Immediate environments: means the land immediately adjacent to the segments of the rivers designated in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent auditors: means public accountants who have no direct or indirect relationship with the functions or activities being audited or with the business conducted by any of the officials or contractors being audited. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Individual Tribal Casino Accounts: means an account for each individual tribe that has paid money into the Indian Gaming Special Distribution Fund. See California Government Code 19856
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Government Code 12751
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Inhabited territory: means territory within which there reside 12 or more registered voters at the time a resolution is adopted pursuant to Section 23203 or a petition is filed pursuant to Section 23205. See California Government Code 56741
  • Initiating county: means any county whose board of supervisors adopts a resolution pursuant to Section 23203. See California Government Code 56741
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See California Education Code 78214
  • instrument: means bonds, coupons, and other evidences of State indebtedness, except warrants. See California Government Code 16700
  • Insurance: refers to health insurance, major medical, or comprehensive coverage paid by premium or contribution under a group policy, a hospital service contract, or as otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members other than by self-insuring except in the case of a plan that is exempt from ERISA, but does include an employer plan that is exempt from ERISA as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Insurer: means the entity issuing a group policy, an individual or converted policy, a hospital service contract or an employer or employee organization otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • item: includes but is not limited to any paper, document, book, map, or other type of record. See California Government Code 12220
  • Joint committee: means the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture created pursuant to Resolution Chapter 88 of the Statutes of 1981. See California Government Code 12473
  • Judgment creditor: means the person or persons who can bring an action to enforce a sister state judgment. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Judgment debtor: means the person or persons against whom an action to enforce a sister state judgment can be brought. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Education Code 32400
  • landholder: means any person who owns, leases, or has a possessory interest in land. See California Government Code 12012.57
  • Law enforcement officer: means any person who is a peace officer, as defined in Section 830. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this division. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this division and any other applicable rules of law. See California Education Code 78214
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See California Education Code 78214
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county and the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city. See California Government Code 55701
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Licensed midwife: means an individual to whom a license to practice midwifery has been issued pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 70110
  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Education Code 32080
  • licensee: as used in this chapter means the holder of a physician's and surgeon's certificate or doctor of podiatric medicine's certificate, as the case may be, who is engaged in the professional practice authorized by the certificate under the jurisdiction of the appropriate board. See California Education Code 70020
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lien: means a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in property whether arising from contract, statute, common law, or equity. See California Education Code 18743
  • Litigation: means any civil action or proceeding, commenced, maintained or pending in any state or federal court. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Local agency: means a city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • local agency: means a neighboring city, county, fire protection district, joint powers authority that provides fire protection services, police protection district, federal government or any federal department or agency. See California Government Code 55631
  • local agency: means a county, city and county, and city, both chartered and general law. See California Government Code 55700
  • local jurisdiction: means any city, county, or special district. See California Government Code 19856
  • Local public entity: means any county, city, city and county, the duly constituted governing body of an Indian reservation or rancheria, redevelopment agency organized pursuant to Part 1 (commencing with Section 33000) of this division, or housing authority organized pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 34200) of this division, which is authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of housing for persons and families of low or moderate income. See California Government Code 12010.5
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • materia medica: as used in this code or in any initiative act referred to in this code, means those substances listed in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, the official United States Dispensatory, New and Nonofficial Remedies, or the National Formulary, or any supplement thereof, except substances covered by subdivision (a) of Section 4052 and Section 4057 of this code. See California Education Code 17314
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Education Code 88108
  • mediation: means a process in which a neutral person or persons facilitate communication between the disputants to assist them in reaching a mutually acceptable agreement. See California Education Code 70039
  • Medical director: means the physician appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 122. See California Government Code 12572
  • Medicare: means Title XVIII of the United States Social Security Act as added by the Social Security Amendments of 1965 or as later amended or superseded. See California Government Code 12186
  • Meets applicable standards: means the site was inspected by a CASp and determined to meet all applicable construction-related accessibility standards pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 55. See California Education Code 74139
  • Membership camping contract: means an agreement offered or sold within the State of California by a membership camping operator or membership camping broker evidencing a purchaser's right or license to use for more than 14 days in a year, the campgrounds of a membership camping operator and includes a membership which provides for this use. See California Government Code 56803
  • Membership camping operator: means any enterprise, other than one that is tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, that has as one of its purposes the ownership or operation of campgrounds which include or may include use of camping sites, that solicits membership paid for by a fee or periodic payments, such as annual dues, and the contractual members are the primary intended users. See California Government Code 56803
  • Minority: means an ethnic person of color including American Indians, Asians (including, but not limited to, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Pacific Islanders, Samoans, and Southeast Asians), Blacks, Filipinos, and Hispanics. See California Government Code 16851
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Education Code 78031
  • Money: means a medium of exchange for the payment of obligations or a store of value authorized or adopted by a government or by intergovernmental agreement. See California Education Code 71025
  • Money of the claim: means the money determined as proper pursuant to Section 676. See California Education Code 71025
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • municipal improvement: includes bridges, waterworks, water rights, sewers, light and power works or plants, buildings for municipal uses, wharves, breakwaters, jetties, seawalls, schoolhouses, fire apparatus, street work, and other works, property, or structures necessary or convenient to carry out the objects, purposes, and powers of the city. See California Government Code 43601
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Native amphibians: as used in this article means salamanders, toads, or any other member of the class amphibia native to California. See California Government Code 12413
  • natural resource: includes land, water, air, minerals, vegetation, wildlife, silence, historic or aesthetic sites, or any other natural resource which, irrespective of ownership contributes, or in the future may contribute, to the health, safety, welfare, or enjoyment of a substantial number of persons, or to the substantial balance of an ecological community. See California Government Code 12605
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nondisturbance agreement: means an instrument in recordable form by which the holder of a blanket encumbrance agrees to all of the following:

    California Government Code 56803

  • Nonprofit organization: means an organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that is exempt from taxation under Section 501(a) of that code or any nonprofit, scientific or educational organization qualified under Section 23701d of the Revenue and Taxation Code. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32287
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Offer: means any solicitation reasonably designed to result in entering into a membership camping contract. See California Government Code 56803
  • onsale general license: includes a special onsale general license. See California Government Code 12020
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Government Code 52030
  • Owner: includes the United States (except that for the purpose of Sections 5901, 5931, 5933, and 5938, "owner" does not include the United States as to any dam in the condition the dam existed on September 15, 1945), the State, a person, political subdivision, or district (other than a fish and game district) owning, controlling or operating a dam or pipe. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Owner: means any person, including his or her legal representative, who has or had a legal or equitable interest in unclaimed property. See California Government Code 12525
  • Packer: means any person canning fish or preserving fish by the common methods of drying, salting, pickling, smoking, cold packing, or vacuum packing. See California Government Code 12512
  • permit: means a permit that is issued pursuant to Section 33222. See California Education Code 79224
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 78031
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, joint venture, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 71025
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 32289
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or other organization or combination thereof, except that only individuals can be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Person: means a natural person, partnership, joint venture, corporation, limited liability company, or other entity. See California Education Code 74180
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Education Code 7052
  • person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, company, district, county, city and county, city, town, the state, and any of the agencies and political subdivisions of such entities. See California Government Code 12604
  • person: includes an unincorporated association. See California Government Code 12325
  • Person: includes any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, unincorporated association, or other legal entity. See California Government Code 12525
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Government Code 12751
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, association, or other organization other than a government or a subdivision thereof. See California Government Code 56803
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Education Code 24942
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: includes very low income households, as defined in Section 50105, extremely low income households, as defined in Section 50106, and lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Public Resources Code 4649
  • Persons of low income: means persons and families who lack the amount of income which is necessary (as determined by the local public entity) to enable them, without financial assistance, to live in decent, safe and sanitary dwellings without overcrowding. See California Government Code 12010.5
  • persons of low income: as used in this part have the same meaning as in Article XXXIV. See California Government Code 12012.57
  • physical therapy: as used in this chapter , and a license issued pursuant to this chapter does not authorize the diagnosis of disease. See California Education Code 79209
  • Plaintiff: means the person who commences, institutes or maintains a litigation or causes it to be commenced, instituted or maintained, including an attorney at law acting in propria persona. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Podiatric licensing authority: refers to any officer, board, commission, committee, or department of another state that may issue a license to practice podiatric medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Education Code 69624
  • podiatric residency: means a program of supervised postgraduate clinical training, one year or more in duration, approved by the board. See California Education Code 69628
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a group policy issued by an insurer, a holder of a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation or an employer, employee association, or other entity otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage on a group basis to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Premium: means contribution or other consideration paid or payable for coverage under a group policy or converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See California Education Code 81133.2
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Professional bond services: include services as financial advisers, bond counsel, underwriters in negotiated transactions, underwriter's counsel, financial printers, feasibility consultants, and other professional services related to the issuance and sale of bonds. See California Government Code 16851
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: includes real and personal property. See California Education Code 18743
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public record plant: means the plant, or any part thereof, or any record therein, of any person engaged in the business of searching or publishing public records or insuring or guaranteeing titles to real property, including copies of public records or abstracts and memoranda taken from public records that are owned by or in possession of that person or that are used by that person in his or her business. See California Government Code 12271
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See California Education Code 78214
  • Purchaser: means a person who enters into a membership camping contract and thereby obtains the right to use the campgrounds of a membership camping operator. See California Government Code 56803
  • Qualified defendant: means a defendant in an action that includes a construction-related accessibility claim that is asserted against a place of public accommodation that met the requirements of "meets applicable standards" or "inspected by a CASp" prior to the date the defendant was served with the summons and complaint in that action. See California Education Code 74139
  • Qualified medical evaluator: means physicians appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 139. See California Government Code 12572
  • Rate of exchange: means the rate at which money of one country may be converted into money of another country in a free financial market convenient to or reasonably usable by a person obligated to pay or to state a rate of conversion. See California Education Code 71025
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Education Code 78031
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Reduction plant: means any plant used in the reduction or conversion of fish into fish flour, fishmeal, fish scrap, fertilizer, fish oil, or other fishery products or byproducts. See California Government Code 12512
  • Remainder: includes reversion, reversionary interest, right of entry, and executory interest. See California Education Code 18743
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Education Code 78031
  • Reorganization: means :

