Article 1 Extraterritorial Property
Article 2 Grants of Property
Article 3 Issuance of Bonds for the Acquisition of Property
Article 4 Parks
Article 6 Airports
Article 6.5 Airport Approaches Zoning Law
Article 7 Leases
Article 8 Public Buildings
Article 9 Sale of Improvements Financed by Special Assessments
Article 10 Surplus Real Property
Article 11 Property Within Designated Qualified Opportunity Zones

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 5 > Division 1 > Part 1 > Chapter 2

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • air gauge knife: means a device that appears to be an air gauge but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41132
  • Airport: means any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard: means any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off of aircraft. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard area: means any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this article. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41133
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • belt buckle knife: is a knife that is made an integral part of a belt buckle and consists of a blade with a length of at least two and one-half inches. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41140
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Government Code 50081
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Government Code 50506
  • cane sword: means a cane, swagger stick, stick, staff, rod, pole, umbrella, or similar device, having concealed within it a blade that may be used as a sword or stiletto. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41160
  • CCW: means "carry concealed weapons. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41162
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Government Code 50507
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Education Code 5227
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Education Code 7007
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • City or county: means any city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Education Code 1012
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 7005
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles. See California Penal Code 25575
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Education Code 7053
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • department: means the Department of General Services. See California Penal Code 18730
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Government Code 50079.3
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Government Code 50503
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Government Code 50084
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Government Code 50511
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Government Code 50083
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Government Code 50510
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • field crop products: includes grain crops, dry bean crops, seeds, forage crops, fiber crops, and other field crops and the manufactured products and byproducts of such field crops. See California Penal Code 25580
  • firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 41176

  • firearm permit: includes "firearms permit" "firearms qualification card" "firearms qualification" and "firearms qualification permit. See California Government Code 50085
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.10
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • improvements: means any or all of the following property acquired, constructed or installed by a local agency with funds derived from special assessments under the Improvement Act of 1911 (Division 7 (commencing at Section 5000), Streets and Highways Code) or any other law:

    California Government Code 50550

  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Education Code 1012
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17330
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See California Government Code 50081.2
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter and includes, but is not limited to, private patrol operator and armored contract carrier. See California Government Code 50508
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • lipstick case knife: means a knife enclosed within and made an integral part of a lipstick case. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43172
  • livestock: includes domestic fowls and rabbits. See California Government Code 50305
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • locked container: means a secure container that is fully enclosed and locked by a padlock, keylock, combination lock, or similar locking device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43201
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Education Code 1012
  • manager: means an individual designated under an operating agreement of a manager-managed limited liability company who is responsible for performing the management functions for the limited liability company specified in subdivision (c) of Section 17704. See California Government Code 50086
  • manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated. See California Government Code 50509
  • member: means an individual who is a member of a limited liability company as specified in Section 17704. See California Government Code 50085.5
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Noxious weed seed: means the seed or propagule of any species of noxious weed, as defined in Section 5004. See California Penal Code 25900
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Education Code 5325
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
  • Person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, city or county, or district, and includes any trustee, receiver, or assignee. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, limited liability company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Government Code 50079.6
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Government Code 50505
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • prohibited area: means any place where it is unlawful to discharge a weapon. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43422
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • public agency: has the meaning given that term by Section 53050. See California Penal Code 25640
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public square: means any area or open space showing on a map or plat of a city, town, or village which has been filed or recorded in the office of the county clerk or county recorder of any county for more than fifty years and which is designated on the map or plat as a "square" or by other similar designation when no other words or insignia appear upon the map or plat showing the purposes for which the square may have been dedicated and when no deed, offer of dedication or other instrument appears of record in the office of the county recorder showing or indicating the purposes for which the same may have been dedicated. See California Government Code 50530
  • qualified manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated as specified in Section 7536. See California Government Code 50082
  • Qualified representative of the commissioner: means a deputy commissioner or inspector who holds an appropriate certificate of qualification issued by the director as provided in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2101) of Division 2 of this code. See California Education Code 19964
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Real property: as used in this article is coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments and includes land, any interest or estate in land, and any servitude upon land. See California Government Code 50301
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • safety: is a utomatically applied by the pistol, this feature shall not be defeated. See California Penal Code 31900
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shobi-zue: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, or pole concealing a knife or blade within it, which may be exposed by a flip of the wrist or by a mechanical action. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43444.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 5223
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17325
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Education Code 7058
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Education Code 8092
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Structure: means any object constructed or installed by man, including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks, and overhead lines. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17319
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Tree: means any object of natural growth. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • undetectable knife: means any knife or other instrument, with or without a handguard, that satisfies all of the following requirements:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43452.3

  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • wholesaler: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who sells, transfers, or assigns firearms, or parts of firearms, to persons who are licensed as manufacturers, importers, or gunsmiths pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code, or persons licensed pursuant to Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive, and includes persons who receive finished parts of firearms and assemble them into completed or partially completed firearms in furtherance of that purpose. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43473
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Education Code 1012
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing pen knife: means a device that appears to be a writing pen but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended or the pointed, metallic shaft is exposed by the removal of the cap or cover on the device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43474