Damages on protests of bills of exchange of $100 or more, payable by the acceptor, drawer or indorser of a bill in this State are, if payable at a place 75 miles distant, 1%; if payable in the state of New York or in any state northerly of it and not in this State, 3%; if payable in any Atlantic state or territory southerly of New York and northerly of Florida, 6%; and in any other state or territory, 9%.