(1) An individual for whom a guardian is sought or has been appointed under section 5306 has all of the following rights:

(a) To object to the appointment of a successor guardian by will or other writing, as provided in section 5301.

Terms Used In Michigan Laws 700.5306a

  • Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 324.51502
  • Mental health professional: means an individual who is trained and experienced in the area of mental illness or developmental disabilities and who is 1 of the following:

    (i) A physician who is licensed to practice medicine or osteopathic medicine and surgery in this state under article 15 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 700.1106

  • Patient advocate: means an individual designated to exercise powers concerning another individual's care, custody, and medical or mental health treatment or authorized to make an anatomical gift on behalf of another individual, or both, as provided in section 5506. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Person: means an individual or an organization. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Petition: means a written request to the court for an order after notice. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Successor: means a person, other than a creditor, who is entitled to property of a decedent under the decedent's will or this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Ward: means an individual for whom a guardian is appointed. See Michigan Laws 700.1108

(b) To have the guardianship proceeding commenced and conducted in the place where the individual resides or is present or, if the individual is admitted to an institution by a court, in the county in which the court is located, as provided in section 5302.

(c) To petition on his or her own behalf for the appointment of a guardian, as provided in section 5303.

(d) To have legal counsel of his or her own choice represent him or her on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in sections 5303, 5304, and 5305.

(e) If he or she is not represented by legal counsel, to the appointment of a guardian ad litem to represent the individual on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in section 5303.

(f) To an independent evaluation of his or her capacity by a physician or mental health professional, at public expense if he or she is indigent, as provided in section 5304.

(g) To be present at the hearing on the petition to appoint a guardian and to have all practical steps taken to ensure this, including, if necessary, moving the hearing site, as provided by section 5304.

(h) To see or hear all the evidence presented in the hearing on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in section 5304.

(i) To present evidence and cross-examine witnesses in the hearing on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in section 5304.

(j) To a trial by jury on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in section 5304.

(k) To a closed hearing on the petition to appoint a guardian, as provided in section 5304.

(l) If a guardian ad litem is appointed, to be personally visited by the guardian ad litem, as provided in section 5305.

(m) If a guardian ad litem is appointed, to an explanation by the guardian ad litem of the nature, purpose, and legal effects of a guardian’s appointment, as provided in section 5305.

(n) If a guardian ad litem is appointed, to an explanation by the guardian ad litem of the individual’s rights in the hearing procedure, as provided in section 5305.

(o) If a guardian ad litem is appointed, to be informed by the guardian ad litem of the right to contest the petition, to request limits on the guardian’s powers, to object to a particular person being appointed guardian, to be present at the hearing, to be represented by legal counsel, and to have legal counsel appointed if the individual is unable to afford legal counsel, as provided in section 5305.

(p) To be informed of the name of each person known to be seeking appointment as guardian, including, if a guardian ad litem is appointed, to be informed of the names by the guardian ad litem as provided in section 5305.

(q) To require that proof of incapacity and the need for a guardian be proven by clear and convincing evidence, as provided in section 5306.

(r) To the limitation of the powers and period of time of a guardianship to only the amount and time that is necessary, as provided in section 5306.

(s) To a guardianship designed to encourage the development of maximum self-reliance and independence as provided in section 5306.

(t) To prevent the grant of powers to a guardian if those powers are already held by a valid patient advocate, as provided in section 5306.

(u) To periodic review of the guardianship by the court, including the right to a hearing and the appointment of an attorney if issues arise upon the review of the guardianship, as provided in section 5309.

(v) To, at any time, seek modification or termination of the guardianship by informal letter to the judge, as provided in section 5310.

(w) To a hearing within 28 days of requesting a review, modification, or termination of the guardianship, as provided in section 5310.

(x) To the same rights on a petition for modification or termination of the guardianship including the appointment of a visitor as apply to a petition for appointment of a guardian, as provided in section 5310.

(y) To personal notice of a petition for appointment or removal of a guardian, as provided in section 5311.

(z) To written notice of the nature, purpose, and legal effects of the appointment of a guardian, as provided in section 5311.

(aa) To choose the person who will serve as guardian, if the chosen person is suitable and willing to serve, as provided in section 5313.

(bb) To consult with the guardian about major decisions affecting the individual, if meaningful conversation is possible, as provided in section 5314.

(cc) To quarterly visits by the guardian, as provided in section 5314.

(dd) To have the guardian notify the court within 14 days of a change in the individual’s residence, as provided in section 5314.

(ee) To have the guardian secure services to restore the individual to the best possible state of mental and physical well-being so that the individual can return to self-management at the earliest possible time, as provided in section 5314.

(ff) To have the guardian take reasonable care of the individual’s clothing, furniture, vehicles, and other personal effects, as provided in section 5314.

(2) A guardian ad litem shall inform the ward in writing of his or her rights enumerated in this section. The state court administrative office and the office of services to the aging created in section 5 of the older Michiganians act, 1981 PA 180, MCL 400.585, shall promulgate a form to be used to give the written notice under this section, which shall include space for the court to include information on how to contact the court or other relevant personnel with respect to the rights enumerated in this section.