Part I Preliminary Provisions
Part II Nature of a Partnership
Part III Relations of Partners to Persons Dealing With the Partnership
Part IV Relations of Partners to One Another
Part V Property Rights of a Partner
Part VI Dissolution and Winding Up

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 449 > Act 72 of 1917

  • Administrator: means a third party other than the warrantor who is designated by the warrantor to be responsible for the administration of vehicle protection product warranties in this state. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Administrator: means the secretary of state or any individual designated by the secretary of state to act in his or her place. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Advertise: means to advise, announce, apprise, command, give notice of, inform, make known, or publish any material that calls to the attention of the public the availability of parts and services. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Approved educational institution: means a school, academy, or other similar establishment approved by the administrator under section 13a to provide training to mechanics or mechanical trainees under this act. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Automobile or light truck: means a motor vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • BAIID: means that term as defined in section 20d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • BAIID mechanic: means a specialty mechanic who holds a certification from the department under section 10 to perform BAIID service. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • BAIID service: means the installation, removal, repair, or other servicing of breath alcohol ignition interlock devices. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: means a written or oral agreement, or a similar understanding or arrangement, in which a person agrees that another person will perform work, labor, diagnosis, repair, reconditioning, replacement, adjustment, or alteration, directly or indirectly, on a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Customer: means the owner or operator of a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Department: means the department of labor and economic growth. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Department: means the department of state. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Dower: A widow
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Estimate: means a written statement that itemizes as closely as possible the price for labor, by showing the labor price per hour, the number of hours required to perform the work, and the price of parts necessary for a specific repair. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • felony: when used in this act, shall be construed to mean an offense for which the offender, on conviction may be punished by death, or by imprisonment in state prison. See Michigan Laws 750.7
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the motor vehicle accident claims fund. See Michigan Laws 257.1102
  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Heavy-duty truck: means a motor vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds or more and includes both single-unit and combination tractor trailer or tractor semitrailer vehicles. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incidental costs: means expenses specified in a warranty incurred by a warranty holder and related to the failure of a vehicle protection product to perform as provided in the warranty. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Late model vehicle: means that term as defined in section 24b of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a security interest in or other encumbrance on a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Major component part: means any of the following parts of a motor vehicle:
  (i) The engine. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Master mechanic: means any of the following:
  •   (i) A motor vehicle mechanic or specialty mechanic who is certified by the department under this act in all of the specific repair or service categories applicable to automobiles or light trucks described in section 10(5). See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Material fact: means a fact that is used by a person as a premise on which a conclusion is based. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Mechanic trainee: means an individual who desires to become a motor vehicle mechanic, a specialty mechanic, or a master mechanic and receives a permit from the administrator under this act. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Minor repair services: means lubrication; oil changes; installing, changing, or otherwise servicing the antifreeze or other coolant; body repairing, except for unitized body structural repair; or the replacement, adjustment, repair, or servicing of any of the following parts and assemblies:
  •   (i) Air cleaner element. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled, a vehicle that is propelled by electric power, a motorcycle, or a trailer as those terms are defined in the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Motor vehicle mechanic: means a technician or other individual who, for compensation, repairs motor vehicles, including the reconditioning, replacement, adjustment, or alteration of the operating condition, of any component or subassembly of a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • motor vehicle repair facility: means a place of business that is required to register under this act and that, for compensation, is engaged in the business of performing, or employs individuals who perform, maintenance, diagnosis, vehicle body work, or repair service, or, beginning July 1, 2016, BAIID service, on a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 257.1302
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes natural persons, firms, copartnerships, associations, and corporations, except this state or an agency or political subdivision of this state. See Michigan Laws 257.1102
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreational trailer: means a travel trailer, camper trailer, or other special purpose or utility trailer or semitrailer designed or intended to be drawn on the highway by an automobile or light truck that has a gross towing vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Repair: means the reconditioning, adjustment, alteration, maintenance, or diagnosis of the operating condition of a motor vehicle, with or without the replacement of any component or subassembly of a motor vehicle, for compensation or under the terms of a warranty. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Repair category: means a category of motor vehicle repair work, listed in section 10b, that certification under this act is required to perform. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Representation: means a statement made by a facility to a customer in regard to some past, present, or future fact, circumstance, or set of facts pertinent to a contract. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Secretary: means the secretary of state acting as director of the fund. See Michigan Laws 257.1102
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Specialty mechanic: means a motor vehicle mechanic who is certified by the department for a specific repair or service category or categories described in section 10(1). See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Vehicle body work: means the business or activity of repairing physical damage to a motor vehicle by repairing, mending, straightening, or replacing a major component part, except for the engine or transmission. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Vehicle protection product: means a vehicle protection device, system, or service that is installed on or applied to a vehicle and is designed to prevent loss or damage to a vehicle from a specific cause. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Warranted product: means a vehicle protection product covered by a written warranty. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • warrantor: means a person that is contractually obligated to a warranty holder under the terms of a vehicle protection product warranty agreement. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • warranty: means a written agreement by a warrantor that provides if a warranted product fails to prevent loss or damage to a vehicle from a specific cause covered by the warranty, the warrantor shall pay the warranty holder specified incidental costs that result from the failure of the warranted product to perform. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Warranty: means a guarantee given by a motor vehicle repair facility, in writing or by implication, of the merchantability, of the integrity of the subject of a contract, or of the responsibility of the person that makes the warranty for the replacement or repair of defective parts or services, or both, assuring performance, product, or conditions as promised or declared by the person that makes the warranty. See Michigan Laws 257.1302a
  • Warranty holder: means a person who purchases a warranted product or who is a permitted transferee. See Michigan Laws 257.1243
  • Warranty reimbursement insurance policy: means a policy of insurance that is issued to a vehicle protection product warrantor to provide reimbursement to the warrantor or to pay on behalf of the warrantor all covered contractual obligations incurred by the warrantor under the terms and conditions of an insured vehicle protection product warranty sold by a warrantor. See Michigan Laws 257.1243