(1) An employer or agent of an employer may pay wages to an employee by any of the following methods that protect the earnings of the employee from garnishment as required by 15 USC 1673 to the same extent they would be exempt while held by the employer:
(a) Payment in United States currency.
Terms Used In Michigan Laws 408.476
- Employee: means an individual employed by an employer. See Michigan Laws 408.471
- Employer: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, association, or corporation, public or private; this state or an agency of this state; a city, county, village, township, school district, or intermediate school district; an institution of higher education; or an individual acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer who employs 1 or more individuals. See Michigan Laws 408.471
- garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
- Wages: means all earnings of an employee whether determined on the basis of time, task, piece, commission, or other method of calculation for labor or services except those defined as fringe benefits under subdivision (e) above. See Michigan Laws 408.471
(b) Payment by a negotiable check or draft payable on presentation at a financial institution or other established place of business without discount in United States currency.
(c) Direct deposit or electronic transfer to the employee’s account at a financial institution.
(d) Issuing a payroll debit card that complies with subsection (6).
(2) Except as provided in section 283a of the management and budget act, 1984 PA 431, MCL 18.1283a, or in subsection (4), an employer or agent of an employer shall not deposit an employee’s wages in a bank, credit union, or savings and loan association without the full, free, and written consent of the employee, obtained without intimidation, coercion, or fear of discharge or reprisal for refusal to permit the deposit.
(3) Except as provided in subsection (4), an employer or agent of an employer shall not issue a payroll debit card to an employee under subsection (1)(d) without the full, free, and written consent of the employee, obtained without intimidation, coercion, or fear of discharge or reprisal for refusal to accept the payroll debit card. However, an employer paying wages by payroll debit card to 1 or more of its employees as of January 1, 2005 may pay wages to any of its employees by payroll debit card without obtaining the consent described in this act.
(4) An employer or agent of an employer may require employees to receive wages only through direct deposit or a payroll debit card that complies with subsection (6) if the employer has provided the employee with all of the following:
(a) A written form that allows the employee the option to receive wages either by direct deposit to the employee’s account at a financial institution or through a payroll debit card.
(b) A statement indicating that, except for an employee currently paid by direct deposit or any employee of an employer paying wages by payroll debit card to 1 or more of its employees on January 1, 2005, failure to return the form within 30 days with the account information necessary to implement direct deposit will be presumed to indicate consent to receiving wages through a payroll debit card. If an employee is currently paid by direct deposit, the method of payment shall not be changed to payroll debit card without written consent of the employee.
(c) Written disclosure of all of the following concerning the payroll debit card:
(i) The terms and conditions for use, including an itemized list of any and all fees.
(ii) The methods for accessing wages without charge.
(iii) A statement that, if the payroll debit card is used outside of the specified network of automatic teller machines, both the payroll card issuer and the operator of the automatic teller machine may impose charges.
(iv) The methods to obtain free balance inquiries.
(v) The employee’s right to elect to change the method of receiving wages at any time, as provided in subsection (5).
(vi) That the payroll debit card does not provide access to a savings or checking account.
(5) An employee may request a change in the method of receiving wages established under subsection (4) at any time. The employer shall take no longer than 1 pay period to implement the change after the employer receives the request and any information necessary to implement the request. An employer shall allow an employee to select payment by direct deposit or electronic transfer under subsection (4) freely, without intimidation, coercion, or fear of discharge or reprisal for the choice.
(6) An employer shall not pay wages by issuing a payroll debit card unless the payroll debit card has all of the following characteristics:
(a) Entitles the employee to make at least 1 withdrawal or transfer without charge each pay period, but not more frequently than once per week, for any amount the employee elects up to the balance accessible through the card.
(b) Allows no changes in fees or terms of service unless the employee has received a written notice at least 21 days in advance of the date that the changes take effect identifying the changes.
(c) Provides a method for the employee to make an unlimited number of balance inquiries without charge, either electronically or by telephone.
(d) Is not linked to any form of credit, including a loan against future pay or a cash advance on future pay.
(7) An employer shall not require an employee to pay any fees or costs incurred by the employer in connection with paying wages or establishing a process for paying wages by a method described in subsection (1)(c) or (d).
(8) As used in this section:
(a) “Federally insured financial institution” means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government.
(b) “Payroll debit card” means a stored-value card issued by or on behalf of a federally insured financial institution that provides an employee with immediate access for withdrawal or transfer of his or her wages through a network of automatic teller machines. The term includes a card commonly known as a payroll debit card, payroll card, and paycard.