Chapter 1 General
Chapter 2 Administration
Chapter 3 Classification
Chapter 4 Employment Lists
Chapter 5 Appointments
Chapter 5.5 Limited Examination and Appointment Program
Chapter 6 Service
Chapter 7 Separations From Service
Chapter 8 Demonstration Projects
Chapter 9 Actions
Chapter 10 Prohibitions and Offenses
Chapter 11 Military Service
Chapter 12 State Civil Service Equal Employment Opportunity Program

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 2 > Division 5 > Part 2

  • Access: means the ability to receive, use, select, and manipulate data and operate controls included in voting technology and systems. See California Government Code 18979
  • Accessible: means that the information provided on the paper cast vote record from the voter verified paper audit trail mechanism is provided or conveyed to voters via both a visual and a nonvisual method, such as through an audio component. See California Government Code 19061
  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Acquisition: means the acquisition of a fee interest or any other interest in real property including easements, leases and development rights. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • action taken: means a collective decision made by a majority of the members of a legislative body, a collective commitment or promise by a majority of the members of a legislative body to make a positive or a negative decision, or an actual vote by a majority of the members of a legislative body when sitting as a body or entity, upon a motion, proposal, report, resolution, order, or recommendation. See California Education Code 89305.4
  • Adequate progress: means all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 4730.9

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Admitted to transact insurance in this state: means an insurer possessing a valid certificate of authority issued by the department. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • advance fee: as used in this part , is a fee, regardless of the form, that is claimed, demanded, charged, received, or collected by a licensee for services requiring a license, or for a listing, as that term is defined in Section 10027, before fully completing the service the licensee contracted to perform or represented would be performed. See California Government Code 53184
  • adverse action: means dismissal, demotion, suspension, or other disciplinary action. See California Government Code 19570
  • Affected county: means a county in which any land of the district or agency is situated. See California Education Code 89005
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person who directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with an insolvent insurer on December 31 of the year next preceding the date the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agency: means any district or agency of the type designated by and formed pursuant to the provisions of any principal act that incorporates this part. See California Education Code 89005
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Armed forces: means the United States Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard. See California Education Code 88113
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • At-large method of election: means any of the following methods of electing members to the governing body of a political subdivision:

    California Education Code 89529.03

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authorized officer: means any official of this State or any of its departments, agencies, or other instrumentalities, or any county, city, or public district whose signature to a public security or instrument of payment is required or permitted, or any deputy of such official who has been authorized by such official in writing to affix the official's signature. See California Insurance Code 1050
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Ballot card: means a card or a number of cards upon which are printed, or identified by reference to the ballot, the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot titles of one or more measures. See California Education Code 88079
  • Ballot on demand system: means a self-contained system that allows users to do both of the following on an as-needed basis:

    California Education Code 88082

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • Board: means the Trustees of the California State University. See California Education Code 90011
  • Board: means the Respiratory Care Board of California. See California Education Code 88066
  • board: means the State Public Works Board, and "director" means Director of General Services. See California Government Code 19240 v2
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Board: means the Wildlife Conservation Board. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Board: means the Voting Modernization Board, established pursuant to Section 19256. See California Government Code 19050.4
  • board of directors: means the Board of Directors of the California Exposition and State Fair. See California Government Code 19605
  • bond: means any bond and the interest coupons attached thereto issued by any public body. See California Insurance Code 1035.5
  • Bond: means a state general obligation bond issued pursuant to this article adopting the provisions of the State General Obligation Bond Law. See California Government Code 19050.4
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, certificates of indebtedness or other evidences of indebtedness issued after January 1, 1989, by a public body which is authorized to issue bonds, notes, certificates of indebtedness or other evidence of indebtedness. See California Insurance Code 949
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, warrants, bond anticipation notes, commercial paper, or other evidences of indebtedness, or lease, installment purchase, or other agreements or certificates of participation therein. See California Insurance Code 985.5
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means any bonds or other evidences of indebtedness the principal and interest of which are payable or may be paid from ad valorem taxes or assessments levied by or on behalf of a public body. See California Insurance Code 1041
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means bonds, warrants, notes and other evidences of indebtedness issued by or on behalf of any public body. See California Insurance Code 1057
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means (a) any bonds or other evidences of indebtedness issued after the effective date of this chapter by the state or any state department, board, agency or authority or (b) any bonds or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any joint powers agency created under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 that are payable from payments made with respect to a lease or sale of property to or from the state or any state department, board, agency, or authority. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Bonds: means general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, or any derivative evidence of indebtedness which includes, but is not limited to, interests in pools, money market mutual funds, and unit investment trusts, issued by or on behalf of any state agency. See California Insurance Code 1063.5
  • Bonds: means revenue bonds, notes, including commercial paper notes or other forms of negotiable short-term indebtedness, or bond anticipation notes issued to finance prison facilities, interest during construction of prison facilities, reserve funds, and costs of issuance of the bonds, as the board may determine. See California Government Code 19592.2
  • California Water Plan: means the California Water Plan Update Bulletin 160-05 and subsequent revisions and amendments. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Campaign advertising or communication: means a communication authorized by a candidate or a candidate's controlled committee, as defined in Section 82016 of the Government Code, or by a committee making independent expenditures, as defined in Section 82031 of the Government Code, or by a committee formed primarily to support or oppose a ballot measure, as defined in Section 82047. See California Education Code 88084
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Education Code 88083

