Sections
Part I Purpose and Definitions 674-1 – 674-2
Part II Individual Claims Review Panel 674-3 – 674-15.5
Part III Judicial Relief for Retroactive Claims by Individual Native Hawaiians 701-100 – 674-21

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 674

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1920, as amended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Actual damages: means direct, monetary out-of-pocket loss, excluding noneconomic damages as defined in section 663-8. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Administrative revocation: means termination of the respondent's license, and the privilege to operate a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State pursuant to part III, but does not include any revocation imposed under section 291E-61 or 291E-61. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Alarm business: means any individual, corporation, or other business entity that engages in selling, leasing, maintaining, servicing, repairing, altering, replacing, moving, or installing any alarm system in or on any building, place, or premises, except motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436M-1
  • Alarm system: means any device that is designed for the detection of an unauthorized entry into any building, place, or premises, except motor vehicles, or for alerting others to the commission of an unlawful act, or both, and that emits a sound or transmits a signal or message when activated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436M-1
  • Alcohol: means ethanol or any substance containing ethanol. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Alcohol concentration: means either grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters or cubic centimeters of blood or grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Alcohol enforcement contact: means :

         (1)  Any administrative revocation ordered pursuant to part III;

         (2)  Any administrative revocation ordered pursuant to part XIV of chapter 286, as that part was in effect on or before December 31, 2001;

         (3)  Any suspension or revocation of any license or any suspension or revocation of a privilege to operate a vessel underway imposed by this or any other state or federal jurisdiction for refusing to submit to a test for alcohol concentration;

         (4)  Any conviction in this State for operating or being in physical control of a vehicle while having an unlawful alcohol concentration or while under the influence of alcohol; or

         (5)  Any conviction in any other state or federal jurisdiction for an offense that is comparable to operating or being in physical control of a vehicle while having an unlawful alcohol concentration or while under the influence of alcohol. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Athlete: means a person who prepares for or participates in organized sports or sports-related activities, amateur or recreational sports involving athletic competition, including interscholastic, intercollegiate, intramural, semiprofessional, or professional sports activities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2
  • Athletic trainer: means an individual, whether or not registered under this chapter, who engages in the practice of athletic training or represents oneself to be an athletic trainer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2
  • Beneficiary: means any person eligible to receive benefits of homesteading and related programs from the Hawaiian home lands trust. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Board: means the board of acupuncture. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436E-2
  • Certified substance abuse counselor: means any person certified by the department of health pursuant to section 321-193(10), or any other substance abuse specialist or medical practitioner the director of health may appoint to carry out the functions of a certified substance abuse counselor under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Claimant: means a beneficiary who applies to the panel for a review of a claim for actual damages relating to the trust. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Commission: means the Hawaiian homes commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Compensation: means an award of actual damages to a claimant. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corrective action: means action to be taken by the department to correct a breach of trust, which occurred between August 21, 1959, and June 30, 1988, and was caused by an act or omission by an employee of the State in the management and disposition of trust resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2
  • Department: means the department of Hawaiian home lands. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Director: means the administrative director of the courts or any other person within the judiciary appointed by the director to conduct administrative reviews or hearings or carry out other functions relating to administrative revocation under part III. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Drug: means any controlled substance, as defined and enumerated in schedules I through IV of chapter 329, or its metabolites. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Drug enforcement contact: means :

         (1)  Any administrative revocation ordered pursuant to part III;

         (2)  Any administrative revocation ordered pursuant to part XIV of chapter 286, as that part was in effect on or before December 31, 2001;

         (3)  Any suspension or revocation of license or any suspension or revocation of a privilege to operate a vessel underway imposed by this or any other state or federal jurisdiction for refusing to submit to a test for drug content in the person's blood or urine;

         (4)  Any conviction in this State for operating or being in physical control of a vehicle while having an unlawful drug content in the blood or urine or while under the influence of drugs; or

         (5)  Any conviction in any other state or federal jurisdiction for an offense that is comparable to operating or being in physical control of a vehicle while having an unlawful drug content in the blood or urine or while under the influence of drugs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Household member: means :

