§ 18.71 Definitions
§ 18.72 State art in public places fund; establishment; use
§ 18.73 State art in public places fund; income
§ 18.74 State art in public places fund; expenditures and disbursements
§ 18.75 Committee on art in public places; creation; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; vacancies; state architect as secretary and nonvoting member; expenses
§ 18.76 Committee on art in public places; powers and duties; artist selection jury; artists given priority consideration
§ 18.77 Annual report
§ 18.78 Duties of department
§ 18.79 Conducting business at public meeting; notice
§ 18.80 Availability of writings to public
§ 18.81 Short title

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 18 > Act 105 of 1980

  • Account debtor: means a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Administrative authority: means the state or local official responsible for the administration and enforcement of this act. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Administrator: means the administrator of the authority as provided for in section 21525. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Aeronautical facilities: means any device, physical or otherwise, that is an object of nature or that is human-made, that aids and is used in aeronautics. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Aeronautics: means any act or matter that treats or deals with flight in the airspace. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person that directly, or indirectly through 1 or more intermediaries, controls the person specified. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • agreement: means a restrictive covenant, evidenced by an instrument in which the owner and the state, for a term of years, agree to jointly hold the right to undertake development of the land, and that contains a covenant running with the land, for a term of years, not to undertake development, subject to permitted uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agricultural conservation easement: means a conveyance, by a written instrument, in which, subject to permitted uses, the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity his or her development rights and makes a covenant running with the land not to undertake development. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agricultural conservation easement: means a conveyance, by a written instrument, in which, subject to permitted uses, the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity his or her development rights and makes a covenant running with the land not to undertake development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) The interest secures payment or performance of an obligation for 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Agricultural use: means the production of plants and animals useful to humans, including forages and sod crops; grains, feed crops, and field crops; dairy and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including breeding and grazing of cattle, swine, captive cervidae, and similar animals; berries; herbs; flowers; seeds; grasses; nursery stock; fruits; vegetables; maple syrup production; Christmas trees; and other similar uses and activities. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agricultural use: means substantially undeveloped land devoted to the production of plants and animals useful to humans, including forages and sod crops; grains, feed crops, and field crops; dairy and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including breeding and grazing of cattle, swine, captive cervidae, and similar animals; berries; herbs; flowers; seeds; grasses; nursery stock; fruits; vegetables; Christmas trees; and other similar uses and activities. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Air: means ambient or indoor air at the point of exposure. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Air navigation: means the operation or navigation of aircraft in the airspace over the land and waters of this state. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airman: means any individual, including the 1 in command, and any pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, who engages in the navigation of aircraft while under way, and any individual who is in charge of the inspection, overhauling, or repair of aircraft, and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher or air traffic control tower operator. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport: means any location, either on land or water, that is used for the landing or take-off of aircraft, and includes the buildings and facilities, if any, on that location. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport manager: means any individual who is properly appointed and designated by the airport owner as the airport manager, and who is responsible for the supervision and operation of the airport to the airport owner. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • All appropriate inquiry: means an evaluation of environmental conditions at a property at the time of purchase, occupancy, or foreclosure that reasonably defines the existing conditions and circumstances at the property in conformance with 40 CFR 312. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amphibian: means any frog, toad, or salamander of the class Amphibia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Annual user costs: means an annual charge levied by a water supplier on users of the waterworks system to pay for each user's share of the cost for operation, maintenance, and replacement of the waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved claim: means a claim that is approved pursuant to section 21510. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Aquatic invasive plant species: means an aquatic plant species, hybrid, or genotype that is not native and whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Aquatic nuisance species: means a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Area: means the whole of the state and the whole or any designated portion of any township or townships or county or counties within the state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art: means an original, visual creation of quality executed in any size or shape, in any media, using any kind or combination of materials. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Asset management program: means the program that identifies the desired level of service at the lowest life cycle cost for rehabilitating, repairing, or replacing the assets associated with a municipality's wastewater or storm water system. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal water pollution control act:

    (i) Provision of loans to municipalities for construction of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal safe drinking water act:

    (i) Provision of loans for the planning, design, and construction or alteration of waterworks systems. See Michigan Laws 324.5401

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Auction: means the sale or offer for sale by bidding of real or personal property at a public or private location. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Auctioneer: means a person that is engaged in the business of conducting auctions or that offers to conduct an auction for compensation. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in section 4 of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Authority: means the underground storage tank authority created in section 21523. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Ballast water: means water and associated solids taken on board a vessel to control or maintain trim, draft, stability, or stresses on the vessel, without regard to the manner in which it is carried. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Ballast water treatment method: means a method of treating ballast water and sediments to remove or destroy living biological organisms through 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Filtration. See Michigan Laws 324.3101

  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrier free design: means those architectural designs which eliminate the type of barriers and hindrances that deter physically limited persons from having access to and free mobility in and around a building, structure, or improved area. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Baseline environmental assessment: means a written document that describes the results of an all appropriate inquiry and the sampling and analysis that confirm that the property is a site. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biological diversity: means the full range of variety and variability within and among living organisms and the natural associations in which they occur. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Biota: means the plant and animal life in an area affected by a corrective action plan. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Board: means the board of ethics. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Board: means board of county road commissioners. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Board: means the agricultural preservation fund board created in section 36204. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Board: means the Michigan highway reciprocity board. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in section 1905. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in part 19. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Bond proceeds account: means the account within the fund to which proceeds of bonds or notes issued under this part have been credited. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bonds or notes: means the bonds, notes, commercial paper, other obligations of indebtedness, or any combination of these, issued by the finance authority pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Building: means a building as defined in section 2 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Bulk transfer: means a transfer of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from, or purchase for resale by, a refiner, pipeline terminal operator, supplier, or marine terminal operator to or from another refiner, pipeline terminal operator, supplier, or marine terminal operator through pipeline tender or marine delivery, including pipeline movements of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from 1 or more marine vessel movements of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bulk transfer terminal system: means the refined petroleum or refined petroleum product distribution system consisting of refineries, pipelines, marine vessels, and terminals and includes refined petroleum or refined petroleum product storage tanks and refined petroleum or refined petroleum product storage facilities that are part of a refinery, boat terminal transfer, or terminal owned, operated, or controlled by a refiner, marine terminal operator, or pipeline terminal operator. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Capillary fringe: means the portion of the aquifer above an unconfined saturated zone in which groundwater is drawn upward by capillary force and can include the presence of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency for the purpose of establishing a state water pollution control revolving fund, as provided in title VI of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1381 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency, as provided in the federal safe drinking water act. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Cash proceeds: means proceeds that are money, checks, deposit accounts, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Certificate of title: means a certificate of title with respect to which a statute provides for the security interest in question to be indicated on the certificate as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • citation: means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. See Michigan Laws 257.727c
  • City street: means city major street or city local street as described in section 9 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Claim: means the submission by the owner or operator or his or her representative of documentation on an application requesting payment by the authority. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Claim period: means a 1-year period commencing on October 1 of each year and ending on September 30 the following year. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Claims limit: means $1,000,000. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Closed session: means a meeting or part of a meeting of a public body that is closed to the public. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Collecting sewers: means lateral, branch, submain, and trunk sewers consisting of pipes or conduits including pumps, lift stations, force mains, and other appurtenances necessary for a system to prevent or eliminate discharges of raw or inadequately treated sewage of human origin into any waters of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Commander-in-chief: means the governor of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Commercial purposes: means offering for sale, selling, giving, or furnishing to others. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Commercial tort claim: means a claim arising in tort with respect to which of the following applies:

