As used in this part, the term:
(1) ”Affordable housing debt” means debt issued by or loans made to the corporation, counties, municipalities, or other public agencies of this state or not-for-profit corporations or for-profit entities for the purpose of providing affordable housing to residents of the state.
(2) ”Agency” means the Florida Housing Finance Agency as it exists before January 1, 1998, and thereafter as previously existing under state law.
(3) ”Authorized investments” means any of the following securities:
(a) Investments permitted under s. 215.47(1) and (2), without regard to any limitation set forth therein.
(b) Investment agreements the issuer of which is rated or the guarantor of which is rated in one of the three highest rating categories by a nationally recognized rating service.
(4) ”Bond” means any bond, debenture, note, or other evidence of financial indebtedness issued by the corporation under and pursuant to this act.
(5) ”Commercial fishing worker” means a laborer who is employed on a seasonal, temporary, or permanent basis in fishing in salt water or fresh water and who derived at least 50 percent of her or his income in the immediately preceding 12 months from such employment. The term includes a person who has retired as a laborer due to age, disability, or illness. In order to be considered retired due to age, a person must be 50 years of age or older and must have been employed for a minimum of 5 years as a commercial fishing worker. In order to be considered retired due to disability or illness, a person must:
(a) Establish medically that she or he is unable to be employed as a commercial fishing worker due to that disability or illness; and
(b) Establish that she or he was previously employed as a commercial fishing worker.
(6) ”Community-based organization” means a private corporation organized under chapter 617 to assist in the provision of housing-related services on a not-for-profit basis within a designated area, which may include a municipality, a county, or more than one municipality or county.
(7) ”Community housing development organization” means a nonprofit organization that has among its purposes the provision of affordable housing for low-income families and moderate-income families, maintains accountability to low-income community residents, has demonstrated the capacity to carry out affordable housing activities, and has a history of serving the local community.
(8) ”Contract” means the contract between the executive director of the department and the corporation for provision of housing services referenced in s. 420.0006.
(9) ”Contribution” means a gift, subscription, conveyance, deposit, loan, payment, or distribution of money or anything of value, including contributions in kind having an attributable monetary value in any form, made directly or indirectly for the purpose of influencing an election.
(10) ”Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation.
(11) ”Covered employee” means those corporation employees designated by rule of the corporation.
(12) ”Department” means the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(13) ”Development costs” means the sum total of all costs incurred in the development of a project which are approved by the corporation as reasonable and necessary. Such costs may include, but are not limited to:
(a) The cost of acquiring real property and any buildings thereon, including payments for options, deposits, or contracts to purchase properties.
(b) The cost of site preparation, demolition, and development.
(c) Any expenses relating to the issuance of the bonds of the corporation.
(d) Fees in connection with the planning, execution, and financing of the project, such as those of architects, engineers, attorneys, accountants, and the corporation.
(e) The cost of studies, surveys, plans, permits, insurance, interest, financing, tax and assessment costs, and other operating and carrying costs during construction, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of the project.
(f) The cost of the construction, rehabilitation, and equipping of the project.
(g) The cost of land improvements, such as landscaping and offsite improvements, whether such costs are paid in cash, property, or services.
(h) Expenses in connection with initial occupancy of the project.
(i) A reasonable profit-and-risk fee in addition to job overhead to the general contractor and, if applicable, the sponsor.
(j) Allowances established by the corporation for working capital, contingency reserves, and reserves for any anticipated operating deficits during the first 2 years after completion of the project.
(k) The cost of such other items, including relocation costs, indemnity and surety bonds, premiums on insurance, and fees and expenses of trustees, depositories, and paying agents for the corporation’s bonds, as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable and necessary for the development of the project.
(14) ”Division” means the Division of Bond Finance of the State Board of Administration.
(15) ”Elderly” means persons 62 years of age or older; however, this definition does not prohibit housing from being deemed housing for the elderly as defined in subsection (19) if such housing otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (19).
(16) ”Eligible housing provider” means a for-profit developer or not-for-profit developer or a community housing development organization having demonstrated the capacity to construct or rehabilitate affordable housing.
