(a) One or more persons may organize a Connecticut bank.

Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 36a-70

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bank: means a Connecticut bank or a federal bank. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Bank and trust company: means an institution chartered or organized under the laws of this state as a bank and trust company. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Bank holding company: has the meaning given to that term in 12 USC Section 1841(a), as amended from time to time, except that the term "bank" as used in 12 USC Section 1841(a) includes a bank or out-of-state bank that functions solely in a trust or fiduciary capacity. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • banks: shall include all incorporated banks. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Capital stock: when used in conjunction with any bank or out-of-state bank means a bank or out-of-state bank that is authorized to accumulate funds through the issuance of its capital stock. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Commissioner: means the Banking Commissioner and, with respect to any function of the commissioner, includes any person authorized or designated by the commissioner to carry out that function. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Connecticut bank: means a bank and trust company, savings bank or savings and loan association chartered or organized under the laws of this state. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Consolidation: means a combination of two or more institutions into a new institution. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Control: has the meaning given to that term in 12 USC Section 1841(a), as amended from time to time. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Deposit: means funds deposited with a depository. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Depositor: includes a member of a mutual savings and loan association. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Director: means a member of the governing board of a financial institution. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Equity capital: means the excess of a Connecticut bank's total assets over its total liabilities, as defined in the instructions of the federal Financial Institutions Examination Council for consolidated reports of condition and income. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive officer: means every officer of a Connecticut bank who participates or has authority to participate, otherwise than in the capacity of a director, in major policy-making functions of such bank, regardless of whether such officer has an official title or whether that title contains a designation of assistant and regardless of whether such officer is serving without salary or other compensation. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: means a person undertaking to act alone or jointly with others primarily for the benefit of another or others in all matters connected with its undertaking and includes a person acting in the capacity of trustee, executor, administrator, guardian, assignee, receiver, conservator, agent, custodian under the Connecticut Uniform Gifts to Minors Act or the Uniform Transfers to Minors Act, and acting in any other similar capacity. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Governing board: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of a financial institution irrespective of the name by which such group is designated. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Insured depository institution: has the meaning given to that term in 12 USC Section 1813, as amended from time to time. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Loan: includes any line of credit or other extension of credit. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Merger: means the combination of one or more institutions with another which continues its corporate existence. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mutual: when used in conjunction with any institution that is a bank or out-of-state bank means any such institution without capital stock. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Out-of-state: includes any state other than Connecticut and any foreign country. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Person: means an individual, company, including a company described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subdivision (11) of this section, or any other legal entity, including a federal, state or municipal government or agency or any political subdivision thereof. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Reserves for loan and lease losses: means the amounts reserved by a Connecticut bank against possible loan and lease losses as shown on the bank's consolidated reports of condition and income. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Retail deposits: means any deposits made by individuals who are not "accredited investors" as defined in 17 CFR 230. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Savings and loan association: means an institution chartered or organized under the laws of this state as a savings and loan association. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Savings bank: means an institution chartered or organized under the laws of this state as a savings bank. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • savings banks: shall include savings banks, societies for savings and savings societies. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, any territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the trust territory of the Pacific Islands, the Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Supervisory agency: means : (A) The commissioner. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Trust bank: means a Connecticut bank organized to function solely in a fiduciary capacity. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2
  • Uninsured bank: means a Connecticut bank that does not accept retail deposits and for which insurance of deposits by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency is not required. See Connecticut General Statutes 36a-2

(b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, any such Connecticut bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least five million dollars. Any trust bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least two million dollars. Such equity capital shall be paid for in cash before any Connecticut bank commences business. For purposes of this section, nonwithdrawable accounts and pledged deposits of mutual savings banks and mutual savings and loan associations shall constitute capital of such mutual banks and associations to the extent that such accounts or deposits have no fixed maturity date, cannot be withdrawn at the option of the account holders and do not earn interest that carries over to subsequent periods.

(c) The person or persons organizing a Connecticut bank shall execute, acknowledge and file with the commissioner an application to organize. Such application to organize shall include: (1) A proposed certificate of incorporation stating: (A) The name and type of the Connecticut bank; (B) the town in which the main office is to be located; (C) in the case of a capital stock Connecticut bank, the amount, authorized number and par value, if any, of shares of its capital stock; (D) the minimum amount of equity capital with which the Connecticut bank shall commence business, which amount may be less than its authorized capital but shall not be less than that required by subsection (b) of this section; (E) the name, occupation and residence, post office or business address of each organizer and prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank; and (2) a proposed business plan. The organizers shall separately file with the commissioner a notice of the residence of each organizer and prospective initial director whose residence address is not included in the proposed certificate of incorporation. In connection with an application to organize a Connecticut bank, the commissioner may, in the commissioner’s discretion, and in accordance with § 29-17a, arrange for the fingerprinting or for conducting any other method of positive identification required by the State Police Bureau of Investigation of each organizer and prospective initial director, to be used in conducting a criminal history records check.