  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Education Code 7007
  • Claimant: means an insured making a first party claim or a person instituting a liability claim. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Classification: means that each position in the classified service shall have a designated title, a regular minimum number of assigned hours per day, days per week, and months per year, a specific statement of the duties required to be performed by the employees in each such position, and the regular monthly salary ranges for each such position. See California Education Code 88001
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Education Code 88087
  • Clerk of the Board of Supervisors: means the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of the County of San Diego. See California Education Code 90068
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Commission: means the Citizens Redistricting Commission in the County of Los Angeles established pursuant to Section 21532. See California Education Code 90062
  • Commission: means the Independent Redistricting Commission established by subdivision (b). See California Education Code 90068
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Committee: means the California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access For All Finance Committee created by Section 80162. See California Government Code 18903
  • Committee: means the Voting Modernization Finance Committee, established pursuant to Section 19253. See California Government Code 19050.4
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community access: means engagement programs, technical assistance, or facilities that maximize safe and equitable physical admittance, especially for low-income communities, to natural or cultural resources, community education, or recreational amenities. See California Government Code 18903
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conduit financing: means the issuance of conduit revenue bonds. See California Insurance Code 955
  • Conduit financing provider: means any county, city, city and county, public district, public authority, public corporation, nonprofit corporation, joint powers authority, or other statutorily constituted public entity that issues one or more conduit revenue bonds. See California Insurance Code 955
  • Conservation actions on private lands: means projects with willing landowners that involve the adaptive flexible management or protection of natural resources in response to changing conditions and threats to habitat and wildlife. See California Government Code 18903
  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Construction: includes acquisition by purchase. See California Education Code 17110
  • contestant: means any person initiating an election contest. See California Education Code 89621
  • contingent compensation arrangement: means an arrangement having as its purpose the payment of a variable commission by the insurer, depending on the overall operating profit on the insurance business produced and handled by the payee, with other provisions of the arrangement auxiliary or incidental to such purpose. See California Insurance Code 995
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 7005
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.5
  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Education Code 88092
  • County officer: means any elected officer enumerated in Division 2 (commencing with Section 24000) of Title 3 of the Government Code. See California Education Code 88093
  • Covered claims: means the obligations of an insolvent insurer, including the obligation for unearned premiums, that satisfy all of the following requirements:

    California Insurance Code 1063.1

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defect: means any flaw in the hardware or documentation of a voting system that could result in a state of unfitness for use or nonconformance to the manufacturer's specifications or applicable law. See California Government Code 18938.5
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: means that person whose election or nomination is contested or those persons receiving an equal and highest number of votes, other than the contestant, where, in other than primary elections, the body canvassing the returns declares that no one person has received the highest number of votes for the contested office. See California Education Code 89621
  • Delta: means the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Demotion: means assignment to an inferior position or status without the employee's written voluntary consent. See California Education Code 88001
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 88066
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Education Code 7053
  • Department: means the Department of Water Resources. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 18903
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Development: includes , but is not limited to the physical improvement of real property including the construction of facilities or structures. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct recording electronic voting system: means a voting system that records a vote electronically and does not require or permit the voter to record his or her vote directly onto a tangible ballot. See California Government Code 19061
  • Director: means a member of the governing body. See California Education Code 89005
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Education Code 7054
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • Disability: means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of Section 12926 of the Government Code. See California Education Code 88166
  • disabled: includes mental or physical illness and mental or physical injury including any illness or injury resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical condition. See California Education Code 89529.15
  • Disadvantaged community: means a community with a median household income less than 80% of the statewide average. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Disadvantaged community: means a community with a median household income less than 80 percent of the statewide average. See California Government Code 18903
  • Disciplinary action: includes any action whereby an employee is deprived of any classification or any incident of any classification in which he or she has permanence, including dismissal, suspension, demotion, or any reassignment, without his or her voluntary consent, except a layoff for lack of work or lack of funds. See California Education Code 88001
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dismissal: means dismissal for cause. See California Education Code 89530
  • District-based elections: means a method of electing members to the governing body of a political subdivision in which the candidate must reside within an election district that is a divisible part of the political subdivision and is elected only by voters residing within that election district. See California Education Code 89529.03
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic: means organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Education Code 32031
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Election board: means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter. See California Education Code 88098
  • election management system: is a system that is used by a county in the state to track voter registration or voter preferences, including, for example, a voter's vote-by-mail status. See California Education Code 90036
  • Electioneering: means the visible display or audible dissemination of information that advocates for or against any candidate or measure on the ballot within 100 feet of a polling place, a vote center, an elections official's office, or a satellite location under Section 3018. See California Education Code 88099
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Elections official: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, or city clerk. See California Government Code 18656
  • Elective office: means any office that may, under the principal act of the district or agency, be filled by way of an election. See California Education Code 89005
  • Elective officer: means "elective officer" as defined by the principal act of each district or agency or if not defined, any officer of a district or agency holding an office that can be filled by election. See California Education Code 89005
  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Electronic transmission to the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, which the corporation has provided from time to time to shareholders or members and directors for sending communications to the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, and which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the posting, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) as to which the corporation has placed in effect reasonable measures to verify that the sender is the shareholder or member (in person or by proxy) or director purporting to send the transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17499
  • Employee: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 89529.15

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • evidence of indebtedness: includes , but is not limited to, certificates of participation or interests in any rental or lease payments or installment purchase payments, in an aggregate principal amount exceeding $10,000,000, to be made by the state or any state department, board, agency, or authority with respect to buildings or other capital improvements. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Facsimile signature: means the reproduction by engraving, imprinting, stamping, or other means of the manual signature of an authorized officer. See California Insurance Code 1050
  • Failure: means a discrepancy between the external results of the operation of any software or firmware in a voting system and the manufacturer's product requirements for that software or firmware or applicable law. See California Government Code 18938.5
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fault: means a step, process, or data definition in any software or firmware in a voting system that is incorrect under the manufacturer's program specification or applicable law. See California Government Code 18938.5
  • federal act: shall mean the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. See California Government Code 18800
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Flood hazard zone: means an area subject to flooding that is delineated as either a special hazard area or an area of moderate hazard on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign: means not organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Education Code 32032
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Full pay: means the gross base pay earnable by the employee and subject to retirement contribution if he or she had not vacated his or her position. See California Education Code 89529.02
  • Fund: means the Safe Drinking Water, Water Quality and Supply, Flood Control, River and Coastal Protection Fund of 2006. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Fund: means the California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access For All Fund, created by Section 80032. See California Government Code 18903
  • Fund: means the Voting Modernization Fund, created pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 19254. See California Government Code 19050.4
  • General district election: means an election held pursuant to the provisions of this part. See California Education Code 89005
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • Governing body: means the governing board, commission, city council, board of supervisors, board of directors or similar multimember body which exercises authority over a public body. See California Insurance Code 949
  • Governing body: as used in this chapter means the board of supervisors, city council, board of directors or other legislative or governing body which has the power to fix the annual tax or assessment levy for a public body. See California Insurance Code 1042
  • Governing body: means the board of directors of a district or agency or the board or body which governs the activities of the district or agency. See California Education Code 89005
  • Governing body: means the board, authority, trustees, director, commission, committee, secretary, or other policy making body that exercises authority over a state agency. See California Insurance Code 1063.5
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • health care facility: means a facility, other than a facility licensed under Division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Health and Safety Code, that is owned or operated by a health care service plan licensed pursuant to Chapter 2. See California Education Code 89260
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • Immediate family member: means a spouse, child, in-law, parent, or sibling. See California Education Code 90062
  • Immediate vicinity: means the area within a distance of 100 feet from the room or rooms in which the voters are signing the roster and casting ballots. See California Government Code 18656
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indenture: means an agreement entered into by the board pursuant to which revenue bonds are issued, regardless of whether the agreement is expressed in the form of a resolution of the board or by other instrument. See California Education Code 90011
  • individual with a disability: means any individual who has a physical or mental disability as defined in Section 12926. See California Government Code 19231
  • Industrial disability leave: means temporary disability as defined in Divisions 4 (commencing with Section 3200) and 4. See California Education Code 89529.02
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvency: means either of the following:

    California Insurance Code 985

  • Insolvent insurer: means an insurer that was a member insurer of the association, consistent with paragraph (11) of subdivision (c), either at the time the policy was issued or when the insured event occurred, and against which an order of liquidation with a finding of insolvency has been entered by a court of competent jurisdiction, or, in the case of the State Compensation Insurance Fund, if a finding of insolvency is made by a duly enacted legislative measure. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Inspector: means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member. See California Education Code 88104.5
  • Instrument of payment: means a check, draft, warrant, or order for the payment, delivery, or transfer of funds. See California Insurance Code 1050
  • Interpretation: includes , but is not limited to, a visitor serving amenity that educates and communicates the significance and value of natural, historical, and cultural resources in a way that increases the understanding and enjoyment of these resources and that may utilize the expertise of a naturalist or other specialist skilled at educational interpretation. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Interpretation: includes , but is not limited to, a visitor-serving amenity that enhances the ability to understand and appreciate the significance and value of natural, historical, and cultural resources and that may utilize educational materials in multiple languages, digital information, and the expertise of a naturalist or other skilled specialist. See California Government Code 18903
  • issuer: means a nonprofit corporation, a joint powers authority or a parking authority. See California Insurance Code 941
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • joint powers authority: means any entity defined in Section 6542. See California Insurance Code 940
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Education Code 88105
  • Judicial officer: means any Justice of the Supreme Court, justice of a court of appeal, or judge of the superior court. See California Education Code 88106
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Landowner voting district: means a district whose principal act requires an elector to be an owner of land located within the district. See California Education Code 89005
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Layoff: means separation from a position for lack of funds or lack of work. See California Education Code 89530
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease-purchase financing: means the financing of prison facilities from the proceeds of the sale of bonds authorized by the board. See California Government Code 19592.2
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • legislative body: shall include the governing body of any district or other public corporation authorized by law to construct such public improvements. See California Government Code 19632
  • Legislative body: means the governing body or board of the state or local government. See California Insurance Code 985.5
  • Legislative body: means any or all of the following:

    California Education Code 89305.1

  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17330
  • license: includes certificate or permit. See California Education Code 92032
  • licensed clinic: means a clinic licensed pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 1200) of Chapter 1 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 89260
  • licensed health care facility: means a facility licensed pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 1250) of Chapter 2 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code or a facility, as defined in Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, operated by a health care service plan licensed pursuant to Chapter 2. See California Education Code 89260
  • licensed home health agency: means a private or public organization licensed by the State Department of Public Health pursuant to Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 1725) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code, as further defined in Section 1727 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 89260
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • listing: as used in this part includes, but is not limited to:

    California Government Code 53185

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local conservation corps: means a program operated by a public agency or nonprofit organization that meets the requirements of Section 14406. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Local election: is a municipal, county, or district election. See California Education Code 88107
  • Local government: means any city, city and county, county, public district, public corporation, authority, agency, board, commission, or other public entity. See California Insurance Code 995.4
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Education Code 88108
  • Medical director: means a physician and surgeon who is a member of a health care facility's active medical staff and who is knowledgeable in respiratory care. See California Education Code 88066
  • Meeting: includes any congregation of a majority of the membership of a legislative body at the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the legislative body to which it pertains. See California Education Code 89305.1
  • Member insurer: means an insurer required to be a member of the association in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 1063, except and to the extent that the insurer is participating in an insolvency program adopted by the United States government. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: includes a trust deed, "mortgagor" includes a trustor under such trust deed, "mortgagee" includes a beneficiary under such trust deed, or a trustee exercising powers or performing duties granted to or imposed upon him thereunder, and "lien" in respect to real or personal property includes a charge or incumbrance arising out of a trust deed. See California Education Code 32034
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Education Code 88109
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • National emergency: as used in this part means any period in which the United States is at war prior to the declaration by the Governor of a state military emergency. See California Government Code 18540.1
  • New resident: means a person who meets all requirements of an elector of the State of California except that his or her residency was established subsequent to the 15th day prior to the election. See California Education Code 88111
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit corporation qualified to do business in California, and qualified under Section 501?(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Nonprofit organization: means a nonprofit corporation qualified to do business in California and qualified under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See California Government Code 18903
  • Nonvisual: means synthesized speech, braille, and other output methods that do not require sight. See California Government Code 18979
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 25020
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 88115
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Paper cast vote record: means an auditable document that corresponds to the selection made on the voter's ballot and lists the contests on the ballot and the voter's selections for those contests. See California Education Code 88086
  • Parallel monitoring: means the testing of a randomly selected sampling of voting equipment on election day designed to simulate actual election conditions to confirm that the system is registering votes accurately. See California Government Code 19061
  • parking authority: means any entity created pursuant to Division 18 (commencing with Section 31500) of the Streets and Highways Code. See California Insurance Code 940.1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Education Code 88122
  • party-nominated office: means any of the following offices:

    California Education Code 88121

  • Permanent: means that the employee has a right to continued employment unless dismissed or laid off. See California Education Code 89530
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: includes any individual, firm, corporation, association, copartnership, trust, business trust, receiver, trustee, or conservator for any thereof, but does not include this state or any public corporation, political subdivision, city, county, district, or any agency thereof or of this state. See California Education Code 90011
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Education Code 7052
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • policy fee: means any sum specified in the policy as paid, or payable, in addition to the specified premium, as a consideration for the policy. See California Insurance Code 995
  • Political subdivision: means a geographic area of representation created for the provision of government services, including, but not limited to, a general law city, general law county, charter city, charter county, charter city and county, school district, community college district, or other district organized pursuant to state law. See California Education Code 89529.03
  • Political subdivision: means a geographic area of representation created for the provision of government services, including, but not limited to, a city, a school district, a community college district, or other district organized pursuant to state law. See California Education Code 89529.11
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • precinct board: means the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a vote center. See California Education Code 88125
  • Precinct board member: is a member of the precinct board and includes an election officer. See California Education Code 88125
  • Preservation: means rehabilitation, stabilization, restoration, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Preservation: means rehabilitation, stabilization, restoration, conservation, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Government Code 18903
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • Principal act: means the law providing for the creation of a particular district or agency or type of district or agency. See California Education Code 89005
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Project: means any one or more dormitories or other housing facilities, boarding facilities, student union or activity facilities, vehicle parking facilities, alternative transportation programs, or any other auxiliary or supplementary facilities for individual or group accommodation, owned or operated or authorized to be acquired, constructed, furnished, equipped, and operated by the board for use by students, faculty members, or other employees of any one or more campuses of the California State University, or a combination of those facilities, which may include facilities already completed and facilities authorized for future completion, or any other facilities designated by the board as a project in providing for the issuance of revenue bonds or notes. See California Education Code 90011
  • Property: includes all property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this part. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected class: means a class of voters who are members of a race, color, or language minority group, as this class is referenced and defined in the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 (52 U. See California Education Code 89529.03
  • Protection: means those actions necessary to prevent harm or damage to persons, property or natural resources or those actions necessary to allow the continued use and enjoyment of property or natural resources and includes acquisition, development, restoration, preservation and interpretation. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Protection: means those actions necessary to prevent harm or damage to persons, property, or natural, cultural, and historic resources, actions to improve access to public open-space areas, or actions to allow the continued use and enjoyment of property or natural, cultural, and historic resources, and includes site monitoring, acquisition, development, restoration, preservation, and interpretation. See California Government Code 18903
  • public body: means any county, city and county, city, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public district, public corporation or public authority, or any agency of any thereof, but does not include the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state or any state department or agency. See California Insurance Code 942
  • Public body: means the county, city, city and county, public district, public authority, public corporation, nonprofit corporation or other statutorily constituted public entity which is authorized to issue bonds. See California Insurance Code 949
  • public body: means any county, city, district, or any other political subdivision of the State. See California Insurance Code 1036
  • Public body: as used in this chapter means any county, city and county, city, public district, public authority or other public corporation which is authorized to issue bonds. See California Insurance Code 1040
  • Public body: as used in this chapter means any county, city and county, city, public district, public authority or other public corporation, or any agency of any thereof, which is authorized to issue bonds. See California Insurance Code 1056.5
  • public body: means any county, city and county, city, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public district, public corporation or public authority, or any agency thereof. See California Insurance Code 1062
  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work that a state agency has jurisdiction of, or is authorized to design or construct, including, but not limited to, infrastructure, parking lots, landscaping, and other ancillary facilities, including furnishings and equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights of way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • public leaseback: means any lease by a public body of all or any part of a public project where the lease is between such public body as lessee and an issuer as lessor and the lease is executed before the public project is acquired, constructed or completed. See California Insurance Code 945
  • public project: means any land, structure, facility or equipment or other personal property, the acquisition, construction or completion of which is to be financed by securities of an issuer if any of the payments of principal of and interest on such securities is to be paid by such issuer from funds derived from rental or other payments which any one or more public bodies has agreed to pay to such issuer under a public leaseback. See California Insurance Code 944
  • public securities: means any issue of bonds, notes, warrants or other evidences of indebtedness and the interest coupons, if any, attached thereto, issued or proposed to be issued by any public body. See California Insurance Code 1061
  • Public security: means a bond, note, certificate of indebtedness, or other obligation for the payment of money, issued by any county, city, or public district. See California Insurance Code 1050
  • Racially polarized voting: means voting in which there is a difference, as defined in case law regarding enforcement of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 (52 U. See California Education Code 89529.03
  • Rebuttable presumption: shall be deemed a presumption which affects the burden of producing evidence. See California Education Code 88132
  • Reclassification: means the upgrading of a position to a higher classification as a result of the gradual increase of the duties being performed by the incumbent in that position. See California Education Code 88001
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recovery Account: shall be deemed to refer to the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Education Code 16096
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88136
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Education Code 32040
  • Resident voting district: means any district other than a landowner voting district. See California Education Code 89005
  • Respiratory care: includes "respiratory therapy" or "inhalation therapy" where those terms mean respiratory care. See California Education Code 88066
