§ 201 Application of Article
§ 202 Cause of Action Accruing Without the State
§ 203 Method of Computing Periods of Limitation Generally
§ 204 Stay of Commencement of Action; Demand for Arbitration
§ 205 Termination of Action
§ 206 Computing Periods of Limitation in Particular Actions
§ 207 Defendant’s Absence From State or Residence Under False Name
§ 208 Infancy, Insanity
§ 209 War
§ 210 Death of Claimant or Person Liable; Cause of Action Accruing After Death and Before Grant of Letters
§ 211 Actions to Be Commenced Within Twenty Years
§ 212 Actions to Be Commenced Within Ten or Fifteen Years
§ 213 Actions to Be Commenced Within Six Years: Where Not Otherwise Provided For; On Contract; On Sealed Instrument; On Bond or Note, and Mortgage Upon Real
§ 213-A Residential Rent Overcharge
§ 213-B Action by a Victim of a Criminal Offense
§ 213-C Action by Victim of Conduct Constituting Certain Sexual Offenses
§ 213-D Actions to Be Commenced Within Three Years; Medical Debt
§ 214 Actions to Be Commenced Within Three Years: for Non-Payment of Money Collected On Execution; for Penalty Created by Statute; to Recover Chattel; for Injury to Property; for Personal Injury; for Malpractice Other Than Medical, Dental or Podiatri
§ 214-A Action for Medical, Dental or Podiatric Malpractice to Be Commenced Within Two Years and Six Months; Exceptions
§ 214-B Action to Recover Damages for Personal Injury Caused by Contact With or Exposure to Phenoxy Herbicides
§ 214-C Certain Actions to Be Commenced Within Three Years of Discovery
§ 214-D Limitations On Certain Actions Against Licensed Engineers and Architects
§ 214-E Action to Recover Damages for Personal Injury Caused by the Infusion of Such Blood Products Which Result in the Contraction of the Human Immunodeficie
§ 214-F Action to Recover Damages for Personal Injury Caused by Contact With or Exposure to Any Substance or Combination of Substances Found Within an Area Designated as a Superfund Site
§ 214-G Certain Child Sexual Abuse Cases
§ 214-H Certain Actions by Public Water Suppliers to Recover Damages for Injury to Property
§ 214-I Certain Actions Arising Out of Consumer Credit Transactions to Be Commenced Within Three Years
§ 214-I*2 Action to Recover Damages for Personal Injury Caused by Contact With or Exposure to Toxic Burn Pits
§ 215 Actions to Be Commenced Within One Year: Against Sheriff, Coroner or Constable; for Escape of Prisoner; for Assault, Battery, False Imprisonment, Malicious Prosecution, Libel or Slander; for Violation of Right of Privacy; for Penalty Given to Informer; O
§ 216 Abbreviation of Period to One Year After Notice
§ 217 Proceeding Against Body or Officer; Actions Complaining About Conduct That Would Constitute a Union’s Breach of Its Duty of Fair Representation; Four
§ 217-A Actions to Be Commenced Within One Year and Ninety Days
§ 218 Transitional Provisions

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 2 - Limitations of Time

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Alternative fuel: means a fuel, other than gasoline or standard diesel fuel, which may be used to power a generator subject to the provisions of this section so long as the respective quantities of each pollutant emitted by such generator when operated using such fuel do not exceed the respective quantities of each pollutant emitted when such generator is operated using ultra low sulfur diesel fuel. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 24-163.8
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Layover: Informal term for a period of delay required by rule. For example, when a bill or other measure is reported from committee, it may be considered on the floor only after it "lies over" for one legislative day and after the written report has been available for two calendar days. Layover periods may be waived by unanimous consent.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.