    (i) The claimant is an organization. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commission: means the commission of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Commission: means the Michigan aeronautics commission. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Commission: means the Michigan public service commission. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Committee: means the committee on art in public places. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Committee: means the joint legislative working committee on biological diversity created pursuant to section 35504. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity contract: means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option, or another contract if the contract or option is 1 of the following:

    (i) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to federal commodities laws. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commodity customer: means a person for which a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity intermediary: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person that is registered as a futures commission merchant under federal commodities law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community water supply: means a public water supply that provides year-round service to not less than 15 living units or which regularly provides year-round service to not less than 25 residents. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concession: means an agreement between the department and a person under terms and conditions as specified by the department to provide services or recreational opportunities for public use. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conservation easement: means an interest in land that provides limitation on the use of land or a body of water or requires or prohibits certain acts on or with respect to the land or body of water, whether or not the interest is stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant, or condition in a deed, will, or other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of the land or body of water or in an order of taking, which interest is appropriate to retaining or maintaining the land or body of water, including improvements on the land or body of water, predominantly in its natural, scenic, or open condition, or in an agricultural, farming, open space, or forest use, or similar use or condition. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Consignee: means a merchant to which goods are delivered in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consignment: means a transaction, regardless of its form, in which a person delivers goods to a merchant for the purpose of sale and that meets all of the following:

    (i) The merchant deals in goods of that kind under a name other than the name of the person making delivery, is not an auctioneer, and is not generally known by its creditors to be substantially engaged in selling the goods of others. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Construction: means the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary to the construction of collecting sewers; the installation, erection, and building of collecting sewers; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of such sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Consultant: means a person that meets the requirements set forth in section 21325. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Consumer goods: means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer transaction: means a transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, a security interest secures the obligation, and the collateral is held or acquired primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer-goods transaction: means a consumer transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and a security interest in consumer goods secures the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • contaminated: means the presence of a regulated substance in soil, surface water, or groundwater or air that has been released from an underground storage tank system at a concentration exceeding the level set forth in the RCBA tier I screening levels established under section 20120a(1)(a) and (b). See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Controls: means the possession or the contingent or noncontingent right to acquire possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or interests, by contract, other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, by pledge of securities, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Conventional gravity sewer extension: means the installation of a new gravity sewer and connection to an existing collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means a final conviction, the payment of a fine, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, or a finding of guilt or probate court disposition on a violation of this part, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated or suspended. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corrective action: means the investigation, assessment, cleanup, removal, containment, isolation, treatment, or monitoring of regulated substances released into the environment from an underground storage tank system that is necessary under this part to prevent, minimize, or mitigate injury to the public health, safety, or welfare, the environment, or natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Corrective action: means that term as it is defined in section 21302. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • County local road: means county local road as described in section 4 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Crayfish: means any arthropod of the decapoda family. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Critical dune area: means a geographic area designated in the "atlas of critical dune areas" dated February 1989 that was prepared by the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Crustacea: means any freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Crustacean: means freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order Decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • damages: means the fair market value on the stump or at the mill, whichever is greater of a forest product cut or removed, or the fair and actual value of any other property removed or damaged in trespass, plus any other damages caused before, during, or after the cutting or removal. See Michigan Laws 324.2155
  • Dealer: means any person engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of snowmobiles as a regular business, other than an auctioneer. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Decision: means a determination, action, vote, or disposition upon a motion, proposal, recommendation, resolution, order, ordinance, bill, or measure on which a vote by members of a public body is required and by which a public body effectuates or formulates public policy. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Deductible amount: means the amount of corrective action costs or indemnification costs that are required to be paid by an owner or operator as provided in section 21510a. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent or representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Department: means the department of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Department: means the state transportation department, bureau of aeronautics. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 125.1222
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Derivative instrument or product: means either of the following:

    (i) A contract or convertible security that changes in value in concert with a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or that obtains much of its value from price movements in a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or both. See Michigan Laws 15.422

  • Detroit consumer price index: means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Development: means an activity that materially alters or affects the existing conditions or use of any land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Development: means an activity that materially alters or affects the existing conditions or use of any land in a manner that is inconsistent with an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Development rights: means an interest in land that includes the right to construct a building or structure, to improve land for development, to divide a parcel for development, or to extract minerals incidental to a permitted use or as set forth in an instrument recorded under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Development rights: means an interest in land that includes the right to construct a building or structure, to improve land for development, or to divide a parcel for development purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designated representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Director: means the director of the department of management and budget or the designated representative of the director. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Director: means the deputy director of the department, bureau of aeronautics who is the director of the Michigan aeronautics commission. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed sewage treatment works project or stormwater treatment project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed public water supply project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5402