(d) Within twenty days after receipt of the application to organize, the commissioner shall order, at the expense of the organizers, an independent feasibility study and an independent three-year financial forecast prepared by a certified public accounting firm or other professional firm designated by the commissioner.

(e) Upon receipt of the feasibility study and financial forecast required by subsection (d) of this section, the commissioner shall issue an order designating a time and place for a hearing on the application. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with chapter 54 not more than thirty days from receipt of such feasibility study and financial forecast unless the commissioner determines that good cause exists to extend such time period. A copy of such feasibility study and financial forecast shall be made available to the organizers. Any exhibit or documentation submitted to the commissioner by the organizers at the time of filing or by the preparer or preparers of the feasibility study and financial forecast, other than financial statements and biographical information relating to the individual organizers, shall be available for public inspection prior to such hearing unless the commissioner determines that good cause exists to keep any such exhibit or documentation confidential.

(f) The organizers shall cause to be published a copy of the order for hearing for three business days, such publication to commence not later than twenty days prior to the hearing, in a newspaper designated by the commissioner published in the town where the main office of the Connecticut bank is to be located or, if there is no newspaper published in such town, in a newspaper having a circulation therein.

(g) For applications to organize bank and trust companies and capital stock savings banks, the commissioner shall notify the State Treasurer and State Comptroller of the time and place of the hearing.

(h) (1) The application shall be approved if the approving authority determines that: (A) The interest of the public will be served to advantage by the establishment of the proposed Connecticut bank; (B) the proposed bank shows reasonable promise of successful operation; and (C) the proposed directors and officers possess the capacity, character and experience for the duties and responsibilities with which they will be charged.

(2) In determining whether the public will be served to advantage under subdivision (1) of this subsection, the approving authority shall consider the following factors in light of the proposed business plan of the proposed Connecticut bank: (A) The population of the area to be served by the proposed Connecticut bank; (B) the competitive effect of the proposed Connecticut bank on the availability and quality of services in the market area to be served; (C) the likely impact of the proposed Connecticut bank on other financial institutions in the market area to be served; and (D) the convenience and needs of the market area to be served.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (p), (q), (r), (s) and (t) of this section, the approving authority shall be, in the case of an application to organize a bank and trust company or a capital stock savings bank, a majority of the commissioner, State Treasurer, and State Comptroller, and, in the case of an application to organize a mutual savings bank or a mutual or capital stock savings and loan association, the commissioner acting alone.

(i) If the application is approved by the approving authority, a temporary certificate of authority, valid for eighteen months, shall be issued to the organizers authorizing them to complete the organization of the Connecticut bank. The organizers shall thereupon file one copy of the temporary certificate of authority and one copy of the certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of the State. The commissioner may, upon the application of the organizers and after a hearing thereon, extend, for cause, the period for which the temporary certificate of authority is valid.

(j) If the application is not approved by the approving authority, the approving authority shall, in writing, so notify the organizers. An appeal from the decision approving or disapproving the application may be taken in accordance with chapter 54.

(k) (1) Prior to the issuance of a final certificate of authority, the organizers may (A) with the approval of the commissioner, amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change (i) the name or the type of the Connecticut bank, (ii) the town in which the main office of the Connecticut bank is to be located, (iii) in the case of a capital stock Connecticut bank, the amount, authorized number and par value, if any, of shares of its capital stock, or (iv) the name of an organizer or prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank; (B) with the approval of the approving authority, amend a material provision of the proposed business plan, or amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change the minimum amount of equity capital with which the Connecticut bank shall commence business, which amount may be less than its authorized capital but not less than that required by subsection (b) of this section; or (C) file notice with the commissioner to amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change the occupation or residence, post office or business address of any organizer or prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank.

