§ 18.221 Short title
§ 18.222 Definitions
§ 18.223 Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteers; appointment; purpose
§ 18.224 Service as Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer; contract
§ 18.225 Criminal history check and criminal records check
§ 18.226 Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer as agent, employee, or independent contractor; liability of state
§ 18.227 Immunity from tort liability; conditions; compromise, settlement, or payment of claim by department; reimbursement for legal expenses; “gross negligence” defined
§ 18.228 Deployment of Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteers
§ 18.229 Michigan cyber civilian corps advisory board; creation; composition; duties
§ 18.230 Chief information officer; duties; operation guidelines; contracts with clients; training; compensation for travel and expenses; fee schedule; disclosure of information

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 18 > Act 132 of 2017

  • Access service: means access to a local exchange network for the purpose of enabling a provider to originate or terminate telecommunication services within the local exchange. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Accession: means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that the identity of the original goods is not lost. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Accident: means an event involving an aircraft that is in-flight or taxiing, resulting in death or injury to any person, damage to the aircraft affecting its ability to safely operate, or damage to public property or property of another person. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Account debtor: means a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • account for: means a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, for services rendered or to be rendered, for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, for energy provided or to be provided, for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a state, governmental unit of a state, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a state or governmental unit of a state. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Administrative expense: means any of the following:

    (i) An expense designated as an administrative expense under this act or by the court. See Michigan Laws 487.11201

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory board: means the Michigan cyber civilian corps advisory board created under section 9. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Aeronautical facilities: means any device, physical or otherwise, that is an object of nature or that is human-made, that aids and is used in aeronautics. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Aeronautics: means any act or matter that treats or deals with flight in the airspace. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a corporation, business trust, limited liability company, partnership, association, or similar organization to which any of the following apply:

    (i) A person, directly or indirectly, owns or controls either more than 25% of its voting shares or a majority of the shares voted at the most recent election for the election of its directors, trustees, or other individuals who exercise similar functions, or controls in any manner the election of a majority of its directors, trustees, or other individuals who exercise similar functions. See Michigan Laws 487.11201

  • Agent: means the person or persons agreed to or selected by the contractor and the public agency pursuant to section 4(2). See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Air navigation: means the operation or navigation of aircraft in the airspace over the land and waters of this state. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airman: means any individual, including the 1 in command, and any pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, who engages in the navigation of aircraft while under way, and any individual who is in charge of the inspection, overhauling, or repair of aircraft, and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher or air traffic control tower operator. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport: means a publicly owned airport licensed by the state transportation department, bureau of aeronautics under section 86 and includes all airport facilities at the airport. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Airport: means a publicly owned airport licensed by the department under section 86 and includes all airport facilities at the airport. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Airport: means any location, either on land or water, that is used for the landing or take-off of aircraft, and includes the buildings and facilities, if any, on that location. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport approach plan: means a plan, or an amendment to a plan, adopted under section 12 of the airport zoning act, 1950 (Ex Sess) PA 23, MCL 259. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport facilities: means any of the following at an airport:
  (i) Real or personal property, or interest in real or personal property, used for the landing, taking off, taxiing, parking, storing, shelter, supply, or care of aircraft, or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, and all appurtenant areas used for airport buildings or other airport facilities, and all appurtenant rights-of-way. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Airport facilities: means any of the following at an airport:

    (i) Real or personal property, or an interest in real or personal property, used for the landing, taking off, taxiing, parking, or storing of aircraft, or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, an appurtenant area used for an airport building or other facility, and any appurtenant right-of-way. See Michigan Laws 259.138