(17) ”Eligible persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, irrespective of race, creed, national origin, or sex, determined by the corporation pursuant to a rule to be of low, moderate, or middle income. Such determination shall not preclude any person or family earning up to 150 percent of the state or county median family income from participating in programs. Persons 62 years of age or older shall be defined as eligible persons regardless of income. In determining the income standards of eligible persons for its various programs, the corporation may take into account the following factors:
(a) Requirements mandated by federal law.
(b) Variations in circumstances in the different areas of the state.
(c) Whether the determination is for rental housing or homeownership purposes.
(d) The need for family size adjustments to accomplish the purposes set forth in this act.
(18)(a) ”Farmworker” means a laborer who is employed on a seasonal, temporary, or permanent basis in the planting, cultivating, harvesting, or processing of agricultural or aquacultural products and who derived at least 50 percent of her or his income in the immediately preceding 12 months from such employment.
(b) ”Farmworker” includes a person who has retired as a laborer due to age, disability, or illness. In order to be considered retired as a farmworker due to age under this part, a person must be 50 years of age or older and must have been employed for a minimum of 5 years as a farmworker before retirement. In order to be considered retired as a farmworker due to disability or illness, a person must:
1. Establish medically that she or he is unable to be employed as a farmworker due to that disability or illness.
2. Establish that she or he was previously employed as a farmworker.
(c) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) and (b), when corporation-administered funds are used in conjunction with United States Department of Agriculture Rural Development funds, the term “farmworker” may mean a laborer who meets, at a minimum, the definition of “domestic farm laborer” as found in 7 C.F.R. s. 3560.11, as amended. The corporation may establish additional criteria by rule.
(19) ”Housing for the elderly” means, for purposes of s. 420.5087(3)(e), any nonprofit housing community that is financed by a mortgage loan made or insured by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development under s. 202, s. 202 with a s. 8 subsidy, s. 221(d)(3) or (4), or s. 236 of the National Housing Act, as amended, and that is subject to income limitations established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, or any program funded by the Rural Development Agency of the United States Department of Agriculture and subject to income limitations established by the United States Department of Agriculture. A project which qualifies for an exemption under the Fair Housing Act as housing for older persons as defined by s. 760.29(4) shall qualify as housing for the elderly for purposes of s. 420.5087(3)(e) and for purposes of any loans made pursuant to s. 420.508. In addition, if the corporation adopts a qualified allocation plan pursuant to s. 42(m)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code or any other rules that prioritize projects targeting the elderly for purposes of allocating tax credits pursuant to s. 420.5099 or for purposes of the HOME program under s. 420.5089, a project which qualifies for an exemption under the Fair Housing Act as housing for older persons as defined by s. 760.29(4) shall qualify as a project targeted for the elderly, if the project satisfies the other requirements set forth in this part.
(20) ”Lending institution” means any bank or trust company, mortgage banker, savings bank, credit union, national banking association, savings and loan association, building and loan association, insurance company, the Florida Housing Development Corporation, or other financial institution or governmental agency authorized to transact business in this state and which customarily provides service or otherwise aids in the financing of mortgages on real property located in the state.
(21) ”Loan,” for purposes of the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program and HOME Investment Partnership Program, means any direct loan or loan guaranty issued or backed by such funds.
(22) ”Local government” means a unit of local general-purpose government as defined in s. 218.31(2).
(23) ”Local partnership” means a formally constituted group, including representatives of local government, lenders, developers, nonprofit organizations, realtors, social service providers, and other entities in the community which are involved with the development of affordable housing.
(24) ”Members” means the members of the board of directors of the corporation.
(25) ”Moderate rehabilitation” means repair or restoration of a dwelling unit when the value of such repair or restoration is 40 percent or less of the value of the dwelling unit but not less than $10,000.
(26) ”Mortgage” means:
(a) A mortgage, mortgage deed, deed of trust, or other instrument:
1. Creating a lien, subject only to such title exceptions as may be acceptable to the corporation, on a fee interest in real property located within the state or on a leasehold on such a fee interest which has a remaining term at the time of computation that exceeds the maturity date of the mortgage loan by a number of years determined by the corporation to be sufficient to protect its interests; and
2. Secured, insured, or guaranteed in such manner as the corporation determines will protect its interests and those of the bondholders; or
(b) A pledge of stock in a cooperative association and a security interest in the related lease.
