Chapter 1 New York City Trade Waste Commission

Terms Used In New York Laws > New York City Administrative Code > Title 16-A

  • Agent: means a person that acts, by employment, contract, or otherwise, on behalf of one or more taxicab owners to operate or provide for the operation of a licensed medallion taxicab in accordance with the TLC's rules. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • City: means a city of a million or more located in the MCTD. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Dispatch trip: means a trip in a HAIL vehicle that originated by a customer calling a HAIL base to request service and the HAIL base dispatching the call to the driver of the HAIL vehicle, and for which the taximeter is required to be in the recording or hired position designating such a trip. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • For-hire vehicle: means a motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire in the city, with a seating capacity of twenty passengers or less, not including the driver, other than a taxicab, coach, commuter van or an authorized bus operating pursuant to applicable provisions of law. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • HAIL base: means a person who or which is a for-hire vehicle base station established pursuant to section 19-511 of the administrative code of the city of New York and permitted by the TLC to be affiliated with holders of HAIL licenses. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • HAIL vehicle: means a for-hire vehicle having a taximeter and a TLC-sanctioned trip record system, licensed by the TLC to carry passengers for hire and authorized to accept hails from prospective passengers in the streets of the city, provided that such authorization shall prohibit the pick-up of passengers by street hail at airports and by street hail or pre-arranged call in Manhattan south of east ninety-sixth street and south of west one hundred tenth street, or in such area as the TLC shall by rule prohibit pursuant to the chapter of the laws of two thousand twelve which added this subdivision. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • HAIL vehicle owner: means a person licensed by the TLC to own and operate, or operate, a HAIL vehicle for which the TLC has issued a HAIL license. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • HAIL vehicle trip: means a HAIL vehicle trip provided to one or more passengers regardless of the number of stops, that originated by street hail, and for which the taximeter is required to be in the recording or hired position designating a street hail trip subject to the tax imposed by this article. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • MCTD: means the metropolitan commuter transportation district established by section twelve hundred sixty-two of the public authorities law. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Medallion: means a plate issued by the TLC as the physical evidence of a taxicab license, and affixed to the outside of such taxicab. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Medallion taxicab: means a taxicab to which a medallion has been affixed in accordance with applicable law and regulations. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: means a person licensed by the TLC to own and operate a medallion taxicab. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Passenger: means an individual seated in a taxicab or HAIL vehicle for travel for hire to a given destination. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, society, association, joint stock company, corporation, estate, receiver, trustee, assignee, referee or any other person acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity, whether appointed by a court or otherwise, any combination of individuals, and any other form of unincorporated enterprise owned or conducted by two or more persons. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • seating capacity: shall include any plain view location which is capable of accommodating a normal adult, is part of an overall seat configuration and design, and is likely to be used as a seating position while the vehicle is in motion. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Taxicab: means a motor vehicle licensed by the TLC to carry passengers for hire and authorized to accept hails from prospective passengers in the street. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Taxicab license: means the authority granted by the TLC to an owner to operate a designated vehicle as a taxicab in the city. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Taxicab trip: means a taxicab trip provided to one or more passengers regardless of the number of stops, for which the taximeter is required to be in the recording or hired position. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Taximeter: means an instrument or device approved by the TLC by which the charge to a passenger for hire of a licensed taxicab for a taxicab trip or of a HAIL vehicle for a HAIL vehicle trip is automatically calculated and on which such charge is plainly indicated. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TLC: means the taxi and limousine commission of the city. See N.Y. Tax Law 1280
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.