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the division of minority business enterprise. See Michigan Laws 125.1222
  • DNAPL: means a dense nonaqueous-phase liquid with a specific gravity greater than 1 and composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in section 7201(2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Document of title: means a record that in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession or control of the record is entitled to receive, control, hold, and dispose of the record and the goods the record covers and that purports to be issued by or addressed to a bailee and to cover goods in the bailee's possession which are either identified or are fungible portions of an identified mass. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Due notice: means notice published at least twice, with an interval of at least 7 days between the 2 publication dates, in a newspaper or other publication of general circulation within the appropriate area or, if a publication of general circulation is not available, by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the appropriate area. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • easement: means a grant, by an instrument, in which the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity or for a term of years the right to undertake development of the land, and that contains a covenant running with the land, not to undertake development, subject to permitted uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Ecosystem: means an assemblage of species, together with the species' physical environment, considered as a unit. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Electric provider: means any of the following:

    (i) Any person or entity that is regulated by the commission for the purpose of selling electricity to retail customers in this state. See Michigan Laws 460.1005

  • Eligible applicant: means a person that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Eligible project: means a project that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Employee: means an employee, classified or unclassified, of the executive branch of this state. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Employee: means a person who performs a service for wages or other remuneration under a contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Employee-owned corporation: means an employee-owned corporation as defined by the employee-owned corporation act. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Endangered species: means any species of fish, plant life, or wildlife that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant part of its range, other than a species of insecta determined by the department or the secretary of the United States department of the interior to constitute a pest whose protection under this part would present an overwhelming and overriding risk to humans. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Energy waste reduction credit: means a credit certified pursuant to section 87 that represents achieved energy waste reduction. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Enhanced access: means a public record's immediate availability for public inspection, purchase, or copying by digital means. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Expedited review: means an expedited review of an application for a construction permit under section 4112. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Facility used by the public: means a building, structure, or improved area utilized for purposes of education, employment, housing other than a privately owned 1 or 2 family dwelling, transportation, or recreation and for the purchase, rental, or acquisition of goods or services. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm products: means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and which are 1 of the following:

    (i) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes, and aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Farming operation: means raising, cultivating, propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock, or aquacultural operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Farmland: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A farm of 40 or more acres in 1 ownership, with 51% or more of the land area devoted to an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Farmland: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A farm of 40 or more acres in 1 ownership, with 51% or more of the land area devoted to an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36201

  • Federal safe drinking water act: means the safe drinking water act, 42 USC 300f to 300j-26, and the rules promulgated under that act. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Federal water pollution control act: means 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Felony: means , except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, that term as defined in section 1 of chapter I of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 761. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing office: means an office designated in section 9501 as the place to file a financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing-office rule: means a rule adopted pursuant to section 9526. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Finance authority: means the Michigan finance authority created by Executive Reorganization Order No. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Financial report: means any of the following:

    (i) An audit report or other report for a local unit showing the cost and fiscal year end market value of derivative instruments or products in the local unit's pension or nonpension investment portfolio at fiscal year end reported both on an aggregate basis and itemized by issuer and type of derivative instrument or product, including but not limited to an annual financial report under section 4 of the uniform budgeting and accounting act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 15.422

  • Financial responsibility requirements: means the financial responsibility for taking corrective action and for compensating third parties for bodily injury and property damage caused by a release from a refined petroleum underground storage tank system that the owner or operator of a refined petroleum underground storage tank system must demonstrate under part 211 and the rules promulgated under that part. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Firearm: means any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Firearms records: means any form, information, or record required for submission to a government agency under sections 2, 2a, 2b, and 5b, or any form, permit, or license issued by a government agency under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish or wildlife: means any member of the animal kingdom, including any mammal, fish, amphibian, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, or other invertebrate, and includes any part, product, egg, or offspring, or the dead body or parts thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Flight instructor: means any person who possesses a valid flight instructor certificate or other airman certificate issued by the federal aviation administration authorizing that individual to instruct in aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.4
  • Flight school: means any person providing or offering to provide flight training leading to pilot or flight instructor certification, for hire or compensation, and engaged in any of the following:

    (i) Advertising or calling oneself a flight school or anything equivalent to a flight school. See Michigan Laws 259.4

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fuel: means any gasoline, distillate, benzine, naphtha, benzol, or other volatile and inflammable liquid produced, compounded, and used for propelling aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.4
  • Fund: means the infrastructure construction fund created in section 4113. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Fund: means the strategic water quality initiatives fund created in section 5204. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fund: means the safe drinking water revolving fund established under section 16b of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Fund: means the state art in public places fund. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Fund: means the agricultural preservation fund created in section 36202. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Fund: means the inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control and eradication fund created in section 41403. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Fund: means the agricultural preservation fund created in section 36202. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Fund: means the underground storage tank cleanup fund created in section 21506b and includes the bond proceeds account established within the fund. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Fund: means the land exchange facilitation fund created in section 2134. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority lists, for which sufficient funds are estimated by the department to exist to provide assistance at the beginning of each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority list, for which the department estimates sufficient funds exist to provide assistance during each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Game and fish protection account: means the game and fish protection account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2010. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Game fish: includes all of the following:

    (i) Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • General intangible: means any personal property, including things in action, other than accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, goods, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, and oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • General permit: means a permit for a category of activities that the department determines will not negatively impact human health and will have no more than minimal short-term adverse impacts on the natural resources and environment. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Genetic diversity: means the differences in genetic composition within and among populations of a given species. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Genetically engineered: refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny of such an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Geographical information system: means an informational unit or network capable of producing customized maps based on a digital representation of geographical data. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Governing body: means the board, by whatever name known, charged with governing the municipality. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Governing institution: means the state university within which the Michigan geological survey is established or continued under section 60102. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • Governmental unit: means a subdivision, agency, department, county, parish, municipality, or other unit of the government of the United States, a state, or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Grab sample: means a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a grant from the grant program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grant: means an inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control or eradication grant issued through the program. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Grant: means a grant for the purchase of an agriculture conservation easement under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Grant program: means the strategic water quality initiatives grant program established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Great Lakes: means the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, including Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Groundwater: means water below the land surface in the zone of saturation and capillary fringe. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habitat: means the area or type of environment in which an organism or biological population normally lives or occurs. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Health-care-insurance receivable: means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance which is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Heating oil: means petroleum that is no. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Heliport: means an area of land, water, or a fixed structure used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of helicopters or other rotary wing aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.5
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Highway or street: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained if any part of it is open to public use for vehicular travel. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Historic preservation easement: means an interest in land that provides a limitation on the use of a structure or site that is listed as a national historic landmark under chapter 593, 49 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Historic snowmobile: means a snowmobile that is over 25 years old and that is owned solely as a collector's item and for occasional use and for participation in club activities, exhibitions, tours, parades, and similar uses, including mechanical testing. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Import: means to bring into, introduce into, or attempt to bring into or introduce into any place subject to the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Improved area: includes parking lots, harbors, parks, beaches, public telephones, and drinking fountains. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • In-kind contributions: means services and goods as approved by the department that are provided by a grant recipient toward completion of a department-approved local snowmobile program under section 82107. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Incremental costs of compliance: means the net revenue required by an electric provider to comply with the renewable energy standard, calculated as provided under section 47. See Michigan Laws 460.1007
  • Indemnification: means indemnification of an owner or operator for a legally enforceable judgment entered against the owner or operator by a third party, or a legally enforceable settlement entered between the owner or operator and a third party, compensating that third party for bodily injury or property damage, or both, caused by an accidental release as those terms are defined in R 29. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Industrial building: means a building or structure suitable for, and intended for or incidental to, use as a factory, mill, shop, processing plant, assembly plant, fabricating plant, warehouse, research and development facility, an engineering, architectural, or design facility, or a tourist and resort facility. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Industrial machinery and equipment: means such machinery and equipment, including water and air pollution control equipment and solid waste disposal facilities, other than vehicular equipment, as shall be necessary, suitable, intended for, or incidental to the use to which the industrial building in or near which the machinery or equipment shall be situated is to be put. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inland waters of this state: means the waters within the jurisdiction of the state except Saginaw river, Lakes Michigan, Superior, Huron, and Erie, and the bays and the connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Inventory: means goods, other than farm products, that meet 1 of the following:

    (i) Are leased by a person as lessor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract, or commodity account. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Involuntary statement: means information provided by a law enforcement officer, if compelled under threat of dismissal from employment or any other employment sanction, by the law enforcement agency that employs the law enforcement officer. See Michigan Laws 15.391
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: means other states of the United States, the District of Columbia, territories and possessions of the United States, foreign countries or political subdivisions of foreign countries. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Land: includes lands, tenements, and real estate and rights to and interests in lands, tenements, and real estate. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • land disposal wastewater management program: means the program developed in the United States army corps of engineers southeastern Michigan survey scope wastewater management study, as authorized by section 102 of title I of the federal water pollution control act, chapter 758, 86 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5101
  • Landing area: means an area of an airport, landing field, or other aeronautical facility used or intended for use in landing, taking off, or taxiing of aircraft, excluding area and facilities for shelter, servicing, or repair of aircraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo. See Michigan Laws 259.6
  • Landing field: means any location, either on land or water, that is used for the landing or take-off of aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.6
  • Law enforcement agency: means the department of state police, the department of natural resources, or a law enforcement agency of a county, township, city, village, airport authority, community college, or university, that is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and enforcement of the criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 15.391
  • Law enforcement officer: means all of the following:

    (i) A person who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 15.391

  • Law of another state: means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:

    (i) Another state. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a conveyance by the department to a person of a portion of the state's interest in land under specific terms and for valuable consideration, thereby granting to the lessee the possession of that portion conveyed during the period stipulated. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Letter-of-credit right: means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: includes the whole or part of an agency permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • license: means a license issued by the department to operate a game bird hunting preserve. See Michigan Laws 324.41701
  • License: means a game breeder's license issued pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Licensed professional engineer: means a professional engineer licensed under article 20 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Licensing: includes agency activity involving the grant, denial, renewal, suspension, revocation, annulment, withdrawal, recall, cancellation, or amendment of a license. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien creditor: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A creditor that has acquired a lien on the property involved by attachment, levy, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LNAPL: means a light nonaqueous-phase liquid having a specific gravity less than 1 and composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water, and the term encompasses all potential occurrences of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Loan: means a loan from the loan program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Loan program: means the strategic water quality initiatives loan program established under section 5202. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Local agencies: means local units of government or other public bodies created by or pursuant to state law and having jurisdiction over collecting sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Local governing body: means 1 of the following:

    (i) With respect to farmland or open space land that is located in a city or village, the legislative body of the city or village. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, or township or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local unit: means an entity required to make an annual financial report under section 4 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 15.422
  • Local unit of government: means a city, village, township, county, fire department, or local health department as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination thereof, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Location: means a parcel of property where refined petroleum underground storage tank systems are registered pursuant to part 211. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufactured home: means a structure, transportable in 1 or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is 8 body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufactured-home transaction: means a secured transaction that creates a purchase-money security interest in a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, or in which a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, is the primary collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Marine terminal operator: means a person that stores refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product at a boat terminal transfer. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Meeting: means the convening of a public body at which a quorum is present for the purpose of deliberating toward or rendering a decision on a public policy, or any meeting of the board of a nonprofit corporation formed by a city under section 4o of the home rule city act, 1909 PA 279, MCL 117. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Migrating NAPL: means NAPL that is observed to spread or expand laterally or vertically or otherwise result in an increased volume of the NAPL extent, usually indicated by time series data or observation. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Minnows: means chubs, shiners, suckers, when of a size ordinarily used for bait in hook and line fishing, dace, stonerollers, muddlers, and mudminnows. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Minority business enterprise: means a business enterprise that is owned or controlled solely by 1 or more socially or economically disadvantaged persons. See Michigan Laws 125.1222
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Misdemeanor: means a violation of a penal law of this state or violation of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a violation of a penal law of this state that is not a felony or a violation of an order, rule, or regulation of a state agency that is punishable by imprisonment or a fine that is not a civil fine, or both. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Model zoning plan: means the model zoning plan provided for in sections 35304 to 35309 and 35311a to 35324. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Mollusk: means any mollusk of the classes Bivalvia and Gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Mollusks: means any mollusk of the classes bivalvia and gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • monetary obligation: means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • municipalities: as used in this part means and includes a county, city, village, township, school district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, authority, or other governmental authority, agency, or department within or of the state with power to acquire, construct, improve, or operate facilities for the prevention or abatement of water pollution, or any combination of such governmental agencies. See Michigan Laws 324.4501
  • Municipality: means this state, a county, city, village, or township, or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Municipality: includes a metropolitan district, a water or sewer authority created by law, or a county, township, charter township, incorporated city, or incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Municipality: means that term as it is defined in section 5301. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, or other public body, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law; or an Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over construction and operation of sewage treatment works or other projects qualifying under section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, public school district, or other public body with taxing authority, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Municipality: means a county, city, incorporated village, township, or port district. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • municipality or other entity: means a county, city, school district, or other entity that has received a federal bond limitation allocation. See Michigan Laws 125.1295
  • NAPL: means a nonaqueous-phase liquid or a nonaqueous-phase liquid solution composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • National response center: means the National Communications Center established under the clean water act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387, located in Washington, DC, that receives and relays notice of oil discharge or releases of hazardous substances to appropriate federal officials. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Native: means indigenous to any location in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Native vegetation: means original or indigenous plants of this state including trees, shrubs, vines, wild flowers, aquatic plants, or ground cover. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Natural: means in a state provided by nature, without human-made changes, wild, or uncultivated. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • New value: means money, money's worth in property, services, or new credit, or release by a transferee of an interest in property previously transferred to the transferee. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonaquatic: describes a bird, insect other than a wiggler, or mammal. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Noncash proceeds: means proceeds other than cash proceeds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Noncommunity water supply: means a public water supply that is not a community water supply, but that has not less than 15 service connections or that serves not less than 25 individuals on an average daily basis for not less than 60 days per year. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Nongame fish: includes all kinds of fish except game fish. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Nonnative: means not native. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Nonoceangoing vessel: means a vessel that is not an oceangoing vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nonpoint source project: means construction activities designed to reduce nonpoint source pollution consistent with the state nonpoint source management plan pursuant to section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligor: means a person that, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, owes payment or other performance of the obligation, has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Oceangoing vessel: means a vessel that operates on the Great Lakes or the St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Off-road vehicle account: means the off-road vehicle account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2015. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Office: means , unless expressly stated otherwise, the office of performance and transformation. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Officer: means a supervisor, treasurer, clerk, or trustee. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Open season: means the time during which fish may be legally taken or killed and includes both the first and last day of the season or period designated by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Open space land: means 1 of the following:

    (i) Lands defined as 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Any undeveloped site included in a national registry of historic places or designated as a historic site pursuant to state or federal law. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Operate: means to ride in or on and be in actual physical control of the operation of a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Operating expenses: includes , but is not limited to, a public body's direct cost of creating, compiling, storing, maintaining, processing, upgrading, or enhancing information or data in a form available for enhanced access, including the cost of computer hardware and software, system development, employee time, and the actual cost of supplying the information or record in the form requested by the purchaser. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Operator: means a person who is presently, or was at the time of a release, in control of, or responsible for, the operation of an underground storage tank system. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Operator: means any individual who operates a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Operator: means that term as it is defined in section 21303 or a person to whom an approved claim has been assigned or transferred. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Original debtor: means , except as used in section 9310(3), a person that, as debtor, entered into a security agreement to which a new debtor has become bound under section 9203(4). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who holds, or at the time of a release who held, a legal, equitable, or possessory interest of any kind in an underground storage tank system or in the property on which an underground storage tank system is or was located including, but not limited to, a trust, vendor, vendee, lessor, or lessee. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Owner: means a person having a freehold estate in land coupled with possession and enjoyment. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Owner: means a person having a freehold estate in land coupled with possession and enjoyment. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Owner: means any of the following:

    (i) A person that holds the legal title to a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Owner: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a person or agency named, admitted, or properly seeking and entitled of right to be admitted, as a party in a contested case. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Peace officer: means any of the following:

    (i) A sheriff. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Peace officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual who is employed as a law enforcement officer, as that term is defined under section 2 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Permit: means a permit for a use within a critical dune area under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Permitted aquatic species: means a species listed as provided in section 41302a. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Permitted use: means any use expressly authorized within a development rights agreement, development rights easement, or agriculture conservation easement that is consistent with the farming operation or that does not alter the open space character of the land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Permitted use: means any use expressly authorized within an agriculture conservation easement consistent with the farming operation or that does not adversely affect the productivity of the farmland. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Person: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, governmental subdivision, or public or private organization of any kind other than the agency engaged in the particular processing of a rule, declaratory ruling, or contested case. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, limited liability company, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or association, or 2 or more persons having a joint or common interest in land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, association and corporation. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on snowmobile operation or equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or snowmobile registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally-related information. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Physically limited: means a temporary or permanent impairment or condition which causes a person to use a wheelchair; causes a person to walk with difficulty or insecurity; affects sight or hearing to the extent that a person is insecure or exposed to danger; or causes faulty coordination or reduces mobility, flexibility, coordination, or perceptiveness; and means persons who are limited in ambulation. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Pipeline terminal operator: means a person that receives and stores refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product in tanks and other equipment used in receiving and storing refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from interstate and intrastate pipelines, pending wholesale bulk reshipment. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Pistol: means a loaded or unloaded firearm that is 26 inches or less in length, or a loaded or unloaded firearm that by its construction and appearance conceals it as a firearm. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a plan approved under section 22 or former section 21 or 23 or found to comply with this act under former section 25, with any amendments adopted under this act. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Planning commission: means a planning commission created under the Michigan planning enabling act, 2008 PA 33, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Plans and specifications: means a true description or representation of the entire sewerage system and parts of a system as the sewerage system exists or is to be constructed, and also a full and fair statement of how the system is to be operated. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Political subdivision: includes all public bodies corporate within but not including the state, including all agencies thereof or any non-incorporated body within the state of whatever nature, including all agencies thereof. See Michigan Laws 15.303
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, or township of this state, and any other political subdivision, public corporation, authority, or district in this state that is or may be authorized by law to acquire, establish, construct, maintain, improve, and operate airports, landing fields, and other aeronautical facilities. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Pollution control facilities: means water and air pollution control equipment and solid waste disposal facilities or any of them. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Pre-effective-date financing statement: means a financing statement filed before the effective date of this amendatory act. See Michigan Laws 440.9801
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency telephone service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Prior conviction: means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:

    (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 82127(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 82127(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 82127(6), or a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 82127(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 82127(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 82129a(1)(b). See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5303 or used by the department pursuant to section 5315. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5406. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Private landing area: means any location, either on land or water, that is used for the takeoff or landing of aircraft and the use of which is restricted to the owner or persons authorized by the owner. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeds: means , except as used in section 9609(2), 1 or more of the following property:

    (i) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Processing of a rule: means the action required or authorized by this act regarding a rule that is to be promulgated, including the rule's adoption, and ending with the rule's promulgation. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Program: means the inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control and eradication program established in section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Prohibited use: means a use that is not consistent with an agricultural use for farmland subject to a development rights agreement or is not consistent with the open space character of the land for lands subject to a development rights easement. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Project: means a proposal to install within 1 general area a new wastewater collection system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Project: means a sewage treatment works project, a stormwater treatment project, or a nonpoint source project, or a combination of these. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Project: means a project related to the planning, design, and construction or alteration of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Project refinancing assistance: means buying or refinancing the debt obligations of municipalities within the state if construction activities commenced after March 7, 1985 and the debt obligation was incurred after March 7, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Property: means real estate that is contaminated by a release from an underground storage tank system. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Property taxes: means general ad valorem taxes levied after January 1, 1974, on lands and structures in this state, including collection fees, but not including special assessments, penalties, or interest. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Proposal: means a record authenticated by a secured party which includes the terms on which the secured party is willing to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures pursuant to sections 9620, 9621, and 9622. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Provider: means an electric provider or a natural gas provider. See Michigan Laws 460.1009
  • Public body: means any state or local legislative or governing body, including a board, commission, committee, subcommittee, authority, or council, that is empowered by state constitution, statute, charter, ordinance, resolution, or rule to exercise governmental or proprietary authority or perform a governmental or proprietary function; a lessee of such a body performing an essential public purpose and function pursuant to the lease agreement; or the board of a nonprofit corporation formed by a city under section 4o of the home rule city act, 1909 PA 279, MCL 117. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Public body: means all of the following:

    (i) A state officer, employee, agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, authority, or other body in the executive branch of state government. See Michigan Laws 15.361

  • Public body: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public domain: means all land owned by the state or land deeded to the state under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • public employee: means an employee of the state classified civil service, or an employee of a political subdivision of the state who is not an elected official. See Michigan Laws 15.401
  • Public entity: means the state including all agencies thereof, any public body corporate within the state, including all agencies thereof, or any non-incorporated public body within the state of whatever nature, including all agencies thereof. See Michigan Laws 15.321
  • Public facility: means a building, structure, or improved area utilized for purposes of education, employment, housing other than a privately owned 1 or 2 family dwelling, transportation, or recreation and for the purchase, rental, or acquisition of goods or services, which is not a facility used by the public as defined in subdivision (d), and which is:

    (i) Owned by, or on behalf of, the state or its political subdivisions. See Michigan Laws 125.1351

  • Public highway: means a road or highway under the jurisdiction of the state transportation department, a county road commission, or a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public officer: means a person appointed by the governor or another executive department official. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Public record: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Public servant: includes all persons serving any public entity, except members of the legislature and state officers who are within the provisions of section 10 of article 4 of the state constitution as implemented by legislative act. See Michigan Laws 15.321
  • Public utility: means a person, firm, or corporation engaged in the manufacture, production, generation, or distribution of electricity, steam heat, gas, or any combination thereof, for sale to the public. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Public water supply: means a waterworks system that provides water for drinking or household purposes to persons other than the supplier of the water, except for those waterworks systems that supply water to only 1 house, apartment, or other domicile occupied or intended to be occupied on a day-to-day basis by an individual, family group, or equivalent. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Purchaser: means a person who receives a pistol from another person by purchase or gift. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Qualified airport: means that term as defined in section 109. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Qualified taxpayer: means a taxpayer subject to the minerals severance tax levied under the nonferrous metallic minerals extraction severance tax act. See Michigan Laws 206.31b
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rack: means a mechanism for delivering refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from a refiner, a pipeline terminal operator, or a marine terminal operator into a railroad tank car, a transport truck, a tank wagon, or the fuel supply tank of a marine vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • RBCA: means the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) document entitled standard guide for risk-based corrective action applied at petroleum release sites, designation E 1739-95 (reapproved 2010) E1; standard guide for risk-based corrective action designation E 2081-00 (reapproved 2010) E1; and standard guide for development of conceptual site models and remediation strategies for light nonaqueous-phase liquids released to the subsurface designation E 2531-06 E1, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • RBSL: means the unrestricted residential and nonresidential generic cleanup criteria developed by the department pursuant to part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reasonable fee: means a charge calculated to enable a public body to recover over time only those operating expenses directly related to the public body's provision of enhanced access. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a paper or electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreation improvement account: means the recreation improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2020. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Recreation passport fee: means a state park and state-operated public boating access site recreation passport fee paid under section 805 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Recreational snowmobile trail improvement subaccount: means the recreational snowmobile trail improvement subaccount of the snowmobile account created in section 82110. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Refined petroleum: means aviation gasoline, middle distillates, jet fuel, kerosene, gasoline, residual oils, and any oxygenates that have been blended with any of these. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refined petroleum fund: means the refined petroleum fund established under section 21506a. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refined petroleum underground storage tank: means an underground storage tank system used for the storage of refined petroleum. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refiner: means a person that meets both of the following:

    (i) Manufactures or produces refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product at a refinery. See Michigan Laws 324.21503

  • Refinery: means a facility used by a refiner to produce refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, or other hydrocarbons by any process involving substantially more than the blending of refined petroleum and from which refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product may be removed by pipeline or marine vessel or at a rack. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Regulated substance: means any of the following:

    (i) A substance defined in section 101(14) of title I of the comprehensive environmental response, compensation, and liability act of 1980, Public Law 96-510, 42 USC 9601, but not including a substance regulated as a hazardous waste under subtitle C of the solid waste disposal act, title II of Public Law 89-272, 42 USC 6921 to 6939e. See Michigan Laws 324.21303