(2) Upon receipt of an application to change the name of a Connecticut bank under subparagraph (A)(i) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the commissioner shall cause notice of the filing of such application to be published in the department’s weekly bulletin. The notice shall state that written objections to such application may be made, for a period of thirty days from the date of publication of the bulletin, on the grounds that the name selected will tend to confuse the public. If, in the opinion of the commissioner, the name selected by the organizers will not tend to confuse the public and if no objection is filed, the commissioner shall approve such change of name. If, in the opinion of the commissioner, the name selected will tend to confuse the public or if an objection is filed, the commissioner shall order a hearing to be held not less than twenty or more than thirty days from the date originally set for the filing of objections to the application for change of name, and notice of such hearing shall be published in the department’s weekly bulletin at least fourteen days prior to the hearing. At the hearing, the commissioner shall hear all persons desiring to be heard and shall make a ruling within fifteen days.

(3) The organizers shall file with the Secretary of the State any approval issued pursuant to this subsection, and the approved amendment shall become effective upon such filing. In the case of an amendment notice pursuant to subparagraph (C) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the organizers shall file such amendment with the Secretary of the State, and such amendment shall become effective upon such filing.

(l) The approving authority shall cause to be made an examination of the proposed Connecticut bank upon notice from the organizers that the following conditions have occurred: (1) The proposed bank has been fully organized according to law; (2) the State Treasurer has been paid the franchise tax and filing fee specified in subsection (o) of this section; (3) the proposed bank has raised the minimum equity capital required; and (4) in the case of a proposed capital stock Connecticut bank, a certified list of each subscriber who will own at least five per cent of any class of voting securities of the proposed bank, showing the number of shares owned by each, has been filed with the commissioner. If all provisions of law have been complied with, a final certificate of authority to commence the business for which the bank was organized shall be issued by the approving authority. One copy of the final certificate shall be filed with the Secretary of the State, one copy shall be retained by the bank, and one copy shall be retained by the commissioner.

(m) The reasonable charges and expenses of organization or reorganization of a capital stock Connecticut bank, and the reasonable expenses of any compensation or discount for the sale, underwriting or purchase of its shares, may be paid or allowed by such bank out of the par value received by it for its shares, or in the case of shares without par value, out of the stated capital received by it for its shares, without rendering such shares not fully paid and nonassessable.

(n) The Connecticut bank shall not commence business until: (1) A final certificate of authority has been issued in accordance with subsection (l) of this section, (2) except in the case of a trust bank, an interim Connecticut bank organized pursuant to subsection (p) of this section, or an uninsured bank organized pursuant to subsection (t) of this section, until its insurable accounts or deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency, and (3) it has complied with the requirements of subsection (u) of this section, if applicable. The acceptance of subscriptions for deposits by a mutual savings bank or mutual savings and loan association as may be necessary to obtain insurance by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency shall not be considered to be commencing business. No Connecticut bank other than a trust bank may exercise any of the fiduciary powers granted to Connecticut banks by law until express authority therefor has been given by the commissioner.

(o) Prior to the issuance of a final certificate of authority to commence business in accordance with subsection (l) of this section, the Connecticut bank shall pay to the State Treasurer a franchise tax, together with a filing fee of twenty dollars for the required papers. The franchise tax for a mutual savings bank and mutual savings and loan association shall be thirty dollars. The franchise tax for all capital stock Connecticut banks shall be one cent per share up to and including the first ten thousand authorized shares, one-half cent per share for each authorized share in excess of ten thousand shares up to and including one hundred thousand shares, one-quarter cent per share for each authorized share in excess of one hundred thousand shares up to and including one million shares and one-fifth cent per share for each authorized share in excess of one million shares.

(p) (1) One or more persons may organize an interim Connecticut bank solely (A) for the acquisition of an existing bank, whether by acquisition of stock, by acquisition of assets, or by merger or consolidation, or (B) to facilitate any other corporate transaction authorized by this title in which the commissioner has determined that such transaction has adequate regulatory supervision to justify the organization of an interim Connecticut bank. Such interim Connecticut bank shall not accept deposits or otherwise commence business. Subdivision (2) of subsection (c) and subsections (d), (f), (g), (h) and (o) of this section shall not apply to the organization of an interim bank, provided the commissioner may, in the commissioner’s discretion, order a hearing under subsection (e) or require that the organizers publish or mail the proposed certificate of incorporation or both. The approving authority for an interim Connecticut bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. If the approving authority determines that the organization of the interim Connecticut bank complies with applicable law, the approving authority shall issue a temporary certificate of authority conditioned on the approval by the appropriate supervisory agency of the corporate transaction for which the interim Connecticut bank is formed.

