Chapter 1 General
Chapter 2 Public Property
Chapter 2.5 Open Space Maintenance Districts
Chapter 3 Bonds
Chapter 3.5 Revenue Bonds for Public Improvements
Chapter 4 Police Officers’ Pension Fund and Firemen’s Pension Fund
Chapter 4.5 Volunteer Firefighters Length of Service Award Act
Chapter 5 Boundaries
Chapter 5.5 The Elder California Pipeline Safety Act Of 1981
Chapter 6 Massage
Chapter 6.1 Cottage Food Operations
Chapter 6.2 Sidewalk Vendors
Chapter 6.3 Urban Agriculture Incentive Zones
Chapter 6.5 Open-Space Easements
Chapter 6.6 Open-Space Easement Act of 1974
Chapter 6.7 Timberland
Chapter 6.8 Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zones
Chapter 6.9 Solar-Use Easement
Chapter 7 Agricultural Land
Chapter 8 Capital Investment Incentive Program

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 5 > Division 1 > Part 1

  • Abandoned excavation: means any abandoned mining shaft, pit, well, septic tank, cesspool, or other abandoned excavation dangerous to persons legally on the premises where the abandoned excavation is located or to minors under the age of 12 years. See California Government Code 50230
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Acquiring district: means a district in which all or a part of, a state-aided district or an applicant district has been included. See California Education Code 16733
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • act: as used in this division , means the Improvement Bond Act of 1915. See California Streets and Highways Code 9517
  • Act: means the federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • Actuarial interest rate: means the interest rate fixed by the board for purposes of actuarial valuation of the assets and liabilities of the award system. See California Government Code 50952
  • Adequate progress: means all of the following:

    California Government Code 65007

  • Administering agency: means any agency designated pursuant to Section 25502 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 17210
  • Advertisement: means :

    California Business and Professions Code 7590.1

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agreement: means a joint powers agreement entered into pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, an agreement to transfer the functions of a public entity or an employee thereof to another public entity pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 51300) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the Government Code, and any other agreement under which a public entity undertakes to perform any function, service or act with or for any other public entity or employee thereof with its consent, whether such agreement is expressed by resolution, contract, ordinance or in any other manner provided by law. See California Government Code 895
  • Agricultural commodity: means any and all plant and animal products produced in this state for commercial purposes, including, but not limited to, plant products used for producing biofuels, and industrial hemp cultivated in accordance with Division 24 (commencing with Section 81000) of the Food and Agricultural Code. See California Government Code 51201
  • Agricultural preserve: means an area devoted to either agricultural use, as defined in subdivision (b), recreational use as defined in subdivision (n), or open-space use as defined in subdivision (o), or any combination of those uses and which is established in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Agricultural use: means use of land, including but not limited to greenhouses, for the purpose of producing an agricultural commodity for commercial purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • air gauge knife: means a device that appears to be an air gauge but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended. See California Penal Code 16140
  • Airport: means any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard: means any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off of aircraft. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard area: means any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this article. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Alarm agent: means a person employed by an alarm company operator whose duties include selling on premises, altering, installing, maintaining, moving, repairing, replacing, servicing, responding, or monitoring an alarm system, or a person who manages or supervises a person employed by an alarm company to perform any of the duties described in this subdivision or any person in training for any of the duties described in this subdivision. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Alarm system: means an assembly of equipment and devices arranged to signal the presence of a hazard requiring urgent attention and to which police may respond. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allocation: means a loan of funds by the commission pursuant to the procedures specified in this chapter. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Allocation: means a loan of funds by the Department of General Services pursuant to the procedures specified in this chapter. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, ammunition feeding device, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Penal Code 16150
  • ammunition vendor: means any person, firm, corporation, or other business enterprise that holds a current ammunition vendor license issued pursuant to Section 30385. See California Penal Code 16151
  • Anniversary date: means the anniversary of the date on which zoning is established pursuant to Section 51112 or 51113 takes effect. See California Government Code 51104
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • application to purchase: means either of the following:

    California Penal Code 16190

  • Apportionment: means an apportionment made under this chapter unless the context otherwise requires. See California Education Code 16002
  • Apportionment: means an apportionment made under this chapter unless the context otherwise requires. See California Education Code 16702
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved: as used in this article , means the approval of the legislative body of the local agency, as the result of investigation and tests conducted by such agency or by reason of the accepted principles or tests by recognized national or state authorities, technical, or scientific organizations. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Arbitration: means a method of resolving a rights dispute under which the parties to a controversy must accept the award of a third party. See California Government Code 3562
  • area median income: means the median family income of a geographic area of the state, as annually estimated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Association: includes any lodge, order, beneficial association, fraternal or beneficial society or association, historical, military, or veterans organization, labor union, foundation, or federation, or any other society, organization, or association, or degree, branch, subordinate lodge, or auxiliary thereof. See California Corporations Code 21300
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Community Revitalization and Investment Authority created pursuant to this division. See California Government Code 62000
  • Award: means monthly payments for life derived from contributions by a department. See California Government Code 50952
  • Award recipient: means a former member who satisfied all the requirements as determined by the board to be eligible to receive an award, and is receiving an award. See California Government Code 50952
  • Award system: means the Volunteer Firefighters Length of Service Award System established by this chapter. See California Government Code 50952
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • basic firearms safety certificate: means a certificate issued before January 1, 2003, by the Department of Justice pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article read at any time from when it became operative on January 1, 1992, to when it was repealed on January 1, 2003. See California Penal Code 16240
  • belt buckle knife: is a knife that is made an integral part of a belt buckle and consists of a blade with a length of at least two and one-half inches. See California Penal Code 16260
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Public Employment Relations Board created pursuant to Section 3541. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Board: means the Public Employment Relations Board established pursuant to Section 3513. See California Government Code 3562
  • Board: as used in this chapter means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city. See California Government Code 50798.3
  • Board: means the board of the California State Fire Employees Welfare Benefit Corporation. See California Government Code 50952
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of a county or city and county, whether general law or chartered, which establishes or proposes to establish a timberland production zone pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51104
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 16002
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of a county which establishes or proposes to establish an agricultural preserve or which enters or proposes to enter into a contract on land within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 16702
  • Board: means the Pooled Money Investment Board. See California Government Code 16493
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Business and Professions Code 31
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the board of supervisors of the county in which it is proposed to form a district, or in which a district has been formed. See California Health and Safety Code 20001
  • Bona fide association: means an organization of employees and former employees of an agency of the state and the California State University, and which does not have as one of its purposes representing these employees in their employer-employee relations. See California Government Code 1150
  • bond: means revenue bond or other evidences of indebtedness but not attached coupons. See California Government Code 50661
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means the written evidence of any obligation incurred by the board payable out of revenues as provided in this chapter in order to secure funds with which to carry out the purposes of this chapter irrespective of the form of such obligation whether in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, interest bearing certificates or other forms prescribed by the board. See California Government Code 50798.1
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • Branch office: means any location, other than the principal place of business of the licensee, which is licensed as set forth in Article 11 (commencing with Section 7599. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Branch office manager: means an individual designated by the qualified manager to manage the licensee's branch office and who has met the requirements as set forth in Article 11 (commencing with Section 7599. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Budget resolution: Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the budget. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories (e.g., transportation), and may include reconciliation instructions to designated committees.
  • Building: means any existing or planned structure that includes a heating or cooling system, or both. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Building: means any existing structure that includes a heating or cooling system, or both. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.4
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.4
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Bureau: means the Cemetery and Funeral Bureau. See California Business and Professions Code 7601
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, and profession. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • cane sword: means a cane, swagger stick, stick, staff, rod, pole, umbrella, or similar device, having concealed within it a blade that may be used as a sword or stiletto. See California Penal Code 16340
  • CCW: means "carry concealed weapons. See California Penal Code 16360
  • Certificate credit rate: means the rate of the credit allowed by this chapter which is specified in the mortgage credit certificate. See California Health and Safety Code 50172
  • certified employee organization: means an organization that has been certified by the board as the exclusive representative of the public school employees in an appropriate unit after a proceeding under Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Certified indebtedness amount: means the amount of indebtedness which meets both of the following criteria:

    California Health and Safety Code 50172

  • Certified prior service credit: means credit for service performed prior to the contract operative date as certified by a qualifications review commission. See California Government Code 50952
  • Certified service credit: means credit certified pursuant to Section 50960 for services rendered by a member. See California Government Code 50952
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Changes: as used in this chapter shall include corrections, alterations, modifications, additions, omissions, increases or decreases. See California Streets and Highways Code 10350
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.5
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.5
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Streets and Highways Code 15
  • City: means any city or city and county. See California Government Code 51075
  • city: means the county or city having jurisdiction over the land. See California Government Code 51104
  • City: means any city or city and county. See California Government Code 51190
  • city: means the county or city having jurisdiction over the land. See California Government Code 51201
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • City or county: means any city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • clerk: means the clerk of a county or the legislative body thereof. See California Government Code 50270.5
  • Code: as used in this article , means any statute, or any published compilation of rules, regulations or standards adopted by the federal government or the State of California, or by any agency of either of them. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Commission: means the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission. See California Health and Safety Code 44275
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Streets and Highways Code 22
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Food and Agricultural Code 26
  • commissioner: includes a commissioner who is employed pursuant to Section 2124. See California Food and Agricultural Code 2241
  • Committee: means the California Debt Limit Allocation Committee established pursuant to Section 50199. See California Health and Safety Code 50172
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community estate: includes both community property and quasi-community property. See California Family Code 63
  • Compatible use: is a ny use which does not significantly detract from the use of the property for, or inhibit, growing and harvesting timber, and shall include, but not be limited to, any of the following, unless in a specific instance such a use would be contrary to the preceding definition of compatible use:

    California Government Code 51104

  • Compatible use: includes agricultural use, recreational use or open-space use unless the board or council finds after notice and hearing that the use is not compatible with the agricultural, recreational or open-space use to which the land is restricted by contract pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • confine: includes admit, commit, place, detain, or hold in custody. See California Government Code 854.5
  • Construction: includes :

    California Streets and Highways Code 29

  • consultant-evaluator: means a consultant or evaluator who, in the course of that person's profession is loaned firearms from a person licensed pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, for research or evaluation, and has a current certificate of eligibility issued pursuant to Section 26710. See California Penal Code 16410
  • Contiguous: means two or more parcels of land that are adjoining or neighboring or are sufficiently near to each other, as determined by the board or council, that they are manageable as a single forest unit. See California Government Code 51104
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative bargaining association: means a farmer association which is organized and functioning pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 54001) of this division, for the purpose of group bargaining between its producer members and the first handler or processor, with respect to the sale of any agricultural commodity except milk, cotton, or cottonseed. See California Food and Agricultural Code 54401
  • Council: means the city council of a city, whether general law or chartered, which establishes or proposes to establish a timberland production zone pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51104
  • Council: means the city council of a city which establishes or proposes to establish an agricultural preserve or which enters or proposes to enter into a contract on land within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Family Code 67
  • county highway: means any highway which is:

    California Streets and Highways Code 25

  • county psychiatric hospital: means the hospital, ward, or facility provided by the county pursuant to the provisions of Section 7100 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. See California Government Code 854.3
  • Custodian of the fund: means a financial institution or other entity that qualifies under the laws of this state to act as a trustee of and establish a trust described in Internal Revenue Service Revenue Procedure 92-64. See California Government Code 50952
  • Date of separation: means the date that a complete and final break in the marital relationship has occurred, as evidenced by both of the following:

    California Family Code 70

  • Deadly weapon: means and includes any instrument or weapon of the kind commonly known as a blackjack, slungshot, billy, sandclub, sandbag, metal knuckles. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defensible space: means the area adjacent to a structure or dwelling where wildfire prevention or protection practices are implemented to provide defense from an approaching wildfire or to minimize the spread of a structure fire to wildlands or surrounding areas. See California Government Code 51177
  • department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 925
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Streets and Highways Code 20
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 32
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7601
  • Department: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 50952

  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 20
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Public Resources Code 25480
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Development: means , as used in Section 51223, the construction of buildings or the use of the restricted property if the buildings or use are unrelated to the agricultural use, the open-space use, or uses compatible with either agricultural or open-space uses of the property, or substantially impair the agricultural, open-space, or a combination of the agricultural and open-space uses of the property. See California Government Code 51201
  • developmental services facility: means any facility or place where a public employee provides services and supports to individuals transitioning from a developmental center to the community or to individuals with developmental disabilities at risk of admission to a developmental center, an institution for mental disease, an out-of-state placement, a general acute care hospital, or an acute psychiatric hospital. See California Government Code 854.1
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.1
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.1
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Streets and Highways Code 21
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7601
  • Director: means the Director of Education for kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive. See California Education Code 16002
  • Director: means the Director of Education. See California Education Code 16702
  • Director: means the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 51177
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District: means a habitat maintenance assessment district formed pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 50060
  • District: means a county air pollution control district or an air quality management district. See California Health and Safety Code 44275
  • district: means any agency of the state formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 1090
  • District: as used in this chapter , means a police protection district formed pursuant to this chapter or pursuant to any law which it supersedes. See California Health and Safety Code 20000
  • domestic violence: means abuse perpetrated against any of the following persons:

    California Penal Code 16490

  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • eligible bank: means a state or national bank located in this state, selected by the Treasurer for the safekeeping of money belonging to or in the custody of the state, that has received an overall rating of not less than "satisfactory" in its most recent evaluation by the appropriate federal financial supervisory agency of the bank's record of meeting the credit needs of the state's communities, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, pursuant to Section 2906 of Title 12 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 16500
  • Eligible institution: means a school, hospital, public care institution, or a unit of local government. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Eligible savings and loan association: means a state or federal savings association, as defined in Section 5102 of the Financial Code, located in this state, insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, and selected by the Treasurer for the safekeeping of money belonging to or in the custody of the state. See California Government Code 16600
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.11
  • employee: means a person employed by a public school employer except persons elected by popular vote, persons appointed by the Governor of this state, management employees, and confidential employees. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.9
  • Employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Employee organization: means an organization that includes employees of a public school employer and that has as one of its primary purposes representing those employees in their relations with that public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employee organization: means any organization of any kind in which higher education employees participate and that exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with higher education employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment of employees. See California Government Code 3562
  • Employee organization: means an organization which represents employees of a public employer and that has been recognized or certified by the public employer or the Public Employment Relations Board as the exclusive representative of the employees. See California Government Code 1150
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.10 v2
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.8
  • employer: means the governing board of a school district, a school district, a county board of education, a county superintendent of schools, a charter school that has declared itself a public school employer pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 47611. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Employer-employee relationship: means an individual who works for another and where the individual's name appears on the payroll records of the employer. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • encroachment: includes any structure or object of any kind or character placed, without the authority of law, either in, under or over any county highway. See California Streets and Highways Code 1480
  • Energy audit: means a determination of the energy consumption characteristics of a building or facility that does all of the following:

    California Public Resources Code 25411

  • Energy conservation measure: means an installation or modification of an installation in a building that is primarily intended to reduce energy consumption or allow the use of a more cost-effective energy source. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • environment: means the aggregate of all factors that influence the conditions of life in or about the state or within any portion thereof, and which are affected by the use of pesticides or related materials within the state. See California Food and Agricultural Code 14101
  • Environmental assessor: means an environmental professional as defined in Section 312. See California Education Code 17210
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • exceptional children: means physically handicapped pupils, pupils with intellectual disabilities, educationally handicapped pupils, multihandicapped pupils, or pupils enrolled in development centers for the handicapped required or allowed to be educated pursuant to Part 30 (commencing with Section 56000). See California Education Code 16191
  • Exclusive representative: means the employee organization recognized or certified as the exclusive negotiating representative of public school employees, as "public school employee" is defined in subdivision (j), in an appropriate unit of a public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Exclusive representative: means any recognized or certified employee organization or person it authorizes to act on its behalf. See California Government Code 3562
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Facility: means any major energy using system of an eligible institution whether or not housed in a building. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal act: means , for purposes of mortgage credit certificates, Section 612 of the Tax Reform Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-369). See California Health and Safety Code 50172
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fire suppression: includes firefighting and fire prevention including, but not limited to, vegetation removal or management undertaken, in whole or in part, for the reduction of a fire hazard. See California Government Code 50078.1
  • firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:

    California Penal Code 16520

  • firearm permit: includes "firearms permit" "firearms qualification card" "firearms qualification" and "firearms qualification permit. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.13
  • firearm permit: includes "firearms permit" "firearms qualification card" "firearms qualification" and "firearms qualification permit. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.11
  • Firearm permit: means and includes "firearms permit" "firearms qualification card" "firearms qualification" and "firearms qualification permit. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • firearm safety certificate: means a certificate issued by the Department of Justice pursuant to Sections 31610 to 31700, inclusive, or pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article was operative at any time from January 1, 2003, until it was repealed by the Deadly Weapons Recodification Act of 2010. See California Penal Code 16535
  • firearm safety device: means a device other than a gun safe that locks and is designed to prevent children and unauthorized users from firing a firearm. See California Penal Code 16540
  • Firearms permit: means a permit issued by the bureau, pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 7596), to a licensee, a qualified manager, or an alarm agent, to carry an exposed firearm while on duty. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Flood hazard zone: means an area subject to flooding that is delineated as either a special hazard area or an area of moderate hazard on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. See California Government Code 65007
  • Flow line: means a pipeline which transports hazardous liquid substances from the well head to a treating facility or production storage facility. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by the laws of another jurisdiction and denominated or registered as a limited liability partnership or registered limited liability partnership under the laws of that jurisdiction (i) in which each partner is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) which is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii) which (I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freeway: means a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Streets and Highways Code 23.5
  • Freeway service patrol: means a program managed by the Department of the California Highway Patrol, the department, and a regional or local entity which provides emergency roadside assistance on a freeway in an urban area. See California Streets and Highways Code 2561
  • Fuel: means any combustible material, including petroleum-based products and wildland fuels. See California Government Code 51177
  • Fund: means an account or trust described in Internal Revenue Service Revenue Procedure 92-64, which is maintained by the custodian of the fund. See California Government Code 50952
  • Fund: means the Energy Efficient State Property Revolving Fund or the Energy Efficiency Retrofit State Revolving Fund. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GIS mapping system: means a geographical information system that will collect, store, retrieve, analyze, and display environmental geographical data in a data base that is accessible to the public. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • gradual earth movements: includes , but is not limited to, perceptible changes in the earth either in a subterranean area or at the surface, or both, which if not arrested or contained will over a gradual period of time result in damage to or destruction of underground or aboveground property or harm to persons. See California Government Code 866
  • Grain and seed: includes any grain, seeds, rice, beans, and any other agricultural product which is customarily cleaned by grain and seed cleaners. See California Food and Agricultural Code 55251
  • Grain and seed cleaner: means a person that is lawfully engaged in the business of cleaning grain and seeds for others. See California Food and Agricultural Code 55251
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant of an open-space easement: means a grant by an instrument whereby the owner relinquishes to the public, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, the right to construct improvements upon the land except as may be expressly reserved in the instrument and which contains a covenant with the city or county, running with the land, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, not to construct or permit the construction of any improvements, except as that right is expressly reserved in the instrument and except for public service facilities installed for the benefit of the land subject to any covenant or public service facilities installed pursuant to an authorization by the governing body of the city or county or the Public Utilities Commission. See California Government Code 51051
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • gun safe: means a locking container that fully contains and secures one or more firearms, and that meets the standards for gun safes adopted pursuant to Section 23650. See California Penal Code 16610
  • gunsmith: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who is engaged primarily in the business of repairing firearms, or making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms, or the agent or employee of that person. See California Penal Code 16630
  • handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. See California Penal Code 16640
  • handgun safety certificate: means a certificate issued by the Department of Justice pursuant to Sections 31610 to 31700, inclusive, or pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article was operative at any time from January 1, 2003, until it was repealed by the Deadly Weapons Recodification Act of 2010. See California Penal Code 16670
  • Handle: has the meaning the term is given in Article 1 (commencing with Section 25500) of Chapter 6. See California Education Code 17210
  • Hazardous air emissions: means emissions into the ambient air of air contaminants that have been identified as a toxic air contaminant by the State Air Resources Board or by the air pollution control officer for the jurisdiction in which the project is located. See California Education Code 17210
  • Hazardous material: has the meaning the term is given in subdivision (d) of Section 25260 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 17210
  • higher education employer: means the regents in the case of the University of California, the directors in the case of the Hastings College of the Law, and the trustees in the case of the California State University, including any person acting as an agent of an employer. See California Government Code 3562
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Streets and Highways Code 23
  • highway: includes all or any part of the entire width of right of way of a county highway, whether or not such entire area is actually used for highway purposes. See California Streets and Highways Code 1480
  • Hospital: means a public or nonprofit institution that is both of the following:

    California Public Resources Code 25411

  • Hydrostatic testing: means the application of internal pressure above the normal or maximum operating pressure to a segment of pipeline, under no-flow conditions for a fixed period of time, utilizing a liquid test medium. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • immediate family member: means either of the following relationships:

    California Penal Code 16720

  • Impasse: means that the parties to a dispute over matters within the scope of representation have reached a point in meeting and negotiating at which their differences in positions are so substantial or prolonged that future meetings would be futile. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Impasse: means that the parties have reached a point in meeting and conferring at which their differences in positions are such that further meetings would be futile. See California Government Code 3562
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Improvement: means one or any combination of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • improvements: means any or all of the following property acquired, constructed or installed by a local agency with funds derived from special assessments under the Improvement Act of 1911 (Division 7 (commencing at Section 5000), Streets and Highways Code) or any other law:

    California Government Code 50550

  • Incidental expenses: include all of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • Income and expense declaration: means the form for an income and expense declaration in family law matters adopted by the Judicial Council. See California Family Code 95
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Initiating resolution: means a resolution by which a legislative body determines that public interest or necessity demands the issuance of bonds. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insignia: includes badge, motto, button, decoration, charm, emblem, or rosette. See California Corporations Code 21300
  • Insurance policy: as used in this article , means a commercial general liability policy of insurance issued by an insurance company authorized to transact business in this state that provides minimum limits of insurance of one million dollars ($1,000,000) for any one loss or occurrence due to bodily injury, including death, or property damage, or both. See California Business and Professions Code 7583.40 v2
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Issuer: means a state agency or local agency and includes a redevelopment agency, housing authority or other local entity, authorized by state law to issue qualified mortgage bonds, to which the committee has assigned an allocation under this chapter. See California Health and Safety Code 50172
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Landowner: includes a lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the open-space restriction or any extension thereof. See California Government Code 51075
  • Landowner: includes a lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the restriction of the use of the land to photovoltaic solar facilities or any extension of the restriction. See California Government Code 51190
  • law: means any federal law relating to internal revenue. See California Government Code 1170
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative body: means the city council, board of supervisors, or any other governing body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50060
  • Legislative body: means the board of directors, trustees, governors, or any other governing body of a local agency specified in subdivision (b). See California Government Code 50078.1
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50230
  • Legislative body: means the city council in the case of a city, and the board of supervisors in the case of a county. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • licensed gun show producer: means a person who has been issued a certificate of eligibility by the Department of Justice pursuant to Section 27200. See California Penal Code 16800
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.6
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter and includes, but is not limited to, private patrol operator and armored contract carrier. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.6
  • Licensee: means a business entity, whether an individual, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation licensed under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • lipstick case knife: means a knife enclosed within and made an integral part of a lipstick case. See California Penal Code 16830
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: includes domestic fowls and rabbits. See California Food and Agricultural Code 30651
  • Livestock: means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or any horse, mule, or other equine, whether living or dead. See California Food and Agricultural Code 55701
  • Local agency: means any city, county, or city and county, whether general law or chartered. See California Government Code 50060
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including a charter city or county, or any special district. See California Government Code 50075.5
  • Local agency: means any city, county, or city and county, whether general law or chartered, or special district, including a county service area created pursuant to the County Service Area Law (Chapter 2. See California Government Code 50078.1
  • Local agency: means a city, a city and county, or a county. See California Government Code 50230
  • local agency: includes any board or department of the local agency. See California Government Code 50660
  • Local agency: means any county, city, or city and county, including a chartered city, or special district, including a school district. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, school district, county board of education, or community college district which levied a property tax during the 1977-78 fiscal year or for which a property tax was levied. See California Government Code 16493
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, or district responsible for fire protection within a very high fire hazard severity zone. See California Government Code 51177
  • Local agency: as used in this article , means a county, city, city and county, political subdivision, district, or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 1125
  • local public entity: has the meaning set forth in Section 900. See California Government Code 866
  • locked container: means a secure container that is fully enclosed and locked by a padlock, keylock, combination lock, or similar locking device. See California Penal Code 16850
  • long-gun safe: means a locking container designed to fully contain and secure a rifle or shotgun, which has a locking system consisting of either a mechanical combination lock or an electronic combination lock that has at least 1,000 possible unique combinations consisting of a minimum of three numbers, letters, or symbols per combination, and is not listed on the roster maintained pursuant to Section 23655. See California Penal Code 16870
  • machinegun: means any weapon that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See California Penal Code 16880
  • maintenance: means the furnishing of services and materials for the ordinary and usual maintenance, operation, and servicing of any improvement, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Streets and Highways Code 27

  • malfunction: means a failure to properly feed, fire, or eject a round, or failure of a pistol to accept or eject the magazine, or failure of a pistol's slide to remain open after the magazine has been expended. See California Penal Code 31905
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • managed wetland area: is a n area, which may be an area diked off from the ocean or any bay, river or stream to which water is occasionally admitted, and which, for at least three consecutive years immediately prior to being placed within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter, was used and maintained as a waterfowl hunting preserve or game refuge or for agricultural purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • manager: means an individual designated under an operating agreement of a manager-managed limited liability company who is responsible for performing the management functions for the limited liability company specified in subdivision (c) of Section 17704. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.15
  • manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.7
  • Managerial employee: means any employee having significant responsibilities for formulating or administering policies and programs. See California Government Code 3562
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Meatpacker: means an establishment where livestock are either slaughtered, the carcasses thereof are prepared, or meat is processed and where state or federal inspection is maintained. See California Food and Agricultural Code 55701
  • medical facility: includes a hospital, infirmary, clinic, dispensary, mental institution, or similar facility. See California Government Code 854
  • Meet and confer: means the performance of the mutual obligation of the higher education employer and the exclusive representative of its employees to meet at reasonable times and to confer in good faith with respect to matters within the scope of representation and to endeavor to reach agreement on matters within the scope of representation. See California Government Code 3562
  • Meeting and negotiating: means meeting, conferring, negotiating, and discussing by the exclusive representative and the public school employer in a good faith effort to reach agreement on matters within the scope of representation and the execution, if requested by either party, of a written document incorporating any agreements reached, which document shall, when accepted by the exclusive representative and the public school employer, become binding upon both parties and, notwithstanding Section 3543. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • member: means an individual who is a member of a limited liability company as specified in Section 17704. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.14
  • Member: means an individual who is a member of a limited liability company as defined in subdivision (p) of Section 17701. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Member: means a volunteer of a department, the governing body of which has contracted with the board under this chapter, and who has been certified by a qualifications review commission as having satisfied all the requirements for membership as set established by the board. See California Government Code 50952
  • mental illness or addiction: means any condition for which a person may be detained, cared for, or treated in a mental institution, in a facility designated by a county pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 5150) of Part 1 of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or in a similar facility. See California Government Code 854.4
  • mental institution: means a state hospital for the care and treatment of persons with mental health disorders or intellectual disabilities, the California Rehabilitation Center referred to in Section 3300 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or a county psychiatric hospital. See California Government Code 854.2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage credit certificate: means any certificate which does all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 50172

