Effective date: 3/27/2002
(1) No corporation, lay body, organization, or individual other than a licensed dentist or a professional corporation or limited liability company composed of dentists shall engage in the practice of dentistry through the means of engaging the services, upon a salary, commission, or other means of inducement, of any person licensed to practice dentistry in this state. The provisions of this rule are not applicable to dentists working under any of the settings described in Florida Statutes § 466.025
Terms Used In Florida Regulations 64B5-17.013
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
(3) For the purposes of this rule:
(a) The term “clinical” means having a significant relationship, whether real or potential, direct or indirect, to the actual rendering or outcome of dental care, the practice of dentistry or the quality of dental care being rendered to one or more patients.
(b) The term “control” shall mean to exercise authority or dominating influence over; having the authority or ability to regulate, direct, or dominate.
(4) A licensed dentist may enter into an agreement with a nondentist to receive “Practice Management Services.” The term “Practice Management Services” is defined to include consultation or other activities or services offered by someone other than a Florida licensed dentist regarding one or more of the following types of products or services:
(a) The suitability of dental office space, furnishings and equipment;
(b) Staff necessary to operate a dental practice;
(c) Regulatory compliance expertise and services;
(d) Methods to increase productivity of a dental practice;
(e) Inventory and supplies required to operate a dental practice;
(f) Information systems designed to produce financial and operational data on the dental practice;
(g) Marketing plans or advertising to increase productivity of a dental practice;
(h) Site selection, relocation, design or physical layout of a dental practice, or
(i) Financial services such as accounting and bookkeeping, monitoring and payment of accounts receivable, payment of leases and subleases, payroll or benefits administration, billing and collection for patient services, payment of federal or state income tax, personal property or intangible taxes, administration of interest expense or indebtedness incurred to finance the operation of the dental practice, or malpractice insurance expenses.
(5) For purposes of implementing the provisions of Sections 466.0285, 466.003 and 466.028(1)(g) and (z), F.S., no dentist shall enter into a practice management agreement with anyone other than a dentist or group of dentists which provides or offers to provide, whether by contract or employment, with or without fee, any practice management service which attempts to govern in any way, whether directly or indirectly, the clinical sufficiency, suitability, reliability or efficacy of a particular product, service, process or activity as it relates to the delivery of dental care. Practice management agreements between dentists and anyone other than a dentist or group of dentists shall not:
(a) Preclude or otherwise restrict, by penalty or operation, the dentist of record’s ability to exercise independent professional judgment over all qualitative and quantitative aspects of the delivery of dental care;
(b) Allow anyone other than a dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice to supervise and control the selection, compensation, terms, conditions, obligations or privileges of employment or retention of clinical personnel of the practice;
(c) Limit or define the scope of services offered by the dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice;
(d) Limit the methods of payment accepted by the dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice;
(e) Require the use of patient scheduling systems, marketing plans, promotion or advertising for the dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice which, in the judgment of the dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice will have the effect of discouraging new patients from coming into the practice or discouraging patients of record from seeing the dentist or postponing future appointments or which gives scheduling preference to one individual, class or group of existing or new patients over another individual, class or group of existing or new patients;
(f) Directly or indirectly condition the payment or the amount of the management fee on the referral of patients, and in addition, the management fee shall reasonably relate to the fair market value of the services provided;
(g) Penalize the dentist of record or the dentist of record’s practice for reporting perceived violations of this section to, or seeking clarification from, appropriate state or federal agencies, departments or boards.
(6) For purposes of implementing the provisions of Section 466.028(1)(h), F.S., no dentist shall enter into any agreement, or series of agreements, with anyone other than a dentist or group of dentists, which violates the parameters established in subsection (4) or (5), above, and entering into such a contract constitutes a de facto employment of the dentist by a nondentist. Except as permitted by Chapter 542, F.S., licensed dentists are prohibited from agreeing not to compete in the provision of dental services with any entity which is not itself a licensed dentist, or which is not licensed or otherwise permitted by law to provide the services which are the subject of the agreement not to compete.
(7) The provisions of this rule are not intended to impair the validity of any contract in existence as of the effective date of this rule. Any existing contract renewed or extended after the effective date of this rule shall be subject to the provisions of this rule.
Rulemaking authorized by Florida Statutes § 466.004. Law Implemented 466.003, 466.028(1)(g), (z), 466.0285, 466.0285(1)(c) FS. History—New 10-16-96, Formerly 59Q-17.013, Amended 3-27-02.