(27) ”Mortgage loan” means a financial obligation secured by a mortgage.
(28) ”Nonparticipating local jurisdiction” means a locality which is not a participating local jurisdiction.
(29) ”Officers” means the chair, vice chair, and secretary of the board of directors of the corporation.
(30) ”Participating local jurisdiction” means a locality which has accrued at least $750,000 in HOME funds through the federal formula allocation process or which has supplemented its formula allocation by processes approved by the Federal Government to equal $750,000.
(31) ”Pledged revenues” means revenues to be derived from the financing of residential housing, mortgages, or loan payments and any other revenues or assets that may be legally available to pay the principal of, redemption premium, if any, and interest on the bonds derived from sources other than ad valorem taxation, including revenues from other sources or any combination thereof and any funds or accounts designated by the corporation; however, in no event shall the full faith and credit of the state be pledged to secure such revenue bonds.
(32) ”Prohibited business solicitation communication” means a private written or verbal communication between a member, officer, or covered employee of the corporation and a service provider regarding the merits of the service provider and whether the corporation should retain the services of the service provider. The term does not include:
(a) A verbal communication made on the record during a public meeting;
(b) A written communication provided to each member and officer of the corporation and made part of the record at a public meeting;
(c) A written proposal or statement of qualifications submitted to the corporation in response to a corporation advertisement seeking proposals or statements of qualifications as part of a competitive selection process.
(d) A verbal or written communication related to the contractual responsibilities of a service provider who was selected to provide services or who was included in a pool of service providers eligible to provide services as a result of a competitive selection process, so long as the communication does not relate to solicitation of business.
(e) A verbal or written communication related to a proposed method of financing or proposed projects, so long as the communication does not relate to solicitation of business.
(33) ”Project” means any work or improvement located or to be located in the state, including real property, buildings, and any other real and personal property, designed and intended for the primary purpose of providing decent, safe, and sanitary residential housing for persons or families, whether new construction, the acquisition of existing residential housing, or the remodeling, improvement, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of existing housing, together with such related nonhousing facilities as the corporation determines to be necessary, convenient, or desirable.
(34) ”Real property” means all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon and property of any nature appurtenant thereto or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest, and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms of years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage, or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens.
(35) ”Residential housing” means one or more new or existing residential dwelling units located or to be located in the state, including any buildings, land, improvements, equipment, facilities, or other real or personal properties which are necessary in connection therewith, including, but not limited to, related facilities for streets, sewers, and utilities.
(36) ”Service provider,” except as otherwise defined in s. 420.512(5), means a law firm, investment bank, certified public accounting firm, auditor, trustee bank, credit underwriter, homeowner loan servicer, or any other provider of services to the corporation which offers to perform or performs services to the corporation or other provider for fees in excess of $25,000 in the aggregate during any fiscal year of the corporation. The term includes the agents, officers, principals, and professional employees of the service provider.
(37) ”Services” means the professional services normally provided by the service provider. The term includes, but is not limited to, the services of bond and special counsel, auditor, accountant, trustee bank, and master servicer.
(38) ”Sponsor” means any individual, association, corporation, joint venture, partnership, trust, local government, or other legal entity or any combination thereof which:
(a) Has been approved by the corporation as qualified to own, construct, acquire, rehabilitate, reconstruct, operate, lease, manage, or maintain a project; and
(b) Except for a local government, has agreed to subject itself to the regulatory powers of the corporation.
(39) ”State” means the State of Florida.
(40) ”State Board of Administration” means the State Board of Administration created by and referred to in s. 9, Art. XII of the State Constitution.
(41) ”State Housing Trust Fund” means the trust fund established pursuant to s. 420.0005.
(42) ”Substantial rehabilitation” means repair or restoration of a dwelling unit where the value of such repair or restoration exceeds 40 percent of the value of the dwelling.