  • Airport layout plan: means a plan, or an amendment to a plan, that shows current or proposed layout of an airport and that is approved by the commission. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Airport manager: means any individual who is properly appointed and designated by the airport owner as the airport manager, and who is responsible for the supervision and operation of the airport to the airport owner. See Michigan Laws 259.2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a person that submits an application under this act. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Application for a building permit: means an application for a building permit submitted to an enforcing agency pursuant to this act and plans, specifications, surveys, statements, and other material submitted to the enforcing agency together or in connection with the application. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approval date: means the effective date of the issuance by the federal aviation administration to the authority assuming operational jurisdiction of an airport of a certificate under part 139 of chapter 14 of the code of federal regulations with respect to the airport, and the concurrence by the FAA of the designation of the authority as a sponsor of the airport, including the FAA's approval of the assignment of existing grant agreements to the authority. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Approval date: means , for airports certificated under 14 CFR part 139, the date of the issuance by the FAA to the regional authority assuming operational jurisdiction of the airport of a certificate under 14 CFR part 139 with respect to the airport, and the concurrence by the FAA of the designation of the regional authority as a sponsor of the airport, including the FAA's approval of the assignment of existing grant agreements to the regional authority, or, for an uncertificated airport, the date specified in the agreement pursuant to which the airport is to be transferred to the regional authority, as approved by the FAA. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Architect or professional engineer: means an architect or professional engineer licensed under Act No. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles: means articles of incorporation, all amendments to articles of incorporation, and agreements of consolidation and merger. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Assessment district: means the real property within a distinct area upon which special assessments are levied or imposed for the construction, reconstruction, betterment, replacement, or repair of a facility to be paid for by funds derived from those special assessments imposed or levied on the benefited real property. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Association: means a federal savings association organized under section 5 of the home owners' loan act, 12 USC 1464, or a savings and loan association, building and loan association, or homestead association that is organized under the laws of a state, the District of Columbia, or a territory or protectorate of the United States, and whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Michigan state housing development authority created in this act. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • Authority: means an Indian housing authority created pursuant to section 2. See Michigan Laws 125.1551
  • Authority: means a public airport authority created by or pursuant to section 110 and governed by a board. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Bank: means a state banking corporation that is organized or reorganized under this act or organized under any law of this state enacted before March 1, 2000, including a state banking corporation that voluntarily limits its activities. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bank holding company: means a company as defined in the bank holding company act that is not a bank or national banking association and that is a bank holding company approved by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System under the bank holding company act or that will become an approved bank holding company before or upon the completion of a consolidation provided in section 3706. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrier free design: means design complying with legal requirements for architectural designs that eliminate the type of barriers and hindrances that deter persons with disabilities from having access to and free mobility in and around a building or structure. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: means a board created pursuant to section 4. See Michigan Laws 125.1572
  • Board: means the governing body of an authority appointed pursuant to section 111. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Board: means the governing body of a regional authority appointed under section 140. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Board: means the wind energy resource zone board created under section 143. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • Board of appeals: means the construction board of appeals of a governmental subdivision provided for in section 14. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Boards: means the state plumbing board created in section 13 of former 2002 PA 733, the board of mechanical rules created in section 3 of former 1984 PA 192, the electrical administrative board created in section 2 of former 1956 PA 217, and the barrier free design board created in section 5 of 1966 PA 1, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Branch: means , except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, a branch bank, branch office, branch agency, additional office, or a branch place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or money lent. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Building: means a combination of materials, whether portable or fixed, forming a structure affording a facility or shelter for use or occupancy by individuals, animals, or property. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Building official: means an individual who is employed by a governmental subdivision and is charged with the administration and enforcement of the code and who is registered in compliance with article 10 of the skilled trades regulation act, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Cable service: means 1-way transmission to subscribers of video programming or other programming services and subscriber interaction for the selection of video programming or other programming services. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • capital stock: means the stated par value of issued and outstanding unimpaired common stock and the stated par value of issued and outstanding unimpaired preferred stock. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Carbon dioxide emissions benefits: means that the carbon dioxide emissions per megawatt hour of electricity generated by the advanced cleaner energy system are at least 85% less or, for an integrated gasification combined cycle facility or an integrated pyrolysis combined cycle facility, 70% less than the average carbon dioxide emissions per megawatt hour of electricity generated from all coal-fired electric generating facilities operating in this state on January 1, 2008. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • case: means a proceeding as defined in section 3 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • center: means a building described in section 3. See Michigan Laws 125.1572
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chief elected official: means the chairperson of the county board of commissioners, the city mayor, the village president, or the township supervisor. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Chief executive officer: means the chief administrative officer of a regional authority. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Chief information officer: means the individual within the department designated by the governor as the chief information officer for this state. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Client: means a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization that has requested and is using the rapid response assistance of the Michigan cyber civilian corps under the direction of the department. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Code: means the state construction code provided for in section 4 or a part of that code of limited application and includes a modification of or amendment to the code. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Cogeneration facility: means a facility that produces both electricity and useful thermal energy, such as heat or steam, in a way that is more efficient than the separate production of those forms of energy. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commission: means the state construction code commission created by section 3a. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Commission: means the Michigan public service commission. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Commission: means the Michigan aeronautics commission. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Commission: means the Michigan public service commission. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • consolidation: include , respectively, consolidate or merge, consolidated or merged, consolidating or merging, and consolidation or merger. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Construction: means the construction, erection, reconstruction, alteration, conversion, demolition, repair, moving, or equipping of buildings or structures. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • contract: means a written agreement between a contractor and a public agency for the construction, alteration, demolition, or repair of a facility, other than a contract having a dollar value of less than $30,000. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract documents: means the construction contract; instructions to bidders; proposal; conditions of the contract; performance bond; labor and material bond; drawings; specifications; all addenda issued before execution of the construction contract and all modifications issued subsequently. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Contractor: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or joint venture, that is a party to a construction contract with a public agency. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Contractor: means a person who contracts with a governmental entity to improve real property or perform or manage construction services. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Customer meter: means an electric meter of a provider's retail customer. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
  • Cybersecurity incident: means an event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident on any of these. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data management system: means a mechanism which relies on a computer to manipulate, store, and retrieve information collected and updated during a resource inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Dealer: means a person engaged in the business of purchasing, selling, brokering, exchanging, or dealing in aircraft parts or in aircraft of a type required to be registered. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Department: means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 125.1572
  • department: means the department of insurance and financial services. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Department: means the state transportation department. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Department: means the state transportation department, bureau of aeronautics. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Depository institution: means a bank, out-of-state bank, national bank, foreign bank branch, association, savings bank, or credit union organized under the laws of this state, another state, the District of Columbia, the United States, or a territory or protectorate of the United States. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Derivative transaction: means any transaction that is a contract, agreement, swap, warrant, note, or option that is based, in whole or in part, on the value of, any interest in, or any quantitative measure or the occurrence of any event relating to, 1 or more commodities, securities, currencies, interest or other rates, indices, or other assets. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the director of the department or an authorized representative of the director. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Director: means the deputy director of the department, bureau of aeronautics who is the director of the Michigan aeronautics commission. See Michigan Laws 259.3
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Educational institution: means a local school district, an intermediate school district, or a college, university, community college, or junior college within this state. See Michigan Laws 125.1572
  • Educational institution: means a public educational institution or a private non-profit educational institution approved by the department of education to provide a program of primary, secondary, or higher education, a public library, or a nonprofit association or consortium whose primary purpose is education. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Elderly: means a single person who is 55 years of age or older or a household in which at least 1 member is 55 years of age or older and all other members are 50 years of age or older. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • Electric provider: means any of the following:

    (i) Any person or entity that is regulated by the commission for the purpose of selling electricity to retail customers in this state. See Michigan Laws 460.1005

  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • End user: means the retail subscriber of a telecommunication service. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Energy conservation: means the efficient use of energy by providing building envelopes with high thermal resistance and low air leakage, and the selection of energy efficient mechanical, electrical service, and illumination systems, equipment, devices, or apparatus. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Energy conservation: means the reduction of customer energy use through the installation of measures or changes in energy usage behavior. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Energy efficiency: means a decrease in customer consumption of electricity or natural gas achieved through measures or programs that target customer behavior, equipment, devices, or materials without reducing the quality of energy services. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Energy waste reduction credit: means a credit certified pursuant to section 87 that represents achieved energy waste reduction. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Energy waste reduction plan: means a plan under section 71. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Energy waste reduction standard: means the minimum energy savings required to be achieved under section 77 or 78(1), as applicable. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
  • Enforcing agency: means the governmental agency that, in accordance with section 8a or 8b, is responsible for administration and enforcement of the code within a governmental subdivision. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equipment: means plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilating, air conditioning, and refrigerating equipment. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exchange: means 1 or more contiguous central offices and all associated facilities within a geographical area in which basic local exchange service is offered by a provider. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • FAA: means the federal aviation administration of the United States department of transportation, or any successor agency. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • FAA: means the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States Department of Transportation, or any successor agency. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Facility: means a building, utility, road, street, boulevard, parkway, bridge, ditch, drain, levee, dike, sewer, park, playground, or other structure or work that is paid for with public funds or a special assessment. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Federal deposit insurance act: means the federal deposit insurance act, 12 USC 1811 to 1835a. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Federal home loan bank act: means the federal home loan bank act, 12 USC 1421 to 1449. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Federal reserve act: means the federal reserve act, 12 USC 221 to 522. See Michigan Laws 487.11201
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial institution: means an organization that is licensed, chartered, or regulated by the department under the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Fiscal year: means that annual period that is the fiscal year of the local government that owns the airport over which an authority has assumed operational jurisdiction or, if the local government is not required to include the authority in the financial statements of the local government, that annual period established by the board. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Fiscal year: means the annual period that is the fiscal year of the local government or another annual period established by the board. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flight instructor: means any person who possesses a valid flight instructor certificate or other airman certificate issued by the federal aviation administration authorizing that individual to instruct in aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.4
  • Flight school: means any person providing or offering to provide flight training leading to pilot or flight instructor certification, for hire or compensation, and engaged in any of the following:

    (i) Advertising or calling oneself a flight school or anything equivalent to a flight school. See Michigan Laws 259.4

  • Flying club: means any group of persons owning, leasing, or operating 1 or more aircraft, not for profit or reward, and using the aircraft for the purpose of providing its members with an aircraft for their personal use and enjoyment. See Michigan Laws 259.4
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign bank: means an entity that is organized and recognized as a bank under the laws of a foreign country that lawfully engages in the business of banking and is not directly or indirectly owned or controlled by United States citizens or by a corporation organized under the laws of the United States. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Foreign bank agency: means an office or place of business of a foreign bank, established under this act, the international banking act of 1978, or the laws of another state, that does not exercise trust powers and at which deposits of citizens or residents of the United States are not accepted. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Foreign bank branch: means a place of business of a foreign bank, located in any state, the District of Columbia, or a territory, or protectorate of the United States, that is not a foreign bank agency, bank, or out-of-state bank, at which deposits are received and that is established and operating as a branch of a foreign bank under this act, the international banking act of 1978, or the laws of another state. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Foreign country: means a country other than the United States and includes a colony, dependency, or possession of a country other than the United States. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fuel: means any gasoline, distillate, benzine, naphtha, benzol, or other volatile and inflammable liquid produced, compounded, and used for propelling aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.4
  • Gasification facility: means a facility located in this state that, using a thermochemical process that does not involve direct combustion, produces synthesis gas, composed of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, from carbon-based feedstocks (such as coal, petroleum coke, wood, biomass, hazardous waste, medical waste, industrial waste, and solid waste, including, but not limited to, municipal solid waste, electronic waste, and waste described in section 11514 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 460.1007
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Governmental entity: means the state, a county, city, township, village, public educational institution, or any political subdivision thereof. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • Governmental subdivision: means a county, city, village, or township that, in accordance with section 8a or 8b, has assumed responsibility for administration and enforcement of this act and the code within its jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hazardous locations: means those installations, to be glazed or reglazed in commercial and public buildings or structures, known as framed or unframed glass entrance doors; and those installations, to be glazed or reglazed in residential buildings and other structures used as dwellings, commercial buildings and public buildings, known as sliding glass doors, storm doors, shower doors, bathtub enclosures and fixed glazed panels of over 300 square inches in area adjacent to entrance and exit doors and interior doorways which because of their location present a barrier in the normal path traveled by persons going into, through or out of these buildings or because of their size and design may be mistaken as means of ingress, passage or egress; and any other installation, glazed or to be glazed of over 300 square inches in area, wherein a person knows or should have known that the use of other than safety glazing materials would constitute an unreasonable hazard whether or not the glazing in such doors, panels, enclosures and other installations is transparent. See Michigan Laws 125.1381
  • Historic aircraft: means an aircraft that is over 30 years old and that is owned solely as a collector's item or for participation in club activities, exhibitions, tours, parades, or similar uses, but that is not used for general transportation. See Michigan Laws 259.5
  • Housing development: means a development that contains a significant element of housing for persons of low or moderate income and elements of other housing and commercial, recreational, industrial, communal, and educational facilities that the authority determines improve the quality of the development as it relates to housing for persons of low or moderate income. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • Improve: means to build, alter, repair, or demolish an improvement upon, connected with, or beneath the surface of any real property, to excavate, clear, grade, fill, or landscape any real property, to construct driveways and roadways, or to perform labor upon improvements. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • Improvement: includes , but is not limited to, all or any part of any building, structure, erection, alteration, demolition, excavation, clearing, grading, filling, landscaping, trees, shrubbery, driveways, and roadways on real property. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incremental costs of compliance: means the net revenue required by an electric provider to comply with the renewable energy standard, calculated as provided under section 47. See Michigan Laws 460.1007
  • Indian reservation: means an Indian community which has land held in trust for the Indian community by the federal or state government, or a local unit of government, or which owns the land in its own name. See Michigan Laws 125.1551
