Part 1 Intestate Succession
Part 2 Elective Share of Surviving Spouse
Part 3 Spouse or Child Not Provided for in the Will
Part 4 Exempt Property and Allowances
Part 5 Wills, Will Contracts, and Custody and Deposit of Wills
Part 6 Rules of Construction Applicable Only to Wills
Part 7 Rules of Construction Applicable to Donative Dispositions in Wills and Other Governing Instruments
Part 8 General Provisions Concerning Probate and Nonprobate Transfers
Part 9 Disclaimers
Part 10 International Wills

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 700 > Act 386 of 1998 > Article II

  • Added fat: means the addition of fat tissue originating from portions consisting of less than 12% muscle tissue in each portion. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Added water: means greater moisture content than normally found in meat and, except for poultry, is determined by total moisture minus 4 times the percentage of protein. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adulterated: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) It bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to health unless the substance is not an added substance and the quantity of that substance in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health. See Michigan Laws 289.1105

  • Advertisement: means a representation disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of food. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means this state, a state authority, agency, fund, commission, board, or department of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Agent: means an agent or attorney in fact acting under a written power of attorney and within the scope of his, her, or its authority. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Agent: includes , but is not limited to, an attorney-in-fact under a durable or nondurable power of attorney and an individual authorized to make decisions as a patient advocate concerning another's health care. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Alternative devise: means a devise that is expressly created by the will and, under the terms of the will, can take effect instead of another devise on the happening of 1 or more events, including survival of the testator or failure to survive the testator, whether an event is expressed in condition-precedent, condition-subsequent, or another form. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Application: means a written request to the probate register for an order of informal probate or informal appointment under part 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Artificial flavoring: means any flavoring containing any sapid or aromatic constituent manufactured by synthesis or similar process. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Authorized individual: means an individual who by section 2959 or by the laws of the United States, including members of the diplomatic and consular service of the United States designated by foreign service regulations, is empowered to supervise the execution of international wills. See Michigan Laws 700.2951
  • Beneficiary: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) In relation to a trust, a person that is a trust beneficiary as defined in section 7103. See Michigan Laws 700.1103

  • Beneficiary designation: means the naming in a governing instrument of a beneficiary of an insurance or annuity policy, of an account with POD designation, of a security registered in beneficiary form (TOD), of a pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan, or of another nonprobate transfer at death. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Binders: means food and nonfood substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats for binding, stabilizing, thickening, or maintaining viscosity of the product. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Budget: means a plan of financial operation for a given period of time, including an estimate of all proposed expenditures from the funds of a local unit and the proposed means of financing the expenditures. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • By-products or variety meats: means hearts, livers, brains, tongues, tripe, stomach, lungs, melts, eyes, weasand meats, head meat, cheek meat, salivary glands, udder, lips, ears, snouts, skin, feet, spleens, slaughterhouse by-products, spinal cords, cracklings or crackling meal, packinghouse by-products, food processor by-products, partially defatted fatty tissues, and partially defatted chopped meat. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Candling: means the examination, in a partially darkened room or place, of the interior of an egg by twirling the egg before a bright light passing through an aperture in an opaque shield or by another approved method. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Certified health department: means a county, district, or city health department that meets the criteria for certification of health departments established by this act and that is authorized by the director to enforce this act for retail groceries, food processors, or fair concessions. See Michigan Laws 289.3103
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Child: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take as a child under this act by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Claim: includes , but is not limited to, in respect to a decedent's or protected individual's estate, a liability of the decedent or protected individual, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and a liability of the estate that arises at or after the decedent's death or after a conservator's appointment, including funeral and burial expenses and costs and expenses of administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Class member: includes , but is not limited to, an individual who fails to survive the testator but who would have taken under a devise in the form of a class gift had he or she survived the testator. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Comminuted: means chopped, diced, flaked, ground, or otherwise reduced to minute particles. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Conservator: means a person appointed by a court to manage a protected individual's estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Consumer: means an individual who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processor, and does not offer the food for resale. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Core item: means a provision in the food code that is not designated as a priority item or a priority foundation item. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cottage food operation: means a person who produces or packages cottage food products only in a kitchen of that person's primary domestic residence within this state. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Cottage food product: means a food that is not potentially hazardous food as that term is defined in the food code. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Credit card: means a card or device issued by a person licensed under 1984 PA 379, MCL 493. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Credit card: means a card or device issued under a credit card arrangement by a person licensed under 1984 PA 379, MCL 493. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Credit card arrangement: means an unsecured extension of credit for purchasing goods or services from the credit card issuer or any other person that is made to the holder of a credit card and that is accessed with a credit card. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Credit card policy: means a policy adopted by resolution of a local unit under section 3. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • deposit: includes the purchase of, or investment in, shares of a credit union. See Michigan Laws 129.44
  • Depository: means that department of the financial institution which is responsible for managing, investing, and reinvesting funds placed in an investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Descendant: means , in relation to an individual, all of his or her descendants of all generations, with the relationship of parent and child at each generation being determined by the definitions of child and parent contained in this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devise: includes , but is not limited to, an alternative devise, a devise in the form of a class gift, and an exercise of a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Devise: means , when used as a noun, a testamentary disposition of real or personal property and, when used as a verb, to dispose of real or personal property by will. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devisee: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) A class member if the devise is in the form of a class gift. See Michigan Laws 700.2601