(2) (A) Notwithstanding any provision of this title, for the period from June 13, 2011, to September 30, 2013, inclusive, one or more persons may apply to the commissioner for the conditional preliminary approval of one or more expedited Connecticut banks organized primarily for the purpose of assuming liabilities and purchasing assets from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation when the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is acting as receiver or conservator of an insured depository institution. The application shall be made on a form acceptable to the commissioner and shall be executed and acknowledged by the applicant or applicants. Such application shall contain sufficient information for the commissioner to evaluate (i) the amount, type and sources of capital that would be available to the bank or banks; (ii) the ownership structure and holding companies, if any, over the bank or banks; (iii) the identity, biographical information and banking experience of each of the initial organizers and prospective initial directors, senior executive officers and any individual, group or proposed shareholders of the bank that will own or control ten per cent or more of the stock of the bank or banks; (iv) the overall strategic plan of the organizers and investors for the bank or banks; and (v) a preliminary business plan outlining intended product and business lines, retail branching plans and capital, earnings and liquidity projections. The commissioner, acting alone, shall grant conditional preliminary approval of such application to organize if the commissioner determines that the organizers have available sufficient committed funds to invest in the bank or banks; the organizers and proposed directors possess capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which they will be charged; the proposed bank or banks have a reasonable chance of success and will be operated in a safe and sound manner; and the fee for investigating and processing the application has been paid in accordance with subparagraph (H) of subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of § 36a-65. Such preliminary approval shall be subject to such conditions as the commissioner deems appropriate, including the requirements that the bank or banks not commence the business of a Connecticut bank until after their bid or application for a particular insured depository institution is accepted by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, that the background checks are satisfactory, and that the organizers submit, for the safety and soundness review by the commissioner, more detailed operating plans and current financial statements as potential acquisition transactions are considered, and such plans and statements are satisfactory to the commissioner. The commissioner may alter, suspend or revoke the conditional preliminary approval if the commissioner deems any interim development warrants such action. The conditional preliminary approval shall expire eighteen months from the date of approval, unless extended by the commissioner.

(B) The commissioner shall not issue a final certificate of authority to commence the business of a Connecticut bank or banks under this subdivision until all conditions and preopening requirements and applicable state and federal regulatory requirements have been met and the fee for issuance of a final certificate of authority for an expedited Connecticut bank has been paid in accordance with subparagraph (M) of subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of § 36a-65. The commissioner may waive any requirement under this title or regulations adopted under this title that is necessary for the consummation of an acquisition involving an expedited Connecticut bank if the commissioner finds that such waiver is advisable and in the interest of depositors or the public, provided the commissioner shall not waive the requirement that the institution’s insurable accounts or deposits be federally insured. Any such waiver granted by the commissioner under this subparagraph shall be in writing and shall set forth the reason or reasons for the waiver. The commissioner may impose conditions on the final certificate of authority as the commissioner deems necessary to ensure that the bank will be operated in a safe and sound manner. The commissioner shall cause notice of the issuance of the final certificate of authority to be published in the department’s weekly bulletin.

(q) (1) As used in this subsection, “bankers’ bank” means a Connecticut bank that is (A) owned exclusively by (i) any combination of banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions, or (ii) a bank holding company that is owned exclusively by any such combination, and (B) engaged exclusively in providing services for, or that indirectly benefit, other banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions and their directors, officers and employees.

(2) One or more persons may organize a bankers’ bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsections (g) and (h) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for a bankers’ bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Before granting a temporary certificate of authority in the case of an application to organize a bankers’ bank, the approving authority shall consider (A) whether the proposed bankers’ bank will facilitate the provision of services that such banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions would not otherwise be able to readily obtain, and (B) the character and experience of the proposed directors and officers. The application to organize a bankers’ bank shall be approved if the approving authority determines that the interest of the public will be directly or indirectly served to advantage by the establishment of the proposed bankers’ bank, and the proposed directors possess capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which they will be charged.

(3) A bankers’ bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except to the extent the commissioner limits such powers by regulation. Upon the written request of a bankers’ bank, the commissioner may waive specific requirements of this title and the regulations adopted thereunder if the commissioner finds that (A) the requirement pertains primarily to banks that provide retail or consumer banking services and is inconsistent with this subsection, and (B) the requirement may impede the ability of the bankers’ bank to compete or to provide desired services to its market provided, any such waiver and the commissioner’s findings shall be in writing and shall be made available for public inspection.

