1. a. It shall not be a violation of any provision of P.L.1968, c.409 (C.2A:156A-1 et seq.) for a person acting under color of law to intercept the wire or electronic communications of a suspected computer trespasser transmitted to, through, or from a computer or any other device with Internet capability, if:

   (1)   the owner or operator of the computer or other device authorizes the interception of the computer trespasser’s wire or electronic communications on the computer;

Terms Used In New Jersey Statutes 2A:156A-4.1

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • person: includes corporations, companies, associations, societies, firms, partnerships and joint stock companies as well as individuals, unless restricted by the context to an individual as distinguished from a corporate entity or specifically restricted to one or some of the above enumerated synonyms and, when used to designate the owner of property which may be the subject of an offense, includes this State, the United States, any other State of the United States as defined infra and any foreign country or government lawfully owning or possessing property within this State. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • State: extends to and includes any State, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and the Canal Zone. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

   (2)   the person acting under color of law is lawfully engaged in an investigation;

   (3)   the person acting under color of law has reasonable grounds to believe that the contents of the computer trespasser’s wire or electronic communications will be relevant to the investigation; and

   (4)   such interception does not acquire communications other than those transmitted to or from the computer trespasser.

   b.   For purposes of this section, “computer trespasser” means a person who accesses a computer or any other device with Internet capability without authorization and thus has no reasonable expectation of privacy in any communication transmitted to, through, or from the computer or other device.  The term “computer trespasser” does not include a person known by the owner or operator of the computer or other device with Internet capability to have an existing contractual relationship with the owner or operator of the computer or other device for access to all or part of the computer or other device.

   c.   Any aggrieved person in any trial, hearing, or proceeding in or before any court or other authority of this State may move to suppress the contents of any wire or electronic communication intercepted in accordance with subsection a. of this section, or evidence derived therefrom, on the grounds that the communication was unlawfully intercepted or the interception was not made in conformity with the provisions of this section.  The motion shall be made at least 10 days before the trial, hearing, or proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make the motion or the moving party was not aware of the grounds for the motion.  Motions by coindictees are to be heard in a single consolidated hearing.  The court, upon the filing of such motion by the aggrieved person, shall make available to the aggrieved person or his counsel for inspection such portions of the intercepted communication, or evidence derived therefrom, as the court determines to be in the interests of justice. If the motion is granted, the entire contents of all intercepted wire or electronic communications obtained during or after any interception which is determined to be in violation of P.L.1968, c.409 (C.2A:156A-1 et seq.) or evidence derived therefrom, shall not be received in evidence in the trial, hearing or proceeding.

   In addition to any other right to appeal, the State shall have the right to appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress upon certification to the court that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay.  The appeal shall be taken within the time specified by the Rules of Court and shall be diligently prosecuted.

   L.2009, c.142, s.1.