(a) As used in this section, except as otherwise specified, and section 8-25a, “water company” means a corporation, company, association, joint stock association, partnership, municipality, state agency, other entity or person, or lessee thereof, owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling any pond, lake, reservoir, stream, well or distributing plant or system employed for the purpose of supplying water to fifteen or more service connections or twenty-five or more persons for at least sixty days in any one year.

Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 16-262m

  • another: may extend and be applied to communities, companies, corporations, public or private, limited liability companies, societies and associations. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Authority: means the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority and "department" means the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, business, firm, corporation, association, joint stock association, trust, partnership or limited liability company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Plant: includes all real estate, buildings, tracks, pipes, mains, poles, wires and other fixed or stationary construction and equipment, wherever located, used in the conduct of the business of the company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Water company: includes every person owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling any pond, lake, reservoir, stream, well or distributing plant or system employed for the purpose of supplying water to fifty or more consumers. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1

(b) On and after October 1, 2016, no person or entity, including, but not limited to, a water company may begin the construction of a water supply system for the purpose of supplying water to fifteen or more service connections or twenty-five or more persons for at least sixty days in any one year, and no such person or entity, except a water company supplying more than two hundred fifty service connections or one thousand persons, may begin expansion of a water supply system without having first obtained a certificate of public convenience and necessity from the Department of Public Health.

(c) For systems serving twenty-five or more residents that are not the subject of proceedings under subsection (c) of section 16-262n or section 16-262o, an application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity shall be on a form prescribed by the Department of Public Health, and accompanied by a copy of the applicant’s construction or expansion plans, a fee of one hundred dollars, except no state agency shall be required to pay such fee, and when an exclusive service area provider has been determined pursuant to section 25-33g, a copy of a signed ownership agreement between the applicant and provider for the exclusive service area, as determined pursuant to section 25-33g, detailing those terms and conditions under which the system will be constructed or expanded and for which the provider will assume service and ownership responsibilities. When an exclusive service area provider has been determined pursuant to section 25-33g, the application shall also be accompanied by a written confirmation from the exclusive service area provider, as the person that will own the water supply system, that such exclusive service area provider has received the application and is prepared to assume responsibility for the water supply system subject to the terms and conditions of the ownership agreement. Written confirmation from the exclusive service area provider shall be on a form prescribed by said department. Said department shall issue a certificate to an applicant upon determining, to said department’s satisfaction, that (1) no interconnection is feasible with a water system owned by, or made available through arrangement with, the provider for the exclusive service area, as determined pursuant to section 25-33g or with another existing water system where no exclusive service area has been assigned, (2) the applicant will complete the construction or expansion in accordance with engineering standards established by regulation by said department for water supply systems, (3) ownership of the system will be assigned to the provider for the exclusive service area, when an exclusive service area provider has been determined pursuant to section 25-33g, (4) the proposed construction or expansion will not result in a duplication of water service in the applicable service area, (5) the applicant meets all federal and state standards for water supply systems, (6) except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the person that will own the water supply system has the financial, managerial and technical resources to (A) operate the proposed water supply system in a reliable and efficient manner, and (B) provide continuous adequate service to persons served by the water supply system, (7) the proposed water supply system will not adversely affect the adequacy of nearby water supply systems, and (8) any existing or potential threat of pollution that said department deems to be adverse to public health will not affect any new source of water supply. Any construction or expansion with respect to which a certificate is required shall thereafter be built, maintained and operated in conformity with the certificate and any terms, limitations or conditions contained therein.

(d) For the purpose of the Department of Public Health’s issuance of a certificate pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, when the person that will own the water supply system is a water company, as defined in section 16-1, or is not the exclusive service area provider because an exclusive service area provider has not been determined, the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority shall determine whether such person has the financial resources to (1) operate the proposed water supply system in a reliable and efficient manner, and (2) provide continuous adequate service to persons served by the water supply system.

(e) For systems serving twenty-five or more persons, but not twenty-five or more residents, at least sixty days in any one year, an application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity shall be on a form prescribed by the Department of Public Health and accompanied by a copy of the construction or expansion plans. Said department shall issue a certificate to an applicant upon determining, to its satisfaction, that: (1) No interconnection is feasible with a water system owned by, or made available through arrangement with, the provider for the exclusive service area, as determined pursuant to section 25-33g or with another existing water system where no existing exclusive service area has been assigned; (2) the applicant will complete the construction or expansion in accordance with engineering standards established by said department’s regulations for water supply systems; (3) ownership of the system will be assigned to the provider for the exclusive service area, as determined pursuant to section 25-33g, if agreeable to the exclusive service area provider and said department, or may remain with the applicant, if agreeable to said department, until such time as the water system for the exclusive service area, as determined by section 25-33g, has made an extension of the water main, after which the applicant shall obtain service from the provider for the exclusive service area; (4) the proposed construction or expansion will not result in a duplication of water service in the applicable service area; (5) the applicant meets all federal and state standards for water supply systems; (6) the person that will own the water supply system has the financial, managerial and technical resources to (A) operate the proposed water supply system in a reliable and efficient manner, and (B) provide continuous adequate service to persons served by the water supply system; (7) the proposed water supply system will not adversely affect the adequacy of nearby water supply systems; and (8) any existing or potential threat of pollution that said department deems to be adverse to public health will not affect any new source of water supply. Any construction or expansion with respect to which a certificate is required shall thereafter be built, maintained and operated in conformity with the certificate and any terms, limitation or conditions contained therein.

(f) Properties held by the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection and used for, or in support of, fish culture, natural resource conservation or outdoor recreational purposes shall be exempt from the requirements of subdivisions (1), (3) and (4) of subsections (c) and (e) of this section.

(g) The Department of Public Health may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section. Such regulations may include measures that encourage water conservation and proper maintenance.