  • Respiratory therapy school: means a program reviewed and approved by the board. See California Education Code 88066
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restoration: means the improvement of physical structures or facilities and, in the case of natural systems and landscape features includes, but is not limited to, projects for the control of erosion, the control and elimination of exotic species, prescribed burning, fuel hazard reduction, fencing out threats to existing or restored natural resources, road elimination, and other plant and wildlife habitat improvement to increase the natural system value of the property. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • Restoration: means the improvement of physical structures or facilities and, in the case of natural systems and landscape features, includes, but is not limited to, projects for the control of erosion, stormwater capture and storage or to otherwise reduce stormwater pollution, the control and elimination of invasive species, the planting of native species, the removal of waste and debris, prescribed burning, fuel hazard reduction, fencing out threats to existing or restored natural resources, road elimination, improving instream, riparian, or managed wetland habitat conditions, and other plant and wildlife habitat improvement to increase the natural system value of the property or coastal or ocean resource. See California Government Code 18903
  • retrospective commission arrangement: means an arrangement having as its purpose the retention by the insurer of a fixed proportion of the gross premiums, or gross premiums plus policy fees with the balance of the premiums, or premiums plus policy fees, retained by the producer of the business, who assumes to pay therefrom all losses, all subordinate commissions, loss adjustment expenses and his profit, if any, with other provisions of the arrangement auxiliary or incidental to such purpose. See California Insurance Code 995
  • revenue bonds: means the written evidence of any obligation, other than revenue bond anticipation notes, issued by the board, payment of which is secured by a pledge of revenues or any part of revenues, as provided in this article, in order to obtain funds with which to carry out the purposes of this article, irrespective of the form of the obligations. See California Education Code 90011
  • Roster: means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. See California Education Code 88138
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley: means lands in the bed or along or near the banks of the Sacramento River or San Joaquin River, or their tributaries or connected therewith, or upon any land adjacent thereto, or within the overflow basins thereof, or upon land susceptible to overflow therefrom. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Salesperson: when used without modification, means a person licensed as a salesperson under any of the provisions of this part. See California Government Code 53151
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the governing body or a person designated by him or her to perform a duty of the secretary. See California Education Code 89005
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • securities: means any bonds, notes, warrants or other evidences of indebtedness and the interest coupons, if any, attached thereto, issued or proposed to be issued in an aggregate principal amount of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) or more by any issuer to finance a public project. See California Insurance Code 943
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Education Code 17494
  • Significant decrease in voter turnout: means the voter turnout for a regularly scheduled election in a political subdivision is at least 25 percent less than the average voter turnout within that political subdivision for the previous four statewide general elections. See California Education Code 89529.11
  • Software: includes all programs, voting devices, cards, ballot cards or papers, operating manuals or instructions, test procedures, printouts, and other nonmechanical or nonelectrical items necessary to the operation of a voting system. See California Education Code 88167
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Special sessions: as used in this division , means self-supporting instructional programs conducted by the California State University. See California Education Code 89708
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 88168
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 7003
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17325
  • State: means the state or any department, agency, board, commission, or authority of the state. See California Insurance Code 995.4
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: includes any state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, organization, or agency including, without limitation, the University of California, the California State University, the California Community Colleges, and the Judicial Council. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • State Board: means the State Water Resources Control Board. See California Government Code 19702.2
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Education Code 7058
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Education Code 8092
  • State military emergency: as used in this part , means an emergency declared and terminable by the Governor by proclamation during, but not limited to, such times as the United States is conscripting personnel for service in the armed forces. See California Government Code 18540.2
  • State or local government: means the state, any department, agency, board, commission, or authority of the state, or any city, city and county, county, public district, public corporation, authority, agency, board, commission, or other public entity. See California Insurance Code 985.5
  • Statewide election: is a n election held throughout the state. See California Education Code 88180
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17319
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervising authority: means the board of supervisors of the county in which is situated all or most of the land of a district. See California Education Code 89005
  • Surplus line broker: means a person licensed under Section 1765 and authorized to do business under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 1760) of Part 2 of Division 1. See California Education Code 32224
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustees: means the Trustees of the California State University, created under Section 66600. See California Education Code 89000
  • Underutilization: means having a statistically significant, smaller percentage of persons of a group in an occupation or at a level in a state agency than would reasonably be expected by their percentage representation in the relevant labor force. See California Government Code 19791
  • Undetermined risk area: means an urban or urbanizing area within a moderate flood hazard zone, as delineated on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, which has not been determined to have an urban level of protection. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Unearned premium: means that portion of a premium as calculated by the liquidator that had not been earned because of the cancellation of the insolvent insurer's policy and is that premium remaining for the unexpired term of the insolvent insurer's policy. See California Insurance Code 1063.1
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urban level of flood protection: means the level of protection that is necessary to withstand flooding that has a 1-in-200 chance of occurring in any given year using criteria consistent with, or developed by, the Department of Water Resources. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: as used in this article means any person who has served in the United States armed forces in time of war, or national emergency declared by the President of the United States of America, and who has been discharged or released under conditions other than dishonorable, proof of which shall be submitted to the commission at the time of the examination. See California Education Code 88113
  • Veterinary food-animal drugs: as used in this chapter shall include the following:

    California Education Code 89306

  • visually impaired: means a person having central visual acuity not to exceed 20-200 in the better eye, with corrected lenses, or visual acuity greater than 20-200, but with a limitation in the field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends at an angle of not greater than 20 degrees. See California Government Code 19180
  • Vote by mail voter: means any voter casting a ballot in any way other than at the polling place. See California Education Code 88076
  • Vote center: means a location established for holding elections that offers the services described in Sections 2170, 4005, and 4007. See California Education Code 88181
  • Vote tabulating device: means any piece of equipment, other than a voting machine, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of ballot card sorting, ballot card reading, paper ballot scanning, electronic data processing, or a combination of that type of equipment. See California Education Code 88182
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter: means a voter or elector as respectively defined in the principal act of each district or agency. See California Education Code 89005
  • Voter list: means the list of registered voters in a single or consolidated precinct or in an entire county. See California Education Code 88184
  • Voter verified paper audit trail: means a paper cast vote record containing a copy of each of the voter's selections that allows each voter to confirm his or her selections before the voter casts his or her ballot for systems that do not contain a paper ballot. See California Government Code 19061
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • Voting device: means any device used in conjunction with a ballot card or cards to indicate the choice of the voter by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card. See California Education Code 88186
  • Voting machine: means any electronic device, including, but not limited to, a precinct optical scanner and a direct recording voting system, into which a voter may enter his or her votes, and which, by means of electronic tabulation and generation of printouts or other tangible, human-readable records, furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate and for or against each measure. See California Education Code 88190
  • Voting system: means a mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software, or any combination of these used for casting a ballot, tabulating votes, or both. See California Education Code 88191
  • Voting system: means any voting machine, voting device, or vote tabulating device that does not use prescored punch card ballots. See California Government Code 19050.4
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.