  • Mortgage credit certificate program: means any program established by the state or a local agency for any calendar year in which the state or a local agency is authorized to issue qualified mortgage bonds and under which the issuing agency elects not to issue an amount of qualified mortgage bonds it may otherwise issue during the calendar year. See California Health and Safety Code 50172
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor vehicle fuel: includes gasoline, natural gasoline, blends of gasoline and alcohol, or gasoline and oxygenates, and any inflammable liquid, by whatever name the liquid may be known or sold, which is used or is usable for propelling motor vehicles operated by the explosion type engine. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Penal Code 7
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonconforming use: means any use within a TPZ which lawfully existed on the effective date of zoning established pursuant to Sections 51112 and 51113, and continuing since that time, which is not a compatible use. See California Government Code 51104
  • Nonprofit organization: means any organization qualifying under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code in the preceding tax year, and which includes the preservation of open space as a stated purpose in its articles of incorporation. See California Government Code 51075
  • Noxious weed seed: means the seed or propagule of any species of noxious weed, as defined in Section 5004. See California Food and Agricultural Code 52256
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • omnibus claim appropriation: means an act of appropriation, or an item of appropriation in a budget act, by which the Legislature appropriates a lump sum to pay the claim of the Department of General Services or its secretary against the state in an amount that the Legislature has determined is properly chargeable to the state. See California Government Code 920
  • Open-space easement: means any right or interest in perpetuity or for a term of years in open-space land acquired by a county, city, or nonprofit organization pursuant to this chapter where the deed or other instrument granting such right or interest imposes restrictions which, through limitation of future use, will effectively preserve for public use or enjoyment the natural or scenic character of such open-space land. See California Government Code 51075
  • Open-space land: means any parcel or area of land or water which is essentially unimproved and devoted to an open-space use as defined in Section 65560 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 51075
  • Open-space plan: means the open-space element of a county or city general plan adopted by the local governing body pursuant to Section 65560 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 51075
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Family Code 100
  • Original district: means a state-aided or applicant district included in whole or in part in an acquiring district. See California Education Code 16733
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the easement or any extension thereof. See California Government Code 51051
  • Owner-building: means the process engaged in by owner-builders in the construction of a principal residence. See California Health and Safety Code 50692
  • Parcel: means that portion of an assessor's parcel that is timberland, as defined. See California Government Code 51104
  • Partnership: means an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under Section 16202, predecessor law, or comparable law of another jurisdiction, and includes, for all purposes of the laws of this state, a registered limited liability partnership, and excludes any partnership formed under Chapter 4. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership agreement: means the agreement, whether written, oral, or implied, among the partners concerning the partnership, including amendments to the partnership agreement. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • peace officer: means a sheriff, undersheriff, deputy sheriff, marshal, or deputy marshal of a county or city and county, or a marshal or police officer of a city or town, employed and compensated as such, whether the members are volunteer, partly paid, or fully paid, except those whose principal duties are clerical, such as stenographers, telephone operators, and other workers not engaged in law enforcement operations, or the protection or preservation of life or property, and not under suspension or otherwise lacking in good standing. See California Government Code 50920
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, limited liability company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.3
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.3
  • person: as used in this article in reference to a person liable to pay a charge includes districts formed for the purpose of constructing or maintaining sewers. See California Government Code 50142
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Streets and Highways Code 19
  • Person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, city or county, or district, and includes any trustee, receiver, or assignee. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Person: means one or more individuals, organizations, associations, corporations, boards, committees, commissions, agencies, or their representatives. See California Government Code 3562
  • Person: means any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Food and Agricultural Code 38
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Family Code 105
  • personal firearm importer: means an individual who meets all of the following criteria:

    California Penal Code 17000

  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • persons: includes corporations, firms, partnerships and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of this State or any other State, or any foreign country. See California Business and Professions Code 16702
  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: includes very low income households, as defined in Section 50105, extremely low income households, as defined in Section 50106, and lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Family Code 126
  • Phase I environmental assessment: means a preliminary assessment of a property to determine whether there has been or may have been a release of a hazardous material, or whether a naturally occurring hazardous material is present, based on reasonably available information about the property and the area in its vicinity. See California Education Code 17210
  • Pipeline: includes every intrastate pipeline used for the transportation of hazardous liquid substances or highly volatile liquid substances, including a common carrier pipeline, and all piping containing those substances located within a refined products bulk loading facility which is owned by a common carrier and is served by a pipeline of that common carrier, and the common carrier owns and serves by pipeline at least five such facilities in the state. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means a community revitalization and investment plan and shall be deemed to be the plan described in Section 16 of Article XVI of the California Constitution. See California Government Code 62000
  • Plan area: means territory included within a community revitalization and investment area. See California Government Code 62000
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Pledged revenue: means a specified annual dollar amount from a specified source or combination of sources of revenue, which the legislative body of a local agency, in a resolution providing for the issuance of limited obligation bonds, has designated and pledged as security for the bonds in accordance with Section 50665. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary endangerment assessment: means an activity that is performed to determine whether current or past hazardous material management practices or waste management practices have resulted in a release or threatened release of hazardous materials, or whether naturally occurring hazardous materials are present, which pose a threat to children's health, children's learning abilities, public health or the environment. See California Education Code 17210
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary code: as used in this article , means any code which is directly adopted by reference, in whole or in part, by any ordinance passed pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Prime agricultural land: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 51201

  • prisoner: includes an inmate of a prison, jail, or penal or correctional facility. See California Government Code 844
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Family Code 110
  • Production facility: means piping or equipment used in the production, extraction, recovery, lifting, stabilization, separation, or treatment of petroleum or associated storage or measurement. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Professional employee: means :

    California Government Code 3562

  • Program: means the Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program created by subdivision (a) of Section 44280. See California Health and Safety Code 44275
  • prohibited area: means any place where it is unlawful to discharge a weapon. See California Penal Code 17030
  • Project: means the purpose or purposes for which a school district has applied for an apportionment or apportionments. See California Education Code 16702
  • Project: means a purpose for which an allocation may be requested and made under this chapter. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Project: means a purpose for which an allocation may be requested and made under this chapter. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • Property: means all property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Property: includes real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Family Code 113
  • Proposed schoolsite: means real property acquired or to be acquired or proposed for use as a schoolsite, prior to its occupancy as a school. See California Education Code 17210
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • public agency: has the meaning given that term by Section 53050. See California Government Code 960
  • Public agency: includes counties, cities, municipal corporations, political subdivisions, public districts, and other public agencies of the state. See California Government Code 1150
  • public body: means any county, city and county, city, municipal corporation, political subdivision, school district, or any other public district or public corporation, any public authority, or any agency of any thereof. See California Government Code 1101
  • Public care institution: means a public or nonprofit institution that owns:

