(a) Upon the entry of a final judgment of conviction and forfeiture in any criminal prosecution under this chapter from which the defendant does not appeal within the period of time permitted by law, the court shall direct the clerk to record or cause to be recorded such judgment in the official records wherein a CORA lien notice relating to such case has been filed or, in the event no such CORA lien notice has been filed, in the official records of the town clerk or other appropriate official of the town in which property that is the subject of the judgment is located or in the office of the Secretary of the State, where appropriate.
Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 53-402
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
(b) If the defendant appeals the judgment of conviction and forfeiture during such period the judgment shall not be so recorded by the clerk unless and until all appellate proceedings relating to the conviction have concluded and the judgment has been affirmed. During the pendency of any such appellate proceedings the state may move for the appointment of a receiver pursuant to § 53-398 if one has not already been appointed pursuant to said section. After a judgment of conviction and forfeiture has been rendered by the court under this chapter such receiver shall hold and record any net income or profits resulting from the use and ownership of the property committed to his charge. Upon the conclusion of all appellate proceedings relating to the conviction under this chapter and an affirmance of the final judgment rendered, the clerk shall record the judgment of conviction and forfeiture in the appropriate records as provided in subsection (a) of this section and all net income or profits held by the receiver shall be deemed to be part of the property forfeited to the state by the defendant.
(c) The title of the state to the forfeited property shall, in the case of real property or a beneficial interest, relate back to the date on which a CORA lien notice covering such property or interest was filed in the appropriate official records, and if no CORA lien notice has been filed, shall vest, in the case of real property, on the date such judgment is recorded pursuant to this section, and in the case of a beneficial interest, on the date such judgment is recorded or, where appropriate, filed with the clerk of the court. In the case of personal property, the title of the state shall relate back to the date a CORA lien notice covering such property was filed in the appropriate official records, and if no CORA lien notice has been filed, shall vest on the date such judgment is filed with the clerk of the court.