  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Disability: means cause for a protective order as described in section 5401. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Disclaimable interest: includes , but is not limited to, property, the right to receive or control property, and a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Domestic residence: means a single-family dwelling or an area within a rental unit where a single person or family actually resides. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Estate: includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Evaluation: means a food safety audit, inspection, or food safety and sanitation assessment, whether announced or unannounced, that identifies violations or verifies compliance with this act and determines the degree of active control by food establishment operators over foodborne illness risk factors. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exempt property: means property of a decedent's estate that is described in section 2404. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Extended retail food establishment: means a retail grocery that does both of the following:

    (i) Serves or provides an unpackaged food for immediate consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1107

  • Extenders: means food substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats primarily for replacement of meat ingredients. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Fair: means a fair or exhibition operated and managed under 1929 PA 11, MCL 46. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Family allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2403. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fat: means the quantity of adipose tissue determined by chemical analysis. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Federal act: means the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, chapter 675, 52 Stat. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Festival: means an event, staged by a local community or local organization, that centers on and celebrates a certain aspect of that community or organization. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, an agent, a conservator, a guardian if no conservator has been appointed, a guardian ad litem, a personal representative, a trustee, a probate court acting through a protective order under this act, and a temporary, successor, or foreign fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, a personal representative, funeral representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fiduciary power: means a management power relating to the administration or management of assets similar to those powers granted to a personal representative in section 3715 and a trustee in sections 7816 and 7817, and granted by law to a fiduciary or conferred upon a fiduciary in a governing instrument. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and, except as provided in subsection (2), maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.16
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.45
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and that maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States and which is eligible to be a depository of surplus funds belonging to the state under section 6 of 1855 PA 105, MCL 21. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Financial institution: means an organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to a financial institution and includes, but is not limited to, a bank, trust company, savings bank, building and loan association, savings and loan company or association, credit union, insurance company, and entity that offers mutual fund, securities brokerage, money market, or retail investment accounts. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Financial transaction device: means any of the following:

    (i) An electronic funds transfer card. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food: means articles used for food or drink for humans or other animals, chewing gum, and articles used for components of any such article. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food code: means "Food Code, 2009 Recommendations of the United States Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration" which regulates the design, construction, management, and operation of certain food establishments. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food establishment: means an operation where food is processed, packed, canned, preserved, frozen, fabricated, stored, prepared, served, vended, sold, or offered for sale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food processor: means a food establishment that processes, manufactures, wholesales, packages, labels, or stores food. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service establishment: means a fixed or mobile restaurant, coffee shop, cafeteria, short order cafe, luncheonette, grill, tearoom, sandwich shop, soda fountain, tavern, bar, cocktail lounge, nightclub, drive-in, industrial feeding establishment, private organization serving the public, rental hall, catering kitchen, delicatessen, theater, commissary, food concession, or similar place in which food or drink is prepared for direct consumption through service on the premises or elsewhere, and any other eating or drinking establishment or operation where food is served or provided for the public. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service program: means the systematic activity of the department and a local health department for effective administration and enforcement of the food code and this act, including all of the following:

    (i) Periodic evaluations of food service establishments, temporary food service establishments, vending machines, and vending machine locations for compliance with law. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Food warehouse: means a food establishment that stores or distributes food for wholesale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Foodborne illness outbreak: means an incident where any of the following occur:

    (i) Two or more persons, not of the same household, have ingested a common food and have a similar disease or similar symptoms or excrete the same pathogens, and there is a time, place, or person association between these persons. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fresh meat: means meat that has undergone no cooking, heating, or other processing except boning, cutting, comminuting, or freezing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Funds: means the money of a public corporation, the investment of which is not otherwise subject to a public act of this state or bond authorizing ordinance or resolution of a public corporation that permits investment in fewer than all of the investment options listed in subsection (1) or imposes 1 or more conditions upon an investment in an option listed in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Funeral representative: means an individual designated to have the right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a decedent's body, including, but not limited to, decisions about cremation, and the right to possess cremated remains of the decedent as provided in section 3206. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means the legislative body, council, commission, board, or other body having legislative powers of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, the township board of a township, the council, common council, or commission of a city, the council, commission or board of trustees of a village, the board of education or district board of a school district, the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district, the legislative body of a metropolitan district, the port commission of a port district and, in the case of any other public corporation, the official or official body to whom is designated general governing or legislative powers by law. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Governing body: means the legislative body or the official or official body that exercises the general governing powers of a public corporation, or in the case of this state or an agency of this state, the official body designated by law to issue the obligation to be replaced. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Governing body: means the board, council, or other official body that has general governing powers over a local unit. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Governing body: means any of the following:

    (i) The council, commission, or other entity vested with the legislative power of a village. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Governing body: means any of the following:

    (i) The council, commission, or other entity vested with the legislative power of a village. See Michigan Laws 129.241

  • Governing instrument: means a deed, assignment, bill of sale, will, trust, beneficiary designation, contract, instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney, or another instrument under which property devolves, a property right is created, or a contract right is created. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Governing instrument: means a deed; will; trust; funeral representative designation; insurance or annuity policy; account with POD designation; security registered in beneficiary form (TOD); pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan; instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney; or dispositive, appointive, or nominative instrument of any similar type. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Guide for the control of molluscan shellfish: means section II, model ordinance, national shellfish sanitation program guide for the control of molluscan shellfish, 2009, recommendations of the U. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • HACCP plan: means a written document that delineates the formal procedures for following the hazard analysis and critical control point principles developed by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Heir: means , except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Homestead allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2402. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Imminent or substantial hazard: means a condition at a food establishment that the director determines requires immediate action to prevent endangering the health of people. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incapacitated individual: means an individual who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause, not including minority, to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate informed decisions. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection: means the checking or testing of observable practices against standards established in or adopted by this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • International will: means a will executed in conformity with this part. See Michigan Laws 700.2951
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investment officer: means the treasurer or other person designated by statute or charter of a public corporation to act as the investment officer. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Investment pool: means a local government investment pool authorized in section 3. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Issue: means an individual's descendant. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Joint property: means property that is owned by 2 or more persons with rights of survivorship, and includes a tenancy by the entireties in real property, a tenancy in personal property as provided in section 1 of 1927 PA 212, MCL 557. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Juice: means the aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from 1 or more fruits or vegetables, purees of the edible portions of 1 or more fruits or vegetables, or any concentrates of such liquid or puree. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter on the immediate container of any article and includes a requirement imposed under this act that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the display also appear on the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the article or be easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon an article, any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying the article. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Lamb: means meat derived from sheep less than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License holder: means the person who is legally responsible for the operation of a food establishment including the owner, the owner's agent, or other person operating under apparent authority of the owner and who possesses a valid license to operate a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Local school district: means a school district organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Local school district: means a school district organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, school district, authority, or any other political subdivision organized under the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, authority created pursuant to state law or municipal charter, special assessment district, municipal board or commission established under state law or municipal charter, or intergovernmental board, commission, or council established pursuant to the urban cooperation act of 1967, Act No. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Local unit: means any of the following:

    (i) A village. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Local unit: means any of the following:

    (i) A village. See Michigan Laws 129.241

  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Meat: means the edible part of clean, sound striated muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, deer and other cervids, goat, turkey, duck, ratite, or chicken slaughtered in compliance with all applicable laws, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat, and sinew, nerve, gland, and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissues and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Michigan bridge card: means the card used for the electronic benefit transfer system for food stamp distribution required under section 14h of the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Michigan prudent investor rule: means the fiduciary investment and management rule prescribed by part 5 of this article. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Misbranded: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) Its labeling is false or misleading in any particular. See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mobile food establishment: means a food establishment operating from a vehicle, including a watercraft, that returns to a mobile food establishment commissary for servicing and maintenance at least once every 24 hours. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Money: means legal tender or a note, draft, certificate of deposit, stock, bond, check, or credit card. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage: means a conveyance, agreement, or arrangement in which property is encumbered or used as security. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, district library, or another local governmental authority in this state that has the power to issue a security. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nonperishable food: means food that is not perishable food. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: means evidence of indebtedness including, but not limited to, a bond, refunding bond, revenue bond, note, certificate of indebtedness and other like instrument issued by a public corporation, and any coupon representing interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligations: means any evidence of indebtedness, such as bonds, bills, notes, orders, certificates of indebtedness or other like instruments, issued by a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Obligor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person or entity that has borrowed the proceeds of an obligation from a public corporation and is contractually obligated to make loan repayments sufficient to pay principal of and interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Organization: means a corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or joint venture; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or another legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Parent: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take, as a parent under this act by intestate succession from a child who dies without a will and whose relationship is in question. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Participant: means a local unit which has entered into a contract with a financial institution and has placed funds in an investment pool managed by that financial institution. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Participant: means a local unit participating in the investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Participating county: means a county that has been authorized by the county governing body to enter into a contract with another local unit pursuant to section 4. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Paying agent: means any one of the banks or trust companies or other financial institutions where the obligations or interest coupons are made payable. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Paying agent: means either of the following:

    (i) For an obligation that is not registered as to payment of principal by or on behalf of the public corporation that issued the obligation, any bank or trust company designated by the public corporation to make payment of principal of or interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Payor: means a trustee, insurer, business entity, employer, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or other person authorized or obligated by law or a governing instrument to make payments. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Perishable food: means any food that the manufacturer, packer, or retailer, in conjunction with the department, determines to have a significant risk of spoilage, loss of value, or loss of palatability within 90 days of the date of packaging. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Person: includes an entity and an individual, but does not include a fiduciary, an estate, or a trust. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual or an organization. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes , but is not limited to, an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, and special personal representative, and any other person, other than a trustee of a trust subject to article VII, who performs substantially the same function under the law governing that person's status. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Petition: means a written request to the court for an order after notice. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Priority foundation item: means a provision in the food code whose application supports, facilitates, or enables 1 or more priority items. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • probate register: means the official of the court designated to perform the functions of register as provided in section 1304. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership, and includes both real and personal property or an interest in real or personal property. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public corporation: means a county, city, village, township, port district, drainage district, special assessment district, or metropolitan district of this state, or a board, commission, or another authority or agency created by or under an act of the legislature of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Public corporation: means any county, city, village, township, charter township, school district, community college district, port district, metropolitan district, drainage district, the state or any officer, agency, commission or department thereof, or any other public or governmental authority or agency within the state with the power to issue obligations. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Public corporation: means a body corporate organized pursuant to the laws of this state to carry out a public governmental or proprietary function, including, but not limited to, this state, an agency of this state, or a school district, intermediate school district, city, village, township, county, district, commission, authority, university, college, or any combination of these, which is a corporate entity. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Public health code: means 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Regulatory authority: means the department, the local health department, or the authorized representative having jurisdiction over the food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Replacement obligation: means an obligation and any coupon representing interest in connection with the obligation issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Retail food establishment: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food directly to a consumer. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Retail grocery: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food to consumers for off-premises consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rules: means administrative rules promulgated under this act pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Security: means an evidence of debt such as a bond, note, contract, obligation, refunding obligation, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument issued by an agency, which pledges payment of the debt by the agency from an identified source of revenue. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Security: includes , but is not limited to, a note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or interest in a regulated investment company or other entity generally referred to as a mutual fund or, in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or a certificate of interest or participation for, a temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the items listed in this subdivision. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Settlement: means , in reference to a decedent's estate, the full process of administration, distribution, and closing. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shellfish: means all species of any of the following:

    (i) Oyster, clams, or mussels whether shucked or in the shell, raw, including postharvest processed, frozen or unfrozen, or whole or in parts. See Michigan Laws 289.7113

  • Shellfish dealer: means an interstate wholesaler handling shellfish. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Shellfish dealer certification: means the issuance of a numbered certificate to a person indicating that the person is in compliance with the requirements of the guide for the control of molluscan shellfish and that the person has permission from the department to conduct 1 or more of the following shellfish activities, as defined in the guide for the control of molluscan shellfish:

    (i) Shellstock shipper. See Michigan Laws 289.1111

  • Special transitory food unit: means a temporary food establishment that is licensed to operate throughout the state without the 14-day limits or a mobile food establishment that is not required to return to a commissary. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Specified risk materials: means items, associated with the nervous system of beef cattle, that are prohibited from human food as defined in 9 CFR 310. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stepchild: means a child of the surviving, deceased, or former spouse of the testator or of the donor of a power of appointment, who is not the testator's or donor's child. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Successor: means a person, other than a creditor, who is entitled to property of a decedent under the decedent's will or this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Sulfiting agents: means any of the following:

    (i) Sulfur dioxide. See Michigan Laws 289.1111

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surplus funds: means money which belongs to or is under the control of the local unit and is available for investment, not being required by law or agreement with bondholders to be segregated and invested in a specified manner. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Survive: means that an individual neither predeceases an event, including the death of another individual, nor is considered to predecease an event under section 2104 or 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • surviving descendant: means a devisee or a descendant who neither predeceased the testator nor is considered to have predeceased the testator under section 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Temporary food establishment: means a food establishment that operates at a fixed location for a temporary period not to exceed 14 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Temporary license: means a written authorization issued by the director to operate for a specified limited time period. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • terms of the trust: means the manifestation of the settlor's intent regarding a trust's provisions as expressed in the trust instrument or as may be established by other evidence that would be admissible in a judicial proceeding. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: includes the donee of a power of appointment if the power is exercised in the testator's will. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Testator: includes an individual of either gender. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trimming: means removing leaves, roots, and other extraneous materials in preparation for grading, sorting, and sale as a whole fruit or vegetable. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Trust: means a fiduciary relationship with respect to property that subjects the person who holds title to the property to equitable duties to deal with the property for the benefit of another person, which fiduciary relationship arises as a result of a manifestation of an intention to create it. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Trust: includes , but is not limited to, an express trust, private or charitable, with additions to the trust, wherever and however created. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by the court. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Veal: means meat derived from a calf not more than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Vending company base location: means a vending machine location or other food establishment required to be separately licensed under section 4105(5). See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Vending machine: means a self-service device that, upon insertion of a coin, paper currency, token, card, or key, or by manual operation, dispenses unit servings of food in bulk or in packages without the necessity of replenishing the device between each vending operation. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Wholesale: means selling other than directly to consumers. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Wild game: means animals from their natural state and not cultivated, domesticated, or tamed. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.