Article 1 Definitions
Article 2 Emergency Powers
Article 2.5 Disposal of Coastal Property
Article 2.6 Restoration of Records Destroyed by Public Calamity
Article 3 Roster of Public Agencies
Article 3.5 Cable Television and Video Provider Customer Service and Information Act
Article 4 Miscellaneous
Article 4.5 Video Customer Service Act
Article 4.6 Consumer Contracts: Cable Television
Article 5 Regulation of Local Agencies by Counties and Cities
Article 5.5 Regulation of the Environmental Management Plan by State Agencies
Article 6 Local Emergency Telephone Systems
Article 6.6 State Nonemergency Telephone System
Article 7 Federally Mandated Audits of Block Grant Funds Allocated to Local Agencies
Article 8 Costs of Emergency Response
Article 9 Preservation of Videotapes and Recordings
Article 10 Prohibition on Requiring Landlords to Terminate A Tenancy
Article 11 Cellular Communications Interception
Article 12 Public Broadband Services
Article 13 Local Identification Cards

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 5 > Division 2 > Part 1 > Chapter 1 - General

  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Evidence Code 105
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Ballot label: means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. See California Elections Code 303
  • Ballot title and summary: means the summary of the chief purpose and points including the fiscal impact summary of any measure that appears in the state voter information guide. See California Elections Code 303.5
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basic system: as used in this article , means a telephone service which automatically connects a person dialing the digits "911" to an established public safety answering point through normal telephone service facilities. See California Government Code 53107
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the original board and any successor board selected and constituted under this chapter. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • bonds: means revenue bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. See California Government Code 6540
  • Budget resolution: Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the budget. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories (e.g., transportation), and may include reconciliation instructions to designated committees.
  • Building ordinances: means ordinances of a county or city regulating building and construction and removal of buildings, including ordinances relating to the matters set forth in Section 38660 and similar matters, and including ordinances relating to building permits and building inspection. See California Government Code 53090
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Evidence Code 110
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Evidence Code 115
  • business: includes every kind of business, governmental activity, profession, occupation, calling, or operation of institutions, whether carried on for profit or not. See California Evidence Code 1270
  • Business: includes every kind of business described in Section 1270. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • Cable television operator: means the person or entity providing cable television services through the cable television system. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Cable television system: means a community antenna television system, under common ownership and control, serving a franchise area or two or more contiguous or electronically connected franchise areas. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Elections Code 303.5

  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Streets and Highways Code 15
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Evidence Code 120
  • client: means a person who, directly or through an authorized representative, consults a lawyer for the purpose of retaining the lawyer or securing legal service or advice from him in his professional capacity, and includes an incompetent (a) who himself so consults the lawyer or (b) whose guardian or conservator so consults the lawyer in behalf of the incompetent. See California Evidence Code 951
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Streets and Highways Code 22
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Evidence Code 125
  • Construction: includes :

    California Streets and Highways Code 29

  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counties: means all of the counties within which a portion of the park or other recreation facility, operated and maintained by a joint county park board, is located. See California Government Code 6580
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • county highway: means any highway which is:

    California Streets and Highways Code 25

  • County measure: includes any proposed county charter, any proposed amendment to a county charter, any proposition for the issuance of funding or refunding bonds of the county, any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a county at any election held throughout an entire single county, any advisory question, or any bond proposal or any advisory question submitted to the voters of any public district although the boundaries of the district may be coterminous with those of the county. See California Elections Code 312
  • Criminal action: includes criminal proceedings. See California Evidence Code 130
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Evidence Code 135
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Streets and Highways Code 20
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Streets and Highways Code 21
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: as used in this article , means the Public Safety Communications Division within the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 53108.5
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • duplicate: is a counterpart produced by the same impression as the original, or from the same matrix, or by means of photography, including enlargements and miniatures, or by mechanical or electronic rerecording, or by chemical reproduction, or by other equivalent technique which accurately reproduces the original. See California Evidence Code 260
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • Enrolled bill: The final copy of a bill or joint resolution which has passed both chambers in identical form. It is printed on parchment paper, signed by appropriate officials, and submitted to the President/Governor for signature.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: as used in this article means any agency, board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6542
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Expense of an emergency response: means reasonable costs incurred by a public agency in reasonably making an appropriate emergency response to the incident, but shall only include those costs directly arising because of the response to the particular incident. See California Government Code 53156
  • expert: means a physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, or any person described by subdivision (b), (c), or (e) of Section 1010. See California Evidence Code 240
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair and exhibition authority: as used in this article , means an entity created by a joint powers agreement for the purpose of financing or otherwise facilitating agricultural, livestock, industrial, cultural, or other types of fairs or exhibitions. See California Government Code 6542.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal prosecutor: A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government.
  • Federal public defender: An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial and compliance audit: means an audit that complies with the financial and compliance audit requirements of the Standards for Audit of Governmental Organizations, Programs, Activities and Functions published by the United States General Accounting Office. See California Government Code 53131
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • former testimony: means testimony given under oath in:

    California Evidence Code 1290

  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freeway: means a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Streets and Highways Code 23.5
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: as used in this article means the board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement, pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6543
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Evidence Code 145
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Streets and Highways Code 23
  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 953