         (1)  Persons who reside in the same dwelling unit as the respondent; or

         (2)  Persons under twenty-one years of age who are related to the respondent by marriage, blood, or adoption, regardless of whether they reside in the same dwelling unit with the respondent. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Ignition interlock device: means a breath alcohol ignition interlock device that is certified pursuant to section 291E-6 and rules adopted thereunder that, when affixed to the ignition system of a motor vehicle, prevents the vehicle from being started without first testing, and thereafter from being operated without periodically retesting, a deep-lung breath sample of the person required to use the device that indicates the person's alcohol concentration is less than . See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intoxicant: means alcohol or any drug, as defined in this section. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law enforcement officer: means any public servant, whether employed by the State, a county, or by the United States, vested by law with a duty to maintain public order or to make arrests for offenses or to enforce the criminal laws, and includes a conservation and resources enforcement officer as specified in section 199-3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • License: means any driver's license or any other license or permit to operate a motor vehicle issued under, or granted by, the laws of this State and includes:

         (1)  Any learner's permit or instruction permit;

         (2)  The privilege of any person to operate a motor vehicle, regardless of whether the person holds a valid license;

         (3)  Any nonresident's operating privilege; and

         (4)  The eligibility, including future eligibility, of any person to apply for a license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • notice: means the written notice issued to the respondent pursuant to section 291E-33. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Number plates: refer to the number plates or special number plates, which are commonly known as license plates, that are issued under sections 249-9, 249-9. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Operate: means to drive or assume actual physical control of a vehicle upon a public way, street, road, or highway or to navigate or otherwise use or assume physical control of a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Operator: means a person who drives or assumes actual physical control of a vehicle or a person who operates, navigates, or who has an essential role in the operation of a vessel underway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Panel: means the Hawaiian home lands trust individual claims review panel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Practice of acupuncture: means stimulation of a certain acupuncture point or points on the human body for the purpose of controlling and regulating the flow and balance of energy in the body. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436E-2
  • Practice of athletic training: refers to the application by an athletic trainer, whether or not registered under this chapter and without regard to certification by any certifying body, of principles and methods to:

         (1)  Prevent athletic injuries;

         (2)  Recognize, evaluate, and assess athletic injuries and conditions;

         (3)  Provide immediate care of athletic injuries, including common emergency medical care;

         (4)  Treat, rehabilitate, and recondition athletic injuries;

         (5)  Administer athletic training services and organization; and

         (6)  Educate athletes;

    provided that the practice of athletic training does not include provision of medical services as defined in section 453-1, occupational therapy services as defined in section 457G-1, or physical therapy or physical therapy services as defined in section 461J-1. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2

  • Privilege: refers to the authority to operate a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Respondent: means a person to whom a notice of administrative revocation has been issued following an arrest for a violation of section 291E-61 or 291E-61. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • State: means :  any state or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; the United States Virgin Islands; American Samoa; Guam; any province or territory of the Dominion of Canada; and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, except when the word, in context, clearly refers to the State of Hawaii. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Temporary permit: means that portion of the notice of administrative revocation that, when completed by a law enforcement officer, permits the respondent to operate a vehicle for thirty days in the case of an alcohol related offense and forty-four days in the case of a drug related offense or until such time as the director may establish under part III. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Treating physician: means a physician or osteopathic physician licensed under chapter 453 who, within the licensee's scope of practice and individual competency, is responsible for the athletic training services provided by an athletic trainer and oversees the practice of athletic training by an athletic trainer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 436H-2
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust: means the Hawaiian home lands trust. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 674-2
  • Under the influence: means that a person:

         (1)  Is under the influence of alcohol in an amount sufficient to impair the person's normal mental faculties or ability to care for the person and guard against casualty;

         (2)  Is under the influence of any drug that impairs the person's ability to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner;

         (3)  Has . See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Valid license: means a license that:

         (1)  Is issued by an authorized licensing official in any state;

         (2)  Authorizes an individual to operate a motor vehicle on public streets, roads, or highways; and

         (3)  Has not expired or been revoked, suspended, or canceled. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Vehicle: includes a:

         (1)  Motor vehicle;

         (2)  Moped; and

         (3)  Vessel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1

  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.