  • Regulatory fee: means the environmental protection regulatory fee imposed under section 21508. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Release: means any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, or leaching from an underground storage tank system into groundwater, surface water, or subsurface soils. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Release: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • removed: means a physical transfer other than by evaporation, loss, or destruction of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from a refiner, pipeline terminal operator, or marine terminal operator. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Renewable energy: means electricity or steam generated using a renewable energy system. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy credit: means a credit granted under a certification and tracking program established under section 41, which represents generated renewable energy. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy credit portfolio: means the sum of the renewable energy credits achieved by a provider for a particular year. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy credit standard: means a minimum renewable energy credit portfolio required under section 28 or former section 27. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy standard: means the minimum renewable energy capacity portfolio, if applicable, and the renewable energy credit portfolio required to be achieved under section 28 or former section 27. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy system: means a facility, electricity generation system, or set of electricity generation systems that use 1 or more renewable energy resources to generate electricity or steam. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Reporting department: means a state department or agency that is required by the committee under this part to file 1 or more reports. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Reptile: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class Reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Reptiles: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • reserve officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual authorized on a voluntary or irregular basis by a duly authorized police agency of this state or a political subdivision of this state to act as a law enforcement officer, who is responsible for the preservation of the peace, the prevention and detection of crime, and the enforcement of the general criminal laws of this state, and who is otherwise eligible to possess a firearm under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Resident: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who resides in a settled or permanent home or domicile with the intention of remaining in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retired federal law enforcement officer: means an individual who was an officer or agent employed by a law enforcement agency of the United States government whose primary responsibility was enforcing laws of the United States, who was required to carry a firearm in the course of his or her duties as a law enforcement officer, and who retired in good standing from his or her employment as a federal law enforcement officer. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • retired law enforcement officer: means an individual who was a police officer or law enforcement officer who was licensed or certified as described in the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Revenue recovery mechanism: means the mechanism for recovery of incremental costs of compliance provided for under section 22. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Right-of-way: means that portion of a highway or street less the roadway and any shoulder. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway or street improved, designated, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Saturated zone: means a soil area where the soil pores are filled with groundwater and can include the presence of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Schedule of costs: means the list of allowable reimbursement amounts that may be paid on a claim, as established in section 21510b. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Secondary obligor: means an obligor to the extent that the obligor's obligation is secondary or the obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Sediments: means any matter settled out of ballast water within a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Seller: means a person who sells or gives a pistol to another person. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sewage disposal systems: includes all interceptor sewers, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, combined sanitary and storm sewers, sewage treatment plants, and all other plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage and industrial wastes. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge derivative: means a product for land application derived from sewage sludge that does not include solid waste or other waste regulated under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge distributor: means a person who applies, markets, or distributes, except at retail, a sewage sludge derivative. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge generator: means a person who generates sewage sludge that is applied to land. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage treatment works project: means construction activities on any device or system for the treatment, storage, collection, conveyance, recycling, or reclamation of the sewage of a municipality, including combined sewer overflow correction and major rehabilitation of sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Sewerage system: means a system of pipes and structures including pipes, channels, conduits, manholes, pumping stations, sewage or waste treatment works, diversion and regulatory devices, outfall structures, and appurtenances, collectively or severally, actually used or intended for use by the public for the purpose of collecting, conveying, transporting, treating, or otherwise handling sanitary sewage or other industrial liquid wastes that are capable of adversely affecting the public health. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Shall: is a lways mandatory and "may" is always discretionary. See Michigan Laws 206.2
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shoulder: means that portion of a highway or street on either side of the roadway that is normally snowplowed for the safety and convenience of vehicular traffic. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Simple pumping station and force main: means the installation of a duplex pumping station and a force main with only 1 high point and of length of no more than 2,000 feet that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Site: means a location where a release has occurred or a threat of release exists from an underground storage tank system, excluding any location where corrective action was completed which satisfies the applicable RBSL or SSTL. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Site: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Small diameter pressure sewer and grinder pumping station: means a single project that includes the installation of new pressure sewers totaling not more than 5,000 feet and not more than 25 grinder pumping stations with each grinder pumping station serving not more than 5 separate owners and that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Snowmobile: means any motor-driven vehicle designed for travel primarily on snow or ice of a type that utilizes sled-type runners or skis, an endless belt tread, or any combination of these or other similar means of contact with the surface upon which it is operated, but is not a vehicle that must be registered under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Snowmobile registration fee subaccount: means the snowmobile registration fee subaccount of the snowmobile account created in section 82111. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Software: means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Software: means a set of statements or instructions that when incorporated in a machine-usable medium is capable of causing a machine or device having information processing capabilities to indicate, perform, or achieve a particular function, task, or result. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Solid waste disposal facilities: includes any and all buildings, plants, structures, equipment, or facilities and their appurtenances, together with lands or interest in lands therefor or a portion thereof, which qualify as solid waste disposal facilities under section 103(c)(4) of the federal internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Special use project: means any of the following:

    (i) A proposed use in a critical dune area for an industrial or commercial purpose regardless of the size of the site. See Michigan Laws 324.35301

