A.   Each spontaneous fetal death that occurs in this state after the fetus has attained a gestational age of at least twenty weeks, or if gestational age is unknown when the fetus weighs not less than three hundred fifty grams, shall be reported to the state registrar within ten days of fetal death with the bureau or as the state registrar directs.

B.   The state registrar shall incorporate registrations of fetal death into the vital records of the bureau.

C.   When a spontaneous fetal death required to be reported by this section occurs in an institution, the person in charge of the institution or the designated representative of that person shall report the spontaneous fetal death and shall advise the woman who delivered under circumstances in which spontaneous fetal death occurred, or a family member whom the woman designates, of the option to request a report of spontaneous fetal death and a certificate of still birth.

D.   When a spontaneous fetal death for which a report of spontaneous fetal death is required occurs on a moving conveyance and the fetus is first removed from the conveyance in this state, the fetal death shall be reported in this state. The place where the fetus was first removed from the conveyance shall be considered the place of fetal death.

E.   When a spontaneous fetal death required to be reported by this section occurs and the place of the spontaneous fetal death is unknown, the place where the dead fetus was found shall be considered the place of spontaneous fetal death.

F.   When a spontaneous fetal death required to be reported by this section occurs without medical attendance at or immediately after the delivery or when inquiry is required by law, the state medical investigator shall investigate the cause of fetal death and shall prepare and file the report.

G.   The name of the woman who delivered under circumstances in which a spontaneous fetal death occurred and, if the woman requests it, the name of the father or second parent shall be entered on the spontaneous fetal death report in accordance with the provisions of Section 24-14-13 NMSA 1978.

H.   When a spontaneous fetal death occurs, the state registrar shall record the name of the fetus upon the registration of spontaneous fetal death when requested by the woman who delivered under circumstances in which the spontaneous fetal death occurred, or when requested by a family member whom the woman designates.

I.   A delayed registration of spontaneous fetal death may be filed in accordance with Section 24-14-21 NMSA 1978; provided that the woman who delivered under circumstances in which a spontaneous fetal death occurred, or a family member whom the woman designates, may present a copy of the report of spontaneous fetal death or other medical records by the woman’s health care provider, who attended the delivery or who has received the woman’s medical records as they pertain to the delivery, to substantiate the alleged facts of the spontaneous fetal death as the state registrar establishes by rule.

J.   When the bureau has in its files a registration of spontaneous fetal death or receives evidence of a spontaneous fetal death, the state registrar shall produce a copy of a report of spontaneous fetal death upon the request of the woman who delivered under circumstances in which a spontaneous fetal death occurred, or upon the request of a family member whom the woman designates, without regard to the date on which a report of spontaneous fetal death was filed or when the spontaneous fetal death was registered.

K.   For purposes of this section, “still birth” means an unintended, intrauterine spontaneous fetal death that occurs:

(1)   after the fetus has attained a gestational age of at least twenty weeks; or

(2)   when the fetus has attained a weight of not less than three hundred fifty grams, if gestational age is unknown.

History: 1953 Comp., § 12-4-42, enacted by Laws 1961, ch. 44, § 20; 1981, ch. 309, § 16; 2013, ch. 183, § 2.