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 993

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 1013

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indenture: as used in this article means the instrument providing the terms and conditions for the issuance of the revenue bonds, and may be a resolution, order, agreement or other instrument. See California Government Code 6544
  • Independent public accountants: means a certified public accountant, or a public accountant who is licensed by the California Board of Accountancy who holds a valid permit to practice accountancy. See California Government Code 53131
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intentionally wrongful conduct: means conduct intended to injure another person or property. See California Government Code 53156
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint county park board: means a board, commission, or other public entity organized pursuant to an agreement made in accordance with Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of this chapter for the purpose of improving, operating, and maintaining a single park or other recreation facility located within more than one county, if none of the territory within the park or other recreation facility is contained within an incorporated city, and further, if all of the counties within which the park or other recreation facility is located are parties to the agreement creating the board, commission, or other public entity. See California Government Code 6580
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Elections Code 326
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Evidence Code 160
  • lawyer: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the client to be authorized, to practice law in any state or nation. See California Evidence Code 950
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, and the board of directors or other governing body in the case of a district or other public agency, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 53000
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • local agency: means public agency. See California Government Code 53020
  • Local agency: means an agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary function within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53090
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, joint-powers agency, public corporation, nonprofit corporation, or any other agency that is eligible to receive federal block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • Local agency: as used in this article means any public agency designated in Section 6500 other than the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state, or any state department or agency. See California Government Code 6542.5
  • Local agency: includes a county. See California Government Code 6252
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, school district, special district, authority, other political subdivision of or within the state, an association or consortium of school districts formed or operating pursuant to Section 35179 of the Education Code, or any joint powers authority composed of any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Streets and Highways Code 27

  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • Member of the public: means any person, except a member, agent, officer, or employee of a federal, state, or local agency acting within the scope of his or her membership, agency, office, or employment. See California Government Code 6252
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • newspaper: includes weekly newspaper, magazine, periodical or other publication. See California Government Code 6075
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Elections Code 334
  • notice: includes official advertising, resolutions, orders, or other matter of any nature whatsoever that are required by law to be published in a newspaper of general circulation. See California Government Code 6060
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Original: means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. See California Evidence Code 255
  • Original board: means the first board of directors constituted and selected pursuant to Section 6599. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Park: means a park or other recreation facility operated and maintained by a joint county park board. See California Government Code 6580
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • patient: means a person who consults a physician or submits to an examination by a physician for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his physical or mental or emotional condition. See California Evidence Code 991
  • patient: means a person who consults a psychotherapist or submits to an examination by a psychotherapist for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his mental or emotional condition or who submits to an examination of his mental or emotional condition for the purpose of scientific research on mental or emotional problems. See California Evidence Code 1011
  • Perceive: means to acquire knowledge through one's senses. See California Evidence Code 170
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Streets and Highways Code 19
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Government Code 6252
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Evidence Code 175
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • physician: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the patient to be authorized, to practice medicine in any state or nation. See California Evidence Code 990
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • preliminary fact: means a fact upon the existence or nonexistence of which depends the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 400
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • proffered evidence: means evidence, the admissibility or inadmissibility of which is dependent upon the existence or nonexistence of a preliminary fact. See California Evidence Code 401
  • Project: as used in this article includes buildings, structures, improvements and all facilities appurtenant thereto or provided therefor together with land and offstreet parking facilities necessary therefor to be financed by revenue bonds issued pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 6545
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See California Evidence Code 185
  • psychotherapist: means a person who is, or is reasonably believed by the patient to be:

    California Evidence Code 1010

  • public agency: as used in this article , means a district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision or public corporation in the state, but does not include the state or a county, city and county, or city. See California Government Code 53050
  • Public agency: as used in this article , means the state, and any city, county, city and county, municipal corporation, public district, or public authority located in whole or in part within this state which provides or has authority to provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53101
  • public agency: includes , but is not limited to, the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, another state or any state department or agency, a county, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, city, public corporation, public district, regional transportation commission of this state or another state, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any joint powers authority formed pursuant to this article by any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6500
  • Public agency: means the state and any city, county, municipal corporation, district, or public authority located, in whole or in part, within this state which provides or may provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53156
  • Public agency: means any state or local agency. See California Government Code 6252
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public employee: means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity. See California Evidence Code 195
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Evidence Code 200
  • Public records: includes any writing containing information relating to the conduct of the public's business prepared, owned, used, or retained by any state or local agency regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 6252
  • Public safety agency: as used in this article , means a functional division of a public agency which provides firefighting, police, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53102
  • public safety official: means the following parties, whether active or retired:

    California Government Code 6254.24

  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Real property: includes lands, tenements, and hereditaments. See California Evidence Code 205
  • Record: includes every kind of record maintained by a business. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • Referral method: as used in this article , means a telephone service which, upon the receipt of a telephone request for emergency services, provides the requesting party with the telephone number of the appropriate public safety agency or other provider of emergency services. See California Government Code 53106
  • Relevant evidence: means evidence, including evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant, having any tendency in reason to prove or disprove any disputed fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action. See California Evidence Code 210
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Evidence Code 215
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Evidence Code 220
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State agency: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission or other state body or agency, except those agencies provided for in Article IV (except Section 20 thereof) or Article VI of the California Constitution. See California Government Code 6252
  • State department: means that state organization designated by law or agreement that allocates block grant funds to local agencies or is otherwise responsible for administering block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Streets and Highways Code 24
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Evidence Code 225
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Evidence Code 230
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 235
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • unavailable as a witness: means that the declarant is any of the following:

    California Evidence Code 240

  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • value of property: means market value of any of the following:

    California Evidence Code 811

  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Video provider: means any person, company, or service which provides one or more channels of video programming to a residence, including a home, condominium, apartment, or mobilehome, where some fee is paid, whether directly or as included in dues or rental charges, for that service, whether or not public rights-of-way are utilized in the delivery of the video programming. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Evidence Code 250
  • Writing: means any handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Government Code 6252