  • Species: includes any subspecies of fish, plant life, or wildlife and any other group of fish, plants, or wildlife of the same species or smaller taxa in common spatial arrangement that interbreed or cross-pollinate when mature. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Species diversity: means the richness and variety of native species. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • SSTL: means an RBCA risk-based remedial action target level for contamination developed for a site under RBCA tier II and tier III evaluations. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State agency: means a department, board, commission, office, agency, authority, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • State court judge: means a judge of the district court, circuit court, probate court, or court of appeals or justice of the supreme court of this state who is serving either by election or appointment. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State court retired judge: means a judge or justice described in subdivision (q) who is retired, or a retired judge of the recorders court. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State drinking water standards: means rules promulgated under Act 399 that establish water quality standards necessary to protect public health or that establish treatment techniques to meet these water quality standards. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • State forest: means those lands designated as state forests by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • State income tax act: means the income tax act of 1967, 1967 PA 281, MCL 206. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • State land use agency: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • state officer: means only a person occupying one of the following offices established by the constitution: governor; lieutenant governor; secretary of state; state treasurer; attorney general; auditor general; superintendent of public instruction; member of the state board of education; regent of the university of Michigan; trustee of Michigan State University; governor of Wayne State University; member of a board of control of one of the other institutions of higher education named in section 4 of article 8 of the constitution or established by law as therein provided; president of each of the foregoing universities and institutions of higher learning; member of the state board for public community and junior colleges; member of the supreme court; member of the court of appeals; member of the state highway commission; director of the state highway commission; member of the liquor control commission; member of the board of state canvassers; member of the commission on legislative apportionment; member of the civil service commission; state personnel director; or member of the civil rights commission; together with his principal deputy who by law under specified circumstances, may exercise independently some or all of the sovereign powers of his principal whenever the deputy is actually exercising such powers. See Michigan Laws 15.303
  • State park improvement account: means the state park improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2030. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • State primary surface: means a surface longitudinally centered on a runway. See Michigan Laws 259.8
  • State strategy: means the recommended state strategy prepared by the committee. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • State water pollution control revolving fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under section 16a of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Stock: means game. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Stormwater treatment project: means construction activities of a municipality on any device or system for the treatment, storage, recycling, or reclamation of storm water that is conveyed by a storm sewer that is separate from a sanitary sewer. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Street: means city street or village street. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Structure: means a structure as defined in section 2 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 125.1351
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substantially undeveloped: means any parcel or area of land essentially unimproved except for a dwelling, building, structure, road, or other improvement that is incidental to agricultural and open space uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of a township elected under chapter XVI of the Michigan election law, Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • supplier: means a municipality or its designated representative accepted by the director, a legal business entity, or any other person who owns a public water supply. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Supplier: means a supplier or permissive supplier licensed under the motor fuel tax act, 2000 PA 403, MCL 207. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Supporting obligation: means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Surface water: means all of the following, but does not include groundwater or an enclosed sewer, other utility line, storm water retention basin, or drainage ditch:

    (i) The Great Lakes and their connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.21303

  • Sustained yield: means the achievement and maintenance in perpetuity of regular periodic output of the various renewable resources without impairment of the productivity of the land. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • system: means a system of pipes and structures through which water is obtained or distributed and includes any of the following that are actually used or intended to be used for the purpose of furnishing water for drinking or household purposes:

    (i) Wells and well structures. See Michigan Laws 324.5403

  • Take: means , in reference to fish and wildlife, to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, collect, or attempt to engage in any such conduct. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Tangible chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Tank wagon: means a straight truck having 1 or more compartments other than the fuel supply tank designed or used to carry fuel. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Terminal: means a refined petroleum or refined petroleum products storage and distribution facility that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Is registered as a qualified terminal by the internal revenue service. See Michigan Laws 324.21503

  • Termination statement: means an amendment of a financing statement that identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Third party: means a person who requests a geographical information system or output from a geographical information system under this act. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • this amendatory act: means the amendatory act that added this part. See Michigan Laws 440.9701
  • This amendatory act: means the amendatory act that added this part. See Michigan Laws 440.9801
  • This amended article: means this article as amended by this amendatory act. See Michigan Laws 440.9801
  • threatened release: means any circumstance that may reasonably be anticipated to cause a release. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Threatened species: means any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Threshold reporting quantity: means that term as defined in R 324. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Township board: means the township board of a township constituted as provided in section 70. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmitting utility: means a person primarily engaged in the business of 1 of the following:

    (i) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Transmix: means the mixed product that results from the buffer or interface of 2 different products in a pipeline shipment, or a mixture of 2 different products within a refinery or terminal that results in an off-grade mixture. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Transport truck: means a semitrailer combination rig designed or used for the purpose of transporting refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product over the public roads or highways. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trout stream: means any stream or portion of a stream that contains a significant population of any species of trout or salmon as determined by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Trust fund: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund established in section 35 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Underground storage tank system: means a tank or combination of tanks, including underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, which is, was, or may have been used to contain an accumulation of regulated substances, and the volume of which, including the volume of the underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, is 10% or more beneath the surface of the ground. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Underground storage tank system: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Unethical conduct: means a violation of the standards in section 2. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit of local government: means a political subdivision of this state, including school districts, community college districts, intermediate school districts, public school academies, cities, villages, townships, counties, and authorities, if the political subdivision has as its primary purpose the providing of local governmental service for citizens in a geographically limited area of the state and has the power to act primarily on behalf of that area. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Use: means a developmental, silvicultural, or recreational activity done or caused to be done by a person that significantly alters the physical characteristic of a critical dune area or a contour change done or caused to be done by a person. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Vadose zone: means the soil between the land surface and the top of the capillary fringe. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Village street: means village major street or village local street as described in section 9 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • Water and air pollution control equipment: includes buildings, plants, structures, facilities, and equipment and their appurtenances, together with lands or interest in lands therefor or a portion thereof, used or to be used as a change in manufacturing, production, generation, transmission, or distribution process to prevent, reduce, recover, remove, disperse, neutralize, control, or eliminate air or water pollution. See Michigan Laws 125.1252
  • Water supply system: includes all plants, work, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with obtaining a water supply, the treatment of water, and the distribution of water. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Waters: means any inland lake, stream, river, pond, or other body of water including the Great Lakes and connecting waters, any part or portion of such waters, and any and all chains, systems, or combinations of such waters, in any township or townships or county or counties, within this state, and in which any species of fish or waterfowl are protected by the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwaters, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Wetland mitigation bank: means a site where wetlands are restored, created, or preserved for the purpose of doing both of the following:

    (i) To provide compensatory mitigation in accordance with the provisions of part 303, in advance of authorized, unavoidable impacts to wetlands. See Michigan Laws 324.5201

  • Wiggler: means an aquatic egg, nymph, or larva of an insect. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Wigglers: means Mayfly nymphs or any other aquatic insect nymphs or larvae. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Wind energy conversion system: means a system that uses 1 or more wind turbines to generate electricity and has a nameplate capacity of 100 kilowatts or more. See Michigan Laws 460.1013
  • Work invoice: means a list of goods or services for costs of corrective action related to a claim, including a statement of the amount due. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Zoning ordinance: means an ordinance of a local unit of government that regulates the development of critical dune areas within the local unit of government pursuant to the requirements of this part. See Michigan Laws 324.35301