Part 721 Michigan Trailways
Part 723 Trails

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 324 > Act 451 of 1994 > Article III > Chapter 4 > Subchapter 1 > TRAILWAYS

  • Abandoned scrap tires: means an accumulation of scrap tires on property where the property owner is not responsible in whole or in part for the accumulation of the scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Accessible and available market: means that opportunities exist to sell wastepaper products that are collected pursuant to this part at rates and at locations that make it fiscally reasonable to collect that paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory council: means the Michigan trails advisory council created in section 72110. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Automotive recycler: means that term as defined in section 2a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Bond: means a performance bond from a surety company authorized to transact business in this state, a certificate of deposit, a cash bond, or an irrevocable letter of credit, in favor of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Bonds: means private activity bonds subject to the unified volume limitation and any other bonds, notes, and evidences of indebtedness, including certain lease and installment purchase obligations, that would be treated by the internal revenue service as private activity bonds unless issued with an allocation from the unified volume limitation. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Collection site: means , subject to subdivision (e), a site consisting of a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property where any of the following are accumulated:

    (i) 500 or more scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Commodity: means crumb rubber, tire chips, a ring or slab cut from a tire for use as a weight, or a product die-cut or punched from a tire, or any other product that, as determined by the department based on the product's production cost and value, is not likely to result in an accumulation, at the site of production or use, that poses a threat to public health or the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Commodity storage area: means 1 or more locations within a collection site where a commodity is stored. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Community cleanup site: means a site owned by a local unit of government or nonprofit organization that has received a scrap tire cleanup grant under section 16908(2)(c) and uses this site for the purpose of collecting scrap tires from residents as part of a community cleanup day or resident drop off. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Connecting waterway: means the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Council: means a trail management council established pursuant to section 72106. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Crumb rubber: means rubber material derived from tires that is less than 1/8 inch by 1/8 inch in size and is free of steel and fiber. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • disability: means 1 or more of the following:
  (i) A determinable physical or mental characteristic of an individual, which may result from disease, injury, congenital condition of birth, or functional disorder, if the characteristic:
  (A) For purposes of article 2, substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's ability to perform the duties of a particular job or position or substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's qualifications for employment or promotion. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • educational institution: means a public or private institution or a separate school or department of a public or private institution, includes an academy, college, elementary or secondary school, extension course, kindergarten, nursery, school system, school district, or university, and a business, nursing, professional, secretarial, technical, or vocational school, and includes an agent of an educational institution. See Michigan Laws 37.1401
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • End-user: means any of the following:

    (i) A person who possesses a permit to burn tires under part 55. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Environmental area: means an area of the shoreland determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be necessary for the preservation and maintenance of fish and wildlife. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Equine access locations: means open access roads, management roads, forestry access roads, 2-track and single-track trails that are not wildlife paths, staging areas for pack and saddle animals to be dropped off or picked up, and associated wilderness campsites. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Farm: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Farm operation: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Feed storage location: means a location on a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property containing a farm operation where not more than 3,000 scrap tires are used to secure stored feed. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Flood risk area: means the area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to flooding from effects of levels of the Great Lakes and is not limited to 1,000 feet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Forest road: means that term as defined in section 81101. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Fund: means the Pure Michigan Trails fund created in section 72109. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Fund: means the scrap tire regulatory fund created in section 16908. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Governmental agency: means the federal government, a county, city, village, or township, or a combination of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • High-risk area: means an area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to erosion. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Issuer: means a municipal issuer or a state issuer. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • land to be zoned: means the land in this state that borders or is adjacent to a Great Lake or a connecting waterway and that except for flood risk areas is situated within 1,000 feet landward from the ordinary high-water mark as defined in section 32501, land bordering or adjacent to waters affected by levels of the Great Lakes landward of the ordinary high-water mark as defined by section 30101(f), and land between the ordinary high-water mark and the water's edge. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Landfill: means a landfill as defined in section 11504 that is licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • lands: as used in this part refers to the aforesaid described unpatented lake bottomlands and unpatented made lands and patented lands in the Great Lakes and the bays and harbors of the Great Lakes lying below and lakeward of the natural ordinary high-water mark, but this part does not affect property rights secured by virtue of a swamp land grant or rights acquired by accretions occurring through natural means or reliction. See Michigan Laws 324.32502
  • Law enforcement officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motor oil: means oil used as a lubricant in a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Municipal issuer: means a city, village, township, county, school district, or community college district, or an agency, instrumentality, authority, or district created by 1 or more of the foregoing that is authorized by law to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oil: means petroleum based oil. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • outdoors: means in a place other than a building or covered vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Pack and saddle trails: means trails and equine access locations that may be used by pack and saddle animals. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Portable shredding operation: means a person who operates scrap tire shredding equipment that produces a commodity or tire shreds and that can be moved from site to site. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private activity bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued as private activity bonds as authorized by law and as defined in section 141 of the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Pure Michigan Trail: means a trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Trail Town: means a "Pure Michigan Trail Town" designated under section 72104. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Water Trail: means a water trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Water Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • qualified elector: as used in this act , means a person who possesses the qualifications of an elector as prescribed in section 1 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 and who has resided in the city or township 30 days. See Michigan Laws 168.10
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Racecourse: means a commercially operated track for go-carts, off-road recreational vehicles, motorcycles, or other vehicles that uses scrap tires as bumpers along the track for safety purposes and that meets 1 or more of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses not more than 3,000 scrap tires for bumpers. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Rail-trail: means a former railroad bed that is in public ownership and used as a trail. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Recycle: means to prepare used oil for reuse as a petroleum product by refining, rerefining, reclaiming, reprocessing, or other means to utilize used oil in a manner that substitutes for a petroleum product made from new oil, if the preparation or use is operationally safe, environmentally sound, and complies with the law, rules, and regulations of this state and the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Recycled paper: means a paper product that contains not less than 50% wastepaper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11
  • Retailer: means a person who sells or offers for sale new, retreaded, or remanufactured tires to consumers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Retreader: means a person who retreads, recases, or recaps tire casings for reuse. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire: means a tire that is no longer being used for its original intended purpose including, but not limited to, a used tire, a reusable tire casing, or portions of a tire. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire hauler: means a person who transports more than 10 scrap tires at once in a vehicle on a public road or street. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire processor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who is authorized by this part to accumulate scrap tires and is engaged in the business of buying or otherwise acquiring scrap tires and reducing their volume by shredding or otherwise facilitating recycling or resource recovery techniques for scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • seal: means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Shoreland: means the land, water, and land beneath the water that is in close proximity to the shoreline of a Great Lake or a connecting waterway. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Shoreline: means that area of the shorelands where land and water meet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Solid waste hauler: means a solid waste hauler as defined in section 11506 who transports less than 25% by weight or volume of scrap tires along with other solid waste in any truckload to a disposal area licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • State issuer: means the state of Michigan, an agency, authority, or other instrumentality created by the laws of this state, the governing body of which is composed of members elected by the people or appointed in whole or in part by a state officer, or a state college or university listed or described in section 4 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963, which entity is authorized to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Statewide trail network: means the statewide trail network established in section 72114. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Storage requirements: means the requirements of section 16903(1) and, if applicable, (2). See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tire: means a continuous solid or pneumatic rubber covering encircling the wheel of a tractor or other farm machinery or of a vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Tire storage area: means a location within a collection site where tires are accumulated. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot, horseback, motorized, or other nonmotorized travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot or horseback travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72301
  • Treasurer: means the state treasurer or a deputy or employee of the department of treasury that the state treasurer authorizes to act under this act. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unified volume limitation: means the ceiling for this state on the aggregate amount of bonds that may be issued by all issuers in the state as prescribed by section 146 of the internal revenue code for a particular year. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Used oil: means oil which through use, storage, or handling has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Vehicle: means a device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Vehicle support stand: means equipment used to support a stationary vehicle consisting of an inflated tire and wheel that is attached to another wheel. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9
  • Wastepaper: means any discarded paper or corrugated paper board that is generated after the completion of the paper manufacturing process, and includes, but is not limited to, trimmings, printed paper, cutting and converting paper, newsprint, telephone books, catalogs, or other mixed postconsumer paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Water trail: means a designated route on a body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.72101