§ 4101 Issues Triable by a Jury Revealed Before Trial
§ 4102 Demand and Waiver of Trial by Jury; Specification of Issues
§ 4103 Issues Triable by a Jury Revealed At Trial; Demand and Waiver of Trial by Jury
§ 4104 Number of Jurors
§ 4105 Persons Who Constitute the Jury
§ 4106 Alternate Jurors
§ R4107 Judge Present At Examination of Jurors
§ 4108 Challenges Generally
§ 4109 Peremptory Challenges
§ 4110 Challenges for Cause
§ 4110-A Competency of Inhabitants as Justices or Jurors; Undertakings Not Required of Village
§ 4110-B Instructions to Jury; Objection
§ 4110-C Trial Jury; Viewing of Premises
§ R4111 General and Special Verdicts and Written Interrogatories
§ R4112 Entry of Verdict
§ 4113 Disagreement by Jury

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 41

  • Affected local government: shall mean every municipality in which land subject to an environmental easement is located. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 71-3603
  • Alternative fuel: means a fuel, other than gasoline or standard diesel fuel, which may be used to power a generator subject to the provisions of this section so long as the respective quantities of each pollutant emitted by such generator when operated using such fuel do not exceed the respective quantities of each pollutant emitted when such generator is operated using ultra low sulfur diesel fuel. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 24-163.8
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dower: A widow
  • Environmental easement: shall mean an interest in real property, created under and subject to the provisions of this title which contains a use restriction and/or a prohibition on the use of land in a manner inconsistent with engineering controls; provided that no such easement shall be acquired or held by the state which is subject to the provisions of article fourteen of the constitution. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 71-3603
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Layover: Informal term for a period of delay required by rule. For example, when a bill or other measure is reported from committee, it may be considered on the floor only after it "lies over" for one legislative day and after the written report has been available for two calendar days. Layover periods may be waived by unanimous consent.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.