    California Public Resources Code 25411

  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public drinking water well: means a wellhead that provides drinking water to a public water system as defined in Section 116275 of the Health and Safety Code, that is regulated by the State Department of Health Services and that is subject to Section 116455 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Public employer: means the state, the Regents of the University of California, the Trustees of the California State University and the California State University, the Judicial Council, a trial court, a county, city, district, public authority, including transit district, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation of the state, except as provided in paragraph (2). See California Government Code 1150
  • public improvement: means facilities or interests in real property, including easements, rights-of-way, and interests in fee title, owned by a public agency or person, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 51291. See California Government Code 51290.5
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public or nonprofit institution: means an institution owned and operated by:

    California Public Resources Code 25411

  • public securities: means any issue of bonds, notes, warrants, or other evidences of indebtedness and the interest coupons, if any, attached thereto, issued by any public body. See California Government Code 1100
  • public square: means any area or open space showing on a map or plat of a city, town, or village which has been filed or recorded in the office of the county clerk or county recorder of any county for more than fifty years and which is designated on the map or plat as a "square" or by other similar designation when no other words or insignia appear upon the map or plat showing the purposes for which the square may have been dedicated and when no deed, offer of dedication or other instrument appears of record in the office of the county recorder showing or indicating the purposes for which the same may have been dedicated. See California Government Code 50530
  • Published: as used in this article , means issued in printed, lithographed, multigraphed, mimeographed or similar form. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Purchase: means the purchase, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Purchase: means the purchase, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • Purchaser: means the purchaser or transferee of a firearm or the person being loaned a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Purchaser: means the purchaser or transferee of a firearm or the person being loaned a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • qualified manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated as specified in Section 7536. See California Business and Professions Code 7512.7
  • Qualified manager: means an individual who is in active control, management, and direction of the licensee's business, and who is in possession of a current and valid qualified manager's certificate pursuant to this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Qualified representative of the commissioner: means a deputy commissioner or inspector who holds an appropriate certificate of qualification issued by the director as provided in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2101) of Division 2 of this code. See California Food and Agricultural Code 39
  • qualified trust company: means the trust department of any State or National bank in this State or a trust company authorized to act as such in this State. See California Government Code 16550
  • Quasi-community property: means all real or personal property, wherever situated, acquired before or after the operative date of this code in any of the following ways:

    California Family Code 125

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: as used in this article is coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments and includes land, any interest or estate in land, and any servitude upon land. See California Government Code 50301
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • recognized employee organization: means an employee organization that has been recognized by an employer as the exclusive representative pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Registered limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by Article 10 (commencing with Section 16951), that is registered under Section 16953 and (i) each of the partners of which is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii)(I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Registrant: means any person registered or who has applied for registration under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 7590.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remedial action plan: means a plan approved by the Department of Toxic Substances Control pursuant to Section 25356. See California Education Code 17210
  • remote interest: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 1091

  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resolution: means a resolution by which a legislative body authorizes the issuance, sale, and delivery of bonds. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Respondent: includes defendant, where appropriate. See California Family Code 127
  • responsible adult: means a person at least 21 years of age who is not prohibited by state or federal law from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm. See California Penal Code 17070
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • returned: means presented to the appropriate person in person, or postmarked, before the expiration of the specified time period. See California Family Code 359
  • Revenue: as used in this chapter shall mean all fees, rates, charges, rentals or other income and revenue actually received or receivable by or for the account of the board from the operation of any particular project including without limiting the generality of the foregoing interest allowed on any moneys or securities and any proceeds derived from the sale of any securities and any consideration in any way derived from the particular project owned, operated or maintained by the board. See California Government Code 50798.2
  • Revenues: include the proceeds of ad valorem taxes on real property levied by, or allocated to, the local agency, and the proceeds of sales and use taxes. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Revitalization project: means a physical improvement to real property funded by the authority. See California Government Code 62000
  • Rural area: means a location which lies outside the limits of any incorporated or unincorporated city or city and county, or other residential or commercial area, such as a subdivision, a business, a shopping center, or a community development. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • rural areas: means areas as defined in Section 101 of Title 23 of the United States Code. See California Streets and Highways Code 2503
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley: means lands in the bed or along or near the banks of the Sacramento River or San Joaquin River, or their tributaries or connected therewith, or upon any land adjacent thereto, or within the overflow basins thereof, or upon land susceptible to overflow therefrom. See California Government Code 65007
  • safety: is a utomatically applied by the pistol, this feature shall not be defeated. See California Penal Code 31900
  • Sale: means the sale, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Sale: means the sale, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • saltpond: is a n area which, for at least three consecutive years immediately prior to being placed within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter, has been used for the solar evaporation of seawater in the course of salt production for commercial purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • scenic highway corridor: is a n area adjacent to, and within view of, the right-of-way of:

    California Government Code 51201

  • School: means a public or nonprofit institution, including a local educational agency, which:

    California Public Resources Code 25411

  • scope of representation: means , and is limited to, wages, hours of employment, and other terms and conditions of employment. See California Government Code 3562
  • Secondary code: as used in this article , means any code which is incorporated by reference, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, in any primary code or in any secondary code. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 35
  • secure facility: means that the facility satisfies all of the following:

    California Penal Code 29141

  • Self-help rehabilitation: means the process engaged in by self-help rehabilitators in the rehabilitation, renovation or improvement of their principal residences. See California Health and Safety Code 50692
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Food and Agricultural Code 44
  • Seller: means , if the transaction is being conducted pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 28050), the person selling, loaning, or transferring the firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • Service credit: means the aggregate of certified service credit. See California Government Code 50952
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service year: means the period beginning July 1 and ending June 30 of the following year. See California Government Code 50952
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shobi-zue: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, or pole concealing a knife or blade within it, which may be exposed by a flip of the wrist or by a mechanical action. See California Penal Code 17160
  • Solar-use easement: means any right or interest acquired by a county, or city in perpetuity, for a term of years, or annually self-renewing as provided in Section 51191. See California Government Code 51190
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • Special district: means an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or a special act, for the performance of governmental or proprietary functions, with limited geographic boundaries, including, but not limited to, a school district and a community college district. See California Government Code 50075.5
  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Family Code 142
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Family Code 143
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Penal Code 7
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Corporations Code 12.2
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Family Code 145
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 23
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Insurance Code 28
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Business and Professions Code 21
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • State act: means the Carpenter-Presley-Tanner Hazardous Substance Account Act (Chapter 6. See California Education Code 17210
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • state agency: shall include any state board, commission, bureau, or division created pursuant to the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Education Code, or the Chiropractic Initiative Act to license and regulate individuals who engage in certain businesses and professions. See California Penal Code 23
  • State agency: means a unit of state government, including any department, agency, board, or commission under the State of California. See California Public Resources Code 25470
  • State employee: means all persons who receive wages for services through the uniform payroll system established and administered by the Controller under Section 12470. See California Government Code 1150
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Streets and Highways Code 24
  • State-aided district: means a district to which an apportionment has been made under this chapter. See California Education Code 16733
  • Statement: means a statement of partnership authority under Section 16303, a statement of denial under Section 16304, a statement of dissociation under Section 16704, a statement of dissolution under Section 16805, a statement of conversion or a certificate of conversion under Section 16906, a statement of merger under Section 16915, or an amendment or cancellation of any of the foregoing. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Structure: means any object constructed or installed by man, including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks, and overhead lines. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Business and Professions Code 15
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10
  • submerged area: is a ny land determined by the board or council to be submerged or subject to tidal action and found by the board or council to be of great value to the state as open space. See California Government Code 51201
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Government Code 16
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: means street superintendent, his assistants and deputies, or other public officer designated by the legislative body to perform the duties imposed by this article upon the superintendent. See California Government Code 50230
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Family Code 150
  • Support order: means a judgment or order of support in favor of an obligee, whether temporary or final, or subject to modification, termination, or remission, regardless of the kind of action or proceeding in which it is entered. See California Family Code 155
  • tax: includes a tax, assessment, fee or charge. See California Government Code 860
  • Tax rate area: means a geographical area in which there is a unique combination of tax levies. See California Government Code 51104
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Timber: means trees of any species maintained for eventual harvest for forest products purposes, whether planted or of natural growth, standing or down, on privately or publicly owned land, including Christmas trees, but does not mean nursery stock. See California Government Code 51104
  • Timberland: means privately owned land, or land acquired for state forest purposes, which is devoted to and used for growing and harvesting timber, or for growing and harvesting timber and compatible uses, and which is capable of growing an average annual volume of wood fiber of at least 15 cubic feet per acre. See California Government Code 51104
  • timberland preserve zone: means "timberland production zone. See California Government Code 51104
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • TPZ: means an area which has been zoned pursuant to Section 51112 or 51113 and is devoted to and used for growing and harvesting timber, or for growing and harvesting timber and compatible uses, as defined in subdivision (h). See California Government Code 51104
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: includes an assignment, conveyance, lease, mortgage, deed, and encumbrance. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Tree: means any object of natural growth. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Tulare Lake basin: means the Tulare Lake Hydrologic Region as defined in the California Water Plan Update 2009, prepared by the Department of Water Resources pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 10004) of Part 1. See California Government Code 65007
  • undetectable knife: means any knife or other instrument, with or without a handguard, that satisfies all of the following requirements:

    California Penal Code 17290

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit of local government: means a unit of general purpose government below the state, a special district, or any combination of that unit and special district formed for the joint exercise of power. See California Public Resources Code 25411
  • Urbanizing area: means a developed area or an area outside a developed area that is planned or anticipated to have 10,000 residents or more within the next 10 years. See California Government Code 65007
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vegetation: means all plants, including trees, shrubs, grass, and perennial or annual plants. See California Government Code 51177
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Very high fire hazard severity zone: means an area designated by the director pursuant to Section 51178 that is not a state responsibility area. See California Government Code 51177
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Volunteer: means any person who, of his own free will, provides goods or services, without any financial gain, to any state agency, as defined in Section 11000. See California Government Code 3111
  • Volunteer: means a person registered as a volunteer member of a regularly organized fire department as defined in subdivision (k). See California Government Code 50952
  • wholesaler: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who sells, transfers, or assigns firearms, or parts of firearms, to persons who are licensed as manufacturers, importers, or gunsmiths pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code, or persons licensed pursuant to Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive, and includes persons who receive finished parts of firearms and assemble them into completed or partially completed firearms in furtherance of that purpose. See California Penal Code 17340
  • Wildfire: means an unplanned, unwanted wildland fire, including unauthorized human-caused fires, escaped wildland fire use events, escaped prescribed fire projects, and all other wildland fires where the objective is to extinguish the fire. See California Government Code 51177
  • wildlife habitat area: is a land or water area designated by a board or council, after consulting with and considering the recommendation of the Department of Fish and Game, as an area of importance for the protection or enhancement of the wildlife resources of the state. See California Government Code 51201
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing pen knife: means a device that appears to be a writing pen but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended or the pointed, metallic shaft is exposed by the removal of the cap or cover on the device. See California Penal Code 17350