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Institution: means a bank, state agency, or state foreign bank branch operating or organized or reorganized under this act or operating or organized under any law of this state enacted before August 20, 1969. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Interconnection: means the technical arrangements and other elements necessary to permit the connection between the switched networks of 2 or more providers to enable a telecommunication service originating on the network of 1 provider to terminate on the network of another provider. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Inventory: means the land resource and current use inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract, or commodity account. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Investment security: means a marketable obligation in the form of a bond, note, or debenture, commonly regarded as an investment security and that is salable under ordinary circumstances with reasonable promptness at a fair value. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Landing area: means an area of an airport, landing field, or other aeronautical facility used or intended for use in landing, taking off, or taxiing of aircraft, excluding area and facilities for shelter, servicing, or repair of aircraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo. See Michigan Laws 259.6
  • Landing field: means any location, either on land or water, that is used for the landing or take-off of aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.6
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative body: means the elected body of a local government having legislative powers. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Legislative body: means the elected body of a local government that has legislative powers. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a license issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Load management: means measures or programs that target equipment or behavior to result in decreased peak electricity demand such as by shifting demand from a peak to an off-peak period. See Michigan Laws 460.1007
  • loan or extension of credit: includes all direct or indirect advances of funds to a person made on the basis of any obligation of that person to repay the funds or repayable from specific property pledged by or on behalf of the person, and any credit exposure arising from a derivative transaction. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Loan production office: means an office of a depository institution or institutions at which activities related to the lending of money are conducted, deposits are not received, and checks are not paid, and which office is not the principal office, a branch, or an agency of an affiliated depository financial institution. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Local calling area: means a geographic area encompassing 1 or more local communities as described in maps, tariffs, or rate schedules filed with and approved by the commission. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Local chief executive officer: means the mayor or manager of a city or village, the township supervisor of a township, or the county executive of a county or, if a county does not have a county executive, the chairperson of the county board of commissioners. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Local directory assistance: means the provision by telephone of a listed telephone number within the caller's area code. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Local exchange rate: means the monthly and usage rate, including all necessary and attendant charges, imposed for basic local exchange service to customers. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • local exchange service: means the provision of an access line and usage within a local calling area for the transmission of high-quality 2-way interactive switched voice or data communication. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Local government: means a county, city, township, or village that owns or operates an airport. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Local government: means a county, city, township, or village that creates the regional authority. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Local governmental unit: means a county, township, city, or village within this state. See Michigan Laws 125.1572
  • Loop: means the transmission facility between the network interface on a subscriber's premises and the main distribution frame in the servicing central office. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, component parts, appliances, or accessories. See Michigan Laws 259.6
  • Member: means a person with an ownership interest under the Michigan limited liability company act, 1993 PA 23, MCL 450. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Messenger service: means a service such as a courier service or an armored car service that picks up from or delivers to customers of 1 or more depository institutions, or 1 or more affiliates of a depository institution, cash, currency, checks, drafts, securities, or other items relating to transactions between or involving a depository institution or affiliate of a depository institution and those customers, or that transfers cash, currency, checks, drafts, securities, or other items or documents between depository institutions or affiliates of depository institutions. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps: means the program established by this act under which civilian volunteers who have expertise in addressing cybersecurity incidents may volunteer at the invitation of the department to provide rapid response assistance to a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization in need of expert assistance during a cybersecurity incident. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer: means an individual who has entered into a volunteer agreement with the department to serve as a volunteer in the Michigan cyber civilian corps. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military establishment: means the organized militia of this state, including the employees and equipment assigned or necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mobile home: means a structure, transportable in 1 or more sections, that is built on a chassis and is designed to be used as a dwelling with or without permanent foundation, when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • Mobile home: means a vehicular, portable structure that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Is built on a chassis pursuant to the national manufactured housing construction and safety standards act of 1974, 42 USC 5401 to 5426. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a

