23. Requirements for access.

   a.   A law enforcement agency, but no other governmental entity, may require the disclosure by a provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service of the contents of an electronic communication without notice to the subscriber or the customer if the law enforcement agency obtains a warrant.

Terms Used In New Jersey Statutes 2A:156A-29

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • person: includes corporations, companies, associations, societies, firms, partnerships and joint stock companies as well as individuals, unless restricted by the context to an individual as distinguished from a corporate entity or specifically restricted to one or some of the above enumerated synonyms and, when used to designate the owner of property which may be the subject of an offense, includes this State, the United States, any other State of the United States as defined infra and any foreign country or government lawfully owning or possessing property within this State. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • State: extends to and includes any State, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and the Canal Zone. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

   b.   Except as provided in subsection c. of this section, a provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service may disclose a record or other information pertaining to a subscriber or customer of the service to any person other than a governmental entity. This subsection shall not apply to the contents covered by subsection a. of this section.

   c.   A provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service or a communication common carrier shall disclose a record, the location information for a subscriber’s or customer’s mobile or wireless communications device, or other information pertaining to a subscriber or customer of the service, other than contents covered by subsections a. and f. of this section, to a law enforcement agency under the following circumstances:

   (1)   the law enforcement agency has obtained a warrant;

   (2)   the law enforcement agency has obtained the consent of the subscriber or customer to the disclosure;

   (3)   the law enforcement agency has obtained a court order for such disclosure under subsection e. of this section; or

   (4)   with respect to only the location information for a subscriber’s or customer’s mobile or wireless communications device and not to a record or other subscriber or customer information, the law enforcement agency believes in good faith that an emergency involving danger of death or serious bodily injury to the subscriber or customer requires disclosure without delay of information relating to the emergency.

   A law enforcement agency receiving records or information pursuant to this subsection is not required to provide notice to the customer or subscriber.

   d.   Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, no service provider, its officers, employees, agents or other specified persons shall be liable in any civil action for damages as a result of providing information, facilities or assistance in accordance with the terms of a court order or warrant under this section.

   e.   A court order for disclosure under subsection b. or c. may be issued by a judge of competent jurisdiction and shall issue only if the law enforcement agency offers specific and articulable facts showing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the record or other information pertaining to a subscriber or customer of an electronic communication service or remote computing service or communication common carrier is relevant and material to an ongoing criminal investigation.  A judge who has issued an order pursuant to this section, on a motion made promptly by the service provider, may quash or modify such order, if the information or records requested are unusually voluminous in nature or compliance with such order otherwise would cause an undue burden on such provider.

   f.   A provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service shall disclose to a law enforcement agency or to the State Commission of Investigation the:

   (1)   name;

   (2)   address;

   (3)   telephone or instrument number or other subscriber number or identity, including any temporarily assigned network address;

   (4)   local and long distance telephone connection records or records of session times and durations;

   (5)   length of service, including start date, and types of services utilized; and

   (6)   means and source of payment for such service, including any credit card or bank account number,

   of a subscriber to or customer of such service when the law enforcement agency obtains a grand jury or trial subpoena or when the State Commission of Investigation issues a subpoena.

   g.   Upon the request of a law enforcement agency, a provider of wire or electronic communication service or a remote computing service shall take all necessary steps to preserve, for a period of 90 days, records and other evidence in its possession pending the issuance of a court order or other legal process.  The preservation period shall be extended for an additional 90 days upon the request of the law enforcement agency.

   L.1993, c.29, s.23; amended 1994, c.55, s.2; 1999, c.151, s.6; 2005, c.58, s.7; 2005, c.270; 2009, c.184, s.2.