(4) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to administer the provisions of this subsection.

(r) (1) As used in this subsection and § 36a-139, “community bank” means a Connecticut bank that is organized pursuant to this subsection and is subject to the provisions of this subsection and § 36a-139.

(2) One or more persons may organize a community bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. Any such community bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least three million dollars. The approving authority for a community bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. In addition to the considerations and determinations required by subsection (h) of this section, before granting a temporary certificate of authority to organize a community bank, the approving authority shall determine that (A) each of the proposed directors and proposed executive officers, as defined in subparagraph (D) of subdivision (3) of this subsection, possesses capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which such director or officer will be charged, and (B) there is satisfactory community support for the proposed community bank based on evidence of such support provided by the organizers to the approving authority. If the approving authority cannot make such determination with respect to any such proposed director or proposed executive officer, the approving authority may refuse to allow such proposed director or proposed executive officer to serve in such capacity in the proposed community bank.

(3) A community bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements and limitations applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except: (A) No community bank may (i) exercise any of the fiduciary powers granted to Connecticut banks by law until express authority therefor has been given by the approving authority, (ii) establish and maintain one or more mutual funds, (iii) invest in derivative securities other than mortgage-backed securities fully guaranteed by governmental agencies or government sponsored agencies, (iv) own any real estate for the present or future use of the bank unless the approving authority finds, based on an independently prepared analysis of costs and benefits, that it would be less costly to the bank to own instead of lease such real estate, or (v) make mortgage loans secured by nonresidential real estate the aggregate amount of which, at the time of origination, exceeds ten per cent of all assets of such bank; (B) the aggregate amount of all loans made by a community bank shall not exceed eighty per cent of the total deposits held by such bank; (C) (i) the total direct or indirect liabilities of any one obligor, whether or not fully secured and however incurred, to any community bank, exclusive of such bank’s investment in the investment securities of such obligor, shall not exceed at the time incurred ten per cent of the equity capital and reserves for loan and lease losses of such bank, and (ii) the limitations set forth in subsection (a) of § 36a-262 shall apply to this subparagraph; and (D) the limitations set forth in subsection (a) of § 36a-263 shall apply to all community banks, provided, a community bank may (i) make a mortgage loan to any director or executive officer secured by premises occupied or to be occupied by such director or officer as a primary residence, (ii) make an educational loan to any director or executive officer for the education of any child of such director or executive officer, and (iii) extend credit to any director or executive officer in an amount not exceeding ten thousand dollars for extensions of credit not otherwise specifically authorized in this subparagraph. The aggregate amount of all loans or extensions of credit made by a community bank pursuant to this subparagraph shall not exceed thirty-three and one-third per cent of the equity capital and reserves for loan and lease losses of such bank. As used in this subparagraph, “executive officer” means every officer of a community bank who participates or has authority to participate, other than in the capacity of a director, in major policy-making functions of the bank, regardless of whether such officer has an official title or whether such officer serves without salary or other compensation. The vice president, chief financial officer, secretary and treasurer of a community bank are presumed to be executive officers unless, by resolution of the governing board or by the bank’s bylaws, any such officer is excluded from participation in major policy-making functions, other than in the capacity of a director of the bank, and such officer does not actually participate in major policy-making functions.

(4) The audit and examination requirements set forth in § 36a-86 shall apply to each community bank.

(5) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to administer the provisions of this subsection and § 36a-139.

(s) (1) As used in this subsection, “community development bank” means a Connecticut bank that is organized to serve the banking needs of a well-defined neighborhood, community or other geographic area as determined by the commissioner, primarily, but not exclusively, by making commercial loans in amounts of one hundred fifty thousand dollars or less to existing businesses or to persons seeking to establish businesses located within such neighborhood, community or geographic area.

(2) One or more persons may organize a community development bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for a community development bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Any such community development bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital determined by the commissioner to be appropriate for the proposed activities of such bank, provided, if such proposed activities include accepting deposits, such minimum equity capital shall be sufficient to enable such deposits to be insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

(3) The state, acting through the State Treasurer, may be the sole organizer of a community development bank or may participate with any other person or persons in the organization of any community development bank, and may own all or a part of any capital stock of such bank. No application fee shall be required under subparagraph (H) of subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of § 36a-65 and no franchise tax shall be required under subsection (o) of this section for any community development bank organized by or in participation with the state.