  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • National bank: means a national banking association chartered by the federal government under the national bank act. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • National bank act: means the national bank act, 12 USC 21 to 216d. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Natural gas provider: means an investor-owned business engaged in the sale and distribution at retail of natural gas within this state whose rates are regulated by the commission. See Michigan Laws 460.1009
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligor: means a person that, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, owes payment or other performance of the obligation, has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Operator service: means a telecommunication service that includes automatic or live assistance to a person to arrange for completion and billing of a telephone call originating within this state that is specified by the caller through a method other than 1 of the following:

    (i) Automatic completion with billing to the telephone from which the call originated. See Michigan Laws 484.2102

  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Other laws and ordinances: means other laws and ordinances whether enacted by this state or by a county, city, village, or township and the rules issued under those laws and ordinances. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Out-of-state bank: means a banking corporation that is organized under the laws of another state, the District of Columbia, or a territory or a protectorate of the United States whose principal office is located in a state other than this state, in the District of Columbia, or in a territory or a protectorate of the United States, and whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the owner of the freehold of the premises or lesser estate in the premises, a mortgagee or vendee in possession, an assignee of rents, receiver, executor, trustee, or lessee, or any other person, sole proprietorship, partnership, association, or corporation directly or indirectly in control of a building, structure, or real property or his or her duly authorized agent. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payphone service: means a telephone call provided from a public, semipublic, or individually owned and operated telephone that is available to the public and is accessed by the depositing of coin or currency or by other means of payment at the time the call is made. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, governmental entity, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, governmental entity, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, governmental entity, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 487.11202
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • plan: means a plan approved under section 22 or former section 21 or 23 or found to comply with this act under former section 25, with any amendments adopted under this act. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, or township of this state, and any other political subdivision, public corporation, authority, or district in this state that is or may be authorized by law to acquire, establish, construct, maintain, improve, and operate airports, landing fields, and other aeronautical facilities. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Premanufactured unit: means an assembly of materials or products intended to comprise all or part of a building or structure, and that is assembled at other than the final location of the unit of the building or structure by a repetitive process under circumstances intended to ensure uniformity of quality and material content. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeds: means , except as used in section 9609(2), 1 or more of the following property:

    (i) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Progress payment: means a payment by a public agency to a contractor for work in place under the terms of a construction contract. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: means a person that for compensation provides 1 or more telecommunication services. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Provider: means an electric provider or a natural gas provider. See Michigan Laws 460.1009
  • Public agency: means this state, or a county, city, township, village, assessment district, or other political subdivision, corporation, commission, agency, or authority created by law. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public use facility: means an airport, landing field, or other aeronautical facility that is available for use by the general public without prior approval of the owner or operator. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • PURPA: means the public utility regulatory policies act of 1978, Public Law 95-617. See Michigan Laws 460.1009
  • Qualified airport: means an airport, other than a military airport, that has 10,000,000 or more enplanements in any 12-month period. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: means the real estate that is improved, including, but not limited to, lands, leaseholds, tenements, hereditaments, and improvements placed on the real property. See Michigan Laws 125.1591
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional authority: means a regional airport authority created under section 139 and governed by a board. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • Rehabilitation: means all or part of those repairs and improvements necessary to make residential real property safe, sanitary, or adequate. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Renewable energy: means electricity or steam generated using a renewable energy system. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy credit: means a credit granted under a certification and tracking program established under section 41, which represents generated renewable energy. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy credit standard: means a minimum renewable energy credit portfolio required under section 28 or former section 27. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy resource: means a resource that naturally replenishes over a human, not a geological, time frame and that is ultimately derived from solar power, water power, or wind power. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy standard: means the minimum renewable energy capacity portfolio, if applicable, and the renewable energy credit portfolio required to be achieved under section 28 or former section 27. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Renewable energy system: means a facility, electricity generation system, or set of electricity generation systems that use 1 or more renewable energy resources to generate electricity or steam. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Reservation governor: means the chairperson or president of the elected governing council of an Indian reservation. See Michigan Laws 125.1551
  • Residential real property: means real property located in this state, used for residential purposes, and improved or to be improved by a residential structure. See Michigan Laws 125.1411
  • retained funds: means the amount withheld from a progress payment to a contractor pursuant to section 3. See Michigan Laws 125.1561
  • Revenue recovery mechanism: means the mechanism for recovery of incremental costs of compliance provided for under section 22. See Michigan Laws 460.1011
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 259.7
  • Safety glazing material: means any glazing material, such as tempered glass, laminated glass, wire glass or rigid plastic, which meets the test requirements of ANSI Standard Z-97. See Michigan Laws 125.1381
  • Savings bank: means a savings bank that is organized under the savings bank act, 1996 PA 354, MCL 487. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Seaplane: means an aircraft that is capable of landing and taking off on the water. See Michigan Laws 259.8
  • Seaplane base: means an area of water used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, together with appurtenant shoreside buildings and facilities. See Michigan Laws 259.8
  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Service entity: means a corporation, mutual company, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or limited partnership in which a bank has invested under section 4310(1). See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service provider: means a person that provides any of the following to an institution:

    (i) Data processing services. See Michigan Laws 487.11203

  • services: includes regulated and unregulated services offered to customers for the transmission of 2-way interactive communication and associated usage. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shareholder: means the registered owner of any share or shares of capital stock of an institution. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Site: means a contiguous site, regardless of the number of meters at that site. See Michigan Laws 460.1013
  • Soil scientist: means a person who meets the qualification standards of the GS-470 soil scientist series established by the United States civil service commission. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Soil survey: means the identification and description of kinds of soil, the plotting of boundaries on aerial photographs between kinds of soils, and the description and evaluation of their importance and response under various uses and management practices. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Sponsor: means the public agency authorized by subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49 of the United States Code, 49 U. See Michigan Laws 259.109
  • Sponsor: means a public agency authorized by 49 USC 47101 to 47134 to submit requests for, accept, and be responsible for performing all of the assurances associated with accepting grant agreements with respect to airports from the FAA or this state, and to perform some duties and responsibilities previously assumed by the local government that owns or operates the airport before the transfer of operational jurisdiction of the airport to an authority created under this chapter by virtue of the local government's acceptance before the approval date of grants for the benefit of the airport from the FAA or another agency of the United States or this state. See Michigan Laws 259.138
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State agency: means a foreign bank agency that is established and operating under this act. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • State institution of higher education: means an institution of higher education described in sections 4, 5, and 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Structure: means that which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or a piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner. See Michigan Laws 125.1502a
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsidiary: means a corporation, mutual company, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or limited partnership, the controlling interests of which are more than 50% owned by 1 or more depository institutions, and in which a bank has an ownership interest, membership interest, or other legally enforceable interest that is the indicia of ownership. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supporting obligation: means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Surplus: means the amount paid for issued and outstanding common and preferred stock of a bank in excess of the stated par value, plus any amount of transferred undivided profits and any additional amounts paid in or contributed to increase total capital. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Technical assistance: means the aid that the department shall provide to municipalities, counties, and other interested groups and individuals, on the use of the land resource and current use inventory and related information for planning and resource management decisions. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Toll service: means the transmission of 2-way interactive switched communication between local calling areas. See Michigan Laws 484.2102
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total capital: means an amount equal to any capital, plus any surplus, undivided profits, and instruments of indebtedness authorized under section 3801. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Total service long run incremental cost: means , given current service demand, including associated costs of every component necessary to provide the service, 1 of the following:

    (i) The total forward-looking cost of a telecommunication service, relevant group of services, or basic network component, using current least cost technology that would be required if the provider had never offered the service. See Michigan Laws 484.2102

  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust office: means an office of a bank at which trust services are performed and at which deposits are not accepted, checks are not paid, and money is not lent. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Ultralight: means an aircraft meeting requirements of 14 C. See Michigan Laws 259.9
  • Uniform commercial code: means the uniform commercial code, 1962 PA 174, MCL 440. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Utility system resource cost test: means a standard that is met for an investment in energy waste reduction if, on a life cycle basis, the total avoided supply-side costs to the provider, including representative values for electricity or natural gas supply, transmission, distribution, and other associated costs, are greater than the total costs to the provider of administering and delivering the energy waste reduction program, including net costs for any provider incentives paid by customers and capitalized costs recovered under section 89. See Michigan Laws 460.1013
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means any device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported, except an aircraft. See Michigan Laws 259.9
  • Venture capital: means equity financing that is provided for starting up or expanding a company, or related purposes such as financing for seed capital, research and development, introduction of a product or process into the marketplace, or similar needs requiring risk capital. See Michigan Laws 487.11203
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Volunteer agreement: means the contract entered into between the department and a Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer under section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201