§ 7201 Action by State
§ 7202 Action by Person Aggrieved
§ 7203 Action by Common Informer
§ 7204 Recovery of Part of Penalty or Forfeiture
§ 7205 Defense of Good Faith Reliance On Judicial Decision

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 72 - Recovery of Penalty or Forfeiture

  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Contemplation of death: The expectation of death that provides the primary motive to make a gift.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.