589.414. 1. Any person required by sections 589.400 to 589.425 to register shall, not later than three business days after each change of name, residence within the county or city not within a county at which the offender is registered, employment, or student status, appear in person to the chief law enforcement officer of the county or city not within a county and inform such officer of all changes in the information required by the offender. The chief law enforcement officer shall immediately forward the registrant changes to the Missouri state highway patrol within three business days.
Terms Used In Missouri Laws 589.414
- conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- en banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
- following: when used by way of reference to any section of the statutes, mean the section next preceding or next following that in which the reference is made, unless some other section is expressly designated in the reference. See Missouri Laws 1.020
- jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Month: means a calendar month, and "year" meansa calendar year unless otherwise expressed, and is equivalent to the words year of our Lord. See Missouri Laws 1.020
- person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, and to partnerships and other unincorporated associations. See Missouri Laws 1.020
- plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- State: when applied to any of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" includes such district and territories. See Missouri Laws 1.020
- statute: A law passed by a legislature.
2. If any person required by sections 589.400 to 589.425 to register changes such person’s residence or address to a different county or city not within a county, the person shall appear in person and shall inform both the chief law enforcement official with whom the person last registered and the chief law enforcement official of the county or city not within a county having jurisdiction over the new residence or address in writing within three business days of such new address and phone number, if the phone number is also changed. If any person required by sections 589.400 to 589.425 to register changes their state of residence, the person shall appear in person and shall inform both the chief law enforcement official with whom the person was last registered and the chief law enforcement official of the area in the new state having jurisdiction over the new residence or address within three business days of such new address. Whenever a registrant changes residence, the chief law enforcement official of the county or city not within a county where the person was previously registered shall inform the Missouri state highway patrol of the change within three business days. When the registrant is changing the residence to a new state, the Missouri state highway patrol shall inform the responsible official in the new state of residence within three business days.
3. In addition to the requirements of subsections 1 and 2 of this section, the following offenders shall report in person to the chief law enforcement agency every ninety days to verify the information contained in their statement made pursuant to section 589.407:
(1) Any offender registered as a predatory or persistent sexual offender under the definitions found in section 566.125*;
(2) Any offender who is registered for a crime where the victim was less than eighteen years of age at the time of the offense; and
(3) Any offender who has pled guilty or been found guilty pursuant to section 589.425 of failing to register or submitting false information when registering.
4. In addition to the requirements of subsections 1 and 2 of this section, all registrants shall report semiannually in person in the month of their birth and six months thereafter to the chief law enforcement agency to verify the information contained in their statement made pursuant to section 589.407. All registrants shall allow the chief law enforcement officer to take a current photograph of the offender in the month of his or her birth to the chief law enforcement agency.
5. In addition to the requirements of subsections 1 and 2 of this section, all Missouri registrants who work or attend school or training on a full-time or part-time basis in any other state shall be required to report in person to the chief law enforcement officer in the area of the state where they work or attend school or training and register in that state. “Part-time” in this subsection means for more than seven days in any twelve-month period.
6. If a person, who is required to register as a sexual offender under sections 589.400 to 589.425, changes or obtains a new online identifier as defined in section 43.651, the person shall report such information in the same manner as a change of residence before using such online identifier.
(L. 1997 H.B. 883, A.L. 1998 H.B. 1405, et al., A.L. 2000 S.B. 757 &602, A.L. 2003 S.B. 5 merged with S.B. 184, A.L. 2006 H.B. 1698,et al., A.L. 2008 S.B. 714, et al.)
(2009) Section is constitutional and does not operate retrospectivelyfor those who committed offenses prior to its effective date aslong as plea or conviction occurred after effective date. Statev. Holden, 278 S.W.3d 674 (Mo.banc).
(2011) Section requiring sex offenders to report change in employmentstatus does not violate constitutional prohibition againstretrospective laws as applied to offender whose convictionpredated statute‘s enactment. State v. Guyer, 353 S.W.3d 458(Mo.App.W.D.).
(2012 Section requires updating status on sexual offense registrywithin three days of changing residence, rather than updatingstatus only after obtaining new permanent residence. State v.Kelly, 367 S.W.3d 629 (Mo.App.E.D.).