    California Government Code 12080

  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Education Code 32040
  • Resolution: means a resolution of either house of the Legislature resolving as follows:

    California Government Code 12080

  • revenue: means revenue derived from the tax collected pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law provided for in Part 1. See California Government Code 55702
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • River: means the water, bed, and shoreline of rivers, streams, channels, lakes, bays, estuaries, marshes, wetlands, and lagoons, up to the first line of permanently established riparian vegetation. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • rural region: means a nonurban area identified by the department on an annual basis using the loan eligibility criteria of the Rural Housing Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, Rural Development Administration, or its successor agency. See California Government Code 56737
  • School building: as used in this article , means any building used, or designed to be used, for community college purposes and constructed by the state, by any city, county, or city and county, by any district of any kind within the state, by any regional occupational center or program created by or authorized to act by an agreement under joint exercise of power, or by the United States government, or any agency thereof. See California Education Code 81050
  • School building: as used in this article , means and includes any building used, or designed to be used, for community college purposes and constructed, reconstructed, altered, or added to, by the state or by any city or city and county, by any political subdivision, by any district of any kind within the state, by any regional occupational center or program created by or authorized to act by an agreement under joint exercise of power, or by the United States government, or any agency thereof. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • Scope of arbitration: means economic issues, including salaries, wages and overtime pay, health and pension benefits, vacation and other leave, reimbursements, incentives, differentials, and all other forms of remuneration. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Education Code 32300
  • Secretary: means the federal Secretary of Commerce. See California Government Code 12473
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Security: means an undertaking to assure payment, to the party for whose benefit the undertaking is required to be furnished, of the party's reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees and not limited to taxable costs, incurred in or in connection with a litigation instituted, caused to be instituted, or maintained or caused to be maintained by a vexatious litigant. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Education Code 78031
  • sell: means entering into, or other disposition, of a membership camping contract for value. See California Government Code 56803
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • seller: means membership camping operator. See California Government Code 56803
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Sheriff: includes "marshal. See California Education Code 32425
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Education Code 78031
  • Sister state judgment: means that part of any judgment, decree, or order of a court of a state of the United States, other than California, which requires the payment of money, but does not include a support order as defined in Section 155 of the Family Code. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Site: means a place of public accommodation. See California Education Code 74139
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • speech-language pathologist: is a person who practices speech-language pathology. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Spot rate: means the rate of exchange at which foreign money is sold by a bank or other dealer in foreign exchange for immediate or next day availability or for settlement by immediate payment in cash or equivalent, by charge to an account, or by an agreed delayed settlement not exceeding two days. See California Education Code 71025
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 32283
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51902
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 24935
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 25018.1
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Education Code 78031
  • State: means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Education Code 71025
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 25000.5
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Education Code 7058
  • Statewide election: is a n election held throughout the state. See California Education Code 88180
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Education Code 32288
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See California Education Code 78214
  • System: means the California wilderness preservation system. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • System: means the California Wild and Scenic Rivers System. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Education Code 78031
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Education Code 78031
  • To employ: means to engage, suffer or permit any person to do industrial homework, or to tolerate, suffer, or permit articles or materials under one's custody or control to be manufactured in a home by industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transferring county: means the county from which territory is, or is proposed to be, transferred by reason of a county boundary change. See California Government Code 56768
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Unavailable: means that any such officer is either killed, missing or so seriously injured as to be unable to perform his duties. See California Government Code 19991.7
  • Unclaimed property: means any tangible personal property or intangible personal property, including choses in action in amounts certain, and all debts owed or entrusted funds or other property held by any federal agency or any officer or employee thereof, whether occasioned by contract or operation of law or otherwise, except bonuses and gratuities, which has remained unclaimed by the owner for:

    California Government Code 12525

  • unfair and predatory pricing: means the payment to consumers by a supermarket site, that receives handling fees for the redemption of beverage containers, in an amount that exceeds the sum of both of the following:

    California Government Code 56737

  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vehicle air-conditioner: means mechanical vapor compression refrigeration equipment used to cool the driver's or passenger compartment of any motor vehicle. See California Government Code 12060
  • veteran: means any person who has served in the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as an active nurse in the service of the American Red Cross, or in the Army and Navy Nurse Corps in time of war, or in any expedition of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who served in one of these services during the period September 16, 1940, to December 7, 1941, and received a discharge under conditions other than dishonorable. See California Government Code 12012.64
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person who does any of the following:

    California Education Code 69618.5

  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Education Code 32400 v2
  • visually impaired: includes blindness and means having central visual acuity not to exceed 20/200 in the better eye, with corrected lenses, as measured by the Snellen test, or visual acuity greater than 20/200, but with a limitation in the field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle not greater than 20 degrees. See California Education Code 74109
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Wilderness areas: means component areas of the system as described in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Education Code 78031