(4) In addition to the considerations and determinations required by subsection (h) of this section, before granting a temporary certificate of authority to organize a community development bank, the approving authority shall determine that (A) each of the proposed directors and proposed executive officers possesses capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which such director or officer will be charged, and (B) there is satisfactory community support for the proposed community development bank based on evidence of such support provided by the organizers to the approving authority. If the approving authority cannot make such determination with respect to any such proposed director or proposed executive officer, the approving authority may refuse to allow such proposed director or proposed executive officer to serve in such capacity in the proposed community development bank. As used in this subdivision, “executive officer” means every officer of a community development bank who participates or has authority to participate, other than in the capacity of a director, in major policy-making functions of the bank, regardless of whether such officer has an official title or whether such officer serves without salary or other compensation. The vice president, chief financial officer, secretary and treasurer of a community development bank are presumed to be executive officers unless, by resolution of the governing board or by the bank’s bylaws, any such officer is excluded from participation in major policy-making functions, other than in the capacity of a director of the bank, and such officer does not actually participate in major policy-making functions.

(5) Notwithstanding any contrary provision of this title: (A) The commissioner may limit the powers that may be exercised by a community development bank or impose conditions on the exercise by such bank of any power allowed by this title as the commissioner deems necessary in the interest of the public and for the safety and soundness of the community development bank, provided, any such limitations or conditions, or both, shall be set forth in the final certificate of authority issued in accordance with subsection (l) of this section; and (B) the commissioner may waive in writing any requirement imposed on a community development bank under this title or any regulation adopted under this title if the commissioner finds that such requirement is inconsistent with the powers that may be exercised by such community development bank under its final certificate of authority.

(6) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

(t) (1) One or more persons may organize an uninsured bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for an uninsured bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Any such uninsured bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least five million dollars unless the commissioner establishes a different minimum capital requirement for such uninsured bank based upon its proposed activities.

(2) An uninsured bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements and limitations applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except no uninsured bank may accept retail deposits and, notwithstanding any provision of this title, sections 36a-30 to 36a-34, inclusive, do not apply to uninsured banks.

(3) (A) An uninsured bank shall display conspicuously, at each window or other place where deposits are usually accepted, a sign stating that deposits are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

(B) An uninsured bank shall either (i) include in boldface conspicuous type on each signature card, passbook, and instrument evidencing a deposit the following statement: “This deposit is not insured by the FDIC” or (ii) require each depositor to execute a statement that acknowledges that the initial deposit and all future deposits at the uninsured bank are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency. The uninsured bank shall retain such acknowledgment as long as the depositor maintains any deposit with the uninsured bank.

(C) An uninsured bank shall include on all of its deposit-related advertising a conspicuous statement that deposits are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

(u) (1) Each trust bank and uninsured bank shall keep assets on deposit in the amount of at least one million dollars with such banks as the commissioner may approve, provided a trust bank or uninsured bank that received its final certificate of authority prior to May 12, 2004, shall keep assets on deposit as follows: At least two hundred fifty thousand dollars no later than one year from May 12, 2004, at least five hundred thousand dollars no later than two years from said date, at least seven hundred fifty thousand dollars no later than three years from said date and at least one million dollars no later than four years from said date. No trust bank or uninsured bank shall make a deposit pursuant to this section until the bank at which the assets are to be deposited and the trust bank or uninsured bank shall have executed a deposit agreement satisfactory to the commissioner. The value of such assets shall be based upon the principal amount or market value, whichever is lower. If the commissioner determines that an asset that otherwise qualifies under this section shall be valued at less than the amount otherwise provided in this subdivision, the commissioner shall so notify the trust bank or uninsured bank, which shall thereafter value such asset as directed by the commissioner.

(2) As used in this subsection, “assets” means: (A) United States dollar deposits payable in the United States, other than certificates of deposit; (B) bonds, notes, debentures or other obligations of the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or guaranteed by the United States, or of this state or of a county, city, town, village, school district, or instrumentality of this state or guaranteed by this state; (C) bonds, notes, debentures or other obligations issued by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation and the Federal National Mortgage Corporation; (D) commercial paper payable in dollars in the United States, provided such paper is rated in one of the three highest rating categories by a rating service recognized by the commissioner. In the event that an issue of commercial paper is rated by more than one recognized rating service, it shall be rated in one of the three highest rating categories by each such rating service; (E) negotiable certificates of deposit that are payable in the United States; (F) reserves held at a federal reserve bank; and (G) such other assets as determined by the commissioner upon written application.